|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
(a) Artists are prophets whose lives are instructive to the masses.
(b) Artists are only legitimate if they are bohemian: sloppy and irresponsible.
(c) Moral faults in the artist do not affect the artwork.
(d) Artists are the saviors and redeemers of culture.
2. What were de Maistre's views?
(a) He advanced Enlightenment notions of progress.
(b) He attacked Enlightenment notions of progress.
(c) He satirized Enlightenment notions of progress.
(d) He developed Enlightenment notions of progress.
3. How did Herzen see history?
(a) Herzen saw history as the mind of God thinking.
(b) Herzen saw history as a movement of spiritual forces.
(c) Herzen saw history as the narrative imposed after events.
(d) Herzen saw history as a mechanistic development.
4. How does Berlin describe progressive Romanticism?
(a) Progressive Romantics believed that intellectuals were responsible for the soul of the nation.
(b) Progressive Romantics believed that society was inevitably moving forward.
(c) Progressive Romantics believed that progress was going to come from industry and social reforms.
(d) Progressive Romantics believed that serfs would free themselves through violence.
5. What limitations did Tolstoy see as hindering human beings, according to Berlin?
(a) They cannot know all the influences that affect a moment.
(b) They remain divine creatures, even though they live earthly experiences.
(c) They cannot know the divine mind.
(d) They can never see life through each other's eyes.
6. When did the Russian intelligentsia emerge from university?
7. What policy of Peter the Great's had spawned the intelligentsia?
(a) Peter the Great instituted land reforms and made education more affordable to Russian peasants.
(b) Peter the Great acted as a patron of the arts and initiated a Renaissance in Russian arts and letters.
(c) Peter the Great sent the sons of aristocrats to Europe for education.
(d) Peter the Great invested heavily in bringing European intellectuals to Russia.
8. What value did Herzen and Bakunin share?
(a) Individual liberty.
(b) Church power.
(c) State power.
(d) Spiritual experience.
9. What events proved the limitation Tolstoy described?
(a) The Napoleonic battles.
(b) The Tsar's reforms.
(c) The industrial development of Russia.
(d) The development of Christianity.
10. How does Berlin describe Bakunin's personality?
(a) As polarizing.
(b) As magnetic.
(c) As shy and shrinking.
(d) As luminous.
11. What was the dominant philosophical movement of the second quarter of the nineteenth century in Russia?
(a) English Humanism.
(b) American Pragmatism.
(c) German Romanticism.
(d) American Transcendentalism.
12. What does Berlin say is underestimated in Tolstoy's legacy?
(a) His acute social commentary.
(b) His moral vision.
(c) His philosophy of history.
(d) His detailed descriptions.
13. How did the Intelligentsia see their role in society?
(a) They saw themselves as proselytes, spreading a gospel of reason and faith in the arts.
(b) They saw themselves as nationalists, building a new industrial nation out of the ruins of the feudal system.
(c) They saw themselves as a secular priesthood undertaking a sacred mission of enlightenment.
(d) They saw themselves as aesthetes separate from questions of politics.
14. What was Bakunin's relationship with Herzen?
(a) Bakunin learned his theories under Herzen's tutelage.
(b) Herzen was the better intellectual.
(c) Bakunin was inspired by Herzen's experience.
(d) Herzen was susceptible to Bakunin's improvident optimism.
15. What did Herzen predict in "From the Other Shore"?
(a) World War I.
(b) The decline of Europe.
(c) The triumph of Communism in Russia.
(d) The Thirty Years War.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who was the Tsar following the Decembrist rebellion?
2. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
3. According to Berlin, what did Tolstoy have the greatest faith in?
4. Which thinker affected Herzen?
5. What is the stereotype of the Russian intellectual?
This section contains 598 words
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