|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Forces are usually drawn into the "horns of a dilemma" in what way?
2. Which of the following was a factor in limiting the possibilities for strategy on the eastern front?
3. The common and imprecise interpretation of Clausewitz's writings was that victory could achieved by having a majority of which of the following?
4. About how many Russian soldiers died on the eastern front during the First World War?
5. How did Hitler secure the loyalty of the commanders serving under him?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does the nature and purpose of strategy relate to people's unwillingness to be convinced of a point contrary to their own beliefs?
2. How successful was Germany's expansion during the early parts of World War II? Why was this expansion eventually halted and reversed?
3. What were the results and casualty rates on the Southeastern and Mediterranean fronts during the First World War?
4. What was the state of strategy and tactics on the eastern front during the First World War?
5. What is the principle of flexibility?
6. How does policy relate to national object and military aims?
7. Describe the strategies used by the Turks during the First World War.
8. What was the problem with Clausewitz's writings, and why did they have a negative impact on the first World War?
9. What are the important strategic differences between large and small armies.
10. What is a wedge attack, what is it used for and how is it countered?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The author suggests that the indirect approach is applicable to many fields outside of military strategy. There are obvious similarities between military endeavors, in which the goal is to acquire some lasting benefit for oneself, often in the face of resistance from an outside force, and many other human activities.
Part 1) Explain the indirect approach independent of military strategy. Describe its various components and attributes without reference to military terms or ideas.
Part 2) Discuss how these ideas can be applied to another specific human endeavor. Draw analogies between the military concepts discussed in the book and the concepts that pertain to the endeavor you have chosen to discuss.
Part 3) Use examples to explain how grand strategy relates to this endeavor, and how decisive and indecisive results can be identified.
Part 4) Explain step by step one example of how the indirect approach can be applied to this endeavor in order to bring about decisive results.
Essay Topic 2
The British Civil Wars represented a high point in military strategy. The well-developed techniques of the time led to elegant set-piece battles, but unfortunately, these rarely led to decisive results.
Part 1) Explain the nature of the British Civil Wars. Who were the major combatants? What resources did they have in technology, manpower and leadership?
Part 2) What was the state of generalship during these wars? What methods and strategies were prominent?
Part 3) Why did most engagements during these wars fail to lead to decisive results?
Essay Topic 3
Hannibal achieved an unprecedented string of victories against Rome, beginning at the empire's furthest reaches and eventually threatening to sack the capital itself. Again and again he handed embarrassing defeats to Roman generals, and he nearly toppled the empire before it reached its height of power.
Part 1) Explain Hannibal's background and that of his homeland, Carthage.
Part 2) Describe Hannibal's overall military strategy, and the grand strategy of Carthage as a whole. Were these sets of goals aligned well, or did Hannibal experience political problems in carrying out his campaigns?
Part 3) Analyze at least one of Hannibal's battles in depth, including a discussion of the forces involved and the strategies employed by both sides.
Part 4) Discuss Hannibal's campaign in the Italian peninsula from a strategic perspective. What was his overall goal? Did he succeed in achieving decisive results? Why or why not?
This section contains 1,155 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)