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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is Fromm's theory about Hitler and the success of the Nazi party?
(a) Hitler was well-regarded in world politics.
(b) The explanation is as psychological as Hitler was neurotic.
(c) The German people adored Hitler.
(d) Hitler wanted to unify people.
2. What does Fromm cite as the psychological reason for Hitler and his followers' desire for sadomasochism?
(a) Society's need for submission.
(b) Man's desire for power.
(c) The isolation of man.
(d) Increased social freedom.
3. What did Hitler's sadistic nature lead him to desire?
(a) He wanted to be dominated.
(b) He wished to help others.
(c) He sought power over others.
(d) He wanted to dominate and be submissive.
4. What is "pseudo-thinking"?
(a) Pretending to act on a thought.
(b) Unconscious repitition of other's opinions as our own.
(c) Pretending to think.
(d) Impulsive thoughts.
5. What is "original" thought?
(a) Thoughts that originate from another person.
(b) A thought that someone wants you to believe.
(c) A thought someone has that they think is their own.
(d) Thoughts that orginate in the individual.
6. How does Fromm categorize the first group of Germans who supported the Nazis?
(a) Those who did not submit to the Nazis.
(b) Those who submitted to the Nazis but did not accept their ideas.
(c) Those who both submitted to the Nazis and adopted their ideas.
(d) Germans who joined the Nazis.
7. Whose theory about economic gains driving history have many historians misunderstood?
8. What is the term Fromm uses to describe an individual act that does not compromise one's integrity?
(a) Negative freedom.
(b) Positive freedom.
(c) Positive acts.
(d) Positive individuality.
9. How did Fromm separate the two groups of German people who supported the Nazis?
(a) He based his theory on the people's reactions to the Jewish community.
(b) Fromm based his thoughts on how people viewed each other.
(c) Fromm based his theory on the people's reactions to the Nazis.
(d) He based his ideas on how people viewed themselves.
10. Who does the individual submit to when conforming?
(a) A powerful leader.
(c) He does not submit.
11. What does Fromm argue that leads to man act destructively?
(a) Participation in a group causes man to act destructively.
(b) Capitalism causes man to act destructively.
(c) Isolation and fear causes man to act destructively.
(d) Freedom causes man to act destructively.
12. What political ideology is a historical example of authoritarian mechanism?
13. What world event left Germany in financial ruin and ultimately fostered support for Hitler among the lower, middle class Germans?
(a) World War I.
(b) The French Revolution.
(c) Germany's civil war.
(d) World War II.
14. What historian believed that religion drives the social process?
15. What name does Fromm give to the isolation that allows Fascism to grow?
(b) Fertile soil.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Fromm believe each individual is capable of expressing, as discussed in the chapter "Freedom and Democracy"?
2. What does Fromm say even a democratic society can pressure individuals to do?
3. What weaknesses do sadists and masochists compensate for?
4. What is democratic socialism?
5. What assumptions about man are made that lead people to fear chaos if he acts only in accordance with himself?
This section contains 607 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)