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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What effect did German Romanticism have on Russian students?
(a) It made them dissolute and morally bankrupt.
(b) It made them resentful of the social distinctions they inherited with their culture.
(c) It demanded a commitment to social and national causes.
(d) It made them hungry for violent rebellion and abrupt social change.
2. What advantages did Hegel's theories have for Bakunin?
(a) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his optimism in Russia's future.
(b) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify aesthetics and physical labor.
(c) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify both rebellion and obedience.
(d) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his loathing of Russian politics.
3. What was Pavel Annekov's role in Russian culture?
(a) Intellectual tourist.
(b) Writer and activist.
(c) Essayist and revolutionary.
(d) Serious critic.
4. How did Herzen see history?
(a) Herzen saw history as a movement of spiritual forces.
(b) Herzen saw history as the narrative imposed after events.
(c) Herzen saw history as the mind of God thinking.
(d) Herzen saw history as a mechanistic development.
5. What were de Maistre's views?
(a) He attacked Enlightenment notions of progress.
(b) He satirized Enlightenment notions of progress.
(c) He developed Enlightenment notions of progress.
(d) He advanced Enlightenment notions of progress.
6. What forces dominated Herzen's world?
(a) English humanism.
(b) American pragmatism.
(c) French and German romanticism.
(d) Roman republicanism.
7. How does Berlin describe Bakunin's personality?
(a) As polarizing.
(b) As shy and shrinking.
(c) As luminous.
(d) As magnetic.
8. How do Tolstoy and de Maistre's views differ?
(a) Tolstoy was an aristocrat.
(b) de Maistre was a Catholic reactionary.
(c) de Maistre was a conspirator against the Tsar.
(d) Tolstoy was a humanist.
9. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
(a) Artists are prophets whose lives are instructive to the masses.
(b) Artists are only legitimate if they are bohemian: sloppy and irresponsible.
(c) Moral faults in the artist do not affect the artwork.
(d) Artists are the saviors and redeemers of culture.
10. How was the period that followed the Tsar's acts known?
(a) A period of terror.
(b) A period of repression.
(c) A period of prosperity.
(d) A period of tolerance.
11. How does Berlin describe Herzen's legacy?
(a) He sees Herzen as a momentary celebrity.
(b) He sees Herzen as a founder of Russian literature.
(c) He sees Herzen as underestimated.
(d) He sees Herzen as overvalued.
12. How did Herzen and Bakunin express the value they shared?
(a) In conspiring against the government.
(b) In censoring anti-religious writing.
(c) In proselytizing for the church.
(d) In their writing and activism.
13. What did the Russian Intelligentsia invent?
(a) A code for illicit communications.
(b) Personal-philosophical essays.
(d) A type of social criticism.
14. What writer supported the Tsar's acts?
(a) Alexander Pushkin.
(b) Leo Tolstoy.
(c) Nikolai Gogol.
(d) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
15. Which thinker saw progress in the growth of national cultures?
Short Answer Questions
1. What insight did Herzen value in the thinkers who influenced him?
2. What did the Tsar see himself as defending for his country?
3. How did the Intelligentsia see their role in society?
4. Where did de Maistre express his views?
5. What as Alexander Herzen's employment?
This section contains 630 words
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