|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who was the only administration insider arguing against escalation?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) George Ball.
(c) Maxwell Taylor.
(d) Averell Harriman.
2. How did McNamara's position on bombing change over time?
(a) Years later, he would say that he had doubts about how useful bombing would be.
(b) After a year, he reversed his position entirely.
(c) After a few months, he was convinced of bombing's effectiveness.
(d) After the first weeks, he was sure that bombing would end the war.
3. What did the code 34A stand for in the White House?
(a) The covert actions that responded to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
(b) Search and destroy missions.
(c) The plan to bomb North Vietnam.
(d) Diplomacy to end the war.
4. What does Halberstam say the military had been telling President Johnson when he sent an investigative team to Vietnam?
(a) They had been telling him that conditions were improving.
(b) They had been telling him to send more troops.
(c) They had been telling him to bomb.
(d) They had been telling him to withdraw.
5. What does Halberstam say the Kennedy administration found out after the coup?
(a) The Vietnamese government did not have control of the Delta.
(b) The Buddhists were attracting dissidents in opposition to the government.
(c) The government did not know what was going on in the war.
(d) The Vietnamese government did not have its people's support.
6. What does Halberstam say Maxwell Taylor discovered was true about Khanh?
(a) Khanh was self-serving and corrupt.
(b) Khanh was an opportunist and a bad strategist.
(c) Khanh was another Diem.
(d) Khanh was an ineffectual leader.
7. Why did President Johnson authorize bombing attacks on North Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?
(a) He believed that if Vietnam went Communist, the rest of the region would turn Communist as well.
(b) He thought that breaking Vietcong resistance would create trade opportunities for American companies.
(c) He thought that an overwhelming display of force would convince other nations in the region to accept American influence.
(d) He thought that bombing was a final resort, and after it failed, he could strategically withdraw.
8. Who does Halberstam say eventually took on the role of setting the tone for Vietnam policy?
9. What does Halberstam say was decided at the April 20, 1965 meeting in Honolulu?
(a) The military reduced troop levels.
(b) The military shifted to search-and-destroy missions exclusively.
(c) The military agreed to increased troop usage.
(d) The military refused to provide reports from field commanders.
10. What does Halberstam say the U.S. assured its generals during their meeting in Vietnam?
(a) That they would continue humanitarian aid.
(b) That they would continue aid in the event of a coup.
(c) That they would be victorious by the end of 1966.
(d) That they would not cross the border into Cambodia.
11. How did Lyndon Johnson want to be remembered, in Halberstam's account?
(a) As a diplomat.
(b) As an achiever.
(c) As an expert.
(d) As a force for peace.
12. Who was in charge of the operation code named 34A?
(a) General Westmoreland.
(b) General Harkins.
(c) Averell Harriman.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.
13. When does Halberstam say the Johnson administration realized that Bundy was necessary to their planning?
(a) When Taylor's theories were proven wrong.
(b) When Diem was overthrown, as Bundy had predicted he would be.
(c) When McNamara's plans were ineffectual.
(d) When they had a hard time while he was on vacation.
14. What evidence does Halberstam say the President was presented with to make the case for bombing?
(a) U.S. soldiers' casualty rates.
(b) U.S. soldiers' atrocities.
(c) Jobs reports in districts where bombs were manufactured.
(d) Test results from the bomb manufacturers.
15. How does Halberstam say Kennedy was feeling about the war at the beginning of Chapter 15?
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Halberstam say affected the American attitude toward the war?
2. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?
3. In what way does Halberstam say that Lyndon Johnson resembled Kennedy in his management style?
4. What movement regarding the war does Halberstam say started at the University of California in Berkeley?
5. What does Halberstam say was the result of Johnson's method of planning for the war?
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