The Best and the Brightest Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Halberstam say was the conclusion of the study that analyzed the results of a bombing attack against the north?
(a) The report concluded that bombing would strengthen the North by building opposition to the Americans.
(b) The report concluded that bombing would overwhelm the people, and drain support for further attacks.
(c) The report concluded that bombing would deter any further guerilla-style attacks against the South.
(d) The report concluded that bombing would break the Vietcong's supply routes, and end resistance.

2. What does Halberstam say the military had been telling President Johnson when he sent an investigative team to Vietnam?
(a) They had been telling him to send more troops.
(b) They had been telling him that conditions were improving.
(c) They had been telling him to withdraw.
(d) They had been telling him to bomb.

3. Who oversaw domestic operations of the operation code named 34A?
(a) General Westmoreland.
(b) Maxwell Taylor.
(c) General Harkins.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.

4. What does Halberstam say happened when control shifted out of Taylor's hands in March and April 1965?
(a) Reports began to reduce estimations of Vietcong troop strength.
(b) Reports began to be issued with greater frequency.
(c) Reports began to describe American troops' atrocities.
(d) Reports began to be closer to actual realities.

5. What does Halberstam say the administration had led the American people to believe about the war?
(a) That international consensus would build in support of America's actions.
(b) That the war would pay for itself.
(c) That it would not be a large war.
(d) That American air power would win the war quickly.

6. What does Halberstam say the Kennedy administration found out after the coup?
(a) The Buddhists were attracting dissidents in opposition to the government.
(b) The Vietnamese government did not have control of the Delta.
(c) The Vietnamese government did not have its people's support.
(d) The government did not know what was going on in the war.

7. What does Halberstam say was the purpose of operation Rolling Thunder?
(a) To display American airpower.
(b) To open North Vietnamese markets.
(c) To demonstrate the benefits of democracy.
(d) To force Hanoi to capitulate.

8. In what way does Halberstam say that Lyndon Johnson resembled Kennedy in his management style?
(a) Johnson did not seek a wide variety of opinions.
(b) Johnson trusted the military's reports.
(c) Johnson sought out expert opinions beyond his cabinet.
(d) Johnson used a cabinet of enemies.

9. How did McNamara's position on bombing change over time?
(a) After the first weeks, he was sure that bombing would end the war.
(b) After a few months, he was convinced of bombing's effectiveness.
(c) Years later, he would say that he had doubts about how useful bombing would be.
(d) After a year, he reversed his position entirely.

10. When did McNamara say the U.S. would be out of Vietnam, when he visited the country?
(a) By 1970.
(b) By the end of 1965.
(c) By the end of 1968.
(d) By the beginning of 1966.

11. What problem does Halberstam say Maxwell Taylor had in Vietnam?
(a) Taylor could not control things like he had elsewhere.
(b) Taylor could not get honest reporting.
(c) Taylor could not convince his superiors that conditions were bad.
(d) Taylor could not understand how the Vietcong withstood the bombings.

12. What event does Halberstam say triggered bombing operations against the North?
(a) A North Vietnamese attack on American B-57 bombers.
(b) A North Vietnamese success in the Mekong Delta.
(c) The Bay of Pigs invasion.
(d) The Gulf of Tonkin Incident.

13. What feeling does Halberstam say Americans were feeling as the war went on and on?
(a) Numbness.
(b) Urgency.
(c) Aggression.
(d) Disgust.

14. What pressure does Halberstam say the events of September and October of 1963 relieved for Kennedy?
(a) He no longer felt the political pressure to deliver a victory.
(b) He felt like he was finally hitting his stride in the presidency.
(c) He no longer felt the need to prove himself to Kruschev.
(d) He was relieved of budgetary pressure.

15. Who tipped off Senator Wayne Morse about the real situation of the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
(a) An anonymous caller.
(b) President Johnson.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was projecting after 1965?

2. When does Halberstam say that McNamara realized he had been misled about the conditions in Vietnam?

3. What does Halberstam say affected the American attitude toward the war?

4. When does Halberstam say the President's thinking about bombing began to change?

5. Who does Halberstam say eventually took on the role of setting the tone for Vietnam policy?

(see the answer keys)

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