|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. When was the last time someone bought new things for Helen?
2. What did her former students do when Ashton-Warner arrived to visit their new classroom?
3. What student did Ashton-Warner think would have advanced farther had he been able to use "white" readers?
4. What is the Maori nickname for New Zealand?
5. Which student wrote about his father hitting his mother in her face in "Compositions"?
Short Essay Questions
1. What set the local Maori pa (village) where Ashton-Warner taught apart from other pas?
2. What revelation did Ashton-Warner have in "Post-Holiday Notes" about using Maori readers with both Maori and white students?
3. Describe the new teacher encountered by Ashton-Warner as she explores the renovated school.
4. Why was Ashton-Warner upset about the way she handled Mark Cutter when his mother insisted that her son was advancing too quickly in class?
5. How did Ashton-Warner describe the moments in her life when she knew the meaning of what was happening to her?
6. What did the students' compositions reveal about their family lives?
7. What role did discipline play in Ashton-Warner's classroom?
8. In "Post Holiday Notes," what word did Ashton-Warner use to represent the key instinct of fear to her students?
9. Why was it important to offer only present tense verbs to new readers?
10. How did the behavior of the children differ in the new classrooms compared to when Ashton-Warner taught at the school?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Sylvia-Ashton Warner wrote about her attempts to bring some order to the classroom when the students got out of hand. She eventually realized that the first few bars of Beethoven's Fifth on the piano did the trick. Write an essay exploring how music can be used in the classroom to bring calm during difficult times. What is it about music that speaks to all humans, regardless of ethnic or racial background? How does it provide a form of "quiet control" that is more effective than yelling or making other loud noises to get attention? Why were the Maori children entranced by Western classical music?
Essay Topic 2
Based on categorizing the "first words" collected from her students, Ashton-Warner decided that there were two main instincts represented in these words--fear and sex. Is that a fair and accurate assessment? Are these two "emotions" universal (in terms of being expressed as "first words" among children)? Is fear something that all children feel and need to express? What is their likely understanding of the role of sex in their lives and the life of their community? Would children of different cultures also focus on words related to fear and sex and would those words differ from the Maori ones? What do these first words say about human nature?
Essay Topic 3
Ashton-Warner discussed the basic rule of organic teaching as a "creative vent." Explore what she meant by that expression. How does providing children with an opportunity to vent, whether in writing, dance or artwork, help that child grow? If the child is asked to conform to certain educational standards and suppress his own impulses, how does that affect his overall schoolwork? Is some degree of suppression necessary for the sake of classroom unity and atmosphere or should all students be given free rein to express themselves even if they do not follow the curriculum? How does the imposition of adult-determined standards stunt a child's growth, as Ashton-Warner suggested?
This section contains 1,156 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)