|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is an authoritarian character?
(a) A person who submits to authority and wants to exercise authority over others.
(b) A person who does not respect authority.
(c) A person who submits to authority but does not hold it over others.
(d) A person who seeks authority over others.
2. What circumstances directly affected a person's willingness to submit to an authoritarian like Hitler?
(b) Isolation from society.
(c) Their economic situation.
3. Why did the Nazi regime appear to be stable?
(a) The population had trouble being submissive.
(b) The citizens were in revolt.
(c) The population seemed to have its needs met.
(d) Hitler was no longer in power.
4. What was the ultimate goal of the Nazi party?
(a) Gain power.
(b) Give up power.
(c) Gain freedom.
(d) Strengthen German society for everyone.
5. What examples does Fromm cite in the chapter "Freedom and Democracy" of how a democratic society limits individuals?
(a) Education and employment.
(b) Employment and child-rearing.
(c) Education and child-rearing.
(d) Laws and social norms.
6. What world event left Germany in financial ruin and ultimately fostered support for Hitler among the lower, middle class Germans?
(a) World War I.
(b) World War II.
(c) The French Revolution.
(d) Germany's civil war.
7. What do masochistic people seek?
(a) They want to submit to a stronger person.
(b) They want to dominate a weaker person.
(c) They want to dominate a stronger person.
(d) They want to both submit and dominate.
8. What do masochists receive from their submissive acts?
9. According to Freud's "psychologistic" approach to understanding human culture, what image inspired early Christianity?
(a) Ambivalence toward society.
(b) Ambivalence toward the father.
(c) Ambivalence toward the mother.
(d) Love for the mother.
10. What happened to Germany's economic stability following World War I?
(a) Germany's economy was weakened.
(b) Germany's economy was the strongest in its history.
(c) Germany's economy was strengthened.
(d) Germany's economy remained unchanged.
11. What psychological approach does Fromm use to study history?
(c) Multiple Perspectives.
12. What weaknesses do sadists and masochists compensate for?
(a) Isolation and fear.
(d) Lack of money.
13. What has a key role in human development?
(a) Social forces.
(b) Family forces.
(c) Religious forces.
(d) Individual forces.
14. Which view of human culture takes into account how religious ideas develop economic behavior?
15. How does Fromm categorize the second group of Germans who supported the Nazis?
(a) Those who stood against Nazism.
(b) Those who disagreed with Nazism.
(c) Those who fully adopted Nazism.
(d) Those who were indifferent to Nazism.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who does the individual submit to when conforming?
2. What is the term Fromm uses to describe an individual act that does not compromise one's integrity?
3. What is NOT a characteristic of the old, middle class that Fromm identifies?
4. What did the lower, middle class of Nazi Germany do for a living?
5. What German social class both submitted to Hitler and fully adopted his Nazi ideology?
This section contains 496 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)