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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Cicero in "On Duties," what do men need?
2. What does much of Cicero's writing contain, according to Grant?
(a) Roman philosphy.
(b) Greek philosophy.
(d) Challenges to the public.
3. What must the ruler maintain, according to Cicero?
(b) Balance between powers.
(d) Equality before law.
4. What dictatorships does Cicero oppose in "On Duties"?
5. What or whom does Michael Grant, the author of the introduction, introduce?
(a) Roman philosophy.
(b) Greek philosophy.
(c) Marcus Tullius Cicero.
6. According to Cicero, what is suggested about losing one's happiness?
(a) That it would be easy to regain.
(b) That it would then be imperfect.
(c) That it is separate from us.
(d) That it would then be valued more.
7. How does Cicero describe what philosophy's method does in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) Freedom from one's pain and suffering.
(b) Challenging to its thinker.
(c) A release.
(d) Intense and though provoking.
8. What happens once virtue is acquired, according to Cicero?
(a) It makes a person good, thus making him happy.
(b) It can not be lost except by free choice.
(c) It is temporary.
(d) It is permanent.
9. According to the introduction, what type of writing style did Cicero sometimes write in?
10. When did Cicero's reputation decline, according to the introduction?
(a) The 18th century.
(b) The 17th century.
(c) The 19th century.
(d) It never declined.
11. Which medieval thinker admired Cicero, according to Grant?
12. What is the purpose of the book "On Duties"?
(a) So people will reassess their lives.
(b) To inspire its readers.
(c) So statesmen can come to know their duties.
(d) To challenge its readers.
13. What was the result of Cicero's desire to capture others thought in his writing's?
(a) He was unthoughtful.
(b) He was unoriginal.
(c) He was thoughtless.
(d) He was too thoughful.
14. What is essential between two nations, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
(d) Equal power.
15. Who was Cicero worried about, according to the introduction?
(a) The Greek republic.
(b) The Roman republic.
(c) His own health.
(d) His mother's health.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to the introduction, what is Cicero NOT?
2. In what period did Cicero gain great fame?
3. Why is statesmanship destroyed, according to "On Duties"?
4. What did Cicero believe applied to every human, according to Grant?
5. What did Cicero believe the result would be if happiness was only achieved by certain goods?
This section contains 452 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)