The Best and the Brightest Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Halberstam say the administration had led the American people to believe about the war?
(a) That the war would pay for itself.
(b) That American air power would win the war quickly.
(c) That it would not be a large war.
(d) That international consensus would build in support of America's actions.

2. What was Paul Kattenburg's view of the war, in early 1964?
(a) He saw it as an experiment in nation-building.
(b) He thought it was a waste of political and economic capital.
(c) He described it as a crusade.
(d) He doubted its correctness.

3. What position did Maxwell Taylor begin to support as a result of his late 1964 trip to Vietnam?
(a) A bombing campaign against North Vietnam.
(b) Renewing diplomatic efforts.
(c) Withdrawing troops from Vietnam.
(d) International sanctions against North Vietnam.

4. Whose staff does Halberstam say outlined three responses to the American bombing campaign?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) General Westmoreland.
(c) General Harkin.
(d) Maxwell Taylor.

5. What does Halberstam say affected the American attitude toward the war?
(a) The American election schedule.
(b) The civil rights struggle in America.
(c) International resistance to the war.
(d) The American media coverage.

6. When does Halberstam say that McNamara realized he had been misled about the conditions in Vietnam?
(a) In his December 1963 trip to Vietnam.
(b) In his March 1964 trip to Vietnam.
(c) When he read the military reports in December 1963.
(d) When he received envoys from Vietnam in March of 1964.

7. Who does Halberstam say was making the case for bombing after the 1964 election?
(a) Harriman.
(b) Harkin.
(c) Bundy.
(d) McNamara.

8. Who was the only administration insider arguing against escalation?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) George Ball.
(c) Averell Harriman.
(d) Maxwell Taylor.

9. When does Halberstam say the Johnson administration realized that Bundy was necessary to their planning?
(a) When Taylor's theories were proven wrong.
(b) When McNamara's plans were ineffectual.
(c) When they had a hard time while he was on vacation.
(d) When Diem was overthrown, as Bundy had predicted he would be.

10. How does Halberstam say Johnson conducted planning for the Vietnam war?
(a) Johnson kept planning secret.
(b) Johnson consulted with a wide range of experts.
(c) Johnson governed by consensus among his advisers.
(d) Johnson made every decision himself.

11. What strategy does Halberstam say evolved out of the struggle over troop strength?
(a) Bombing of Cambodia.
(b) The bombing campaign.
(c) The use of napalm.
(d) A search-and-destroy strategy.

12. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?
(a) Withdrawal.
(b) Surrender.
(c) Escalation.
(d) Victory at all costs.

13. What does Halberstam say was the military's opinion after the start of Rolling Thunder?
(a) The military expected the campaign to bring victory in 3-5 years.
(b) The military predicted a war of attrition.
(c) The military thought the war would last six months.
(d) The military wanted to keep experimenting with saturation bombing techniques.

14. What does Halberstam say was the Joint Chiefs of Staff's perception of the problem in Vietnam?
(a) They thought it could be solved by bombing.
(b) They thought it was a military problem.
(c) They were planning to solve it with a coup.
(d) They thought it could be resolved diplomatically.

15. What kind of problem does Halberstam say the cost of the war caused for the Johnson administration?
(a) Budget problems.
(b) Public relations problems.
(c) Disclosure problems.
(d) Moral problems.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did the report that came out of the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965 ultimately advocate?

2. Who does Halberstam say was especially vocal in calling for a change in U.S. Vietnam policy?

3. What does Halberstam say happened when control shifted out of Taylor's hands in March and April 1965?

4. Who does Halberstam say remained loyal to Diem when the coup began?

5. Who oversaw domestic operations of the operation code named 34A?

(see the answer keys)

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