|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How were the children's stories "produced"?
2. What was the condition of the student-made books after several reading sessions?
3. To what animal was Ashton-Warner handed over in a Maori child's made-up story?
4. Between what hours did Ashton-Warner focus on creativity through work on the key vocabulary?
5. What was Ashton-Warner's response to the problems with the set early readers?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why were "key words" so essential to learning to read?
2. How did early exposure to white cultural norms adversely affect the Maori?
3. How did the children's writings differ from the standard readers offered in most schools?
4. Why did Ashton-Warner throw out words that students did not recognize the second time?
5. Why did Ashton-Warner believe that standardized reading texts were damaging to children?
6. What did Plato believe about dance?
7. What was the role of handwriting in the Maori students' stories?
8. Why was teaching the class so back-breaking, according to Ashton-Warner?
9. What did Ashton-Warner mean when she referred to a workbook as a "middleman"?
10. How did modern life in New Zealand make it difficult for people to use their inner resources?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Many of Ashton-Warner's children used violent imagery in their writings, some of it reflecting their daily family life, some of it made up. In most schools today, that sort of imagery would be a cause for concern. Is it wise to allow students to express themselves in their writing if it is violent? Should teachers and school officials question the content of a student's writing? Why did Ashton-Warner allow her students to write in this way? Were their any advantages to doing so? Could students with emotional problems or bad home environments benefit from having an outlet for their feelings at school? Or do schools have a responsibility to rein in children's violent feelings for the sake of the entire class?
Essay Topic 2
Ashton-Warner discussed the basic rule of organic teaching as a "creative vent." Explore what she meant by that expression. How does providing children with an opportunity to vent, whether in writing, dance or artwork, help that child grow? If the child is asked to conform to certain educational standards and suppress his own impulses, how does that affect his overall schoolwork? Is some degree of suppression necessary for the sake of classroom unity and atmosphere or should all students be given free rein to express themselves even if they do not follow the curriculum? How does the imposition of adult-determined standards stunt a child's growth, as Ashton-Warner suggested?
Essay Topic 3
Ashton-Warner pointed out that although the Maori love words, they frequently speak to one another in one-word sentences that convey detailed meaning. Do you think this tendency is natural to human beings or was it developed over time by the Maori as they lived on a previously-isolated island nation? Do humans develop different language patterns based on their culture? Would it be possible for a non-Maori to develop the skill of interpreting the many nuances of a one-word Maori sentence? How can different speech patterns lead to misunderstandings?
This section contains 1,092 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)