|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Halberstam say the U.S. government had to rely on once it had advisers in Vietnam?
(a) Strategists in the Pentagon.
(b) Diplomatic accounts from Vietnam.
(c) Reports from the military.
(d) Reporters and aid workers.
2. What does Halberstam say was the state of tensions within the White House as involvement in Vietnam escalated?
(a) Long and open debates brought new ideas to the policies.
(b) Aides gathered around Kennedy's will.
(c) There were many disagreements.
(d) Anyone who disagreed with Kennedy was removed.
3. What issue did Joseph McCarthy use to energize voters?
(a) Civil rights.
(b) Tax cuts.
(c) Arms reduction.
(d) Communism conspiracies.
4. How many troops were in Vietnam when Kennedy was assassinated?
5. Why didn't Kennedy offer the position of Secretary of State to David Bruce?
(a) Bruce was felt to be too academic.
(b) Bruce was felt to be too old.
(c) Bruce was felt to be too conservative.
(d) Bruce was felt to be too young.
6. What kind of reports does Halberstam say would come from the head of the U.S. command after his 1962 appointment?
(a) Pragmatic and diplomatic reports.
(b) Reports that were imperial propaganda.
(c) Highly detailed reports.
(d) Unrealistic reports.
7. What does Halberstam say happened that strained the relationship between Diem and the Buddhists?
(a) The Buddhists instigated confrontations with the army.
(b) The government raided the pagodas and blamed it on the army.
(c) The Buddhists martyred themselves in opposition to the government.
(d) The government seized land and temples from the Buddhists.
8. Why did Robert Lovett demur about being appointed in the Kennedy administration?
(a) He was in financial trouble.
(b) He did not like Kennedy.
(c) He was newly a father.
(d) He had health problems.
9. What did the Geneva Convention decide in Vietnam?
(a) It sanctioned the north for its attacks on the south.
(b) It divided the country in two, a north and a south.
(c) It determined how prisoners of war would be exchanged.
(d) It established a procedure for holding elections.
10. Why did the Americans back down on demands for reform in Vietnam in 1962, in Halberstam's account?
(a) Diem had begun to renege on his promises.
(b) Diem could not afford reforms.
(c) They lost confidence that reforms could be implemented.
(d) Reforms had already been accomplished.
11. What was Kennedy's position on the Cold War policies of his predecessors?
(a) He did not want to follow them.
(b) He was going to end them.
(c) He was going to continue them.
(d) He was going to improve on them.
12. When Kennedy did not authorize more troops, what does Halberstam say he told the Pentagon?
(a) To prepare a larger engagement.
(b) To develop an exit strategy.
(c) To develop plans to expand the war to Cambodia.
(d) To plan to redeploy combat troops.
13. What does Halberstam say was Robert McNamara's role in the White House policy discussions?
(a) McNamara enforced Kennedy's will.
(b) McNamara followed the will of the other advisers.
(c) McNamara dominated discussions.
(d) McNamara filled in the details of others' plans.
14. What did Kennedy represent to Eleanor Roosevelt's followers?
(a) The new breed.
(b) Old guard.
15. What did the Kennedy administration represent to America?
(a) Catholicism and American sectionalism.
(b) Culture and American cosmopolitanism.
(c) Wealth and American individualism.
(d) Elitism and a new American nationalism.
Short Answer Questions
1. What measures does Halberstam say Washington, D.C. took when the soldiers dissented over conditions?
2. On which issue does Halberstam say the military lost its battle with the White House?
3. What does Halberstam say happened that threatened the relationship between Diem and the Buddhists?
4. What rule does Halberstam say Kennedy was following in trying to appoint a Secretary of State?
5. How does Halberstam say Dean Rusk felt in the Kennedy administration?
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