|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is a "pa"?
2. What did Brian mean by the term he used to describe the bus in his story?
3. Which of the following did NOT affect classroom tone, according to Ashton-Warner?
4. At what time of day did Ashton-Warner "teach" the Golden Section?
5. What figure signified divinity in the Chaldean writing system?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is wrong with the cadence in many published first readers?
2. Why did Ashton-Warner describe the language of published first readers as "dead"?
3. Why did Ashton-Warner describe children's minds as volcanoes and how did that affect her teaching?
4. How did the children's writings differ from the standard readers offered in most schools?
5. In "Workbook," what did Ashton-Warner mean when she said that one cannot plot life?
6. How did the Maori early readers provide a bridge to eventual reading of European material?
7. What did Ashton-Warner mean by "tone" in the classroom?
8. How did modern life in New Zealand make it difficult for people to use their inner resources?
9. How can a teacher tell when a book is valuable to her students, according to Ashton-Warner?
10. Why did Ashton-Warner believe that standardized reading texts were damaging to children?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
At one point in the book, Ashton-Warner admitted that at least one of her white students would have performed better had he been given access to the "white" readers she hated so much. Did her efforts on behalf of her Maori students come at a cost for her white students? Is it possible to help one previously disadvantaged group while also ensuring that the "advantaged" group does not fall behind? Should teachers base their teaching on reaching specific groups or should all the students, regardless of background, be expected to conform to the standard used in that classroom? Is it possible--or desirable--to differentiate instruction in a diverse classroom?
Essay Topic 2
The great Russian writer, Leo Tolstoy, developed and operated a school for peasant children that Ashton-Warner expressed admiration for. The school day was long and students were given significant freedom to choose what subjects to study and when. Is this school model possible on a larger scale or is it something that can only be done on a small scale, under unique circumstances? What are the benefits of allowing students to go at their own pace and explore the subjects most dear to them? What happens to standardized curricula and school-wide tests in such a situation?
Essay Topic 3
Ashton-Warner wrote in detail about the importance of "first words" for beginning readers and how the traditional reading books used among young children did not use those words. Write an essay exploring how the use of a child's first words can enhance the learning process. Do children from different cultures develop different first words? Does learning to read from another culture's books necessarily lead to stunted development? If individual children are given their own unique texts, at what point can a teacher introduce standardized books to the entire classroom?
This section contains 1,055 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)