|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. In what season was the story of the Little Red Hen told?
2. Which of the following did NOT affect classroom tone, according to Ashton-Warner?
3. How long did the spelling period last?
4. What was the most powerful word under the "sex" category?
5. Where did Ashton-Warner say many classrooms grow seeds for indoor study?
Short Essay Questions
1. In "Post Holiday Notes," what word did Ashton-Warner use to represent the key instinct of fear to her students?
2. How did the students perform when they did expressive dancing versus when they learned specific moves?
3. Why was Ashton-Warner disappointed with the pictures the new teacher had chosen to personalize the children's coat hooks?
4. How did the children's writings differ from the standard readers offered in most schools?
5. How did Maoris and whites differ in terms of communal gatherings?
6. In what way does nature provide lessons that books or indoor plantings cannot?
7. Why did Ashton-Warner believe that standardized reading texts were damaging to children?
8. What did Plato believe about dance?
9. Why was teaching the class so back-breaking, according to Ashton-Warner?
10. Why was Ashton-Warner surprised at the appearance of the new classrooms when she visited?
Essay Topic 1
The mother of one of Ashton-Warner's students, Mark Cutter, protested that her son was going too fast in the classroom and she wanted him to slow down. This was an unusual complaint among the parents of her students. Was Cutter's mother simply opposed to Ashton-Warner's teaching methods? Or did she sincerely believe that her son was being advanced too quickly? Is it possible for a student to advance too quickly? What does a teacher do if children in his classroom are advancing at different paces? How does a teacher adjust his teaching to ensure that all students are progressing at their own rate without either slowing down or speeding up the overall pace for the entire class?
Essay Topic 2
Ashton-Warner wrote in detail about the importance of "first words" for beginning readers and how the traditional reading books used among young children did not use those words. Write an essay exploring how the use of a child's first words can enhance the learning process. Do children from different cultures develop different first words? Does learning to read from another culture's books necessarily lead to stunted development? If individual children are given their own unique texts, at what point can a teacher introduce standardized books to the entire classroom?
Essay Topic 3
As Ashton-Warner listened to a Maori adult teach her students a traditional song, she realized that she could not have done that because she was not Maori herself. She knew she could not bring forth the same passion that the Maori teacher did. How did being white affect Ashton-Warner's abilities as a teacher to a mostly-Maori classroom? Did it limit her in any way? Was she required to make changes to her technique because of the racial difference? Were there other situations (besides the traditional song) in which Ashton-Warner would have been at a significant disadvantage as a white person? Is it necessary to have teachers reflect the ethnic or racial makeup of their classrooms?
This section contains 2,672 words
(approx. 9 pages at 300 words per page)