The Best and the Brightest Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The war continued until which President took office?
(a) Carter.
(b) Ford.
(c) Reagan.
(d) Nixon.

2. What strategy does Halberstam say evolved out of the struggle over troop strength?
(a) Bombing of Cambodia.
(b) The bombing campaign.
(c) A search-and-destroy strategy.
(d) The use of napalm.

3. What plan was the U.S. government preparing for by the end of 1964?
(a) Have the South take military action against the North.
(b) Have Cambodia and Laos intervene.
(c) Strike directly against China.
(d) Bring in a coalition of forces against the Vietcong.

4. What was the outcome of the first confrontation between Vietcong and U.S. troops?
(a) 900 Vietcong casualties and 450 American casualties.
(b) 600 Vietcong casualties and no American casualties.
(c) 1,200 Vietcong casualties and 200 American casualties.
(d) 2,000 Vietcong casualties and 60 American casualties.

5. Why does Halberstam say that September and October of 1963 were good for the Kennedy administration?
(a) The administration was prepared to pick up seats in special elections.
(b) The military made progress in the Mekong Delta.
(c) There was accord on civil rights issues.
(d) Averell Harriman made progress on the test ban treaty.

6. What does Halberstam say was the purpose of operation Rolling Thunder?
(a) To demonstrate the benefits of democracy.
(b) To display American airpower.
(c) To force Hanoi to capitulate.
(d) To open North Vietnamese markets.

7. What did the code 34A stand for in the White House?
(a) Search and destroy missions.
(b) The plan to bomb North Vietnam.
(c) The covert actions that responded to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
(d) Diplomacy to end the war.

8. Who was it who authorized a paper that would rationalize an exit from Vietnam?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) Robert McNamara.
(c) John McNaughton.
(d) Averell Harriman.

9. What does Halberstam say was the beginning of the 'credibility gap'?
(a) When U.S. deaths in Vietnam were withheld.
(b) When the government's figures were revised to protect Johnson's Great Society program.
(c) When the military gave the government falsified reports on progress in Vietnam.
(d) When the media began to exploit photographs to build opposition to the war.

10. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was projecting after 1965?
(a) More casualties, but also more political victories.
(b) More political pressure and fewer battles.
(c) More troops and more years of war.
(d) More bombings and fewer troops on the ground.

11. Who does Halberstam say was making the case for bombing after the 1964 election?
(a) McNamara.
(b) Bundy.
(c) Harkin.
(d) Harriman.

12. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?
(a) Withdrawal.
(b) Victory at all costs.
(c) Surrender.
(d) Escalation.

13. Who tipped off Senator Wayne Morse about the real situation of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) An anonymous caller.
(b) McGeorge Bundy.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) President Johnson.

14. Who does Halberstam say set the tone for Vietnam policy for the beginning of the Johnson administration?
(a) Harriman.
(b) Bundy.
(c) Rusk.
(d) McNamara.

15. What was Paul Kattenburg's view of the war, in early 1964?
(a) He thought it was a waste of political and economic capital.
(b) He described it as a crusade.
(c) He saw it as an experiment in nation-building.
(d) He doubted its correctness.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who was in charge of the operation code named 34A?

2. How does Halberstam define the flash point?

3. What does Halberstam say conditions were like in South Vietnam by the end of 1964?

4. What had USAID done in Vietnam at the beginning of Chapter 15?

5. What does Halberstam say affected the American attitude toward the war?

(see the answer keys)

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