|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did Cummings decided to meet with Gustafson?
(a) The organization needed some positive energy.
(b) Gustafson insisted.
(c) Cummings had nothing else planned.
(d) Phyllis gave details that were not known to the general public.
2. The ____________ theory developed by Varmus and Bishop provided the first comprehensive theory of carcinogenesis.
3. The theory showed how soot, radiation, cigarette smoke and other outside insults could cause cancer by doing what?
(a) Mutating cancergenes within the cell.
(b) Mutating sarcogenes within the cell.
(c) Mutating carcinogenes within the cell.
(d) Mutating oncogenes within the cell.
4. "Part 6: The Fruits of Long Endeavors" begins with a quote by whom?
(a) Sherlock Holmes.
(b) John H. Watson.
(c) Watson Smith.
(d) James Watson.
5. The mouse embodied what?
(a) The exact DNA of a human.
(b) The knowledge of scientists at that time.
(c) The maturity of cancer genetics.
(d) All of the above.
Short Answer Questions
1. The discovery of scrotal cancer helped to promote what?
2. The ____________________ refers to something that moves incessantly but never gets anywhere.
3. Most chemotherapy drugs by the 1980s targeted what?
4. It was determined that a DNA copy of virus' genes could do what?
5. In _________, Percival Pott began to notice a shocking increase in the number of patients that suffered from scrotal cancer.
Short Essay Questions
1. Why was the battle to attack pre-cancer versus full blown cancer significant?
2. Who was George Papanicolaou? How was his work important?
3. What is the role of a clinician? What type of people are suited for this work?
4. Why was Phyllis Clauson at first not believed? Is this surprising? Why or why not?
5. What did Percival Pott notice? How is this significant?
6. What problems could arise with genetic engineering?
7. What is the oncogene theory?
8. Who were epidemiologists?
9. Why did doctors dismiss the cancer found in chimney sweeps? How did cancer continue to be dismissed by others throughout time?
10. What are two reasons why studies into the connection between lung cancer and tobacco were inconclusive?
This section contains 994 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)