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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Fromm argue that leads to man act destructively?
(a) Isolation and fear causes man to act destructively.
(b) Capitalism causes man to act destructively.
(c) Freedom causes man to act destructively.
(d) Participation in a group causes man to act destructively.
2. Why does Fromm suggest analyzing psychological mechanisms in individuals?
(a) It enables man to improve himself.
(b) It helps understand society.
(c) Fromm believes it will lead to more freedom.
(d) He uses it to draw conclusions about the group(s) one belongs to.
3. What does the social character influence?
(a) The economic process.
(b) The individual's desire for freedom.
(c) The democractic system.
(d) The social progress.
4. What is the original self?
(a) Self that thinks like society.
(b) Self that does not think.
(c) Self that thinks like the leader.
(d) Self that originates its own mental activities.
5. What forces in a capitalistic society isolate people?
(a) Familial forces.
(b) Economic forces.
(c) Social forces.
(d) Religious forces.
6. What is "pseudo-thinking"?
(a) Unconscious repitition of other's opinions as our own.
(b) Pretending to think.
(c) Pretending to act on a thought.
(d) Impulsive thoughts.
7. What word best describes the idea where man "strives for submission and domination"?
8. What has a key role in human development?
(a) Social forces.
(b) Family forces.
(c) Religious forces.
(d) Individual forces.
9. When he first came to power, which social class did Hitler favor?
(a) Lower class.
(b) Upper class.
(d) Middle class.
10. What does Fromm believe to be the main driving force in history?
(a) Economic indifference.
(b) Economic similarities.
(c) Economic equality.
(d) Economic difference.
11. What feelings increase when automatic behaviors, like conformity, exist?
(a) Love and honesty.
(b) Freedom and integrity.
(c) Fear and isolation.
(d) Power and greed.
12. What is society's character based on?
(a) Analyzing the individual is a water of time.
(b) It can be based on the analysis of the individual.
(c) Analyzing society is a waste of time.
(d) It cannot be based on the analysis of the individual.
13. What does Fromm cite as the psychological reason for Hitler and his followers' desire for sadomasochism?
(a) Society's need for submission.
(b) Man's desire for power.
(c) Increased social freedom.
(d) The isolation of man.
14. What is "original" thought?
(a) A thought that someone wants you to believe.
(b) Thoughts that originate from another person.
(c) Thoughts that orginate in the individual.
(d) A thought someone has that they think is their own.
15. How did Fromm separate the two groups of German people who supported the Nazis?
(a) He based his theory on the people's reactions to the Jewish community.
(b) He based his ideas on how people viewed themselves.
(c) Fromm based his theory on the people's reactions to the Nazis.
(d) Fromm based his thoughts on how people viewed each other.
Short Answer Questions
1. What do Fromm's critics fear will happen to society during the process of individuality?
2. What is "Mein Kampf"?
3. What political and economic beliefs does Fromm wish to reconnect man with?
4. What examples does Fromm cite in the chapter "Freedom and Democracy" of how a democratic society limits individuals?
5. In the chapter "Freedom and Democracy," how does a person develop individuality?
This section contains 570 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)