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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What advantages did Hegel's theories have for Bakunin?
(a) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify aesthetics and physical labor.
(b) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify both rebellion and obedience.
(c) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his optimism in Russia's future.
(d) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his loathing of Russian politics.
2. Who was the Tsar following the Decembrist rebellion?
(c) Nicholas I.
(d) Nicholas II.
3. How did the epoch that followed the Tsar's acts in the wake of the Decembrist Rebellions end?
(a) With the Tsar's death in 1855.
(b) With the Tsar's overthrow in 1850.
(c) With Tsar's conversion in 1845.
(d) With the German invasion of 1848.
4. What was de Maistre's position?
(a) He was a landowner in Tolstoy's district.
(b) He was an envoy of the kingdom of Savoy to Russia.
(c) He was the minister in charge of culture in Moscow.
(d) He was an attache to the Tsar.
5. What was Pavel Annekov's role in Russian culture?
(a) Serious critic.
(b) Essayist and revolutionary.
(c) Writer and activist.
(d) Intellectual tourist.
6. What does Berlin mean when he says that Tolstoy was a fox who believed in being a hedgehog?
(a) He presented life in detail, with each detail providing evidence of an overarching universal plan.
(b) He described the moral plan of the universe in symbolic language.
(c) He presented life in detail, but developed an overarching moral vision.
(d) He subscribed to an abstract vision of life, but tried to present life in detail.
7. What value did Herzen and Bakunin share?
(a) Individual liberty.
(b) Church power.
(c) Spiritual experience.
(d) State power.
8. What did Herzen predict in "From the Other Shore"?
(a) World War I.
(b) The Thirty Years War.
(c) The triumph of Communism in Russia.
(d) The decline of Europe.
9. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a highly original thinker.
(b) As a shy aesthete.
(c) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
(d) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
10. What did the Tsar see himself defending the country against?
(a) Selfish aristocrats.
(b) Atheism, liberalism and revolution.
(c) Anarchist mobs.
(d) Reforms in land ownership and use.
11. What was Bakunin's relationship with Herzen?
(a) Herzen was susceptible to Bakunin's improvident optimism.
(b) Bakunin was inspired by Herzen's experience.
(c) Bakunin learned his theories under Herzen's tutelage.
(d) Herzen was the better intellectual.
12. What social movement did the Russian Intelligentsia contribute to?
(c) A new round of social reforms.
(d) The Russian Revolution.
13. Who spread German Romantic philosophy in student circles?
(a) Pavel Annenkov.
(b) Nicholas Stankevich.
(c) Nikolai Gogol.
(d) Vissarion Belinksy.
14. What did Herzen see as the individual's role in history?
(a) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to fulfill his own nature.
(b) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to heal society from the damages done by progress.
(c) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to understand and cooperate with historical forces.
(d) Herzen saw as the individual's role in history as an obligation to manifest the universe's latent desires.
15. Whose writing was Russia "intellectually dependent" upon?
(a) Hume and Locke.
(b) Flaubert and Rousseau.
(c) Fichte and Schelling.
(d) Plato and Plotinus.
Short Answer Questions
1. Whose work did Bakunin expound paragraph by paragraph?
2. What effect did German Romanticism have on Russian students?
3. Which thinker affected Herzen?
4. How do Tolstoy and de Maistre's views differ?
5. Which of the following describes Russian censorship during the middle of the nineteenth century?
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