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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What position did the Kennedy administration take with regard to nuclear disarmament?
(a) Kennedy wanted to eliminate nuclear weapons altogether.
(b) Kennedy wanted to make sure that the U.S. and Russia had comparable arsenals.
(c) Kennedy wanted to show Kruschev that he was tough.
(d) Kennedy wanted to reduce the number of nuclear weapons to a reasonable number.
2. Who was named to head the U.S. command in Saigon in January 1962?
(a) Chester Bowles.
(b) Paul Harkins.
(c) Robert McNamara.
(d) Maxwell Taylor.
3. What had happened to reduce the Communism threat by the time McNamara took over as Secretary of Defense?
(a) Cuba had instituted its own version of Communism.
(b) Communism had failed in North Korea.
(c) McCarthy had purged Communists from American politics.
(d) Russia and China had split.
4. What does Halberstam say McNamara tried to do with his fact-finding missions to Vietnam?
(a) Provide a forum for dissenting soldiers.
(b) Conceal the deteriorating conditions.
(c) Publish the truth.
(d) Protect the President.
5. What does Halberstam say happened that strained the relationship between Diem and the Buddhists?
(a) The government seized land and temples from the Buddhists.
(b) The government raided the pagodas and blamed it on the army.
(c) The Buddhists instigated confrontations with the army.
(d) The Buddhists martyred themselves in opposition to the government.
6. What does Halberstam say was Robert McNamara's role in the White House policy discussions?
(a) McNamara enforced Kennedy's will.
(b) McNamara dominated discussions.
(c) McNamara followed the will of the other advisers.
(d) McNamara filled in the details of others' plans.
7. What does Halberstam say was the result of the Thanksgiving Day Massacre?
(a) Maxwell Taylor was removed from his position.
(b) Averell Harriman was named Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs.
(c) Kennedy increased the number of troops in Vietnam.
(d) Troops were withdrawn from the Mekong Delta.
8. What did the Kennedy administration represent to America?
(a) Elitism and a new American nationalism.
(b) Catholicism and American sectionalism.
(c) Wealth and American individualism.
(d) Culture and American cosmopolitanism.
9. When did Kennedy become well known in Washington?
(a) In his race for Senate.
(b) When he first entered politics.
(c) In the 1960 campaign.
(d) During the Cuban Missile Crisis.
10. What was the logic behind the U.S.'s actions after the 1961 fact-finding mission?
(a) Further delay would defuse the situation.
(b) Wait for the Vietnamese elections.
(c) A show of force would intimidate the Vietcong.
(d) Inaction would allow trade to develop.
11. Which of these was NOT a point of disagreement between the White House and the military, in Halberstam's account?
(a) The use of jets.
(b) The free fire zones.
(c) The commitment of advisers.
(d) The use of napalm.
12. Whom did Kennedy want to act as Secretary of State?
(a) Chester Bowles.
(b) Adlai Stevenson.
(c) He was going to act as his own Secretary of State.
(d) He was going to abolish the position of Secretary of State.
13. What does Halberstam say Kennedy had done in response to the meeting with Russians in Vienna?
(a) He removed troops from Poland.
(b) He sent an advisory committee to Vietnam.
(c) He reduced America's nuclear arsenal.
(d) He increased troop strength in Berlin.
14. What policies had Robert Lovett been involved in crafting?
(a) A reorganization of the military.
(b) The Marshall plan.
(c) Treaties with China and Russia.
(d) Changes to Medicare.
15. Why didn't Kennedy offer the position of Secretary of State to McGeorge Bundy?
(a) Bundy was a Republican and too young.
(b) Bundy was too old and conservative.
(c) Bundy did not have the support of the Jews.
(d) Bundy had a reputation for saying damaging things off the cuff.
Short Answer Questions
1. Whom had Eleanor Roosevelt wanted Kennedy to appoint as Secretary of State?
2. How does Halberstam say Dean Rusk felt about his interview with Kennedy for the Secretary of State job?
3. Why did the Americans back down on demands for reform in Vietnam in 1962, in Halberstam's account?
4. What did Kennedy ask Chester Bowles for advice on?
5. Where does Halberstam say McNamara found people to work under him as Secretary of Defense?
This section contains 693 words
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