|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the condition of the student-made books after several reading sessions?
2. Why did Ashton-Warner object to the use of terms such as "do not" in early readers?
3. What composer was Ashton-Warner playing when her students began doing expressive dancing?
4. What poet is quoted at the beginning of "Tone"?
5. How long were Ashton-Warner's seven-year-old students able to write?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why was the class so noisy while the children studied their individual key words and what did that noise signify?
2. How did early exposure to white cultural norms adversely affect the Maori?
3. What did Ashton-Warner mean when she referred to a workbook as a "middleman"?
4. Why were "key words" so essential to learning to read?
5. What is wrong with the cadence in many published first readers?
6. What was the connection Ashton-Warner drew between the infant room and war and peace?
7. By what process was spelling taught in Ashton-Warner's classroom?
8. What was the role of handwriting in the Maori students' stories?
9. How did modern life in New Zealand make it difficult for people to use their inner resources?
10. Why did Ashton-Warner believe that standardized reading texts were damaging to children?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Based on categorizing the "first words" collected from her students, Ashton-Warner decided that there were two main instincts represented in these words--fear and sex. Is that a fair and accurate assessment? Are these two "emotions" universal (in terms of being expressed as "first words" among children)? Is fear something that all children feel and need to express? What is their likely understanding of the role of sex in their lives and the life of their community? Would children of different cultures also focus on words related to fear and sex and would those words differ from the Maori ones? What do these first words say about human nature?
Essay Topic 2
The Maori girls in Ashton-Warner's classroom experienced success on the basketball court. Write an essay discussing the role of sports in academics. How does participation in team sports help students in the classroom? How does it help in other areas of life? How can schools ensure that the benefits of participation in sports are extended to all students, regardless of athletic ability?
Essay Topic 3
The mother of one of Ashton-Warner's students, Mark Cutter, protested that her son was going too fast in the classroom and she wanted him to slow down. This was an unusual complaint among the parents of her students. Was Cutter's mother simply opposed to Ashton-Warner's teaching methods? Or did she sincerely believe that her son was being advanced too quickly? Is it possible for a student to advance too quickly? What does a teacher do if children in his classroom are advancing at different paces? How does a teacher adjust his teaching to ensure that all students are progressing at their own rate without either slowing down or speeding up the overall pace for the entire class?
This section contains 1,114 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)