|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Freireich was obsessed with continuing clinical trials. The combinations of drugs provided ______________ number of combinations.
2. In 1968, there were noteworthy successes where?
3. Hyperplasia was what?
4. Cole believed that these theories may have been right when?
5. What was the most common practice regarding the development of therapies?
Short Essay Questions
1. How is cancer a total disease? How is this important?
2. Why was John Bennett wrong?
3. What did Moya Cole think of Halsted's theories? Why?
4. How did Virchow stumble upon cancer?
5. Why did breast cancer clinical trials last ten years? How could these trials have been run better?
6. How was this letter to Richard Nixon significant at the time?
7. Describe Bennett's patient. How was John Bennett's diagnosis logical?
8. How is the 21st anniversary of the Jimmy Fund significant?
9. Choose a period of history that is significant to cancer research. How is this significant?
10. What symptoms led to Carla Reed learning she had leukemia?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
"Farber's Gauntlet" details the story of Robert Sandler.
Part 1) Who was Robert Sandler? How is his story important? How is it connected to the study of cancer and disease?
Part 2) Why is importance placed on this case? What does this say about the fight against cancer? Is this same mentality seen regarding other diseases? Why or why not?
Part 3) Would doctors today see Robert Sandler's case as some sort of success, if he was a patient today? Why or why not? What does this say about cancer research today?
Essay Topic 2
John Bennett was a Scottish physician in the 1800s.
Part 1) What discovery did he make? What were his assumptions about this discovery? Why might he have come to this conclusion? How was he wrong?
Part 2) Describe the work of Rudolf Virchow. How did his studies and conclusions compare to Bennett's? How did this affect what is known about cancer and specifically leukemia? How had knowledge of cancer developed up to this point? What important studies and cases led to the naming of leukemia in 1847?
Part 3) How did studies after the 1840s lead to even more understanding of cancer and specifically leukemia? Has this led to a significant amount of success? Why or why not? Has cancer research seen as much success as other areas of medical study? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
In 1969, the New York Times published a letter to Richard Nixon.
Part 1) What did this letter say? Why did they write this open letter? How did Nixon respond? Why did he respond in this way? Would he have responded in this way if it had been a private letter sent to him? Why or why not?
Part 2) What does this letter reveal about the American public at the time it was written? What was their view of cancer? How had this changed from the importance, or lack thereof, of cancer research in previous years? Why?
Part 3) How important is cancer research today? Does the American public feel about cancer and cancer research the same as they did in 1969? Why or why not? How might Americans today use an open letter format to attract the attention of our president? What issues are important today? Why?
This section contains 1,287 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)