Escape from Freedom Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is Fromm's theory about Hitler and the success of the Nazi party?
(a) Hitler was well-regarded in world politics.
(b) The explanation is as psychological as Hitler was neurotic.
(c) Hitler wanted to unify people.
(d) The German people adored Hitler.

2. What political and economic beliefs does Fromm wish to reconnect man with?
(a) Democratic principles and a planned economy.
(b) Communism and a socialist economy.
(c) Fascism and a market driven economy.
(d) Marxism and a capitalistic economy.

3. Why does an individual conform to society?
(a) To escape freedoms and individuality.
(b) To escape a dictator.
(c) To escape feelings of isolaton and fear.
(d) To escape feelings of conformity.

4. What has a key role in human development?
(a) Family forces.
(b) Individual forces.
(c) Religious forces.
(d) Social forces.

5. What forces in a capitalistic society isolate people?
(a) Economic forces.
(b) Familial forces.
(c) Religious forces.
(d) Social forces.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Fromm argue that leads to man act destructively?

2. Who must support the central bureaucracy in order for it to achieve its goal?

3. What feelings increase when automatic behaviors, like conformity, exist?

4. Who replaces the original self?

5. What do masochists receive from their submissive acts?

Short Essay Questions

1. What traits of an authoritarian character did Hitler possess?

2. What is automaton conformity?

3. Why was Nazism so appealing to the lower middle class of Germans?

4. How does a democratic society put pressure on individuals to conform?

5. What were the economic, social, and political conditions like in Germany prior to Hitler's rise to power?

6. How does Fromm describe sadistic people?

7. How does social character affect different groups?

8. What two choices does a person have when confronted by isolation and fear in achieving freedom?

9. What was life like for the lower, middle class following World War I? How did these conditions impact impacted their submission to Nazism?

10. What is true freedom and what do Fromm's critics fear it can lead to?

(see the answer keys)

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