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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What examples does Fromm cite in the chapter "Freedom and Democracy" of how a democratic society limits individuals?
(a) Employment and child-rearing.
(b) Education and child-rearing.
(c) Laws and social norms.
(d) Education and employment.
2. Who wrote the book "The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism"?
(a) Max Weber.
(b) Karl Marx.
(c) John Calvin.
(d) Martin Luther.
3. What does the development of individual and social characters lead to?
(a) Less freedom for the individual.
(b) The development of historical events.
(c) More freedom for the individual.
(d) The collapse of society.
4. When he first came to power, which social class did Hitler favor?
(b) Middle class.
(c) Upper class.
(d) Lower class.
5. How did Fromm separate the two groups of German people who supported the Nazis?
(a) Fromm based his thoughts on how people viewed each other.
(b) He based his theory on the people's reactions to the Jewish community.
(c) Fromm based his theory on the people's reactions to the Nazis.
(d) He based his ideas on how people viewed themselves.
6. Why did the first group of Germans who supported Hitler submit to the power of the Nazis?
(a) Resignation and tiredness.
(b) Power and greed.
(c) They wanted more freedom.
(d) Fear and isolation.
7. What weaknesses do sadists and masochists compensate for?
(b) Isolation and fear.
(c) Lack of money.
8. What happens when the political restraints that an individual has come to rely on are removed?
(a) There is still fear, and isolated people find something new to depend on.
(b) People finally feel free and individual.
(c) The fear and isolation are made much worse.
(d) The fear and isolation are completely eliminated.
9. What forces in a capitalistic society isolate people?
(a) Economic forces.
(b) Social forces.
(c) Religious forces.
(d) Familial forces.
10. What German class of people was most likely to submit to Nazism?
(a) Upper class.
(b) Working class.
(d) Lower, middle classes.
11. What did the lower, middle class of Nazi Germany do for a living?
(a) Shopkeepers, artisans, and white collar workers.
(b) Doctors, lawyers, and accountants.
(c) Government employees.
12. According to Freud's "psychologistic" approach to understanding human culture, what image inspired early Christianity?
(a) Ambivalence toward the mother.
(b) Love for the mother.
(c) Ambivalence toward society.
(d) Ambivalence toward the father.
13. What do both societies and individuals possess that make them unique?
14. What political ideology is a historical example of authoritarian mechanism?
15. According to Fromm, why does sadism appear natural?
(a) It is not natural.
(b) It is how animals survive.
(c) It emphasizes the survival of nature over man.
(d) It emphasizes the survival of the fittest over nature and man.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is the original self?
2. What social structure does Fromm suggest should be part of the psychological aspect of society?
3. How does Fromm categorize the first group of Germans who supported the Nazis?
4. Why does an individual conform to society?
5. What psychological idea is destructiveness related to?
This section contains 543 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)