|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Ashton-Warner keep on hand to repair the student books?
2. What is a "pa"?
3. What size were the cards Ashton-Warner used for the key vocabulary words?
4. What color ears did Ashton-Warner say she sometimes saw in children's illustrations?
5. Which student's parents fought frequently and violently at night?
Short Essay Questions
1. In "Workbook," what did Ashton-Warner mean when she said that one cannot plot life?
2. Why was it important for the teacher to be a good conversationalist in the classroom?
3. Into what two main categories did Ashton-Warner place many of her students' first words?
4. What was Ashton-Warner's reaction to the sometimes violent imagery used in the children's stories?
5. How did modern life in New Zealand make it difficult for people to use their inner resources?
6. Why did Ashton-Warner describe the language of published first readers as "dead"?
7. What was the importance of the "inner illustration" in the children's self-written stories?
8. How did the students perform when they did expressive dancing versus when they learned specific moves?
9. How did the Maori early readers provide a bridge to eventual reading of European material?
10. Why was the class so noisy while the children studied their individual key words and what did that noise signify?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Based on categorizing the "first words" collected from her students, Ashton-Warner decided that there were two main instincts represented in these words--fear and sex. Is that a fair and accurate assessment? Are these two "emotions" universal (in terms of being expressed as "first words" among children)? Is fear something that all children feel and need to express? What is their likely understanding of the role of sex in their lives and the life of their community? Would children of different cultures also focus on words related to fear and sex and would those words differ from the Maori ones? What do these first words say about human nature?
Essay Topic 2
Ashton-Warner's book, "Teacher," was extremely influential and continues to be taught in schools of education today. Research if and how her approach to organic teaching has influenced the classrooms of today. How is organic teaching taught? Is it ever fully implemented or was it ultimately unique to a handle of schools and classrooms? Does today's push for school accountability and standardized testing make it more difficult to incorporate organic learning as practiced by Ashton-Warner? Or does organic teaching provide a promising way out of today's difficulties in the educational system?
Essay Topic 3
Ashton-Warner wrote at length about the importance of tone in the classroom. Write an essay exploring how tone is set in the classroom and how several people have a role in setting that tone. Does the tone have to be the same from classroom to classroom or school to school? Or should there be variations based on the unique needs of the teachers and students? How does a teacher determine what tone works best for her students and how does she achieve that tone, especially if it differs from what she would normally like to see?
This section contains 1,082 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)