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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Fromm categorize the first group of Germans who supported the Nazis?
(a) Those who did not submit to the Nazis.
(b) Those who both submitted to the Nazis and adopted their ideas.
(c) Those who submitted to the Nazis but did not accept their ideas.
(d) Germans who joined the Nazis.
2. What academic, who Fromm disagrees with, also wrote about the social interpretation of the human development?
3. What weaknesses do sadists and masochists compensate for?
(a) Lack of money.
(d) Isolation and fear.
4. What is one false theory about why the Nazis came to power?
(a) The Nazi party was the least popular.
(b) The Nazis came to power via a strong political figure who coerced society.
(c) The Nazi party rigged elections.
(d) The German people wanted the Nazi party to rise to power.
5. What psychological approach does Fromm use to study history?
(d) Multiple Perspectives.
6. What is the social function of education?
(a) Prepare children to separate from society.
(b) Prepare the individual for the role he plays later in society.
(c) Make children polite.
(d) Make children understand rules.
7. In addition to a love for Germany, what other authoritarian characteristic did Hitler possess?
(a) Feelings of powerlessness.
(b) Desire to submit.
(c) Belief in religious freedom.
(d) Hatred for other groups.
8. What is the term Fromm uses to describe an individual act that does not compromise one's integrity?
(a) Negative freedom.
(b) Positive acts.
(c) Positive freedom.
(d) Positive individuality.
9. What did Freud believe to be the driving force behind human action?
10. Who must support the central bureaucracy in order for it to achieve its goal?
(a) All the people in a given society.
(b) The middle class only.
(c) Both the lower and upper classes.
(d) The upper class of a given society.
11. What type of character was familiar to the lower, middle class?
12. Who replaces the original self?
(a) The conforming self.
(b) The pseudo self.
(c) The actual self.
(d) The social self.
13. What does Fromm say even a democratic society can pressure individuals to do?
(a) Dominate others.
(b) Give up their money.
(c) Submit to others.
14. What is "spontaneous" action?
(a) Actions that come from what others feel and think.
(b) Actions that come from what an individual used to do.
(c) Actions that come from what others do.
(d) Actions that come from what a person feels and thinks.
15. What do sadists seek?
(a) They seek submission.
(b) They seek to dominate others.
(c) They seek to be dominated.
(d) They avoid dominance.
Short Answer Questions
1. What examples does Fromm cite in the chapter "Freedom and Democracy" of how a democratic society limits individuals?
2. What German social class both submitted to Hitler and fully adopted his Nazi ideology?
3. What world event left Germany in financial ruin and ultimately fostered support for Hitler among the lower, middle class Germans?
4. What assumptions about man are made that lead people to fear chaos if he acts only in accordance with himself?
5. Whose theory about economic gains driving history have many historians misunderstood?
This section contains 553 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)