|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Halberstam say was the military's opinion after the start of Rolling Thunder?
(a) The military predicted a war of attrition.
(b) The military wanted to keep experimenting with saturation bombing techniques.
(c) The military expected the campaign to bring victory in 3-5 years.
(d) The military thought the war would last six months.
2. What does Halberstam say the military had been telling President Johnson when he sent an investigative team to Vietnam?
(a) They had been telling him to send more troops.
(b) They had been telling him to withdraw.
(c) They had been telling him to bomb.
(d) They had been telling him that conditions were improving.
3. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?
(c) Victory at all costs.
4. How does Halberstam define the flash point?
(a) The point at which the American people were no longer going to support the war.
(b) The location at which forces could engage face to face.
(c) The point at which he would convince the American people to support the war.
(d) The point to which the U.S. could escalate without going to war.
5. How does Halberstam say the Americans responded when the Vietcong attacked Pleiku?
(a) They decided to retaliate.
(b) They decided to reevaluate their strategy.
(c) They decided to withdraw.
(d) They put more troops on the ground.
6. What does Halberstam say was going to cause the realities of the war to be made public?
(a) The process of paying for the war.
(b) Passage of the Freedom of Information Act.
(c) The media.
(d) Leaks from inside the government.
7. What evidence does Halberstam say the President was presented with to make the case for bombing?
(a) Jobs reports in districts where bombs were manufactured.
(b) U.S. soldiers' casualty rates.
(c) U.S. soldiers' atrocities.
(d) Test results from the bomb manufacturers.
8. What does Halberstam say was the purpose of operation Rolling Thunder?
(a) To display American airpower.
(b) To force Hanoi to capitulate.
(c) To demonstrate the benefits of democracy.
(d) To open North Vietnamese markets.
9. When does Halberstam say the Johnson administration realized that Bundy was necessary to their planning?
(a) When McNamara's plans were ineffectual.
(b) When Diem was overthrown, as Bundy had predicted he would be.
(c) When they had a hard time while he was on vacation.
(d) When Taylor's theories were proven wrong.
10. When does Halberstam say the President's thinking about bombing began to change?
(a) After the media began to carry explicit photos from the front.
(b) After the 1964 elections.
(c) After he realized that Khanh was not an effective leader.
(d) After the Vietcong attack on Qui Nhon.
11. Who traveled to Vietnam after the 1965 inauguration?
(a) Bundy, McNamara and Rusk.
(b) McNamara, Ball and Harriman.
(c) Westmoreland, Harriman and Rusk.
(d) Taylor, Ball and Bundy.
12. What was Paul Kattenburg's view of the war, in early 1964?
(a) He doubted its correctness.
(b) He thought it was a waste of political and economic capital.
(c) He saw it as an experiment in nation-building.
(d) He described it as a crusade.
13. What problem does Halberstam say Maxwell Taylor had in Vietnam?
(a) Taylor could not convince his superiors that conditions were bad.
(b) Taylor could not get honest reporting.
(c) Taylor could not understand how the Vietcong withstood the bombings.
(d) Taylor could not control things like he had elsewhere.
14. What did the report that came out of the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965 ultimately advocate?
(a) Reprisals against the Vietcong.
(b) Troops on the ground.
(c) Diplomatic efforts.
15. How was the situation changing in South Vietnam in early 1965?
(a) The government was losing credibility.
(b) The Buddhists were becoming more restive.
(c) The Communists were winning more territory.
(d) The civilians were becoming more passive.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did President Johnson authorize bombing attacks on North Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?
2. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was asking President Johnson for, now that he was in control of Vietnam?
3. What did the U.S. embassy offer to Diem and Nhu when the coup began?
4. What does Halberstam say was decided at the April 20, 1965 meeting in Honolulu?
5. What pressure does Halberstam say the events of September and October of 1963 relieved for Kennedy?
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