Escape from Freedom Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. In addition to a love for Germany, what other authoritarian characteristic did Hitler possess?

2. What German social class both submitted to Hitler and fully adopted his Nazi ideology?

3. Which view of human culture takes into account how religious ideas develop economic behavior?

4. What practice does Fromm cite evidence that an individual's thoughts could be suggested by someone else?

5. What historian believed that religion drives the social process?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the relationship between sadism and masochism? How does the relationship affect authoritarian characters?

2. How does social character affect different groups?

3. What role does the family have in developing the character structure of an individual?

4. What is spontaneous action and original thought?

5. What was life like for the lower, middle class following World War I? How did these conditions impact impacted their submission to Nazism?

6. According to Fromm, why are "normal" people willing to conform to the ideas of an authoritarian character?

7. How does Fromm describe masochistic people?

8. What are the similarities and differences between sadism and destructiveness?

9. What two false theories does Fromm discount that accounted for the rise of Nazism?

10. How does a democratic society put pressure on individuals to conform?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Analyze Fromm's argument that the Nazi party came to power due to sadomasochistic tendencies. In your response, address the following points:

1). Explain why Hitler was a sadomasochistic leader.

2). Define the roles of submission and dominance in the power of Nazism.

3). Explain what group of people submitted fully to Hitler, and why.

Essay Topic 2

Describe the role of the middle class in Fromm's book. Why was the middle class so significant in the Protestant Reformation? How was this role different than in the Catholic Church? How did the middle class emerge under capitalism? What consequences did this bring for society? How did Hitler manipulate the middle class? Would Hitler and Nazism have had a different effect without the support of the middle class? What other examples in history used the weight of the middle class?

Essay Topic 3

Why does Fromm use Nazism to discuss authoritarianism and automaton conformity? How does the ideology of Nazism connect with Fromm's ideas on individuality and freedom? What other authoritarian political ideology possesses similar authoritarian and conformity tendencies?

(see the answer keys)

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