|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How long was the voyage to America in a sailing vessel?
(a) From one to three months.
(b) From two to three weeks.
(c) From four to six months.
(d) From three to seven weeks.
2. Why was American farming foreign to the Irish immigrants?
(a) It required different crops.
(b) It required long work days.
(c) It required isolation.
(d) It required larger tracts of land.
3. Which group was the most isolated of the early German settlers?
(a) The Mennonites.
(b) The Mormons.
(c) The Catholics.
(d) The Amish.
4. Why did farmers in southern Italy live on hillsides?
(a) Because arable land was in the hills.
(b) To hide from invaders.
(c) To avoid malaria.
(d) To get a better view.
5. What was the occupation of the majority of Irish immigrants in the 19th century?
(a) Glass blowing.
(b) Unskilled labor.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was a "Hessian"?
2. How did Italian immigrants to the U.S. regard education?
3. By the end of the 19th century, who controlled 2/3 of the labor done in New York City?
4. What important social change did Germans bring to the mainstream culture?
5. What was the average life expectancy of an Irish immigrant in the 19th century?
Short Essay Questions
1. What trade did Jews traditionally practice during the Diaspora?
2. Why has alcoholism traditionally been lower among Italians than Irish?
3. What Jewish patterns in Europe became important to their success in America?
4. How were the German immigrants characterized?
5. What historical events contributed to the fragmentation of the Italian population?
6. Who are the Pennsylvania Dutch?
7. In what ways were slaves better off than the 19th century Irish immigrants?
8. How had the Jews historically been treated in Europe?
9. What is "amoral familism"?
10. What was a redemptioner?
This section contains 755 words
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