|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Halberstam say was the beginning of the 'credibility gap'?
(a) When the media began to exploit photographs to build opposition to the war.
(b) When U.S. deaths in Vietnam were withheld.
(c) When the military gave the government falsified reports on progress in Vietnam.
(d) When the government's figures were revised to protect Johnson's Great Society program.
2. What strategy does Halberstam say evolved out of the struggle over troop strength?
(a) Bombing of Cambodia.
(b) A search-and-destroy strategy.
(c) The use of napalm.
(d) The bombing campaign.
3. Who tipped off Senator Wayne Morse about the real situation of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) An anonymous caller.
(b) General Westmoreland.
(c) McGeorge Bundy.
(d) President Johnson.
4. What does Halberstam say the U.S. assured its generals during their meeting in Vietnam?
(a) That they would continue humanitarian aid.
(b) That they would be victorious by the end of 1966.
(c) That they would continue aid in the event of a coup.
(d) That they would not cross the border into Cambodia.
5. Who traveled to Vietnam after the 1965 inauguration?
(a) McNamara, Ball and Harriman.
(b) Bundy, McNamara and Rusk.
(c) Westmoreland, Harriman and Rusk.
(d) Taylor, Ball and Bundy.
6. What does Halberstam say was going to cause the realities of the war to be made public?
(a) The process of paying for the war.
(b) The media.
(c) Leaks from inside the government.
(d) Passage of the Freedom of Information Act.
7. What does Halberstam say was decided at the April 20, 1965 meeting in Honolulu?
(a) The military shifted to search-and-destroy missions exclusively.
(b) The military reduced troop levels.
(c) The military agreed to increased troop usage.
(d) The military refused to provide reports from field commanders.
8. What does Halberstam say conditions were like in South Vietnam by the end of 1964?
(c) Settling into a war of attrition.
9. When does Halberstam say that McNamara realized he had been misled about the conditions in Vietnam?
(a) When he read the military reports in December 1963.
(b) When he received envoys from Vietnam in March of 1964.
(c) In his December 1963 trip to Vietnam.
(d) In his March 1964 trip to Vietnam.
10. Who was it who authorized a paper that would rationalize an exit from Vietnam?
(a) Averell Harriman.
(b) John McNaughton.
(c) Robert McNamara.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.
11. What event does Halberstam say triggered bombing operations against the North?
(a) The Bay of Pigs invasion.
(b) The Gulf of Tonkin Incident.
(c) A North Vietnamese success in the Mekong Delta.
(d) A North Vietnamese attack on American B-57 bombers.
12. What pressure does Halberstam say the events of September and October of 1963 relieved for Kennedy?
(a) He no longer felt the political pressure to deliver a victory.
(b) He no longer felt the need to prove himself to Kruschev.
(c) He felt like he was finally hitting his stride in the presidency.
(d) He was relieved of budgetary pressure.
13. Who did President Johnson send to Vietnam to investigate the situation there?
(a) Maxwell Taylor.
(b) General Westmoreland.
(c) General Johnson.
(d) General Harkin.
14. Who does Halberstam say was making the case for bombing after the 1964 election?
15. What stance does Halberstam say the administration took as the public sentiment deteriorated?
(a) It became more removed.
(b) It became more defensive.
(c) It became more repressive.
(d) It became less forthcoming.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was McNamara beginning to suspect in Vietnam?
2. How does Halberstam say Johnson conducted planning for the Vietnam war?
3. What were people calling for by Thanksgiving 1964, in Halberstam's account?
4. How does Halberstam say the Americans responded when the Vietcong attacked Pleiku?
5. Why did President Johnson authorize bombing attacks on North Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?
This section contains 699 words
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