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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What measures does Halberstam say Washington, D.C. took when the soldiers dissented over conditions?
(a) They held Congressional hearings.
(b) They repressed the dissent.
(c) They arrested any soldiers who spoke against the government.
(d) They held town hall meeting where soldiers could air their views.
2. Why hadn't Roosevelt stopped the French from returning to Indochina after the war, in Halberstam's account?
(a) He did not have the authority to.
(b) There was no post-war plan to prevent them.
(c) He needed France for its support of American monetary policy.
(d) He could not get a censure from the United Nations.
3. How does Halberstam say Lyndon Johnson felt in the Kennedy administration?
(a) He felt like a midwesterner among East-coast men.
(b) He felt like a relic of previous administrations.
(c) He felt like a teacher among his students.
(d) He felt like a socialist among capitalists.
4. What does Halberstam say was the sense in the Kennedy administration as they came into office?
(a) They were going to institute a new era of peace.
(b) They were going to continue the country's prosperity.
(c) They were going to get the country moving again.
(d) They were going to conquer the Russians.
5. When did the problem with the Buddhist monks begin?
(a) April 1962.
(b) November 1962.
(c) May 1963.
(d) March 1961.
6. Which problem did NOT arise for the Kennedy administration during 1961?
(a) Escalation of problems in Laos.
(b) Bay of Pigs invasion.
(c) Financial crisis.
(d) Arms race.
7. What does Halberstam say was the state of tensions within the White House as involvement in Vietnam escalated?
(a) Aides gathered around Kennedy's will.
(b) Long and open debates brought new ideas to the policies.
(c) There were many disagreements.
(d) Anyone who disagreed with Kennedy was removed.
8. What policy did Rostow support in Vietnam?
(a) Battleship diplomacy.
(b) A policy of rapprochement.
(c) An appeasement policy.
(d) An aggressive anti-Communist policy.
9. What had happened to reduce the Communism threat by the time McNamara took over as Secretary of Defense?
(a) McCarthy had purged Communists from American politics.
(b) Cuba had instituted its own version of Communism.
(c) Communism had failed in North Korea.
(d) Russia and China had split.
10. What mistake had the Kennedy administration made in the Bay of Pigs invasion?
(a) They had not supplied enough men and material.
(b) They had underestimated the logistical difficulties of a landing.
(c) They had not checked the weather for the invasion.
(d) They had not seen that the Cuban people were not opposed to Castro.
11. Why didn't Kennedy formulate a China policy, in Halberstam's account?
(a) China was not a high priority.
(b) He didn't have time.
(c) China was experiencing a revolution.
(d) His China advisor had not been confirmed.
12. Whom did Robert Lovett recommend to Kennedy for Secretary of State?
(a) Chester Bowles.
(b) Robert McNamara.
(c) Dean Rusk.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.
13. What events does Halberstam say affected American perceptions of its global priorities?
(a) The tension over civil rights in America.
(b) The revolution in Cuba.
(c) The agitation of labor unions in America and Europe.
(d) The escalation of the Cold War and the fall of China.
14. When did Kennedy first send advisers to Vietnam?
(a) February 1962.
(b) June 1963.
(c) May 1962.
(d) October 1961.
15. How does Halberstam say Dean Rusk felt in the Kennedy administration?
(a) He felt like a new kid without enough respect.
(b) He always felt like an outsider.
(c) He felt like the smartest of the bunch.
(d) He felt like the spokesman of the party.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the fact-finding mission discover at about the time of the problem with the Buddhist monks?
2. Where did the first confrontation take place in Indochina?
3. Why didn't Kennedy offer the position of Secretary of State to J. William Fulbright?
4. What was Kennedy's position on the Cold War policies of his predecessors?
5. What does Halberstam say was Robert McNamara's role in the White House policy discussions?
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