|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where did the term "intelligentsia" come from?
(a) It was invented in the mid-1800s.
(b) It had always been a role in Russian society.
(c) It was coined by the press during the Dreyfus Affair.
(d) The Tsar had used it to demean effete thinkers.
2. How does Berlin describe the state of Russian culture in the mid-1800s?
(a) A police state.
(b) A thriving renaissance.
(c) A powder keg on the verge of revolution.
(d) A moral and intellectual vacuum.
3. What did the Tsar see himself as defending for his country?
(a) The property of landowners.
(b) Opportunity and liberty.
(c) Civil rights for serfs and peasants.
(d) Autocracy, religion and order.
4. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
(a) Artists are prophets whose lives are instructive to the masses.
(b) Artists are the saviors and redeemers of culture.
(c) Moral faults in the artist do not affect the artwork.
(d) Artists are only legitimate if they are bohemian: sloppy and irresponsible.
5. What did the Tsar see himself defending the country against?
(a) Reforms in land ownership and use.
(b) Atheism, liberalism and revolution.
(c) Anarchist mobs.
(d) Selfish aristocrats.
6. When did the Russian intelligentsia emerge from university?
7. What popular idea did Herzen disagree with?
(a) Herzen disagreed with the notion of state power as a justification for violence.
(b) Herzen disagreed with the notion of individual freedom.
(c) Herzen disagreed with the notion that peasants deserve representation in government.
(d) Herzen disagreed with the notion of a pattern in historical events.
8. What features of European culture were missing in Russia in the 1830s and 40s?
(a) Inherited aristocracy.
(b) Organized opposition parties, a middle class.
(c) Industrial cities.
(d) Artists and bohemians.
9. What events proved the limitation Tolstoy described?
(a) The development of Christianity.
(b) The Tsar's reforms.
(c) The Napoleonic battles.
(d) The industrial development of Russia.
10. What does Berlin say is underestimated in Tolstoy's legacy?
(a) His detailed descriptions.
(b) His moral vision.
(c) His philosophy of history.
(d) His acute social commentary.
11. What, according to Berlin, did Tolstoy see as futile?
(a) Searching for grand designs in events.
(b) Transcendent experience.
(c) Sharing experience between two people.
(d) Fulfilling individual experience.
12. What effect did German Romanticism have on Russian students?
(a) It made them dissolute and morally bankrupt.
(b) It made them resentful of the social distinctions they inherited with their culture.
(c) It demanded a commitment to social and national causes.
(d) It made them hungry for violent rebellion and abrupt social change.
13. Who spread German Romantic philosophy in student circles?
(a) Pavel Annenkov.
(b) Nikolai Gogol.
(c) Vissarion Belinksy.
(d) Nicholas Stankevich.
14. According to Berlin, what did Tolstoy have the greatest faith in?
(a) Individual experience.
(d) Divine causes.
15. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) A poor writer.
(b) A conspirator against the Tsar.
(c) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(d) An educated courtier.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Herzen predict in "From the Other Shore"?
2. How was the period that followed the Tsar's acts known?
3. What forces dominated Herzen's world?
4. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
5. What dictum of Schelling's represented the Russian literary scene in the nineteenth century?
This section contains 588 words
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