|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the maximum number of children Ashton-Warner felt a teacher could give individual attention to?
2. What educational thinker was quoted at the beginning of "Organic Writing"?
3. How many students, according to the university professor quoted in "The Unlived Life," are capable of creative thought?
4. How long were Ashton-Warner's seven-year-old students able to write?
5. How many fancy-dress costumes did Ashton-Warner own?
Short Essay Questions
1. In what way does nature provide lessons that books or indoor plantings cannot?
2. How can a teacher tell when a book is valuable to her students, according to Ashton-Warner?
3. Into what two main categories did Ashton-Warner place many of her students' first words?
4. How did early exposure to white cultural norms adversely affect the Maori?
5. Why did Ashton-Warner find the European and American early readers two-dimensional?
6. What did Ashton-Warner mean when she referred to a workbook as a "middleman"?
7. What was the connection Ashton-Warner drew between the infant room and war and peace?
8. Why did Ashton-Warner say that the discussions of the children's stories were the "most significant" feature of the class?
9. Why did Ashton-Warner describe children's minds as volcanoes and how did that affect her teaching?
10. What was the importance of the "inner illustration" in the children's self-written stories?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Ashton-Warner's students spend much time dancing in the classroom, whether as a form of exercise or in free-dance exploration. Write an essay exploring the use of dance in the classroom. What are the benefits of giving students access to this art form? Are the benefits solely physical? Does dance help center children and does it have an effect on concentration? How can free-dance periods help children express themselves and how can that impact other areas of the curriculum?
Essay Topic 2
Ashton-Warner rejected the use of corporal punishment, while pointing out that many prominent philosophers embraced it. Write an essay exploring this issue. Is corporal punishment ever effective? What short-term and long-term impacts does it have on children? Does it make a difference if it is administered at home or in a school setting? What other disciplinary techniques can be used, both at home and at school? Include in your essay whether most schools today allow corporal punishment and how attitudes have changed since Ashton-Warner first wrote "Teacher."
Essay Topic 3
A professor told Ashton-Warner that "tidiness kills education." She so admired the expression that she asked him to repeat it. How was this philosophy reflected in Ashton-Warner's teaching style? What advantages are there to maintaining a sense of chaos and disorder in the classroom? Is learning a neat and tidy activity, or is it naturally messy? How can teachers ensure that maintaining a "neat" classroom does not interfere with students' natural learning patterns?
This section contains 1,025 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)