|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How long did Ashton-Warner give the students each day to write their stories?
2. What did the students do with the new words put up on the blackboard each morning?
3. How were the children's stories "produced"?
4. What color crayon did Ashton-Warner use for the key vocabulary?
5. Where did the smaller children sometimes go during the shared reading period?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why was it important for the teacher to be a good conversationalist in the classroom?
2. Into what two main categories did Ashton-Warner place many of her students' first words?
3. What was the role of handwriting in the Maori students' stories?
4. Why did Ashton-Warner believe that standardized reading texts were damaging to children?
5. Why did Ashton-Warner find the European and American early readers two-dimensional?
6. How did the children's writings differ from the standard readers offered in most schools?
7. How did early exposure to white cultural norms adversely affect the Maori?
8. Why were "key words" so essential to learning to read?
9. What did Ashton-Warner mean when she wrote that "we don't waste enough in school?"
10. In what way does nature provide lessons that books or indoor plantings cannot?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
A professor told Ashton-Warner that "tidiness kills education." She so admired the expression that she asked him to repeat it. How was this philosophy reflected in Ashton-Warner's teaching style? What advantages are there to maintaining a sense of chaos and disorder in the classroom? Is learning a neat and tidy activity, or is it naturally messy? How can teachers ensure that maintaining a "neat" classroom does not interfere with students' natural learning patterns?
Essay Topic 2
Ashton-Warner rejected the use of corporal punishment, while pointing out that many prominent philosophers embraced it. Write an essay exploring this issue. Is corporal punishment ever effective? What short-term and long-term impacts does it have on children? Does it make a difference if it is administered at home or in a school setting? What other disciplinary techniques can be used, both at home and at school? Include in your essay whether most schools today allow corporal punishment and how attitudes have changed since Ashton-Warner first wrote "Teacher."
Essay Topic 3
Ashton-Warner wrote about the "Golden Section" in education and how she incorporated nature into the classroom. What are the benefits of teaching about nature in the classroom? How does nature provide insights into other areas of the curriculum? Ashton-Warner's classroom was somewhat unique in that the nature was right outside and sometimes even entered the classroom. How do teachers living in more urban environments bring nature into the classroom? Is it possible for all teachers to take their students out into actual natural settings or can there be benefits to bringing natural lessons into the physical classroom? How does the natural world speak to children and how can that be harnessed?
This section contains 1,055 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)