|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Mark claim had been stolen from him in "Life in a Maori School, 1"?
2. What word was NOT included on the list of words for struggling readers in February?
3. What is a "pakeha"?
4. Which family's dog sometimes visited the class when Ashton-Warner was teaching?
5. Why could the children not yet go into the classrooms?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why was it important to offer only present tense verbs to new readers?
2. What did the students' compositions reveal about their family lives?
3. How did Ashton-Warner view the importance of handwriting?
4. In "Post Holiday Notes," what word did Ashton-Warner use to represent the key instinct of fear to her students?
5. Why did Ashton-Warner criticize herself for the way she handled Matawhero's defiance after he hit Gordon?
6. In her discussion of pedagogy as marriage, what did Ashton-Warner mean when she said that "love interferes with fidelity"?
7. Why was Ashton-Warner surprised at the appearance of the new classrooms when she visited?
8. What was Ashton-Warner's reaction to the traditional Maori music performed by the children under the direction of Kahu?
9. To what did Ashton-Warner attribute the lack of cohesiveness in some of her later students' stories?
10. What did Ashton-Warner think about as she gazed at the empty site where her old classroom had once stood?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Ashton-Warner wrote in detail about the importance of "first words" for beginning readers and how the traditional reading books used among young children did not use those words. Write an essay exploring how the use of a child's first words can enhance the learning process. Do children from different cultures develop different first words? Does learning to read from another culture's books necessarily lead to stunted development? If individual children are given their own unique texts, at what point can a teacher introduce standardized books to the entire classroom?
Essay Topic 2
The Maori children in Ashton-Warner's classroom encountered racism from the majority white population in New Zealand. How did these attitudes affect the students at home and in the community? How did it affect them in the classroom? Did having a white teacher have an impact on them, even if she was open and accepting of them? How do societal assumptions and expectations impact a child's ability to perform in school? Do children internalize the prejudices they encounter or are they able to escape them in the classroom? How do teachers deal with the impact these prejudices may have on their students? Is it possible to fully counter them in school?
Essay Topic 3
Ashton-Warner pointed out that although the Maori love words, they frequently speak to one another in one-word sentences that convey detailed meaning. Do you think this tendency is natural to human beings or was it developed over time by the Maori as they lived on a previously-isolated island nation? Do humans develop different language patterns based on their culture? Would it be possible for a non-Maori to develop the skill of interpreting the many nuances of a one-word Maori sentence? How can different speech patterns lead to misunderstandings?
This section contains 1,110 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)