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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Fromm believe each individual is capable of expressing, as discussed in the chapter "Freedom and Democracy"?
(a) Expressing himself as an individual.
(b) Expressing himself as part of a group.
(c) Expressing a desire to mend primary ties.
(d) Expressing his sadomasochistic desires.
2. What is democratic socialism?
(a) A political and economic system where the people vote for a dictator.
(b) Fascism with economic liberalism.
(c) A political and economic system with a central bureaucracy that is supported by the people.
(d) Economic restictions with a free government.
3. In addition to a love for Germany, what other authoritarian characteristic did Hitler possess?
(a) Hatred for other groups.
(b) Desire to submit.
(c) Belief in religious freedom.
(d) Feelings of powerlessness.
4. What did the lower, middle class of Nazi Germany do for a living?
(b) Government employees.
(c) Doctors, lawyers, and accountants.
(d) Shopkeepers, artisans, and white collar workers.
5. What dual desires did Nazi ideology appeal to?
(a) Power and dominance.
(b) Submission and power.
(c) Dominance and submission.
(d) Wealth and knowledge.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Fromm categorize the second group of Germans who supported the Nazis?
2. What German social class supported Hitler but did not adopt his ideologies?
3. What is the original self?
4. What does Fromm say even a democratic society can pressure individuals to do?
5. How did Hitler feel about Germany?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is spontaneous action and original thought?
2. How does Fromm describe sadistic people?
3. What is the relationship between sadism and masochism? How does the relationship affect authoritarian characters?
4. How is an individual's character structure affected by economic and political changes?
5. How does social character affect different groups?
6. What qualities did Hitler and Nazism possess that appealed to a large population of Germans?
7. What is authority, as defined in the chapter "Mechanisms of Escape"?
8. What was life like for the lower, middle class following World War I? How did these conditions impact impacted their submission to Nazism?
9. What role does the family have in developing the character structure of an individual?
10. How does formal education limit a child's freedom?
This section contains 1,384 words
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