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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the stereotype of the Russian intellectual?
(a) Crabby and self-defeating.
(b) Reform-minded and logical.
(c) Gloomy and pessimistic.
(d) Romantic and progressive.
2. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a highly original thinker.
(b) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
(c) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
(d) As a shy aesthete.
3. Which figure was prominent in the founding of the Russian Intelligentsia?
(a) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(b) Ivan Turgenev.
(c) Leo Tolstoy.
(d) Alexander Pushkin.
4. What conspiracy against the Tsar did the censorship program discover?
(a) The Petrashevsky Circle.
(b) The Moscow threat.
(c) The Decembrists.
(d) The Molotov anarchists.
5. How does Berlin describe Bakunin's personality?
(a) As magnetic.
(b) As polarizing.
(c) As luminous.
(d) As shy and shrinking.
6. What part of Tolstoy's legacy do critics praise?
(a) His theorizing.
(b) His symbolic descriptions.
(c) His moralizing.
(d) His chronicler of human experience.
7. How did the Intelligentsia see their role in society?
(a) They saw themselves as a secular priesthood undertaking a sacred mission of enlightenment.
(b) They saw themselves as nationalists, building a new industrial nation out of the ruins of the feudal system.
(c) They saw themselves as aesthetes separate from questions of politics.
(d) They saw themselves as proselytes, spreading a gospel of reason and faith in the arts.
8. What advantages did Hegel's theories have for Bakunin?
(a) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify both rebellion and obedience.
(b) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his optimism in Russia's future.
(c) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify aesthetics and physical labor.
(d) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his loathing of Russian politics.
9. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(b) An educated courtier.
(c) A conspirator against the Tsar.
(d) A poor writer.
10. What popular idea did Herzen disagree with?
(a) Herzen disagreed with the notion of state power as a justification for violence.
(b) Herzen disagreed with the notion that peasants deserve representation in government.
(c) Herzen disagreed with the notion of individual freedom.
(d) Herzen disagreed with the notion of a pattern in historical events.
11. What does Berlin say Tolstoy felt guilty about?
(a) Not having an overarching vision.
(b) Having too much wealth as a landowner.
(c) Having too much insight as an artist.
(d) Being too separate from the lives of the peasants.
12. What was the name of the committee in charge of government censorship?
(a) The Second of April Committee.
(b) The Homeland Purity Committee.
(c) The Decembrist Committee.
(d) The Comintern.
13. What was Bakunin's relationship with Herzen?
(a) Bakunin learned his theories under Herzen's tutelage.
(b) Herzen was susceptible to Bakunin's improvident optimism.
(c) Bakunin was inspired by Herzen's experience.
(d) Herzen was the better intellectual.
14. Who wrote the memoir titled "The Birth of the Russian Intelligentsia"?
(a) Pavel Annenkov.
(b) Alexander Herzen.
(c) Vissarion Belinksy.
(d) Ivan Turgenev.
15. How does Berlin characterize Bakunin's ideas?
(a) Unique and popular.
(b) Innovative but ineffectual.
(c) Revolutionary and dangerous.
(d) Earnest but unoriginal.
Short Answer Questions
1. What social movement did the Russian Intelligentsia contribute to?
2. What was Hegel's appeal to Russian students?
3. Who was the Tsar following the Decembrist rebellion?
4. What value did Herzen and Bakunin share?
5. What features of European culture were missing in Russia in the 1830s and 40s?
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