The Best and the Brightest Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Halberstam say was the beginning of the 'credibility gap'?
(a) When the military gave the government falsified reports on progress in Vietnam.
(b) When the government's figures were revised to protect Johnson's Great Society program.
(c) When the media began to exploit photographs to build opposition to the war.
(d) When U.S. deaths in Vietnam were withheld.

2. What pressure does Halberstam say the events of September and October of 1963 relieved for Kennedy?
(a) He no longer felt the political pressure to deliver a victory.
(b) He was relieved of budgetary pressure.
(c) He no longer felt the need to prove himself to Kruschev.
(d) He felt like he was finally hitting his stride in the presidency.

3. Whose staff does Halberstam say outlined three responses to the American bombing campaign?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) General Harkin.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) Maxwell Taylor.

4. When did McNamara say the U.S. would be out of Vietnam, when he visited the country?
(a) By 1970.
(b) By the end of 1968.
(c) By the end of 1965.
(d) By the beginning of 1966.

5. What does Halberstam say the Kennedy administration found out after the coup?
(a) The Vietnamese government did not have its people's support.
(b) The government did not know what was going on in the war.
(c) The Vietnamese government did not have control of the Delta.
(d) The Buddhists were attracting dissidents in opposition to the government.

6. Who does Halberstam say was especially vocal in calling for a change in U.S. Vietnam policy?
(a) General Westmoreland.
(b) McGeorge Bundy.
(c) Averell Harriman.
(d) Maxwell Taylor.

7. What does Halberstam say was Lyndon Johnson's feeling about the coup?
(a) He opposed it.
(b) He endorsed it.
(c) He turned a blind eye to it.
(d) He proposed it.

8. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?
(a) Surrender.
(b) Escalation.
(c) Victory at all costs.
(d) Withdrawal.

9. What does Halberstam say the military had been telling President Johnson when he sent an investigative team to Vietnam?
(a) They had been telling him to withdraw.
(b) They had been telling him to bomb.
(c) They had been telling him that conditions were improving.
(d) They had been telling him to send more troops.

10. What does Halberstam say the U.S. assured its generals during their meeting in Vietnam?
(a) That they would continue aid in the event of a coup.
(b) That they would continue humanitarian aid.
(c) That they would be victorious by the end of 1966.
(d) That they would not cross the border into Cambodia.

11. What had USAID done in Vietnam at the beginning of Chapter 15?
(a) Removed its military advisers.
(b) Cut off commodity aid.
(c) Recalled its missionaries.
(d) Refused to work with the American military.

12. What did the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965 coincide with?
(a) The assassination of Martin Luther King. Jr.
(b) Civil rights demonstrations in Alabama.
(c) Premiere Kosygin's visit to Hanoi.
(d) The creation of Social Security in America.

13. Who was it who authorized a paper that would rationalize an exit from Vietnam?
(a) Averell Harriman.
(b) Robert McNamara.
(c) John McNaughton.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.

14. Who was in charge of the operation code named 34A?
(a) Averell Harriman.
(b) General Westmoreland.
(c) General Harkins.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.

15. Why does Halberstam say that September and October of 1963 were good for the Kennedy administration?
(a) There was accord on civil rights issues.
(b) The administration was prepared to pick up seats in special elections.
(c) Averell Harriman made progress on the test ban treaty.
(d) The military made progress in the Mekong Delta.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Halberstam say was the military's opinion after the start of Rolling Thunder?

2. Why did President Johnson authorize bombing attacks on North Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?

3. What stance does Halberstam say the administration took as the public sentiment deteriorated?

4. What plan was the U.S. government following by the end of 1964?

5. What evidence does Halberstam say the President was presented with to make the case for bombing?

(see the answer keys)

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