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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was de Maistre's position?
(a) He was an attache to the Tsar.
(b) He was a landowner in Tolstoy's district.
(c) He was the minister in charge of culture in Moscow.
(d) He was an envoy of the kingdom of Savoy to Russia.
2. What was the name of the committee in charge of government censorship?
(a) The Homeland Purity Committee.
(b) The Decembrist Committee.
(c) The Comintern.
(d) The Second of April Committee.
3. What does Berlin say Tolstoy felt guilty about?
(a) Being too separate from the lives of the peasants.
(b) Having too much insight as an artist.
(c) Having too much wealth as a landowner.
(d) Not having an overarching vision.
4. What insight did Herzen value in the thinkers who influenced him?
(a) He liked the idea of a spiritual core to human society.
(b) He liked the idea of a total divinity that determined every detail of the universe.
(c) He liked the concept of a clocklike divinity and an ordered universe.
(d) He liked the notion of a godless world motivated by individual actions.
5. What features of European culture were missing in Russia in the 1830s and 40s?
(a) Organized opposition parties, a middle class.
(b) Artists and bohemians.
(c) Industrial cities.
(d) Inherited aristocracy.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which thinker saw progress in the growth of national cultures?
2. What did Herzen predict in "From the Other Shore"?
3. Whose writing was Russia "intellectually dependent" upon?
4. What mistake did Tsar Nicholas I make about European universities?
5. Whose novels did the Russian Intelligentsia influence?
Short Essay Questions
1. Name some of the thinkers who influenced Herzen's thinking.
2. What example does Tolstoy use to explain why human beings cannot know all the actions and causes that affect their experiences?
3. Where in Europe were there revolutions in 1848?
4. What did "intelligentsia" mean in Russia, where the term was coined?
5. Describe the main ideas of Hegel's that influenced Herzen.
6. How did the revolutions of 1848 affect western European intellectuals and Russians differently?
7. What do foxes and hedgehogs represent in Archilochus' adage, and how does Berlin apply the distinction to Russian thinkers?
8. What was Annenkov's role in the circle of Russian Intelligentsia?
9. Who was Joseph de Maistre and what ideas did Tolstoy share with him?
10. What did Russian students learn in German universities?
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