|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
(a) Artists are the saviors and redeemers of culture.
(b) Artists are only legitimate if they are bohemian: sloppy and irresponsible.
(c) Artists are prophets whose lives are instructive to the masses.
(d) Moral faults in the artist do not affect the artwork.
2. How was the period that followed the Tsar's acts known?
(a) A period of prosperity.
(b) A period of terror.
(c) A period of tolerance.
(d) A period of repression.
3. When had the European states experienced revolution?
4. How does Berlin describe Bakunin's personality?
(a) As polarizing.
(b) As luminous.
(c) As shy and shrinking.
(d) As magnetic.
5. What advantages did Hegel's theories have for Bakunin?
(a) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his optimism in Russia's future.
(b) Hegel's idealism let Bakunin justify his loathing of Russian politics.
(c) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify both rebellion and obedience.
(d) Hegel's contradictions let Bakunin justify aesthetics and physical labor.
6. Which thinker affected Herzen?
7. What conspiracy against the Tsar did the censorship program discover?
(a) The Molotov anarchists.
(b) The Moscow threat.
(c) The Decembrists.
(d) The Petrashevsky Circle.
8. What did the Tsar see himself defending the country against?
(a) Reforms in land ownership and use.
(b) Anarchist mobs.
(c) Selfish aristocrats.
(d) Atheism, liberalism and revolution.
9. What as Alexander Herzen's employment?
(a) He was a famous playwright.
(b) He was a censor in the government.
(c) He was an effective publicist.
(d) He was an education minister.
10. Where did de Maistre express his views?
(a) In the streets of Moscow.
(b) In the church.
(c) In books and letters.
(d) In the Tsar's court.
11. How did the Tsar's political stance change after the Decembrist rebellion?
(a) He adopted a series of reforms.
(b) He stepped down.
(c) He abandoned tradition.
(d) He moved away from reform.
12. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a shy aesthete.
(b) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
(c) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
(d) As a highly original thinker.
13. What mistake did Tsar Nicholas I make about European universities?
(a) He believed that English universities were the best, but he also believed that they were too expensive.
(b) He believed that German universities would give Russian students a good foundation in Slavic culture.
(c) He believed that German universities were safer than French universities.
(d) He believed that German universities would not instill any revolutionary ideas in Russian students.
14. Who spread German Romantic philosophy in student circles?
(a) Nicholas Stankevich.
(b) Pavel Annenkov.
(c) Vissarion Belinksy.
(d) Nikolai Gogol.
15. What had been the outcome of the European states' revolution?
(a) A new era of peace.
(b) Napoleonic wars.
(c) The revolution failed.
(d) The Thirty-Years' War.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Herzen see as the individual's role in history?
2. Which thinker saw progress in the growth of national cultures?
3. What social movement did the Russian Intelligentsia contribute to?
4. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
5. Who was exiled to Siberia because of the trial of a group of conspirators?
This section contains 571 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)