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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 5, Chapter 2 - Language of the Marketplace Cont..
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The purpose of "travesty" in folk festivals was to:
(a) Irreversibly denigrate everything it could.
(b) Reassert traditional definitions of social and spiritual life.
(c) Call upon something serious and make it amusing.
(d) Indicate the importance of travel to an individual's self-development.
2. Why was Rabelais linked so closely to the Lyon fairs?
(a) Rabelais was a chief organizer of these fairs.
(b) The organizers of the fairs in Lyon banned Rabelais from attending them.
(c) Rabelais was a performing clown for several years in these fairs.
(d) Lyon fairs represented one of the largest markets for publishing.
3. Why are Rabelais' billingsgate elements considered "coarse and cynical" by most scholars?
(a) Many scholars believe that Rabelais himself was bitter from publication disputes.
(b) These elements express a deep distrust of contemporary society.
(c) Many scholars interpret them only in a modern context.
(d) The Latin derivations of his scatological vocabulary mean "cynical."
4. When the grotesque was revived in the Romantic era, what did it react against?
(a) Individual, sentimental ideas.
(b) Imaginative fantasy.
(c) The rediscovered works of Shakespeare and Cervantes.
(d) Neoclassical, rational, Enlightenment thought.
5. Curses in Renaissance folk culture tended to focus most closely upon the victim's:
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Bakhtin find inadequate in Veselovsky's metaphor of Rabelais as a village boy?
2. What does Bakhtin argue is the role of dialogue?
3. What type of work did Rabelais often publish, especially for the fairs?
4. How is the Rabelaisian use of tripe an excellent example of grotesque realism?
5. In which twentieth-century movement was the grotesque especially evident?
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