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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What events proved the limitation Tolstoy described?
(a) The development of Christianity.
(b) The industrial development of Russia.
(c) The Tsar's reforms.
(d) The Napoleonic battles.
2. What forces dominated Herzen's world?
(a) American pragmatism.
(b) English humanism.
(c) Roman republicanism.
(d) French and German romanticism.
3. Who was Mikhail Bakunin's mentor?
(a) Nicholas Stankevich.
(b) Pavel Annenkov.
(c) Vissarion Belinksy.
(d) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
4. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) A conspirator against the Tsar.
(b) An educated courtier.
(c) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(d) A poor writer.
5. When had the European states experienced revolution?
6. What was Turgenev's "negative Hegelianism?"
(a) Turgenev saw evolution as an inverse fulfillment of the Hegelian world-spirit.
(b) Turgenev rejected materialism as the basis for political developments.
(c) Turgenev rejected a world soul, but embraced the critique of materialism.
(d) Turgenev saw Hegel's world spirit in the failure of reform movements in Russia.
7. Whose writing was Russia "intellectually dependent" upon?
(a) Fichte and Schelling.
(b) Flaubert and Rousseau.
(c) Hume and Locke.
(d) Plato and Plotinus.
8. What does Berlin say Tolstoy felt guilty about?
(a) Having too much insight as an artist.
(b) Being too separate from the lives of the peasants.
(c) Having too much wealth as a landowner.
(d) Not having an overarching vision.
9. According to Berlin, what did Tolstoy have the greatest faith in?
(b) Divine causes.
(c) Individual experience.
10. What does Berlin say is underestimated in Tolstoy's legacy?
(a) His acute social commentary.
(b) His philosophy of history.
(c) His moral vision.
(d) His detailed descriptions.
11. What did the Tsar see himself as defending for his country?
(a) Civil rights for serfs and peasants.
(b) The property of landowners.
(c) Opportunity and liberty.
(d) Autocracy, religion and order.
12. In what point do Annenkov and Herzen agree about Russian Intelligentsia?
(a) They were both disillusioned by the moral bankruptcy of the intelligentsia.
(b) They both experienced a profound camaraderie with the intelligentsia.
(c) They were both drawn to the romantic prospects of the movement.
(d) They were both repelled by the shallow optimism and naivete of the intelligentsia.
13. What did Herzen see as the individual's role in history?
(a) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to fulfill his own nature.
(b) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to understand and cooperate with historical forces.
(c) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to manifest the universe's latent desires.
(d) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to heal society from the damages done by progress.
14. Where did the term "intelligentsia" come from?
(a) The Tsar had used it to demean effete thinkers.
(b) It was invented in the mid-1800s.
(c) It was coined by the press during the Dreyfus Affair.
(d) It had always been a role in Russian society.
15. How does Berlin describe Herzen's prose style?
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the Tsar see himself defending the country against?
2. How does Berlin describe Bakunin's personality?
3. What effect did German Romanticism have on Russian students?
4. How did the epoch that followed the Tsar's acts in the wake of the Decembrist Rebellions end?
5. Which thinker saw progress in the growth of national cultures?
This section contains 579 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)