|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who does Halberstam say was making the case for bombing after the 1964 election?
2. Who was it who authorized a paper that would rationalize an exit from Vietnam?
(a) John McNaughton.
(b) Averell Harriman.
(c) Robert McNamara.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.
3. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?
(b) Victory at all costs.
4. Why did President Johnson authorize bombing attacks on North Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?
(a) He thought that an overwhelming display of force would convince other nations in the region to accept American influence.
(b) He believed that if Vietnam went Communist, the rest of the region would turn Communist as well.
(c) He thought that breaking Vietcong resistance would create trade opportunities for American companies.
(d) He thought that bombing was a final resort, and after it failed, he could strategically withdraw.
5. How does Halberstam define the flash point?
(a) The location at which forces could engage face to face.
(b) The point at which he would convince the American people to support the war.
(c) The point to which the U.S. could escalate without going to war.
(d) The point at which the American people were no longer going to support the war.
Short Answer Questions
1. What event does Halberstam say triggered bombing operations against the North?
2. What was McNamara beginning to suspect in Vietnam?
3. What strategy does Halberstam say evolved out of the struggle over troop strength?
4. Who was in charge of the operation code named 34A?
5. What does Halberstam say the U.S. assured its generals during their meeting in Vietnam?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Halberstam say happened when Westmoreland assumed control?
2. How did the reality of the war become public information?
3. What were the alternatives the staff in Vietnam laid out for Maxwell Taylor when he visited Vietnam in the fall of 1964?
4. What was the result of the Spring Offensive?
5. What does Halberstam say began to change in early 1964?
6. What happened to Diem and Nhu during the coup?
7. What does Halberstam say the effect of the Vietnam war on the American people was?
8. Who was interested in overthrowing Diem?
9. What issues were discussed as there started to be struggles over Vietnam strategy in mid-1965?
10. What was President Johnson's position regarding Vietnam in the early days of his presidency?
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