|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Introduction: What is Literature?.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to the Russian critic Roman Jakobson, literature represents "organized ______committed on ordinary _______."
(a) Religion; writing.
(b) Protest; speech.
(c) Violence; speech.
(d) Violence; people.
2. According to Eagleton, what does his book try to demonstrate about a body of literary theory?
(a) That there is no body of literary theory that springs from or is applicable to literature alone.
(b) That there is one body of literary theory that springs from and is applicable to literature alone.
(c) That there are several bodies of literary theory that spring from and is applicable to literature alone.
(d) That there is sometimes a body of literary theory that springs from and is applicable to literature alone.
3. Why is the example Eagleton gives of the sign in the London Underground system that "dogs must be carried on the escalator" a case of estrangement?
(a) Because the directive is unambigious and therefore inherently meaningful.
(b) Because of the ambiguities inherent in the statement, which raises questions about its meaning.
(c) Because the language is prosaic and straightforward.
(d) Because the statement is a directive where people who do not follow are estranged from society.
4. Eagleton argues that the readership his book has attracted dispels the notion that literary theory is what?
5. How do linguists describe the effect of language where "the texture, rhythm and resonance of words are in excess of their abstractable meaning."
(a) "A disproportion between two signifieds."
(b) "A disproportion between two signifiers."
(c) "A disproportion between signifiers and signifieds."
(d) "A disproportion between one signifier for every other signified."
Short Answer Questions
1. What is "imaginative" literature or literature that is not necessarily true?
2. According to Eagleton, why did the Russian formalists NOT see a literary work as a vehicle for ideas, reflection of reality, or transcendental truth?
3. According to Eagleton, literature is definable "not according to whether it is fictional or "imaginative," because it uses language in ____ways."
4. During the 1960s, what kind of students began to enter higher education that broke down assumptions about literary studies?
5. For Eagleton, opposition between "historical" and "artistic" truth does NOT apply to what?
This section contains 413 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)