|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) A poor writer.
(b) An educated courtier.
(c) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(d) A conspirator against the Tsar.
2. What as Alexander Herzen's employment?
(a) He was an education minister.
(b) He was a censor in the government.
(c) He was a famous playwright.
(d) He was an effective publicist.
3. What did the Russian Intelligentsia invent?
(a) Personal-philosophical essays.
(b) A code for illicit communications.
(d) A type of social criticism.
4. What measures did the Tsar take to assert his values?
(a) He gave serfs and women the right to vote.
(b) He repressed all signs of dissent and unorthodoxy.
(c) He imprisoned his former supporters.
(d) He declared martial law.
5. Whom did Bakunin inspire during his travels?
(a) Italian laborers.
(b) The French bourgeoisie.
(c) German revolutionaries.
(d) Swiss watchmakers.
6. What was Hegel's appeal to Russian students?
(a) His theory of history seemed to predict Russian nationalism.
(b) His quasi-religious philosophy gave atheistic students something they could believe in.
(c) His world spirit seemed to prophesy the Russian Revolution.
(d) His idealism seemed like an escape from the squalor of Russia.
7. Where did the term "intelligentsia" come from?
(a) The Tsar had used it to demean effete thinkers.
(b) It was coined by the press during the Dreyfus Affair.
(c) It had always been a role in Russian society.
(d) It was invented in the mid-1800s.
8. How did the Tsar's political stance change after the Decembrist rebellion?
(a) He abandoned tradition.
(b) He moved away from reform.
(c) He stepped down.
(d) He adopted a series of reforms.
9. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
(a) Artists are prophets whose lives are instructive to the masses.
(b) Artists are only legitimate if they are bohemian: sloppy and irresponsible.
(c) Moral faults in the artist do not affect the artwork.
(d) Artists are the saviors and redeemers of culture.
10. How did censorship system work?
(a) It used paid informers to keep banned books from being written.
(b) It forced authors to publically recant having written banned books.
(c) It was a double censorship system.
(d) It relied on writers' self-censorship.
11. What were de Maistre's views?
(a) He satirized Enlightenment notions of progress.
(b) He attacked Enlightenment notions of progress.
(c) He advanced Enlightenment notions of progress.
(d) He developed Enlightenment notions of progress.
12. In what point do Annenkov and Herzen agree about Russian Intelligentsia?
(a) They were both disillusioned by the moral bankruptcy of the intelligentsia.
(b) They both experienced a profound camaraderie with the intelligentsia.
(c) They were both drawn to the romantic prospects of the movement.
(d) They were both repelled by the shallow optimism and naivete of the intelligentsia.
13. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a highly original thinker.
(b) As a shy aesthete.
(c) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
(d) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
14. Who was exiled to Siberia because of the trial of a group of conspirators?
(a) Alexander Pushkin.
(b) Leo Tolstoy.
(c) Nikolai Gogol.
(d) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
15. What did Herzen predict in "From the Other Shore"?
(a) World War I.
(b) The decline of Europe.
(c) The Thirty Years War.
(d) The triumph of Communism in Russia.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who wrote the memoir titled "The Birth of the Russian Intelligentsia"?
2. Who was the Tsar following the Decembrist rebellion?
3. Who spread German Romantic philosophy in student circles?
4. What features of European culture were missing in Russia in the 1830s and 40s?
5. What do foxes represent in the adage that "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
This section contains 591 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)