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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Berlin describe Herzen's importance?
(a) Berlin describes him as a moral thinker of the first importance.
(b) Berlin describes him as writer of no lasting importance.
(c) Berlin describes him as a theorist whose ideas were popular for a short time.
(d) Berlin describes him as censor who had a powerful effect on Russian literature.
2. Whose novels did the Russian Intelligentsia influence?
3. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(b) A poor writer.
(c) A conspirator against the Tsar.
(d) An educated courtier.
4. What movement was responsible for bringing politics into literature in mid-nineteenth-century Russian literature?
(a) Land reform.
(d) Romantic philosophy.
5. What had been the outcome of the European states' revolution?
(a) A new era of peace.
(b) The Thirty-Years' War.
(c) The revolution failed.
(d) Napoleonic wars.
6. What does Berlin say Tolstoy felt guilty about?
(a) Not having an overarching vision.
(b) Having too much insight as an artist.
(c) Having too much wealth as a landowner.
(d) Being too separate from the lives of the peasants.
7. How did the writer who supported the Tsar present the Tsar's acts?
(a) He denounced the Tsar's opponents.
(b) He proclaimed the natural rights of man.
(c) He justified the aristocracy's use of violence.
(d) He presented even serfdom as divinely ordained.
8. Where did de Maistre express his views?
(a) In the streets of Moscow.
(b) In books and letters.
(c) In the church.
(d) In the Tsar's court.
9. What was Hegel's appeal to Russian students?
(a) His quasi-religious philosophy gave atheistic students something they could believe in.
(b) His idealism seemed like an escape from the squalor of Russia.
(c) His theory of history seemed to predict Russian nationalism.
(d) His world spirit seemed to prophesy the Russian Revolution.
10. When did the Russian intelligentsia emerge from university?
11. What was Pavel Annekov's role in Russian culture?
(a) Intellectual tourist.
(b) Serious critic.
(c) Writer and activist.
(d) Essayist and revolutionary.
12. What features of European culture were missing in Russia in the 1830s and 40s?
(a) Industrial cities.
(b) Organized opposition parties, a middle class.
(c) Inherited aristocracy.
(d) Artists and bohemians.
13. What was the name of the committee in charge of government censorship?
(a) The Second of April Committee.
(b) The Decembrist Committee.
(c) The Comintern.
(d) The Homeland Purity Committee.
14. Who spread German Romantic philosophy in student circles?
(a) Nicholas Stankevich.
(b) Nikolai Gogol.
(c) Vissarion Belinksy.
(d) Pavel Annenkov.
15. What value did Herzen and Bakunin share?
(a) Church power.
(b) Individual liberty.
(c) Spiritual experience.
(d) State power.
Short Answer Questions
1. What were de Maistre's views?
2. How does Berlin describe Herzen's legacy?
3. How did the epoch that followed the Tsar's acts in the wake of the Decembrist Rebellions end?
4. How does Berlin describe Herzen's prose style?
5. What did Herzen predict in "From the Other Shore"?
This section contains 520 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)