|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who referred to dance as the "one complete expression" of a human's many faculties?
2. What was the snail nicknamed?
3. Which of the following did NOT affect classroom tone, according to Ashton-Warner?
4. How long did the spelling period last?
5. How were the children's stories "produced"?
Short Essay Questions
1. By what process was spelling taught in Ashton-Warner's classroom?
2. What did Ashton-Warner mean when she referred to a workbook as a "middleman"?
3. How did early exposure to white cultural norms adversely affect the Maori?
4. Why did Ashton-Warner find the European and American early readers two-dimensional?
5. Into what two main categories did Ashton-Warner place many of her students' first words?
6. Why were "key words" so essential to learning to read?
7. Why was teaching the class so back-breaking, according to Ashton-Warner?
8. What was Ashton-Warner's reaction to the sometimes violent imagery used in the children's stories?
9. What did Ashton-Warner mean by "tone" in the classroom?
10. How did the Maori early readers provide a bridge to eventual reading of European material?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The Maori girls in Ashton-Warner's classroom experienced success on the basketball court. Write an essay discussing the role of sports in academics. How does participation in team sports help students in the classroom? How does it help in other areas of life? How can schools ensure that the benefits of participation in sports are extended to all students, regardless of athletic ability?
Essay Topic 2
A professor told Ashton-Warner that "tidiness kills education." She so admired the expression that she asked him to repeat it. How was this philosophy reflected in Ashton-Warner's teaching style? What advantages are there to maintaining a sense of chaos and disorder in the classroom? Is learning a neat and tidy activity, or is it naturally messy? How can teachers ensure that maintaining a "neat" classroom does not interfere with students' natural learning patterns?
Essay Topic 3
Ashton-Warner wrote about the "Golden Section" in education and how she incorporated nature into the classroom. What are the benefits of teaching about nature in the classroom? How does nature provide insights into other areas of the curriculum? Ashton-Warner's classroom was somewhat unique in that the nature was right outside and sometimes even entered the classroom. How do teachers living in more urban environments bring nature into the classroom? Is it possible for all teachers to take their students out into actual natural settings or can there be benefits to bringing natural lessons into the physical classroom? How does the natural world speak to children and how can that be harnessed?
This section contains 1,017 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)