|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Berlin, what did Tolstoy have the greatest faith in?
(a) Individual experience.
(b) Divine causes.
2. How does Berlin describe conservative Romantics?
(a) Conservative Romantics believed that mechanical reforms would not work without a deep understanding of the Russian soul
(b) Conservative Romantics believed that the best progress was a return to traditional Russian values.
(c) Conservative Romantics believed that progress was a trap, and that the only way out would be to develop Russian nationalism.
(d) Conservative Romantics believed that intellectuals could thrive without changing the aristocratic government.
3. How do Tolstoy and de Maistre's views differ?
(a) Tolstoy was an aristocrat.
(b) de Maistre was a Catholic reactionary.
(c) Tolstoy was a humanist.
(d) de Maistre was a conspirator against the Tsar.
4. What did the Tsar see himself defending the country against?
(a) Anarchist mobs.
(b) Selfish aristocrats.
(c) Reforms in land ownership and use.
(d) Atheism, liberalism and revolution.
5. What limitations did Tolstoy see as hindering human beings, according to Berlin?
(a) They can never see life through each other's eyes.
(b) They remain divine creatures, even though they live earthly experiences.
(c) They cannot know the divine mind.
(d) They cannot know all the influences that affect a moment.
6. Who was Mikhail Bakunin's mentor?
(a) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(b) Nicholas Stankevich.
(c) Pavel Annenkov.
(d) Vissarion Belinksy.
7. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) An educated courtier.
(b) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(c) A conspirator against the Tsar.
(d) A poor writer.
8. How does Berlin describe Herzen's importance?
(a) Berlin describes him as a moral thinker of the first importance.
(b) Berlin describes him as censor who had a powerful effect on Russian literature.
(c) Berlin describes him as writer of no lasting importance.
(d) Berlin describes him as a theorist whose ideas were popular for a short time.
9. Whose novels did the Russian Intelligentsia influence?
10. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
(a) Artists are the saviors and redeemers of culture.
(b) Moral faults in the artist do not affect the artwork.
(c) Artists are prophets whose lives are instructive to the masses.
(d) Artists are only legitimate if they are bohemian: sloppy and irresponsible.
11. How did authors fare in the mid-nineteenth-century Russian literary scene?
(a) They published in underground magazines and pamphlets.
(b) They were free to publish political commentary and opinions without persecution.
(c) They could publish their work, but sometimes had to be vague about their political meanings.
(d) They had difficulty getting their work into print, because the censors were so strict.
12. What did Herzen predict in "From the Other Shore"?
(a) The triumph of Communism in Russia.
(b) World War I.
(c) The decline of Europe.
(d) The Thirty Years War.
13. What part of Tolstoy's legacy do critics praise?
(a) His theorizing.
(b) His chronicler of human experience.
(c) His symbolic descriptions.
(d) His moralizing.
14. What did the Russian Intelligentsia invent?
(a) A type of social criticism.
(b) Personal-philosophical essays.
(d) A code for illicit communications.
15. What was Bakunin's relationship with Herzen?
(a) Herzen was the better intellectual.
(b) Bakunin was inspired by Herzen's experience.
(c) Bakunin learned his theories under Herzen's tutelage.
(d) Herzen was susceptible to Bakunin's improvident optimism.
Short Answer Questions
1. Whom did Bakunin inspire during his travels?
2. What do hedgehogs represent in the adage that "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
3. How does Berlin describe Bakunin's personality?
4. How does Berlin describe Herzen's prose style?
5. How was the period that followed the Tsar's acts known?
This section contains 586 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)