|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Halberstam say Americans were united about in the early 1960s?
(a) The need to establish military supremacy.
(b) The need to fight Communism.
(c) The need to balance the budget.
(d) The need to grant civil rights.
2. What does Halberstam say the U.S. government had to rely on once it had advisers in Vietnam?
(a) Diplomatic accounts from Vietnam.
(b) Strategists in the Pentagon.
(c) Reports from the military.
(d) Reporters and aid workers.
3. What did Chester Bowles think was the most important issue to confront?
(a) Military expansion.
(c) Budget cuts.
(d) Race issues.
4. Whom had Eleanor Roosevelt wanted Kennedy to appoint as Secretary of State?
(a) Chester Bowles.
(b) Dean Rusk.
(c) Adlai Stevenson.
(d) Robert McNamara.
5. Whose theories had been used as the basis for expanded militarization in the late 1940s?
(a) McGeorge Bundy's.
(b) Robert McNamara's.
(c) Chester Bowles'.
(d) George Kennan's.
6. Whom did Kennedy ask to be Secretary of State instead of Adlai Stevenson?
(a) Chester Bowles.
(b) Dean Rusk.
(c) Robert McNamara.
(d) McGeorge Bundy.
7. What events does Halberstam say affected American perceptions of its global priorities?
(a) The tension over civil rights in America.
(b) The revolution in Cuba.
(c) The agitation of labor unions in America and Europe.
(d) The escalation of the Cold War and the fall of China.
8. How did the Kennedy administration see the war in Vietnam?
(a) As a diversion from domestic problems.
(b) As a gift to Asian allies.
(c) As a boon to the military contractors.
(d) As a war against Communism.
9. Whom did Kennedy want to act as Secretary of State?
(a) Adlai Stevenson.
(b) He was going to act as his own Secretary of State.
(c) He was going to abolish the position of Secretary of State.
(d) Chester Bowles.
10. What had Robert Lovett been before entering government?
(a) An investment banker.
(b) An automobile executive.
(c) An insurance salesman.
(d) A career military officer.
11. Why does Halberstam say Harkins had a hard time firing one of his people in the Mekong Delta?
(a) He was told that everything was under control there.
(b) He was discouraged from using his authority.
(c) He was told that there would be too many repercussions.
(d) He knew the person needing to be fired personally.
12. What policies had Robert Lovett been involved in crafting?
(a) A reorganization of the military.
(b) Changes to Medicare.
(c) Treaties with China and Russia.
(d) The Marshall plan.
13. On which issue does Halberstam say Kennedy compromised with the military?
(a) Free fire zones.
(b) The use of napalm.
(c) The use of jets.
(d) Bombing in the north.
14. Why didn't Kennedy offer the position of Secretary of State to McGeorge Bundy?
(a) Bundy was too old and conservative.
(b) Bundy did not have the support of the Jews.
(c) Bundy had a reputation for saying damaging things off the cuff.
(d) Bundy was a Republican and too young.
15. What had McNamara done by the time he took over as Secretary of Defense?
(a) Studied and identified the problems at the Pentagon.
(b) Reviewed American foreign policy.
(c) Instituted successful reforms at Ford.
(d) Consulted with Kennedy about his goals and methods.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Halberstam say was the result of the Chinese Revolution and the McCarthy period?
2. What does Halberstam say was the sense in the Kennedy administration as they came into office?
3. What rule does Halberstam say Kennedy was following in trying to appoint a Secretary of State?
4. What did Kennedy represent to Eleanor Roosevelt's followers?
5. What issue did Joseph McCarthy use to energize voters?
This section contains 660 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)