|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Ashton-Warner approach spelling after the students wrote new words on the blackboard?
2. What educational thinker was quoted at the beginning of "Organic Writing"?
3. What were the two main instincts around which the key vocabulary was built?
4. How long did many of the students' stories become by the time they were six?
5. What did the students do with the new words put up on the blackboard each morning?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the connection Ashton-Warner drew between the infant room and war and peace?
2. Why did Ashton-Warner describe the language of published first readers as "dead"?
3. What did Plato believe about dance?
4. How did Russian peasant students react to Leo Tolstoy's experimental school?
5. What was Ashton-Warner's reaction to the sometimes violent imagery used in the children's stories?
6. How can a teacher tell when a book is valuable to her students, according to Ashton-Warner?
7. In what way does nature provide lessons that books or indoor plantings cannot?
8. Why was it important for the teacher to be a good conversationalist in the classroom?
9. What is wrong with the cadence in many published first readers?
10. Why was the class so noisy while the children studied their individual key words and what did that noise signify?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Based on categorizing the "first words" collected from her students, Ashton-Warner decided that there were two main instincts represented in these words--fear and sex. Is that a fair and accurate assessment? Are these two "emotions" universal (in terms of being expressed as "first words" among children)? Is fear something that all children feel and need to express? What is their likely understanding of the role of sex in their lives and the life of their community? Would children of different cultures also focus on words related to fear and sex and would those words differ from the Maori ones? What do these first words say about human nature?
Essay Topic 2
Although Ashton-Warner was willing to sometimes rein in her classroom, overall she accepted the fact that there would be noisy chaos among the children. How does a teacher harness this sort of energy when asking the students to perform specific tasks? How does he ensure that it does not become disruptive? Based on Ashton-Warner's experiences, is this noise ever destructive? Would it be possible to allow this level of noise in most modern-day classrooms or would the differences among the children preclude allowing it?
Essay Topic 3
Ashton-Warner rejected the use of corporal punishment, while pointing out that many prominent philosophers embraced it. Write an essay exploring this issue. Is corporal punishment ever effective? What short-term and long-term impacts does it have on children? Does it make a difference if it is administered at home or in a school setting? What other disciplinary techniques can be used, both at home and at school? Include in your essay whether most schools today allow corporal punishment and how attitudes have changed since Ashton-Warner first wrote "Teacher."
This section contains 1,137 words
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