|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Halberstam say was the effect of the Gulf of Tonkin incident on the U.S. government?
(a) It convinced Americans that the war was senseless.
(b) It strengthened U.S. resolve to win in Vietnam.
(c) It demonstrated that American strategy was working.
(d) It led some to question the legality of the war.
2. What does Halberstam say was the beginning of the 'credibility gap'?
(a) When U.S. deaths in Vietnam were withheld.
(b) When the military gave the government falsified reports on progress in Vietnam.
(c) When the government's figures were revised to protect Johnson's Great Society program.
(d) When the media began to exploit photographs to build opposition to the war.
3. What problem does Halberstam say McNamara discovered in Vietnam?
(a) The government was unpopular and the U.S. mission was not clear.
(b) The government wasn't working out and the Vietcong were gaining strength.
(c) The war effort was hampered by corruption and inefficient military support.
(d) That America's allies in the region were opposed to further involvement.
4. What was McNamara beginning to suspect in Vietnam?
(a) The patience of the American electorate.
(b) The capacity for victory in a guerilla war.
(c) Diem's trustworthiness.
(d) The accuracy of bleak military reports.
5. What was the outcome of the first confrontation between Vietcong and U.S. troops?
(a) 900 Vietcong casualties and 450 American casualties.
(b) 600 Vietcong casualties and no American casualties.
(c) 1,200 Vietcong casualties and 200 American casualties.
(d) 2,000 Vietcong casualties and 60 American casualties.
6. What does Halberstam say was the outcome of the report on the bombing attacks?
(a) The report led to sanctions against the American military.
(b) The report resulted justifiying sending more troops and bombers to Vietnam.
(c) The report was ignored, although it delayed the bombings.
(d) The report resulted in the withdrawal of American combat troops.
7. What does Halberstam say was going to cause the realities of the war to be made public?
(a) The media.
(b) Passage of the Freedom of Information Act.
(c) The process of paying for the war.
(d) Leaks from inside the government.
8. When does Halberstam say the Johnson administration realized that Bundy was necessary to their planning?
(a) When Taylor's theories were proven wrong.
(b) When McNamara's plans were ineffectual.
(c) When Diem was overthrown, as Bundy had predicted he would be.
(d) When they had a hard time while he was on vacation.
9. The war continued until which President took office?
10. What feeling does Halberstam say Americans were feeling as the war went on and on?
11. What does Halberstam say happened to Diem and Nhu after they fled?
(a) They were granted haven in Japan.
(b) They reached America and settled there.
(c) They returned to power.
(d) They were captured and killed.
12. What does Halberstam say the U.S. assured its generals during their meeting in Vietnam?
(a) That they would not cross the border into Cambodia.
(b) That they would be victorious by the end of 1966.
(c) That they would continue aid in the event of a coup.
(d) That they would continue humanitarian aid.
13. What does Halberstam say was the military's opinion after the start of Rolling Thunder?
(a) The military wanted to keep experimenting with saturation bombing techniques.
(b) The military expected the campaign to bring victory in 3-5 years.
(c) The military thought the war would last six months.
(d) The military predicted a war of attrition.
14. Why did President Johnson authorize bombing attacks on North Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?
(a) He thought that bombing was a final resort, and after it failed, he could strategically withdraw.
(b) He thought that an overwhelming display of force would convince other nations in the region to accept American influence.
(c) He thought that breaking Vietcong resistance would create trade opportunities for American companies.
(d) He believed that if Vietnam went Communist, the rest of the region would turn Communist as well.
15. How did Lyndon Johnson want to be remembered, in Halberstam's account?
(a) As a force for peace.
(b) As a diplomat.
(c) As an expert.
(d) As an achiever.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Halberstam say the military had been telling President Johnson when he sent an investigative team to Vietnam?
2. How does Halberstam say Johnson conducted planning for the Vietnam war?
3. What evidence does Halberstam say the President was presented with to make the case for bombing?
4. What does Halberstam say was the result of Johnson's method of planning for the war?
5. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was asking President Johnson for, now that he was in control of Vietnam?
This section contains 847 words
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