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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the relationship between literature and politics in mid-nineteenth century Russia?
(a) Literature reacted to political events.
(b) Politics was transposed onto literature.
(c) Politics followed road maps laid out in literature.
(d) Literature prophesied political developments.
2. What did the Russian Intelligentsia invent?
(a) A type of social criticism.
(c) Personal-philosophical essays.
(d) A code for illicit communications.
3. How did the Tsar's political stance change after the Decembrist rebellion?
(a) He abandoned tradition.
(b) He adopted a series of reforms.
(c) He moved away from reform.
(d) He stepped down.
4. Which of the following describes Russian censorship during the middle of the nineteenth century?
(a) Censors looked for subversive ideas.
(b) Censors persecuted the families of authors.
(c) Censors intimidated writers who wrote subversive material.
(d) Censors told writers what to write.
5. What was Pavel Annekov's role in Russian culture?
(a) Serious critic.
(b) Essayist and revolutionary.
(c) Writer and activist.
(d) Intellectual tourist.
6. How did Herzen see history?
(a) Herzen saw history as a mechanistic development.
(b) Herzen saw history as the narrative imposed after events.
(c) Herzen saw history as a movement of spiritual forces.
(d) Herzen saw history as the mind of God thinking.
7. When had the European states experienced revolution?
8. What limitations did Tolstoy see as hindering human beings, according to Berlin?
(a) They cannot know all the influences that affect a moment.
(b) They remain divine creatures, even though they live earthly experiences.
(c) They cannot know the divine mind.
(d) They can never see life through each other's eyes.
9. What movement was responsible for bringing politics into literature in mid-nineteenth-century Russian literature?
(b) Land reform.
(c) Romantic philosophy.
10. Whose work did Bakunin expound paragraph by paragraph?
11. What popular idea did Herzen disagree with?
(a) Herzen disagreed with the notion of a pattern in historical events.
(b) Herzen disagreed with the notion of state power as a justification for violence.
(c) Herzen disagreed with the notion of individual freedom.
(d) Herzen disagreed with the notion that peasants deserve representation in government.
12. Whose novels did the Russian Intelligentsia influence?
13. How does Berlin characterize Bakunin's ideas?
(a) Revolutionary and dangerous.
(b) Unique and popular.
(c) Earnest but unoriginal.
(d) Innovative but ineffectual.
14. What had been the outcome of the European states' revolution?
(a) The Thirty-Years' War.
(b) A new era of peace.
(c) Napoleonic wars.
(d) The revolution failed.
15. What as Alexander Herzen's employment?
(a) He was a censor in the government.
(b) He was an education minister.
(c) He was a famous playwright.
(d) He was an effective publicist.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
2. How did censorship system work?
3. According to Berlin, what did Tolstoy have the greatest faith in?
4. Who spread German Romantic philosophy in student circles?
5. What value did Herzen and Bakunin share?
This section contains 525 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)