|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the original self?
(a) Self that does not think.
(b) Self that originates its own mental activities.
(c) Self that thinks like society.
(d) Self that thinks like the leader.
2. According to Freud's "psychologistic" approach to understanding human culture, what image inspired early Christianity?
(a) Ambivalence toward society.
(b) Ambivalence toward the mother.
(c) Ambivalence toward the father.
(d) Love for the mother.
3. What German social class supported Hitler but did not adopt his ideologies?
(a) Middle class and moderate.
(b) Upper class and liberal.
(c) Upper class and conservative.
(d) Working class and liberal.
4. Why did the second group of Germans who both supported the Nazis and adopt their ideas submit to Hitler?
(a) They wanted to have more freedom.
(b) They enjoyed fewer taxes under Nazism.
(c) They wanted to dominate others.
(d) Nazism appealed to their desire for authoritarianism.
5. What is democratic socialism?
(a) A political and economic system with a central bureaucracy that is supported by the people.
(b) Fascism with economic liberalism.
(c) Economic restictions with a free government.
(d) A political and economic system where the people vote for a dictator.
6. What do masochistic people seek?
(a) They want to submit to a stronger person.
(b) They want to dominate a stronger person.
(c) They want to both submit and dominate.
(d) They want to dominate a weaker person.
7. What happens when the political restraints that an individual has come to rely on are removed?
(a) People finally feel free and individual.
(b) There is still fear, and isolated people find something new to depend on.
(c) The fear and isolation are made much worse.
(d) The fear and isolation are completely eliminated.
8. What world event left Germany in financial ruin and ultimately fostered support for Hitler among the lower, middle class Germans?
(a) Germany's civil war.
(b) The French Revolution.
(c) World War II.
(d) World War I.
9. What German class of people was most likely to submit to Nazism?
(a) Working class.
(b) Upper class.
(d) Lower, middle classes.
10. What psychological approach does Fromm use to study history?
(c) Multiple Perspectives.
11. What kind of acts are "phenomena of abundance"?
(a) Calculated acts.
(b) Malicious acts.
(c) Acts of individuality.
(d) Free or spontaneous acts.
12. Who must support the central bureaucracy in order for it to achieve its goal?
(a) The middle class only.
(b) All the people in a given society.
(c) The upper class of a given society.
(d) Both the lower and upper classes.
13. What does Fromm say even a democratic society can pressure individuals to do?
(a) Submit to others.
(b) Give up their money.
(c) Dominate others.
14. What is automaton conformity?
(a) The practice of conforming to a hero.
(b) Conforming only to one's self.
(c) The practice of ignoring society.
(d) The practice of individuals becoming like everyone else.
15. What is the social function of education?
(a) Prepare the individual for the role he plays later in society.
(b) Make children understand rules.
(c) Prepare children to separate from society.
(d) Make children polite.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the lower, middle class of Nazi Germany do for a living?
2. Which view of human culture takes into account how religious ideas develop economic behavior?
3. What was the ultimate goal of the Nazi party?
4. Why does an individual conform to society?
5. What word best describes the idea where man "strives for submission and domination"?
This section contains 569 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)