|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where did the smaller children sometimes go during the shared reading period?
2. What did Ashton-Warner sometimes use to break up the difficult work of writing?
3. What did Ashton-Warner do with the key vocabulary words that were forgotten the next day?
4. According to Ashton-Warner, what is the only answer to destructiveness?
5. How many Maori transitional readers did Ashton-Warner end up with?
Short Essay Questions
1. By what process was spelling taught in Ashton-Warner's classroom?
2. How did the students perform when they did expressive dancing versus when they learned specific moves?
3. How did the Maori early readers provide a bridge to eventual reading of European material?
4. How can a teacher tell when a book is valuable to her students, according to Ashton-Warner?
5. What was the importance of the "inner illustration" in the children's self-written stories?
6. How did early exposure to white cultural norms adversely affect the Maori?
7. Why was it important for the teacher to be a good conversationalist in the classroom?
8. What was the connection Ashton-Warner drew between the infant room and war and peace?
9. Why was the class so noisy while the children studied their individual key words and what did that noise signify?
10. Why was teaching the class so back-breaking, according to Ashton-Warner?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The Maori children in Ashton-Warner's classroom encountered racism from the majority white population in New Zealand. How did these attitudes affect the students at home and in the community? How did it affect them in the classroom? Did having a white teacher have an impact on them, even if she was open and accepting of them? How do societal assumptions and expectations impact a child's ability to perform in school? Do children internalize the prejudices they encounter or are they able to escape them in the classroom? How do teachers deal with the impact these prejudices may have on their students? Is it possible to fully counter them in school?
Essay Topic 2
Ashton-Warner criticized the use of workbooks in schools, although she said she understood why some teachers relied on them. Do workbooks provide any benefits to the students? Are they absolutely necessary for determining how well a child is learning? Would it be possible to devise other ways of measuring a child's development? Are workbooks used because the curriculum is standardized for all children? Would they be helpful if curricula were tailored to individual students?
Essay Topic 3
A professor told Ashton-Warner that "tidiness kills education." She so admired the expression that she asked him to repeat it. How was this philosophy reflected in Ashton-Warner's teaching style? What advantages are there to maintaining a sense of chaos and disorder in the classroom? Is learning a neat and tidy activity, or is it naturally messy? How can teachers ensure that maintaining a "neat" classroom does not interfere with students' natural learning patterns?
This section contains 1,067 words
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