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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was Tolstoy's relationship with Joseph de Maistre?
(a) They were co-conspirators.
(b) Tolstoy was de Maistre's father-in-law.
(c) They shared similar views.
(d) de Maistre censored Tolstoy.
2. How did the Intelligentsia see their role in society?
(a) They saw themselves as proselytes, spreading a gospel of reason and faith in the arts.
(b) They saw themselves as aesthetes separate from questions of politics.
(c) They saw themselves as nationalists, building a new industrial nation out of the ruins of the feudal system.
(d) They saw themselves as a secular priesthood undertaking a sacred mission of enlightenment.
3. Whose writing was Russia "intellectually dependent" upon?
(a) Hume and Locke.
(b) Flaubert and Rousseau.
(c) Plato and Plotinus.
(d) Fichte and Schelling.
4. What events proved the limitation Tolstoy described?
(a) The industrial development of Russia.
(b) The development of Christianity.
(c) The Tsar's reforms.
(d) The Napoleonic battles.
5. How did Herzen see human society?
(a) Herzen saw human society as the sum total of each individual's experiences.
(b) Herzen saw human society as a spiritual reality in itself.
(c) Herzen saw human society as a number of connected--or disconnected--individuals.
(d) Herzen saw human society as the victim of industrial expansion.
6. What do foxes represent in the adage that "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
(c) The concreteness of experience.
(d) Political calculations.
7. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a shy aesthete.
(b) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
(c) As a highly original thinker.
(d) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
8. What, according to Berlin, did Tolstoy see as futile?
(a) Searching for grand designs in events.
(b) Sharing experience between two people.
(c) Transcendent experience.
(d) Fulfilling individual experience.
9. What value came first for Herzen?
(a) Human dignity.
(c) Equality of the sexes.
(d) Social justice.
10. Whom did Bakunin inspire during his travels?
(a) German revolutionaries.
(b) The French bourgeoisie.
(c) Swiss watchmakers.
(d) Italian laborers.
11. How does Berlin describe progressive Romanticism?
(a) Progressive Romantics believed that intellectuals were responsible for the soul of the nation.
(b) Progressive Romantics believed that serfs would free themselves through violence.
(c) Progressive Romantics believed that society was inevitably moving forward.
(d) Progressive Romantics believed that progress was going to come from industry and social reforms.
12. What did Tolstoy believe was the only way to access truth and reason?
(a) Historical awareness.
(b) Human experience.
(c) Spiritual transcendence.
(d) Transcendental experience.
13. Who said, "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
14. When did the Decembrist rebellion take place?
15. What writer supported the Tsar's acts?
(a) Leo Tolstoy.
(b) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(c) Alexander Pushkin.
(d) Nikolai Gogol.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
2. What did Herzen see as the individual's role in history?
3. What effect did German Romanticism have on Russian students?
4. How did Herzen and Bakunin express the value they shared?
5. Who was Mikhail Bakunin's mentor?
This section contains 599 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)