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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. When does Halberstam say the Johnson administration realized that Bundy was necessary to their planning?
2. What does Halberstam say was the military's opinion after the start of Rolling Thunder?
3. How does Halberstam say the Americans responded when the Vietcong attacked Pleiku?
4. Who was in charge of the operation code named 34A?
5. How does Halberstam define the flash point?
Short Essay Questions
1. What were the alternatives the staff in Vietnam laid out for Maxwell Taylor when he visited Vietnam in the fall of 1964?
2. What was the intelligence community's assessment of Rolling Thunder?
3. What was the public story of the Gulf of Tonkin incident, and what was the truth?
4. What does Halberstam say McNamara found in Vietnam when the Johnson administration took over?
5. What was the military's position on bombing North Vietnam?
6. What does Halberstam say began to change in early 1964?
7. What was Rolling Thunder and what was its purpose?
8. What were the questions people were asking on the issue of bombing the North?
9. Who expressed doubt about the Vietnam war, and what happened to their opposition?
10. What does Halberstam say was Johnson's approach to paying for the war?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare and contrast John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson's strategies for handling the war in Vietnam. How did they negotiate the complex mixture of voices within the U.S. government in similar ways? How were they different? How did the changes in conditions in the U.S. and in Vietnam account for Johnson's different strategies?
Essay Topic 2
Was it necessary for opponents of the war to be marginalized within the American government? Describe the organizational and bureaucratic rules and pressures that were used to effectively silence or transfer officials who spoke out against the war. Was this required, for efficient planning, or did the transfers constitute repression?
Essay Topic 3
Did the Vietnam War mark a change in American ideology? Was the concept of natural rights changed or abandoned? Was Vietnam a war like other wars America had fought, or was it unprecedented? How did the U.S. government's response to the opposition to the war change the nature of citizenship and political activity in America?
This section contains 904 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)