|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Whose staff does Halberstam say outlined three responses to the American bombing campaign?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) General Harkin.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) Maxwell Taylor.
2. Who does Halberstam say was especially vocal in calling for a change in U.S. Vietnam policy?
(a) General Westmoreland.
(b) Averell Harriman.
(c) Maxwell Taylor.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.
3. What does Halberstam say was the purpose of operation Rolling Thunder?
(a) To display American airpower.
(b) To demonstrate the benefits of democracy.
(c) To force Hanoi to capitulate.
(d) To open North Vietnamese markets.
4. In what way does Halberstam say that Lyndon Johnson resembled Kennedy in his management style?
(a) Johnson did not seek a wide variety of opinions.
(b) Johnson trusted the military's reports.
(c) Johnson sought out expert opinions beyond his cabinet.
(d) Johnson used a cabinet of enemies.
5. What does Halberstam say Maxwell Taylor discovered was true about Khanh?
(a) Khanh was self-serving and corrupt.
(b) Khanh was another Diem.
(c) Khanh was an opportunist and a bad strategist.
(d) Khanh was an ineffectual leader.
6. When did McNamara say the U.S. would be out of Vietnam, when he visited the country?
(a) By the beginning of 1966.
(b) By the end of 1965.
(c) By the end of 1968.
(d) By 1970.
7. What did the code 34A stand for in the White House?
(a) Diplomacy to end the war.
(b) The covert actions that responded to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
(c) The plan to bomb North Vietnam.
(d) Search and destroy missions.
8. What does Halberstam say became clear by the time Rolling Thunder had been in effect for six weeks?
(a) That Rolling Thunder was breaking the Vietcong supply routes.
(b) That it was only a matter of time until Hanoi capitulated.
(c) That Rolling Thunder was not breaking the North's resistance.
(d) That Rolling Thunder was not going to make Hanoi capitulate.
9. What does Halberstam say happened when control shifted out of Taylor's hands in March and April 1965?
(a) Reports began to describe American troops' atrocities.
(b) Reports began to be closer to actual realities.
(c) Reports began to be issued with greater frequency.
(d) Reports began to reduce estimations of Vietcong troop strength.
10. What did the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965 coincide with?
(a) Premiere Kosygin's visit to Hanoi.
(b) The assassination of Martin Luther King. Jr.
(c) Civil rights demonstrations in Alabama.
(d) The creation of Social Security in America.
11. What does Halberstam say the U.S. assured its generals during their meeting in Vietnam?
(a) That they would be victorious by the end of 1966.
(b) That they would continue aid in the event of a coup.
(c) That they would continue humanitarian aid.
(d) That they would not cross the border into Cambodia.
12. What was Paul Kattenburg's view of the war, in early 1964?
(a) He thought it was a waste of political and economic capital.
(b) He saw it as an experiment in nation-building.
(c) He described it as a crusade.
(d) He doubted its correctness.
13. What position did Maxwell Taylor begin to support as a result of his late 1964 trip to Vietnam?
(a) Withdrawing troops from Vietnam.
(b) International sanctions against North Vietnam.
(c) A bombing campaign against North Vietnam.
(d) Renewing diplomatic efforts.
14. Why did President Johnson authorize bombing attacks on North Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?
(a) He thought that bombing was a final resort, and after it failed, he could strategically withdraw.
(b) He thought that breaking Vietcong resistance would create trade opportunities for American companies.
(c) He believed that if Vietnam went Communist, the rest of the region would turn Communist as well.
(d) He thought that an overwhelming display of force would convince other nations in the region to accept American influence.
15. Who was in charge of the operation code named 34A?
(a) Averell Harriman.
(b) McGeorge Bundy.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) General Harkins.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was McNamara beginning to suspect in Vietnam?
2. What does Halberstam say was the result of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
3. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was projecting after 1965?
4. What does Halberstam say was the effect of the Gulf of Tonkin incident on the U.S. government?
5. What does Halberstam say was the military's opinion after the start of Rolling Thunder?
This section contains 778 words
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