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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What had been the outcome of the European states' revolution?
(a) The revolution failed.
(b) A new era of peace.
(c) The Thirty-Years' War.
(d) Napoleonic wars.
2. Who was exiled to Siberia because of the trial of a group of conspirators?
(a) Alexander Pushkin.
(b) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(c) Leo Tolstoy.
(d) Nikolai Gogol.
3. How does Berlin describe the state of Russian culture in the mid-1800s?
(a) A powder keg on the verge of revolution.
(b) A police state.
(c) A moral and intellectual vacuum.
(d) A thriving renaissance.
4. What was the relationship between literature and politics in mid-nineteenth century Russia?
(a) Literature prophesied political developments.
(b) Politics followed road maps laid out in literature.
(c) Politics was transposed onto literature.
(d) Literature reacted to political events.
5. Whom did Bakunin inspire during his travels?
(a) Swiss watchmakers.
(b) Italian laborers.
(c) The French bourgeoisie.
(d) German revolutionaries.
6. What mistake did Tsar Nicholas I make about European universities?
(a) He believed that English universities were the best, but he also believed that they were too expensive.
(b) He believed that German universities would give Russian students a good foundation in Slavic culture.
(c) He believed that German universities would not instill any revolutionary ideas in Russian students.
(d) He believed that German universities were safer than French universities.
7. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) A poor writer.
(b) An educated courtier.
(c) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(d) A conspirator against the Tsar.
8. Who was the Tsar following the Decembrist rebellion?
(c) Nicholas I.
(d) Nicholas II.
9. What do hedgehogs represent in the adage that "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
(a) Political calculations.
(b) The concreteness of experience.
10. When had the European states experienced revolution?
11. When did the Russian intelligentsia emerge from university?
12. What does Berlin say Tolstoy felt guilty about?
(a) Having too much insight as an artist.
(b) Having too much wealth as a landowner.
(c) Being too separate from the lives of the peasants.
(d) Not having an overarching vision.
13. What did the Tsar see himself as defending for his country?
(a) Autocracy, religion and order.
(b) Civil rights for serfs and peasants.
(c) Opportunity and liberty.
(d) The property of landowners.
14. What forces dominated Herzen's world?
(a) American pragmatism.
(b) French and German romanticism.
(c) Roman republicanism.
(d) English humanism.
15. What do foxes represent in the adage that "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
(c) The concreteness of experience.
(d) Political calculations.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the dominant philosophical movement of the second quarter of the nineteenth century in Russia?
2. What was de Maistre's position?
3. When did the Decembrist rebellion take place?
4. What conspiracy against the Tsar did the censorship program discover?
5. What was Pavel Annekov's role in Russian culture?
This section contains 493 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)