|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The ______________, led by Rous, claimed that viruses cause cancer, although no such virus had been found in human studies.
2. The ____________________ refers to something that moves incessantly but never gets anywhere.
3. The remaining people did what?
4. It was ________ years later when Einar Gustafson returned to Children's Hospital to a full fanfare.
5. Have much Mukherjee's inclinations changed much since the first day of his internship?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who were the successors of Theodor Boveri?
2. What problems could arise with genetic engineering?
3. How did the discovery of scrotal cancer help children?
4. Mukherjee discusses the successes of others in this story. Why does he credit the survival of patients to the work of those in the 1950s and 1960s?
5. What is meant by a "Risky Prediction?"
6. Who was Oscar Auerbach? What role did he play in connecting lung cancer to tobacco? Was he a good choice? Why or why not?
7. How did the tide begin to turn regarding Americans' view smoking?
8. Who was George Papanicolaou? How was his work important?
9. Who was Einar Gustafson? How is this significant?
10. Why was Phyllis Clauson at first not believed? Is this surprising? Why or why not?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Carla Reed was a thirty year old kindergarten teacher who had leukemia.
Part 1) What were her symptoms? Why did it take so long to determine that she had leukemia? How did this lead to her meeting Siddhartha Mukherjee?
Part 2) Describe Mukherjee's experiences with Carla. How was she treated for leukemia? What were the results of her treatment? Why was she such an important part of this book? What purpose did her story serve throughout this book?
Part 3) How did Carla's story affect you? What do you now know about cancer and/or leukemia that you did not know prior to hearing Carla's story? How does this affect your opinion of those who suffer from cancer?
Essay Topic 2
Four and five drug combinations were tested with success.
Part 1) How did researchers begin to test combinations of four and five drugs? How did many of these combinations affect patients? How did these studies lead to success?
Part 2) How did these successes affect cancer patients? How did these studies also lead to the idea of the "smiling oncologist?" How did this type of doctor affect the mindset of a patient?
Part 3) Is there a need for such an oncologist? Is that type of attitude towards cancer necessary? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
Sidney Farber was the chief pathologist at Boston's Children's Hospital in the 1940s.
Part 1) How did he go about changing careers after nearly 20 years as a pathologist? Why did he decide to change professions? How different was his work when he changed professions?
Part 2) Did cancer research benefit from Farber changing careers? if so, how? If not, why not? What did he do for the study of cancer and specifically leukemia? Why might other doctor's have been skeptical at his work? What does this say about cancer and specifically leukemia?
Part 3) How has cancer been viewed throughout time? Has this view changed in modern times? If so, why? if not, why not? When you hear the word cancer, how do you feel? What do you associate with this word? Why?
This section contains 1,108 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)