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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did censorship system work?
(a) It relied on writers' self-censorship.
(b) It used paid informers to keep banned books from being written.
(c) It forced authors to publically recant having written banned books.
(d) It was a double censorship system.
2. What was the relationship between literature and politics in mid-nineteenth century Russia?
(a) Politics was transposed onto literature.
(b) Politics followed road maps laid out in literature.
(c) Literature reacted to political events.
(d) Literature prophesied political developments.
3. What dictum of Schelling's represented the Russian literary scene in the nineteenth century?
(a) Idealism lives in literature but grows old and dies in prison.
(b) Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world.
(c) The arts are the last thing to change in a culture.
(d) Writers capture the times better than sociologists do.
4. How did the Tsar's political stance change after the Decembrist rebellion?
(a) He stepped down.
(b) He moved away from reform.
(c) He adopted a series of reforms.
(d) He abandoned tradition.
5. Which figure was prominent in the founding of the Russian Intelligentsia?
(a) Leo Tolstoy.
(b) Ivan Turgenev.
(c) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(d) Alexander Pushkin.
Short Answer Questions
1. How do Tolstoy and de Maistre's views differ?
2. How did the writer who supported the Tsar present the Tsar's acts?
3. What insight did Herzen value in the thinkers who influenced him?
4. What did the Russian Intelligentsia invent?
5. What had been the outcome of the European states' revolution?
Short Essay Questions
1. How did the revolutions of 1848 affect western European intellectuals and Russians differently?
2. What did "intelligentsia" mean in Russia, where the term was coined?
3. Where in Europe were there revolutions in 1848?
4. What was the effect of the "moral quarantine" of Western ideas in Russia?
5. What did Nicholas Stankevich find attractive in Hegel's theories?
6. Who was Joseph de Maistre and what ideas did Tolstoy share with him?
7. How did Tsar Nicholas respond to the European revolutions of 1848?
8. How did Bakunin react to Hegel's philosophy?
9. In what ways does Berlin see Tolstoy's experience as representative of Russian culture?
10. Why, according to Berlin, did Tolstoy resist subscribing to a totalizing theory of history?
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