Escape from Freedom Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What word best describes the idea where man "strives for submission and domination"?
(a) Democracy.
(b) Authoritarianism.
(c) Communism.
(d) Propaganda.

2. In the chapter "Freedom and Democracy," how does a person develop individuality?
(a) Making the self and others the center of one's world.
(b) Making the self the center of society.
(c) Making the self the center of one's world.
(d) Excluding the self from being the center of one's world.

3. What is an authoritarian character?
(a) A person who submits to authority and wants to exercise authority over others.
(b) A person who submits to authority but does not hold it over others.
(c) A person who does not respect authority.
(d) A person who seeks authority over others.

4. How did Fromm separate the two groups of German people who supported the Nazis?
(a) He based his theory on the people's reactions to the Jewish community.
(b) Fromm based his theory on the people's reactions to the Nazis.
(c) He based his ideas on how people viewed themselves.
(d) Fromm based his thoughts on how people viewed each other.

5. What does the social character influence?
(a) The economic process.
(b) The social progress.
(c) The democractic system.
(d) The individual's desire for freedom.

6. What assumptions about man are made that lead people to fear chaos if he acts only in accordance with himself?
(a) People assume man needs more freedom.
(b) People assume man will make the best decisions, all the time.
(c) People assume man will follow others.
(d) People assume man is bad and will act destructively.

7. Why is it possible for people to conform without their knowledge?
(a) People want to belong.
(b) It is not possible.
(c) People think their thoughts are their own, but they have come from another source.
(d) They do so subconsciously.

8. What is Fromm's theory about Hitler and the success of the Nazi party?
(a) Hitler wanted to unify people.
(b) Hitler was well-regarded in world politics.
(c) The explanation is as psychological as Hitler was neurotic.
(d) The German people adored Hitler.

9. How does Fromm categorize the first group of Germans who supported the Nazis?
(a) Those who both submitted to the Nazis and adopted their ideas.
(b) Those who submitted to the Nazis but did not accept their ideas.
(c) Germans who joined the Nazis.
(d) Those who did not submit to the Nazis.

10. What happens when the political restraints that an individual has come to rely on are removed?
(a) People finally feel free and individual.
(b) The fear and isolation are made much worse.
(c) The fear and isolation are completely eliminated.
(d) There is still fear, and isolated people find something new to depend on.

11. What is the social function of education?
(a) Make children understand rules.
(b) Make children polite.
(c) Prepare children to separate from society.
(d) Prepare the individual for the role he plays later in society.

12. What do Fromm's critics fear will happen to society during the process of individuality?
(a) Capitalism.
(b) Anarchy.
(c) Communism.
(d) Democracy.

13. What psychological idea is destructiveness related to?
(a) Neurosis.
(b) Amnesia.
(c) Sadism.
(d) Psychosis.

14. What social structure does Fromm suggest should be part of the psychological aspect of society?
(a) Family.
(b) Education.
(c) Society.
(d) Economy.

15. What practice does Fromm cite evidence that an individual's thoughts could be suggested by someone else?
(a) Electroshock therapy.
(b) Pyschotherapy.
(c) Medication.
(d) Hypnosis.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did the lower, middle class of Nazi Germany do for a living?

2. Why did the second group of Germans who both supported the Nazis and adopt their ideas submit to Hitler?

3. What kind of acts are "phenomena of abundance"?

4. What is the original self?

5. In addition to a love for Germany, what other authoritarian characteristic did Hitler possess?

(see the answer keys)

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