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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which thinker affected Herzen?
2. What measures did the Tsar take to assert his values?
(a) He imprisoned his former supporters.
(b) He repressed all signs of dissent and unorthodoxy.
(c) He gave serfs and women the right to vote.
(d) He declared martial law.
3. Who was Mikhail Bakunin's mentor?
(a) Nicholas Stankevich.
(b) Vissarion Belinksy.
(c) Fyodor Dostoevsky.
(d) Pavel Annenkov.
4. How did the Tsar's political stance change after the Decembrist rebellion?
(a) He abandoned tradition.
(b) He adopted a series of reforms.
(c) He moved away from reform.
(d) He stepped down.
5. What does Berlin say Tolstoy felt guilty about?
(a) Being too separate from the lives of the peasants.
(b) Having too much wealth as a landowner.
(c) Having too much insight as an artist.
(d) Not having an overarching vision.
6. When did the Russian intelligentsia emerge from university?
7. What does Berlin say is underestimated in Tolstoy's legacy?
(a) His acute social commentary.
(b) His moral vision.
(c) His philosophy of history.
(d) His detailed descriptions.
8. How did the writer who supported the Tsar present the Tsar's acts?
(a) He proclaimed the natural rights of man.
(b) He presented even serfdom as divinely ordained.
(c) He justified the aristocracy's use of violence.
(d) He denounced the Tsar's opponents.
9. How did Herzen see history?
(a) Herzen saw history as a movement of spiritual forces.
(b) Herzen saw history as the narrative imposed after events.
(c) Herzen saw history as the mind of God thinking.
(d) Herzen saw history as a mechanistic development.
10. According to Berlin, what did Tolstoy have the greatest faith in?
(a) Individual experience.
(b) Divine causes.
11. How did the Intelligentsia see their role in society?
(a) They saw themselves as aesthetes separate from questions of politics.
(b) They saw themselves as a secular priesthood undertaking a sacred mission of enlightenment.
(c) They saw themselves as nationalists, building a new industrial nation out of the ruins of the feudal system.
(d) They saw themselves as proselytes, spreading a gospel of reason and faith in the arts.
12. How does Berlin describe Bakunin?
(a) As a shy aesthete.
(b) As a highly original thinker.
(c) As a magnetic popularizer of other people's theories.
(d) As a revolutionary filled with promise of his convictions.
13. What do hedgehogs represent in the adage that "the fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing"?
(a) The concreteness of experience.
(b) Political calculations.
14. What idea captured the imagination of the Russian intelligentsia?
(a) The idea of racial purity and positive eugenics.
(b) The pragmatic notion that industrial development requires the scientific application of social theories.
(c) The Romantic notion that each human society has an organic unity.
(d) The jingoistic notion that the soul of a people is visible in its arts and industry.
15. How does Berlin describe progressive Romanticism?
(a) Progressive Romantics believed that society was inevitably moving forward.
(b) Progressive Romantics believed that intellectuals were responsible for the soul of the nation.
(c) Progressive Romantics believed that serfs would free themselves through violence.
(d) Progressive Romantics believed that progress was going to come from industry and social reforms.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Berlin say was the "French" attitude toward the arts?
2. What forces dominated Herzen's world?
3. What value came first for Herzen?
4. How did censorship system work?
5. How does Berlin describe Herzen's prose style?
This section contains 611 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)