The Best and the Brightest Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Halberstam say was the result of Johnson's method of planning for the war?
(a) He often took the most effective actions.
(b) He missed opportunities to let his generals take actions that might have been decisive.
(c) He was compelled to water down his plans to accommodate his advisers' pet projects.
(d) He never raised taxes to pay for the war.

2. How does Halberstam say Johnson conducted planning for the Vietnam war?
(a) Johnson governed by consensus among his advisers.
(b) Johnson made every decision himself.
(c) Johnson consulted with a wide range of experts.
(d) Johnson kept planning secret.

3. Who was in charge of the operation code named 34A?
(a) Averell Harriman.
(b) General Harkins.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.

4. What plan was the U.S. government preparing for by the end of 1964?
(a) Have the South take military action against the North.
(b) Bring in a coalition of forces against the Vietcong.
(c) Strike directly against China.
(d) Have Cambodia and Laos intervene.

5. What does Halberstam say was the effect of the Gulf of Tonkin incident on the U.S. government?
(a) It strengthened U.S. resolve to win in Vietnam.
(b) It convinced Americans that the war was senseless.
(c) It demonstrated that American strategy was working.
(d) It led some to question the legality of the war.

6. The war continued until which President took office?
(a) Carter.
(b) Reagan.
(c) Ford.
(d) Nixon.

7. Who tipped off Senator Wayne Morse about the real situation of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) President Johnson.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) An anonymous caller.

8. What does Halberstam say was the Joint Chiefs of Staff's perception of the problem in Vietnam?
(a) They thought it could be resolved diplomatically.
(b) They thought it could be solved by bombing.
(c) They thought it was a military problem.
(d) They were planning to solve it with a coup.

9. Who does Halberstam say was making the case for bombing after the 1964 election?
(a) Harkin.
(b) McNamara.
(c) Bundy.
(d) Harriman.

10. What does Halberstam say happened to Diem and Nhu after they fled?
(a) They returned to power.
(b) They were granted haven in Japan.
(c) They were captured and killed.
(d) They reached America and settled there.

11. What does Halberstam say was Lyndon Johnson's feeling about the coup?
(a) He endorsed it.
(b) He proposed it.
(c) He opposed it.
(d) He turned a blind eye to it.

12. Who was it who authorized a paper that would rationalize an exit from Vietnam?
(a) John McNaughton.
(b) Robert McNamara.
(c) Averell Harriman.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.

13. When does Halberstam say the Johnson administration realized that Bundy was necessary to their planning?
(a) When Taylor's theories were proven wrong.
(b) When they had a hard time while he was on vacation.
(c) When McNamara's plans were ineffectual.
(d) When Diem was overthrown, as Bundy had predicted he would be.

14. What problem does Halberstam say McNamara discovered in Vietnam?
(a) The government wasn't working out and the Vietcong were gaining strength.
(b) The war effort was hampered by corruption and inefficient military support.
(c) That America's allies in the region were opposed to further involvement.
(d) The government was unpopular and the U.S. mission was not clear.

15. What does Halberstam say was the result of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) The use of napalm.
(b) An end of diplomacy.
(c) A Northern offensive.
(d) Bombing of North Vietnam.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Hanoi do in response to U.S. war games in the South?

2. What did the fact-finding trip to Vietnam in early 1965 coincide with?

3. In what way does Halberstam say that Lyndon Johnson resembled Kennedy in his management style?

4. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?

5. What did the code 34A stand for in the White House?

(see the answer keys)

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