|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Whose theories had been used as the basis for expanded militarization in the late 1940s?
(a) McGeorge Bundy's.
(b) Chester Bowles'.
(c) George Kennan's.
(d) Robert McNamara's.
2. What did Kennedy represent to Eleanor Roosevelt's followers?
(a) The new breed.
(d) Old guard.
3. What rule does Halberstam say Kennedy was following in trying to appoint a Secretary of State?
(a) Someone who had learned from his mistakes and had diplomatic experience.
(b) Someone who didn't look back at bad decisions, but plowed ahead.
(c) Someone who had a strong intuition.
(d) Someone who had not made many mistakes or offended too many people.
4. What does Halberstam say McNamara learned that he had to do in order to argue against nuclear weapons?
(a) Make emotional appeals to the electorate.
(b) Discredit military analysts in favor of nuclear weapons.
(c) Demonize his opponents.
(d) Make a good argument for conventional weapons.
5. What does Halberstam say happened that strained the relationship between Diem and the Buddhists?
(a) The Buddhists instigated confrontations with the army.
(b) The government seized land and temples from the Buddhists.
(c) The Buddhists martyred themselves in opposition to the government.
(d) The government raided the pagodas and blamed it on the army.
6. What events does Halberstam say affected American perceptions of its global priorities?
(a) The revolution in Cuba.
(b) The agitation of labor unions in America and Europe.
(c) The escalation of the Cold War and the fall of China.
(d) The tension over civil rights in America.
7. Why does Halberstam say Harkins had a hard time firing one of his people in the Mekong Delta?
(a) He was discouraged from using his authority.
(b) He was told that everything was under control there.
(c) He knew the person needing to be fired personally.
(d) He was told that there would be too many repercussions.
8. What were Eleanor Roosevelt's feelings about Kennedy?
(a) She distrusted his Catholicism.
(b) She resented his inexperience.
(c) She did not entirely trust him.
(d) She admired his leadership.
9. What were Diem and Nhu's politics relative to the Vietnamese population's politics?
(a) Diem and Nhu favored market capitalism more than the people did.
(b) Diem and Nhu were more communist than the people.
(c) Diem and Nhu relied on the military to enforce their political will.
(d) Diem and Nhu were more monarchical than Vietnamese typically were.
10. How long had Ho Chi Minh's communism associations been known to the U.S., in Halberstam's account?
(a) Since 1946.
(b) Since 1931.
(c) Since 1941.
(d) Since 1954.
11. What does Halberstam say was the state of tensions within the White House as involvement in Vietnam escalated?
(a) Anyone who disagreed with Kennedy was removed.
(b) There were many disagreements.
(c) Long and open debates brought new ideas to the policies.
(d) Aides gathered around Kennedy's will.
12. Why didn't Kennedy offer the position of Secretary of State to David Bruce?
(a) Bruce was felt to be too conservative.
(b) Bruce was felt to be too academic.
(c) Bruce was felt to be too young.
(d) Bruce was felt to be too old.
13. What did the fact-finding mission discover at about the time of the problem with the Buddhist monks?
(a) The North was expanding its recruitment.
(b) Vast corruption.
(c) The U.S. was unprepared for guerilla warfare.
(d) Diem was not on top of the situation.
14. Which of these was NOT a point of disagreement between the White House and the military, in Halberstam's account?
(a) The free fire zones.
(b) The use of napalm.
(c) The commitment of advisers.
(d) The use of jets.
15. Where does Halberstam say McNamara found people to work under him as Secretary of Defense?
(a) The auto industry.
Short Answer Questions
1. When did the problem with the Buddhist monks begin?
2. What kind of reports does Halberstam say would come from the head of the U.S. command after his 1962 appointment?
3. On which issue does Halberstam say Kennedy compromised with the military?
4. What family was McGeorge Bundy descended from?
5. What position had Robert Lovett been appointed to in 1947?
This section contains 678 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)