|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In what season was the story of the Little Red Hen told?
2. Which of the following did NOT affect classroom tone, according to Ashton-Warner?
3. How long did the spelling period last?
4. What was the most powerful word under the "sex" category?
5. Where did Ashton-Warner say many classrooms grow seeds for indoor study?
Short Essay Questions
1. In "Post Holiday Notes," what word did Ashton-Warner use to represent the key instinct of fear to her students?
2. How did the students perform when they did expressive dancing versus when they learned specific moves?
3. Why was Ashton-Warner disappointed with the pictures the new teacher had chosen to personalize the children's coat hooks?
4. How did the children's writings differ from the standard readers offered in most schools?
5. How did Maoris and whites differ in terms of communal gatherings?
6. In what way does nature provide lessons that books or indoor plantings cannot?
7. Why did Ashton-Warner believe that standardized reading texts were damaging to children?
8. What did Plato believe about dance?
9. Why was teaching the class so back-breaking, according to Ashton-Warner?
10. Why was Ashton-Warner surprised at the appearance of the new classrooms when she visited?
Essay Topic 1
Ashton-Warner discussed the basic rule of organic teaching as a "creative vent." Explore what she meant by that expression. How does providing children with an opportunity to vent, whether in writing, dance or artwork, help that child grow? If the child is asked to conform to certain educational standards and suppress his own impulses, how does that affect his overall schoolwork? Is some degree of suppression necessary for the sake of classroom unity and atmosphere or should all students be given free rein to express themselves even if they do not follow the curriculum? How does the imposition of adult-determined standards stunt a child's growth, as Ashton-Warner suggested?
Essay Topic 2
Based on categorizing the "first words" collected from her students, Ashton-Warner decided that there were two main instincts represented in these words--fear and sex. Is that a fair and accurate assessment? Are these two "emotions" universal (in terms of being expressed as "first words" among children)? Is fear something that all children feel and need to express? What is their likely understanding of the role of sex in their lives and the life of their community? Would children of different cultures also focus on words related to fear and sex and would those words differ from the Maori ones? What do these first words say about human nature?
Essay Topic 3
The Maori children in Ashton-Warner's classroom encountered racism from the majority white population in New Zealand. How did these attitudes affect the students at home and in the community? How did it affect them in the classroom? Did having a white teacher have an impact on them, even if she was open and accepting of them? How do societal assumptions and expectations impact a child's ability to perform in school? Do children internalize the prejudices they encounter or are they able to escape them in the classroom? How do teachers deal with the impact these prejudices may have on their students? Is it possible to fully counter them in school?
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