|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which cabinet member was opposed to the Bay of Pigs invasion?
(a) McGeorge Bundy.
(b) Robert McNamara.
(c) Chester Bowles.
(d) Dean Rusk.
2. Whom had Eleanor Roosevelt wanted Kennedy to appoint as Secretary of State?
(a) Adlai Stevenson.
(b) Chester Bowles.
(c) Robert McNamara.
(d) Dean Rusk.
3. What issue had Kennedy and Dean Rusk had to discuss when Dean Rusk was offered the Secretary of State job?
(a) Personal morality.
(b) Family values.
(d) Rusk's Judaism.
4. Why didn't Kennedy offer the position of Secretary of State to McGeorge Bundy?
(a) Bundy had a reputation for saying damaging things off the cuff.
(b) Bundy was a Republican and too young.
(c) Bundy was too old and conservative.
(d) Bundy did not have the support of the Jews.
5. What does Halberstam say was the result of the Chinese Revolution and the McCarthy period?
(a) The U.S. strengthened trade ties in Europe.
(b) The U.S. took pre-emptive action against Communism.
(c) The U.S. sought out diplomatic solutions.
(d) The U.S. took an aggressive stance toward Communism.
6. What had Robert Lovett been before entering government?
(a) A career military officer.
(b) An automobile executive.
(c) An investment banker.
(d) An insurance salesman.
7. What did Kennedy represent to Eleanor Roosevelt's followers?
(b) The new breed.
(d) Old guard.
8. What measures does Halberstam say Washington, D.C. took when the soldiers dissented over conditions?
(a) They held town hall meeting where soldiers could air their views.
(b) They repressed the dissent.
(c) They held Congressional hearings.
(d) They arrested any soldiers who spoke against the government.
9. What does Halberstam say McNamara learned that he had to do in order to argue against nuclear weapons?
(a) Discredit military analysts in favor of nuclear weapons.
(b) Make emotional appeals to the electorate.
(c) Make a good argument for conventional weapons.
(d) Demonize his opponents.
10. What does Halberstam say happened that strained the relationship between Diem and the Buddhists?
(a) The government seized land and temples from the Buddhists.
(b) The Buddhists martyred themselves in opposition to the government.
(c) The Buddhists instigated confrontations with the army.
(d) The government raided the pagodas and blamed it on the army.
11. Which situation had the biggest effect on the Kennedy administration in 1961?
(a) The Gulf of Tonkin incident.
(b) The financial crisis.
(c) China policy.
(d) The Bay of Pigs.
12. What was the recommendation that came out of the fact-finding mission of 1961?
(a) That the U.S. send 8,000 troops.
(b) That the U.S. commit 20,000 troops.
(c) That the U.S. commit military advisers.
(d) That the U.S. send 100,000 troops.
13. What family was McGeorge Bundy descended from?
(a) The New York Blisses.
(b) The New England Lowells.
(c) The Rockefellers.
(d) The Roosevelts.
14. What does Halberstam say Kennedy had done in response to the meeting with Russians in Vienna?
(a) He removed troops from Poland.
(b) He reduced America's nuclear arsenal.
(c) He increased troop strength in Berlin.
(d) He sent an advisory committee to Vietnam.
15. Whom did Kennedy ask to be Secretary of State instead of Adlai Stevenson?
(a) Dean Rusk.
(b) McGeorge Bundy.
(c) Robert McNamara.
(d) Chester Bowles.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which issue was NOT confronting the nation when the Kennedy administration took office?
2. How does Halberstam say Dean Rusk felt in the Kennedy administration?
3. Whose input did the French and Americans ignore about Vietnam, in Halberstam's account?
4. What made McGeorge Bundy an effective administrator?
5. How did Kennedy's followers feel about Chester Bowles' ideas?
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