|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who tipped off Senator Wayne Morse about the real situation of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) An anonymous caller.
(b) McGeorge Bundy.
(c) President Johnson.
(d) General Westmoreland.
2. Who traveled to Vietnam after the 1965 inauguration?
(a) Taylor, Ball and Bundy.
(b) Bundy, McNamara and Rusk.
(c) Westmoreland, Harriman and Rusk.
(d) McNamara, Ball and Harriman.
3. What does Halberstam say was the Joint Chiefs of Staff's perception of the problem in Vietnam?
(a) They were planning to solve it with a coup.
(b) They thought it could be resolved diplomatically.
(c) They thought it could be solved by bombing.
(d) They thought it was a military problem.
4. What plan was the U.S. government preparing for by the end of 1964?
(a) Strike directly against China.
(b) Bring in a coalition of forces against the Vietcong.
(c) Have the South take military action against the North.
(d) Have Cambodia and Laos intervene.
5. What position did Maxwell Taylor begin to support as a result of his late 1964 trip to Vietnam?
(a) Withdrawing troops from Vietnam.
(b) International sanctions against North Vietnam.
(c) A bombing campaign against North Vietnam.
(d) Renewing diplomatic efforts.
6. How does Halberstam say the Americans responded when the Vietcong attacked Pleiku?
(a) They put more troops on the ground.
(b) They decided to retaliate.
(c) They decided to withdraw.
(d) They decided to reevaluate their strategy.
7. What problem does Halberstam say Maxwell Taylor had in Vietnam?
(a) Taylor could not control things like he had elsewhere.
(b) Taylor could not convince his superiors that conditions were bad.
(c) Taylor could not get honest reporting.
(d) Taylor could not understand how the Vietcong withstood the bombings.
8. What kind of problem does Halberstam say the cost of the war caused for the Johnson administration?
(a) Public relations problems.
(b) Moral problems.
(c) Disclosure problems.
(d) Budget problems.
9. When does Halberstam say that McNamara realized he had been misled about the conditions in Vietnam?
(a) In his March 1964 trip to Vietnam.
(b) When he read the military reports in December 1963.
(c) When he received envoys from Vietnam in March of 1964.
(d) In his December 1963 trip to Vietnam.
10. What happened in the Gulf of Tonkin as a part of 34A?
(a) An American plane was shot down by Russian Migs.
(b) An American ship was torpedoed.
(c) The VIetcong launched missiles at an American plane.
(d) An American ship sunk a North Vietnamese PT boat.
11. How does Halberstam say Johnson conducted planning for the Vietnam war?
(a) Johnson kept planning secret.
(b) Johnson made every decision himself.
(c) Johnson governed by consensus among his advisers.
(d) Johnson consulted with a wide range of experts.
12. What does Halberstam say was going to cause the realities of the war to be made public?
(a) Leaks from inside the government.
(b) The process of paying for the war.
(c) The media.
(d) Passage of the Freedom of Information Act.
13. How does Halberstam say the U.S. spun the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) They said that the U.S. ship had been attacked.
(b) They said that the use of napalm was necessary now.
(c) They said that the offensive was completely unexpected.
(d) They said that the U.S. plane was in international airspace.
14. What does Halberstam say was the purpose of operation Rolling Thunder?
(a) To demonstrate the benefits of democracy.
(b) To force Hanoi to capitulate.
(c) To display American airpower.
(d) To open North Vietnamese markets.
15. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was asking President Johnson for, now that he was in control of Vietnam?
(a) More fighter jets.
(b) More bombers.
(c) More time.
(d) More combat troops.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Halberstam say was the beginning of the 'credibility gap'?
2. What stance does Halberstam say the administration took as the public sentiment deteriorated?
3. Who oversaw domestic operations of the operation code named 34A?
4. What pressure does Halberstam say the events of September and October of 1963 relieved for Kennedy?
5. What strategy does Halberstam say evolved out of the struggle over troop strength?
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