|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which thinker affected Herzen?
2. What was the dominant philosophical movement of the second quarter of the nineteenth century in Russia?
(a) American Pragmatism.
(b) American Transcendentalism.
(c) English Humanism.
(d) German Romanticism.
3. Where did de Maistre express his views?
(a) In books and letters.
(b) In the Tsar's court.
(c) In the church.
(d) In the streets of Moscow.
4. What mistake did Tsar Nicholas I make about European universities?
(a) He believed that English universities were the best, but he also believed that they were too expensive.
(b) He believed that German universities would give Russian students a good foundation in Slavic culture.
(c) He believed that German universities would not instill any revolutionary ideas in Russian students.
(d) He believed that German universities were safer than French universities.
5. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a highly original thinker.
(b) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
(c) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
(d) As a shy aesthete.
6. Who spread German Romantic philosophy in student circles?
(a) Pavel Annenkov.
(b) Nicholas Stankevich.
(c) Nikolai Gogol.
(d) Vissarion Belinksy.
7. What were de Maistre's views?
(a) He satirized Enlightenment notions of progress.
(b) He advanced Enlightenment notions of progress.
(c) He attacked Enlightenment notions of progress.
(d) He developed Enlightenment notions of progress.
8. How did authors fare in the mid-nineteenth-century Russian literary scene?
(a) They were free to publish political commentary and opinions without persecution.
(b) They published in underground magazines and pamphlets.
(c) They could publish their work, but sometimes had to be vague about their political meanings.
(d) They had difficulty getting their work into print, because the censors were so strict.
9. What idea captured the imagination of the Russian intelligentsia?
(a) The pragmatic notion that industrial development requires the scientific application of social theories.
(b) The jingoistic notion that the soul of a people is visible in its arts and industry.
(c) The idea of racial purity and positive eugenics.
(d) The Romantic notion that each human society has an organic unity.
10. Who was exiled to Siberia because of the trial of a group of conspirators?
(a) Nikolai Gogol.
(b) Leo Tolstoy.
(c) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(d) Alexander Pushkin.
11. How did Herzen see human society?
(a) Herzen saw human society as the sum total of each individual's experiences.
(b) Herzen saw human society as a spiritual reality in itself.
(c) Herzen saw human society as the victim of industrial expansion.
(d) Herzen saw human society as a number of connected--or disconnected--individuals.
12. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
(a) Artists are the saviors and redeemers of culture.
(b) Artists are prophets whose lives are instructive to the masses.
(c) Artists are only legitimate if they are bohemian: sloppy and irresponsible.
(d) Moral faults in the artist do not affect the artwork.
13. What measures did the Tsar take to assert his values?
(a) He imprisoned his former supporters.
(b) He repressed all signs of dissent and unorthodoxy.
(c) He declared martial law.
(d) He gave serfs and women the right to vote.
14. How did the epoch that followed the Tsar's acts in the wake of the Decembrist Rebellions end?
(a) With Tsar's conversion in 1845.
(b) With the Tsar's death in 1855.
(c) With the German invasion of 1848.
(d) With the Tsar's overthrow in 1850.
15. Which of the following describes Russian censorship during the middle of the nineteenth century?
(a) Censors intimidated writers who wrote subversive material.
(b) Censors persecuted the families of authors.
(c) Censors told writers what to write.
(d) Censors looked for subversive ideas.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which figure was prominent in the founding of the Russian Intelligentsia?
2. What was Bakunin's relationship with Herzen?
3. What does Berlin mean when he says that Tolstoy was a fox who believed in being a hedgehog?
4. What effect did German Romanticism have on Russian students?
5. Which thinker saw progress in the growth of national cultures?
This section contains 724 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)