|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Herzen predict in "From the Other Shore"?
(a) The triumph of Communism in Russia.
(b) The Thirty Years War.
(c) World War I.
(d) The decline of Europe.
2. What was the dominant philosophical movement of the second quarter of the nineteenth century in Russia?
(a) English Humanism.
(b) American Pragmatism.
(c) American Transcendentalism.
(d) German Romanticism.
3. How do Tolstoy and de Maistre's views differ?
(a) de Maistre was a Catholic reactionary.
(b) Tolstoy was a humanist.
(c) Tolstoy was an aristocrat.
(d) de Maistre was a conspirator against the Tsar.
4. What idea captured the imagination of the Russian intelligentsia?
(a) The pragmatic notion that industrial development requires the scientific application of social theories.
(b) The Romantic notion that each human society has an organic unity.
(c) The jingoistic notion that the soul of a people is visible in its arts and industry.
(d) The idea of racial purity and positive eugenics.
5. Whose novels did the Russian Intelligentsia influence?
6. How did the Intelligentsia see their role in society?
(a) They saw themselves as nationalists, building a new industrial nation out of the ruins of the feudal system.
(b) They saw themselves as proselytes, spreading a gospel of reason and faith in the arts.
(c) They saw themselves as aesthetes separate from questions of politics.
(d) They saw themselves as a secular priesthood undertaking a sacred mission of enlightenment.
7. What was de Maistre's position?
(a) He was the minister in charge of culture in Moscow.
(b) He was an envoy of the kingdom of Savoy to Russia.
(c) He was an attache to the Tsar.
(d) He was a landowner in Tolstoy's district.
8. What student of Stankevich's lectured on Western medieval history in Moscow?
9. How does Berlin describe Herzen's importance?
(a) Berlin describes him as a theorist whose ideas were popular for a short time.
(b) Berlin describes him as a moral thinker of the first importance.
(c) Berlin describes him as writer of no lasting importance.
(d) Berlin describes him as censor who had a powerful effect on Russian literature.
10. How was the period that followed the Tsar's acts known?
(a) A period of prosperity.
(b) A period of tolerance.
(c) A period of repression.
(d) A period of terror.
11. What was Turgenev's "negative Hegelianism?"
(a) Turgenev rejected a world soul, but embraced the critique of materialism.
(b) Turgenev saw Hegel's world spirit in the failure of reform movements in Russia.
(c) Turgenev saw evolution as an inverse fulfillment of the Hegelian world-spirit.
(d) Turgenev rejected materialism as the basis for political developments.
12. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
(b) As a shy aesthete.
(c) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
(d) As a highly original thinker.
13. How does Berlin characterize Bakunin's ideas?
(a) Revolutionary and dangerous.
(b) Innovative but ineffectual.
(c) Earnest but unoriginal.
(d) Unique and popular.
14. What writer supported the Tsar's acts?
(a) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(b) Leo Tolstoy.
(c) Nikolai Gogol.
(d) Alexander Pushkin.
15. How did Herzen see human society?
(a) Herzen saw human society as the victim of industrial expansion.
(b) Herzen saw human society as a spiritual reality in itself.
(c) Herzen saw human society as a number of connected--or disconnected--individuals.
(d) Herzen saw human society as the sum total of each individual's experiences.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Berlin describe the state of Russian culture in the mid-1800s?
2. Whose work did Bakunin expound paragraph by paragraph?
3. What was the name of the committee in charge of government censorship?
4. When did the Russian intelligentsia emerge from university?
5. What measures did the Tsar take to assert his values?
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