|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Cicero emphasize in the third and fourth principles in "On Duties"?
(a) Taxes are inevitable.
(b) Expediency and rightness are connected.
(c) Dictators need a balance in their ruling.
(d) Love does not always prevail.
2. What is concluded about the achievement of moral goodness, in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) It is necessary.
(b) It is the only way to achieve happiness.
(c) It is unessecary.
(d) It is indifferent to happiness.
3. What is essential between two nations, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
(c) Equal power.
4. According to the introduction, how did the younger Seneca receive Cicero?
(a) He noted him once in one of his essays.
(b) He praised him, but found his writings shallow.
(c) He read him only to challenge his work.
(d) He slammed him.
5. According to Cicero, what is suggested about losing one's happiness?
(a) That it is separate from us.
(b) That it would then be valued more.
(c) That it would be easy to regain.
(d) That it would then be imperfect.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to the introduction, who did Cicero criticize?
2. What are external goods always at risk of, according to Cicero?
3. What is the purpose of the book "On Duties"?
4. According to "Discussions at Tusculum," why are evil people always miserable?
5. When did Cicero's reputation decline, according to the introduction?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe what the series of arguments in "On Duties" discusses.
2. How was Cicero received by the public?
3. What will breed resentment among a ruler's subjects?
4. How did Cicero feel about statesmanship?
5. What did the Greeks believe made a happy life?
6. What type of system of government did Cicero prefer in "On Duties"?
7. What were Cicero's attitudes about human rights?
8. Describe how Cicero perceived philosophy.
9. Describe what Cicero said about justice and intelligence, in "On Duties."
10. What did the Stoics believe made a happy life and did their belief mean?
This section contains 617 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)