|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where did the smaller children sometimes go during the shared reading period?
2. How long did Ashton-Warner give the students each day to write their stories?
3. How long were Ashton-Warner's seven-year-old students able to write?
4. What composer was NOT mentioned among the list Ashton-Warner used in her classroom?
5. At what time of day did Ashton-Warner "teach" the Golden Section?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did the students perform when they did expressive dancing versus when they learned specific moves?
2. Why did Ashton-Warner find the European and American early readers two-dimensional?
3. Why did Ashton-Warner believe that standardized reading texts were damaging to children?
4. What is wrong with the cadence in many published first readers?
5. How did the Maori early readers provide a bridge to eventual reading of European material?
6. Why did Ashton-Warner say that when giving first words to her students, she avoided showing them any illustrations of those words?
7. What revelation did Ashton-Warner have in "Post-Holiday Notes" about using Maori readers with both Maori and white students?
8. How did Ashton-Warner describe the moments in her life when she knew the meaning of what was happening to her?
9. Why did Ashton-Warner write at the end of "Holidays" that she was no longer lonely?
10. What was the reaction of strangers to Ashton-Warner's multi-colored Maori belt?
Essay Topic 1
Ashton-Warner's students spend much time dancing in the classroom, whether as a form of exercise or in free-dance exploration. Write an essay exploring the use of dance in the classroom. What are the benefits of giving students access to this art form? Are the benefits solely physical? Does dance help center children and does it have an effect on concentration? How can free-dance periods help children express themselves and how can that impact other areas of the curriculum?
Essay Topic 2
Based on categorizing the "first words" collected from her students, Ashton-Warner decided that there were two main instincts represented in these words--fear and sex. Is that a fair and accurate assessment? Are these two "emotions" universal (in terms of being expressed as "first words" among children)? Is fear something that all children feel and need to express? What is their likely understanding of the role of sex in their lives and the life of their community? Would children of different cultures also focus on words related to fear and sex and would those words differ from the Maori ones? What do these first words say about human nature?
Essay Topic 3
At one point in the book, Ashton-Warner admitted that at least one of her white students would have performed better had he been given access to the "white" readers she hated so much. Did her efforts on behalf of her Maori students come at a cost for her white students? Is it possible to help one previously disadvantaged group while also ensuring that the "advantaged" group does not fall behind? Should teachers base their teaching on reaching specific groups or should all the students, regardless of background, be expected to conform to the standard used in that classroom? Is it possible--or desirable--to differentiate instruction in a diverse classroom?
This section contains 2,776 words
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