|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who traveled to Vietnam after the 1965 inauguration?
(a) Bundy, McNamara and Rusk.
(b) McNamara, Ball and Harriman.
(c) Taylor, Ball and Bundy.
(d) Westmoreland, Harriman and Rusk.
2. Who was it who authorized a paper that would rationalize an exit from Vietnam?
(a) John McNaughton.
(b) McGeorge Bundy.
(c) Averell Harriman.
(d) Robert McNamara.
3. How did Lyndon Johnson want to be remembered, in Halberstam's account?
(a) As a diplomat.
(b) As a force for peace.
(c) As an achiever.
(d) As an expert.
4. What pressure does Halberstam say the events of September and October of 1963 relieved for Kennedy?
(a) He no longer felt the political pressure to deliver a victory.
(b) He was relieved of budgetary pressure.
(c) He no longer felt the need to prove himself to Kruschev.
(d) He felt like he was finally hitting his stride in the presidency.
5. What does Halberstam say was the military's opinion after the start of Rolling Thunder?
(a) The military thought the war would last six months.
(b) The military wanted to keep experimenting with saturation bombing techniques.
(c) The military predicted a war of attrition.
(d) The military expected the campaign to bring victory in 3-5 years.
6. What does Halberstam say happened to Diem and Nhu after they fled?
(a) They were granted haven in Japan.
(b) They were captured and killed.
(c) They returned to power.
(d) They reached America and settled there.
7. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was asking President Johnson for, now that he was in control of Vietnam?
(a) More fighter jets.
(b) More combat troops.
(c) More time.
(d) More bombers.
8. What does Halberstam say was the Joint Chiefs of Staff's perception of the problem in Vietnam?
(a) They thought it was a military problem.
(b) They thought it could be solved by bombing.
(c) They were planning to solve it with a coup.
(d) They thought it could be resolved diplomatically.
9. What does Halberstam say was the result of the Spring Offensive?
(a) General Harkin withdrew from his post.
(b) The military employed more bombers.
(c) General Westmoreland raised troop levels to 200,000.
(d) American troop levels were reduced to 20,000.
10. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?
(c) Victory at all costs.
11. What does Halberstam say was the beginning of the 'credibility gap'?
(a) When the government's figures were revised to protect Johnson's Great Society program.
(b) When U.S. deaths in Vietnam were withheld.
(c) When the military gave the government falsified reports on progress in Vietnam.
(d) When the media began to exploit photographs to build opposition to the war.
12. What does Halberstam say was the result of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) The use of napalm.
(b) Bombing of North Vietnam.
(c) A Northern offensive.
(d) An end of diplomacy.
13. How was the situation changing in South Vietnam in early 1965?
(a) The Communists were winning more territory.
(b) The civilians were becoming more passive.
(c) The government was losing credibility.
(d) The Buddhists were becoming more restive.
14. What did Johnson say he needed before they could move against the North?
(a) Success in the Mekong delta.
(b) Success around Saigon.
(c) Bipartisan support.
(d) A stable government in the South.
15. What did the report that came out of the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965 ultimately advocate?
(a) Reprisals against the Vietcong.
(c) Troops on the ground.
(d) Diplomatic efforts.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Halberstam say Johnson conducted planning for the Vietnam war?
2. Who does Halberstam say eventually took on the role of setting the tone for Vietnam policy?
3. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was projecting after 1965?
4. What evidence does Halberstam give for the deterioration of the mood in America?
5. Who opposed the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965?
This section contains 650 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)