The Best and the Brightest Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who was in charge of the operation code named 34A?
(a) General Harkins.
(b) Averell Harriman.
(c) General Westmoreland.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.

2. When did the Spring offensive start in Vietnam?
(a) April 1964.
(b) March 1963.
(c) May 1965.
(d) June 1966.

3. What event does Halberstam say triggered bombing operations against the North?
(a) A North Vietnamese success in the Mekong Delta.
(b) The Gulf of Tonkin Incident.
(c) The Bay of Pigs invasion.
(d) A North Vietnamese attack on American B-57 bombers.

4. What happened in the Gulf of Tonkin as a part of 34A?
(a) The VIetcong launched missiles at an American plane.
(b) An American ship was torpedoed.
(c) An American plane was shot down by Russian Migs.
(d) An American ship sunk a North Vietnamese PT boat.

5. What stance does Halberstam say the administration took as the public sentiment deteriorated?
(a) It became more removed.
(b) It became more repressive.
(c) It became less forthcoming.
(d) It became more defensive.

6. What does Halberstam say General Westmoreland was projecting after 1965?
(a) More troops and more years of war.
(b) More political pressure and fewer battles.
(c) More bombings and fewer troops on the ground.
(d) More casualties, but also more political victories.

7. Who does Halberstam say was making the case for bombing after the 1964 election?
(a) Harriman.
(b) Harkin.
(c) Bundy.
(d) McNamara.

8. What does Halberstam say was the result of the Spring Offensive?
(a) American troop levels were reduced to 20,000.
(b) The military employed more bombers.
(c) General Westmoreland raised troop levels to 200,000.
(d) General Harkin withdrew from his post.

9. What does Halberstam say was the result of Johnson's method of planning for the war?
(a) He was compelled to water down his plans to accommodate his advisers' pet projects.
(b) He never raised taxes to pay for the war.
(c) He missed opportunities to let his generals take actions that might have been decisive.
(d) He often took the most effective actions.

10. What was the outcome of the first confrontation between Vietcong and U.S. troops?
(a) 600 Vietcong casualties and no American casualties.
(b) 900 Vietcong casualties and 450 American casualties.
(c) 2,000 Vietcong casualties and 60 American casualties.
(d) 1,200 Vietcong casualties and 200 American casualties.

11. Who does Halberstam say was especially vocal in calling for a change in U.S. Vietnam policy?
(a) Averell Harriman.
(b) Maxwell Taylor.
(c) McGeorge Bundy.
(d) General Westmoreland.

12. What did Hanoi do in response to U.S. war games in the South?
(a) Withdraw troops from the South.
(b) Seek peace talks.
(c) Send more Vietcong down the trails.
(d) Launch the Gulf of Tonkin attacks.

13. How does Halberstam say Johnson conducted planning for the Vietnam war?
(a) Johnson made every decision himself.
(b) Johnson kept planning secret.
(c) Johnson consulted with a wide range of experts.
(d) Johnson governed by consensus among his advisers.

14. Who does Halberstam say eventually took on the role of setting the tone for Vietnam policy?
(a) Harriman.
(b) Rusk.
(c) Taylor.
(d) Bundy.

15. What did the U.S. embassy offer to Diem and Nhu when the coup began?
(a) Protection against their enemies.
(b) Return to power.
(c) Safe conduct out of the country.
(d) Retribution against their enemies.

Short Answer Questions

1. What pressure does Halberstam say the events of September and October of 1963 relieved for Kennedy?

2. What does Halberstam say was the effect of the Gulf of Tonkin incident on the U.S. government?

3. Who was named commander of American forces in Vietnam in June 1964?

4. What does Halberstam say was Lyndon Johnson's feeling about the coup?

5. What does Halberstam say happened when control shifted out of Taylor's hands in March and April 1965?

(see the answer keys)

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