Chapter I, The American Mosaic
• Every nationality, race and religion is represented in the United States.
• Ethnic immigrants form cultures of their own, distinct from the mainstream and from their home countries.
• Eight different ethnic groups exceed the national average for socioeconomic success.
• Some groups who have been most discriminated against have been ultimately most successful.
• Fertility is greatest among the poorest groups.
• High fertility directly lowers the standard of living because there are more mouths to feed for each income producer.
• Social attitudes toward ethnic groups change over time.
• Ethnic groups adopt more acceptable behaviors and themselves change over time.
• Pluralism became an ideal when the toll of mutual intolerance became too great.
Chapter II, The Irish
• The Irish were the first numerous ethnic minority in American cities.
• The Irish took menial jobs, lived in poor quality housing, and contended with various social problems.
• The average life...
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