|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Berlin describe Herzen's importance?
(a) Berlin describes him as a moral thinker of the first importance.
(b) Berlin describes him as writer of no lasting importance.
(c) Berlin describes him as censor who had a powerful effect on Russian literature.
(d) Berlin describes him as a theorist whose ideas were popular for a short time.
2. What social movement did the Russian Intelligentsia contribute to?
(b) A new round of social reforms.
(d) The Russian Revolution.
3. What features of European culture were missing in Russia in the 1830s and 40s?
(a) Inherited aristocracy.
(b) Organized opposition parties, a middle class.
(c) Artists and bohemians.
(d) Industrial cities.
4. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
(b) As a highly original thinker.
(c) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
(d) As a shy aesthete.
5. What did Herzen see as the individual's role in history?
(a) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to manifest the universe's latent desires.
(b) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to heal society from the damages done by progress.
(c) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to fulfill his own nature.
(d) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to understand and cooperate with historical forces.
Short Answer Questions
1. What policy of Peter the Great's had spawned the intelligentsia?
2. What was Tolstoy's relationship with Joseph de Maistre?
3. What does Berlin mean when he says that Tolstoy was a fox who believed in being a hedgehog?
4. Where did de Maistre express his views?
5. What value did Herzen and Bakunin share?
Short Essay Questions
1. In what ways does Berlin see Tolstoy's experience as representative of Russian culture?
2. Whose writings had Russian intellectuals and writers primarily been influenced by?
3. What did Nicholas Stankevich find attractive in Hegel's theories?
4. What saying of Schelling's represents the relationship of artists to their times in Russian ideology of the mid-nineteenth century?
5. How did the revolutions of 1848 affect western European intellectuals and Russians differently?
6. Describe the difference between Herzen and Bakunin's personalities.
7. Describe the difference between progressive and reactionary Romanticism.
8. What did "intelligentsia" mean in Russia, where the term was coined?
9. What did Russian students learn in German universities?
10. Name some of the thinkers who influenced Herzen's thinking.
This section contains 800 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)