Escape from Freedom Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the original self?
(a) Self that does not think.
(b) Self that thinks like the leader.
(c) Self that originates its own mental activities.
(d) Self that thinks like society.

2. What did Freud believe to be the driving force behind human action?
(a) Dominance.
(b) Freedom.
(c) Instinct.
(d) Choice.

3. Why does an individual conform to society?
(a) To escape feelings of isolaton and fear.
(b) To escape freedoms and individuality.
(c) To escape feelings of conformity.
(d) To escape a dictator.

4. What psychological idea is destructiveness related to?
(a) Psychosis.
(b) Neurosis.
(c) Amnesia.
(d) Sadism.

5. What is an authoritarian character?
(a) A person who submits to authority and wants to exercise authority over others.
(b) A person who does not respect authority.
(c) A person who submits to authority but does not hold it over others.
(d) A person who seeks authority over others.

Short Answer Questions

1. What German social class supported Hitler but did not adopt his ideologies?

2. What dual desires did Nazi ideology appeal to?

3. What is "pseudo-thinking"?

4. What does Fromm believe each individual is capable of expressing, as discussed in the chapter "Freedom and Democracy"?

5. In the chapter "Freedom and Democracy," how does a person develop individuality?

Short Essay Questions

1. What role does the family have in developing the character structure of an individual?

2. What is true freedom and what do Fromm's critics fear it can lead to?

3. What two false theories does Fromm discount that accounted for the rise of Nazism?

4. How is an individual's character structure affected by economic and political changes?

5. How does Fromm describe sadistic people?

6. What qualities did Hitler and Nazism possess that appealed to a large population of Germans?

7. How does the loss of identify affect an individual's willingness to conform, and what are the consequences for it?

8. What were the economic, social, and political conditions like in Germany prior to Hitler's rise to power?

9. What is authority, as defined in the chapter "Mechanisms of Escape"?

10. According to Fromm, why are "normal" people willing to conform to the ideas of an authoritarian character?

(see the answer keys)

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