Escape from Freedom Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What weaknesses do sadists and masochists compensate for?
(a) Isolation and fear.
(b) Power.
(c) Freedom.
(d) Lack of money.

2. Why does Fromm suggest analyzing psychological mechanisms in individuals?
(a) Fromm believes it will lead to more freedom.
(b) It enables man to improve himself.
(c) He uses it to draw conclusions about the group(s) one belongs to.
(d) It helps understand society.

3. What German class of people was most likely to submit to Nazism?
(a) Lower, middle classes.
(b) Working class.
(c) Royalty.
(d) Upper class.

4. What is "spontaneous" action?
(a) Actions that come from what an individual used to do.
(b) Actions that come from what others do.
(c) Actions that come from what others feel and think.
(d) Actions that come from what a person feels and thinks.

5. What historian believed that religion drives the social process?
(a) Kafka.
(b) Engels.
(c) Marx.
(d) Weber.

Short Answer Questions

1. What approach to history views the economic interests as the cause of religion and political ideas?

2. According to Freud's "psychologistic" approach to understanding human culture, what image inspired early Christianity?

3. What is democratic socialism?

4. What are the consequences for democratic societies when conformity exists?

5. What feelings increase when automatic behaviors, like conformity, exist?

Short Essay Questions

1. What are the similarities and differences between sadism and destructiveness?

2. What were the economic, social, and political conditions like in Germany prior to Hitler's rise to power?

3. What characteristics describe the second group of Germans who supported the Nazis?

4. What is the relationship between sadism and masochism? How does the relationship affect authoritarian characters?

5. How does Fromm describe masochistic people?

6. What qualities did Hitler and Nazism possess that appealed to a large population of Germans?

7. What traits of an authoritarian character did Hitler possess?

8. What two choices does a person have when confronted by isolation and fear in achieving freedom?

9. What is true freedom and what do Fromm's critics fear it can lead to?

10. What is spontaneous action and original thought?

(see the answer keys)

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