|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Whose writing was Russia "intellectually dependent" upon?
(a) Plato and Plotinus.
(b) Fichte and Schelling.
(c) Flaubert and Rousseau.
(d) Hume and Locke.
2. Whose work did Bakunin expound paragraph by paragraph?
3. What was Turgenev's "negative Hegelianism?"
(a) Turgenev saw evolution as an inverse fulfillment of the Hegelian world-spirit.
(b) Turgenev rejected a world soul, but embraced the critique of materialism.
(c) Turgenev rejected materialism as the basis for political developments.
(d) Turgenev saw Hegel's world spirit in the failure of reform movements in Russia.
4. Where did de Maistre express his views?
(a) In books and letters.
(b) In the streets of Moscow.
(c) In the Tsar's court.
(d) In the church.
5. What events proved the limitation Tolstoy described?
(a) The development of Christianity.
(b) The Napoleonic battles.
(c) The Tsar's reforms.
(d) The industrial development of Russia.
6. Who spread German Romantic philosophy in student circles?
(a) Nikolai Gogol.
(b) Nicholas Stankevich.
(c) Vissarion Belinksy.
(d) Pavel Annenkov.
7. What as Alexander Herzen's employment?
(a) He was a famous playwright.
(b) He was an education minister.
(c) He was a censor in the government.
(d) He was an effective publicist.
8. What do foxes represent in the adage that "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
(a) Political calculations.
(c) The concreteness of experience.
9. How does Berlin describe Herzen's importance?
(a) Berlin describes him as censor who had a powerful effect on Russian literature.
(b) Berlin describes him as a moral thinker of the first importance.
(c) Berlin describes him as writer of no lasting importance.
(d) Berlin describes him as a theorist whose ideas were popular for a short time.
10. How did Herzen and Bakunin express the value they shared?
(a) In their writing and activism.
(b) In proselytizing for the church.
(c) In censoring anti-religious writing.
(d) In conspiring against the government.
11. Who said, "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
12. When did the Decembrist rebellion take place?
13. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a highly original thinker.
(b) As a shy aesthete.
(c) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
(d) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
14. What policy of Peter the Great's had spawned the intelligentsia?
(a) Peter the Great acted as a patron of the arts and initiated a Renaissance in Russian arts and letters.
(b) Peter the Great sent the sons of aristocrats to Europe for education.
(c) Peter the Great invested heavily in bringing European intellectuals to Russia.
(d) Peter the Great instituted land reforms and made education more affordable to Russian peasants.
15. What measures did the Tsar take to assert his values?
(a) He repressed all signs of dissent and unorthodoxy.
(b) He imprisoned his former supporters.
(c) He declared martial law.
(d) He gave serfs and women the right to vote.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Herzen see as the individual's role in history?
2. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
3. What was the relationship between literature and politics in mid-nineteenth century Russia?
4. How did the Intelligentsia see their role in society?
5. Who wrote the memoir titled "The Birth of the Russian Intelligentsia"?
This section contains 685 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)