|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Berlin describe Herzen's importance?
(a) Berlin describes him as censor who had a powerful effect on Russian literature.
(b) Berlin describes him as a moral thinker of the first importance.
(c) Berlin describes him as writer of no lasting importance.
(d) Berlin describes him as a theorist whose ideas were popular for a short time.
2. What policy of Peter the Great's had spawned the intelligentsia?
(a) Peter the Great acted as a patron of the arts and initiated a Renaissance in Russian arts and letters.
(b) Peter the Great invested heavily in bringing European intellectuals to Russia.
(c) Peter the Great instituted land reforms and made education more affordable to Russian peasants.
(d) Peter the Great sent the sons of aristocrats to Europe for education.
3. According to Berlin, what did Tolstoy have the greatest faith in?
(c) Divine causes.
(d) Individual experience.
4. Which figure was prominent in the founding of the Russian Intelligentsia?
(a) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(b) Ivan Turgenev.
(c) Leo Tolstoy.
(d) Alexander Pushkin.
5. Where did de Maistre express his views?
(a) In books and letters.
(b) In the church.
(c) In the Tsar's court.
(d) In the streets of Moscow.
6. How did the Tsar's political stance change after the Decembrist rebellion?
(a) He adopted a series of reforms.
(b) He moved away from reform.
(c) He stepped down.
(d) He abandoned tradition.
7. When did the Russian intelligentsia emerge from university?
8. How did Herzen see history?
(a) Herzen saw history as a mechanistic development.
(b) Herzen saw history as the narrative imposed after events.
(c) Herzen saw history as a movement of spiritual forces.
(d) Herzen saw history as the mind of God thinking.
9. What popular idea did Herzen disagree with?
(a) Herzen disagreed with the notion of a pattern in historical events.
(b) Herzen disagreed with the notion of state power as a justification for violence.
(c) Herzen disagreed with the notion that peasants deserve representation in government.
(d) Herzen disagreed with the notion of individual freedom.
10. Who was exiled to Siberia because of the trial of a group of conspirators?
(a) Leo Tolstoy.
(b) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(c) Alexander Pushkin.
(d) Nikolai Gogol.
11. Whose writing was Russia "intellectually dependent" upon?
(a) Flaubert and Rousseau.
(b) Plato and Plotinus.
(c) Hume and Locke.
(d) Fichte and Schelling.
12. What insight did Herzen value in the thinkers who influenced him?
(a) He liked the notion of a godless world motivated by individual actions.
(b) He liked the concept of a clocklike divinity and an ordered universe.
(c) He liked the idea of a spiritual core to human society.
(d) He liked the idea of a total divinity that determined every detail of the universe.
13. How does Berlin describe Herzen's legacy?
(a) He sees Herzen as overvalued.
(b) He sees Herzen as a founder of Russian literature.
(c) He sees Herzen as underestimated.
(d) He sees Herzen as a momentary celebrity.
14. What, according to Berlin, did Tolstoy see as futile?
(a) Fulfilling individual experience.
(b) Transcendent experience.
(c) Sharing experience between two people.
(d) Searching for grand designs in events.
15. What advantages did Hegel's theories have for Bakunin?
(a) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his optimism in Russia's future.
(b) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify both rebellion and obedience.
(c) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his loathing of Russian politics.
(d) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify aesthetics and physical labor.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was Bakunin's relationship with Herzen?
2. What dictum of Schelling's represented the Russian literary scene in the nineteenth century?
3. How does Berlin describe conservative Romantics?
4. What does Berlin say is underestimated in Tolstoy's legacy?
5. What was de Maistre's position?
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