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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who must support the central bureaucracy in order for it to achieve its goal?
(a) Both the lower and upper classes.
(b) All the people in a given society.
(c) The middle class only.
(d) The upper class of a given society.
2. In the chapter "Freedom and Democracy," how does a person develop individuality?
(a) Making the self the center of one's world.
(b) Excluding the self from being the center of one's world.
(c) Making the self the center of society.
(d) Making the self and others the center of one's world.
3. What is "pseudo-thinking"?
(a) Pretending to think.
(b) Impulsive thoughts.
(c) Pretending to act on a thought.
(d) Unconscious repitition of other's opinions as our own.
4. Which view of human culture takes into account how religious ideas develop economic behavior?
5. Why does an individual conform to society?
(a) To escape feelings of isolaton and fear.
(b) To escape freedoms and individuality.
(c) To escape feelings of conformity.
(d) To escape a dictator.
6. What type of character was familiar to the lower, middle class?
7. Who replaces the original self?
(a) The social self.
(b) The actual self.
(c) The conforming self.
(d) The pseudo self.
8. Why does Fromm suggest analyzing psychological mechanisms in individuals?
(a) He uses it to draw conclusions about the group(s) one belongs to.
(b) Fromm believes it will lead to more freedom.
(c) It helps understand society.
(d) It enables man to improve himself.
9. What did Freud believe to be the driving force behind human action?
10. What is society's character based on?
(a) Analyzing the individual is a water of time.
(b) It can be based on the analysis of the individual.
(c) It cannot be based on the analysis of the individual.
(d) Analyzing society is a waste of time.
11. Whose theory about economic gains driving history have many historians misunderstood?
12. In addition to a love for Germany, what other authoritarian characteristic did Hitler possess?
(a) Belief in religious freedom.
(b) Hatred for other groups.
(c) Feelings of powerlessness.
(d) Desire to submit.
13. Why did the Nazi regime appear to be stable?
(a) The citizens were in revolt.
(b) The population had trouble being submissive.
(c) Hitler was no longer in power.
(d) The population seemed to have its needs met.
14. What is an authoritarian character?
(a) A person who seeks authority over others.
(b) A person who submits to authority but does not hold it over others.
(c) A person who does not respect authority.
(d) A person who submits to authority and wants to exercise authority over others.
15. What German class of people was most likely to submit to Nazism?
(a) Upper class.
(c) Working class.
(d) Lower, middle classes.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is automaton conformity?
2. Why did the second group of Germans who both supported the Nazis and adopt their ideas submit to Hitler?
3. According to Freud's "psychologistic" approach to understanding human culture, what image inspired early Christianity?
4. What is "original" thought?
5. Why is it possible for people to conform without their knowledge?
This section contains 596 words
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