|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did Herzen see history?
(a) Herzen saw history as a mechanistic development.
(b) Herzen saw history as the mind of God thinking.
(c) Herzen saw history as the narrative imposed after events.
(d) Herzen saw history as a movement of spiritual forces.
2. How did the epoch that followed the Tsar's acts in the wake of the Decembrist Rebellions end?
(a) With the Tsar's death in 1855.
(b) With the Tsar's overthrow in 1850.
(c) With the German invasion of 1848.
(d) With Tsar's conversion in 1845.
3. What did Tolstoy believe was the only way to access truth and reason?
(a) Spiritual transcendence.
(b) Historical awareness.
(c) Human experience.
(d) Transcendental experience.
4. What does Berlin mean when he says that Tolstoy was a fox who believed in being a hedgehog?
(a) He subscribed to an abstract vision of life, but tried to present life in detail.
(b) He presented life in detail, but developed an overarching moral vision.
(c) He described the moral plan of the universe in symbolic language.
(d) He presented life in detail, with each detail providing evidence of an overarching universal plan.
5. How was the period that followed the Tsar's acts known?
(a) A period of tolerance.
(b) A period of repression.
(c) A period of prosperity.
(d) A period of terror.
6. What dictum of Schelling's represented the Russian literary scene in the nineteenth century?
(a) The arts are the last thing to change in a culture.
(b) Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world.
(c) Writers capture the times better than sociologists do.
(d) Idealism lives in literature but grows old and dies in prison.
7. How did the writer who supported the Tsar present the Tsar's acts?
(a) He presented even serfdom as divinely ordained.
(b) He justified the aristocracy's use of violence.
(c) He proclaimed the natural rights of man.
(d) He denounced the Tsar's opponents.
8. What were de Maistre's views?
(a) He attacked Enlightenment notions of progress.
(b) He satirized Enlightenment notions of progress.
(c) He advanced Enlightenment notions of progress.
(d) He developed Enlightenment notions of progress.
9. What, according to Berlin, did Tolstoy see as futile?
(a) Searching for grand designs in events.
(b) Transcendent experience.
(c) Sharing experience between two people.
(d) Fulfilling individual experience.
10. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) An educated courtier.
(b) A poor writer.
(c) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(d) A conspirator against the Tsar.
11. What did the Tsar see himself as defending for his country?
(a) Opportunity and liberty.
(b) Civil rights for serfs and peasants.
(c) Autocracy, religion and order.
(d) The property of landowners.
12. What measures did the Tsar take to assert his values?
(a) He declared martial law.
(b) He imprisoned his former supporters.
(c) He gave serfs and women the right to vote.
(d) He repressed all signs of dissent and unorthodoxy.
13. What writer supported the Tsar's acts?
(a) Alexander Pushkin.
(b) Leo Tolstoy.
(c) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(d) Nikolai Gogol.
14. Whom did Bakunin inspire during his travels?
(a) Swiss watchmakers.
(b) German revolutionaries.
(c) The French bourgeoisie.
(d) Italian laborers.
15. What policy of Peter the Great's had spawned the intelligentsia?
(a) Peter the Great acted as a patron of the arts and initiated a Renaissance in Russian arts and letters.
(b) Peter the Great instituted land reforms and made education more affordable to Russian peasants.
(c) Peter the Great invested heavily in bringing European intellectuals to Russia.
(d) Peter the Great sent the sons of aristocrats to Europe for education.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the Tsar see himself defending the country against?
2. What events proved the limitation Tolstoy described?
3. What was Bakunin's relationship with Herzen?
4. How does Berlin describe Herzen's prose style?
5. What had been the outcome of the European states' revolution?
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