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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who does Halberstam say remained loyal to Diem when the coup began?
(a) The people.
(b) The Palace Guard.
(c) The merchants.
(d) The southern part of the country.
2. Why does Halberstam say that September and October of 1963 were good for the Kennedy administration?
(a) Averell Harriman made progress on the test ban treaty.
(b) The military made progress in the Mekong Delta.
(c) There was accord on civil rights issues.
(d) The administration was prepared to pick up seats in special elections.
3. What does Halberstam say was the effect of the Gulf of Tonkin incident on the U.S. government?
(a) It strengthened U.S. resolve to win in Vietnam.
(b) It convinced Americans that the war was senseless.
(c) It led some to question the legality of the war.
(d) It demonstrated that American strategy was working.
4. What does Halberstam say was the Joint Chiefs of Staff's perception of the problem in Vietnam?
(a) They thought it could be resolved diplomatically.
(b) They were planning to solve it with a coup.
(c) They thought it was a military problem.
(d) They thought it could be solved by bombing.
5. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was asking President Johnson for, now that he was in control of Vietnam?
(a) More fighter jets.
(b) More bombers.
(c) More combat troops.
(d) More time.
6. When did McNamara say the U.S. would be out of Vietnam, when he visited the country?
(a) By 1970.
(b) By the beginning of 1966.
(c) By the end of 1968.
(d) By the end of 1965.
7. How does Halberstam say Johnson conducted planning for the Vietnam war?
(a) Johnson kept planning secret.
(b) Johnson governed by consensus among his advisers.
(c) Johnson consulted with a wide range of experts.
(d) Johnson made every decision himself.
8. What does Halberstam say the administration had led the American people to believe about the war?
(a) That the war would pay for itself.
(b) That American air power would win the war quickly.
(c) That international consensus would build in support of America's actions.
(d) That it would not be a large war.
9. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was projecting after 1965?
(a) More troops and more years of war.
(b) More casualties, but also more political victories.
(c) More bombings and fewer troops on the ground.
(d) More political pressure and fewer battles.
10. How did McNamara's position on bombing change over time?
(a) After the first weeks, he was sure that bombing would end the war.
(b) After a few months, he was convinced of bombing's effectiveness.
(c) After a year, he reversed his position entirely.
(d) Years later, he would say that he had doubts about how useful bombing would be.
11. What does Halberstam say happened when control shifted out of Taylor's hands in March and April 1965?
(a) Reports began to reduce estimations of Vietcong troop strength.
(b) Reports began to describe American troops' atrocities.
(c) Reports began to be issued with greater frequency.
(d) Reports began to be closer to actual realities.
12. What does Halberstam say was the beginning of the 'credibility gap'?
(a) When the military gave the government falsified reports on progress in Vietnam.
(b) When the government's figures were revised to protect Johnson's Great Society program.
(c) When the media began to exploit photographs to build opposition to the war.
(d) When U.S. deaths in Vietnam were withheld.
13. What plan was the U.S. government preparing for by the end of 1964?
(a) Have the South take military action against the North.
(b) Bring in a coalition of forces against the Vietcong.
(c) Strike directly against China.
(d) Have Cambodia and Laos intervene.
14. What does Halberstam say was going to cause the realities of the war to be made public?
(a) The media.
(b) Leaks from inside the government.
(c) The process of paying for the war.
(d) Passage of the Freedom of Information Act.
15. In what way does Halberstam say that Lyndon Johnson resembled Kennedy in his management style?
(a) Johnson trusted the military's reports.
(b) Johnson sought out expert opinions beyond his cabinet.
(c) Johnson did not seek a wide variety of opinions.
(d) Johnson used a cabinet of enemies.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Lyndon Johnson want to be remembered, in Halberstam's account?
2. What did the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965 coincide with?
3. Who was it who authorized a paper that would rationalize an exit from Vietnam?
4. What does Halberstam say affected the American attitude toward the war?
5. What did the report that came out of the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965 ultimately advocate?
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