|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Whom did Bakunin inspire during his travels?
(a) Swiss watchmakers.
(b) Italian laborers.
(c) German revolutionaries.
(d) The French bourgeoisie.
2. What was Bakunin's relationship with Herzen?
(a) Herzen was susceptible to Bakunin's improvident optimism.
(b) Bakunin was inspired by Herzen's experience.
(c) Bakunin learned his theories under Herzen's tutelage.
(d) Herzen was the better intellectual.
3. Whose writing was Russia "intellectually dependent" upon?
(a) Plato and Plotinus.
(b) Hume and Locke.
(c) Fichte and Schelling.
(d) Flaubert and Rousseau.
4. How did the Intelligentsia see their role in society?
(a) They saw themselves as a secular priesthood undertaking a sacred mission of enlightenment.
(b) They saw themselves as nationalists, building a new industrial nation out of the ruins of the feudal system.
(c) They saw themselves as proselytes, spreading a gospel of reason and faith in the arts.
(d) They saw themselves as aesthetes separate from questions of politics.
5. What policy of Peter the Great's had spawned the intelligentsia?
(a) Peter the Great acted as a patron of the arts and initiated a Renaissance in Russian arts and letters.
(b) Peter the Great instituted land reforms and made education more affordable to Russian peasants.
(c) Peter the Great sent the sons of aristocrats to Europe for education.
(d) Peter the Great invested heavily in bringing European intellectuals to Russia.
6. What forces dominated Herzen's world?
(a) English humanism.
(b) American pragmatism.
(c) French and German romanticism.
(d) Roman republicanism.
7. How did Herzen see history?
(a) Herzen saw history as the mind of God thinking.
(b) Herzen saw history as a mechanistic development.
(c) Herzen saw history as the narrative imposed after events.
(d) Herzen saw history as a movement of spiritual forces.
8. Who was Joseph de Maistre?
(a) A bureaucrat on the censorship committee.
(b) A conspirator against the Tsar.
(c) An educated courtier.
(d) A poor writer.
9. What was the dominant philosophical movement of the second quarter of the nineteenth century in Russia?
(a) German Romanticism.
(b) American Pragmatism.
(c) English Humanism.
(d) American Transcendentalism.
10. What was Hegel's appeal to Russian students?
(a) His world spirit seemed to prophesy the Russian Revolution.
(b) His idealism seemed like an escape from the squalor of Russia.
(c) His theory of history seemed to predict Russian nationalism.
(d) His quasi-religious philosophy gave atheistic students something they could believe in.
11. How did authors fare in the mid-nineteenth-century Russian literary scene?
(a) They had difficulty getting their work into print, because the censors were so strict.
(b) They were free to publish political commentary and opinions without persecution.
(c) They could publish their work, but sometimes had to be vague about their political meanings.
(d) They published in underground magazines and pamphlets.
12. What student of Stankevich's lectured on Western medieval history in Moscow?
13. How does Berlin describe Herzen's legacy?
(a) He sees Herzen as a momentary celebrity.
(b) He sees Herzen as a founder of Russian literature.
(c) He sees Herzen as overvalued.
(d) He sees Herzen as underestimated.
14. How does Berlin describe conservative Romantics?
(a) Conservative Romantics believed that mechanical reforms would not work without a deep understanding of the Russian soul
(b) Conservative Romantics believed that progress was a trap, and that the only way out would be to develop Russian nationalism.
(c) Conservative Romantics believed that intellectuals could thrive without changing the aristocratic government.
(d) Conservative Romantics believed that the best progress was a return to traditional Russian values.
15. Which of the following describes Russian censorship during the middle of the nineteenth century?
(a) Censors intimidated writers who wrote subversive material.
(b) Censors persecuted the families of authors.
(c) Censors told writers what to write.
(d) Censors looked for subversive ideas.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who said, "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
2. What did the Russian Intelligentsia invent?
3. How did the epoch that followed the Tsar's acts in the wake of the Decembrist Rebellions end?
4. According to Berlin, what did Tolstoy have the greatest faith in?
5. Which figure was prominent in the founding of the Russian Intelligentsia?
This section contains 664 words
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