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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who tipped off Senator Wayne Morse about the real situation of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) President Johnson.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) An anonymous caller.
2. What plan was the U.S. government following by the end of 1964?
(a) Limit bombing but increase troops on the ground.
(b) Restrict operations to bombing missions.
(c) Pour as many resources as necessary into Vietnam.
(d) Expand the pacification program.
3. How does Halberstam say the U.S. spun the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) They said that the use of napalm was necessary now.
(b) They said that the U.S. ship had been attacked.
(c) They said that the offensive was completely unexpected.
(d) They said that the U.S. plane was in international airspace.
4. Why did President Johnson authorize bombing attacks on North Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?
(a) He thought that breaking Vietcong resistance would create trade opportunities for American companies.
(b) He thought that bombing was a final resort, and after it failed, he could strategically withdraw.
(c) He believed that if Vietnam went Communist, the rest of the region would turn Communist as well.
(d) He thought that an overwhelming display of force would convince other nations in the region to accept American influence.
5. Who did President Johnson send to Vietnam to investigate the situation there?
(a) General Harkin.
(b) Maxwell Taylor.
(c) General Johnson.
(d) General Westmoreland.
6. What does Halberstam say was the conclusion of the study that analyzed the results of a bombing attack against the north?
(a) The report concluded that bombing would deter any further guerilla-style attacks against the South.
(b) The report concluded that bombing would break the Vietcong's supply routes, and end resistance.
(c) The report concluded that bombing would strengthen the North by building opposition to the Americans.
(d) The report concluded that bombing would overwhelm the people, and drain support for further attacks.
7. What was Paul Kattenburg's view of the war, in early 1964?
(a) He doubted its correctness.
(b) He saw it as an experiment in nation-building.
(c) He thought it was a waste of political and economic capital.
(d) He described it as a crusade.
8. Why does Halberstam say that September and October of 1963 were good for the Kennedy administration?
(a) The administration was prepared to pick up seats in special elections.
(b) The military made progress in the Mekong Delta.
(c) There was accord on civil rights issues.
(d) Averell Harriman made progress on the test ban treaty.
9. What was McNamara beginning to suspect in Vietnam?
(a) The accuracy of bleak military reports.
(b) Diem's trustworthiness.
(c) The capacity for victory in a guerilla war.
(d) The patience of the American electorate.
10. What does Halberstam say was the result of Johnson's method of planning for the war?
(a) He was compelled to water down his plans to accommodate his advisers' pet projects.
(b) He never raised taxes to pay for the war.
(c) He often took the most effective actions.
(d) He missed opportunities to let his generals take actions that might have been decisive.
11. What evidence does Halberstam give for the deterioration of the mood in America?
(a) Seats being lost in mid-term elections.
(b) Budget fights in the Senate.
(c) Civil rights protests.
(d) Confrontational anti-war protests.
12. Who traveled to Vietnam after the 1965 inauguration?
(a) Westmoreland, Harriman and Rusk.
(b) Taylor, Ball and Bundy.
(c) Bundy, McNamara and Rusk.
(d) McNamara, Ball and Harriman.
13. What position did Maxwell Taylor begin to support as a result of his late 1964 trip to Vietnam?
(a) Withdrawing troops from Vietnam.
(b) Renewing diplomatic efforts.
(c) International sanctions against North Vietnam.
(d) A bombing campaign against North Vietnam.
14. What does Halberstam say the administration had led the American people to believe about the war?
(a) That it would not be a large war.
(b) That the war would pay for itself.
(c) That American air power would win the war quickly.
(d) That international consensus would build in support of America's actions.
15. Who oversaw domestic operations of the operation code named 34A?
(a) General Westmoreland.
(b) McGeorge Bundy.
(c) Maxwell Taylor.
(d) General Harkins.
Short Answer Questions
1. When did Khanh overthrow the generals in Vietnam?
2. Who does Halberstam say remained loyal to Diem when the coup began?
3. When did McNamara say the U.S. would be out of Vietnam, when he visited the country?
4. Who opposed the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965?
5. What does Halberstam say became clear by the time Rolling Thunder had been in effect for six weeks?
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