|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does the argument in "Discussions at Tusculum" begin?
(a) With a description of the river.
(b) With Cicero talking to himself.
(c) With Cicero talking to Brutus.
(d) With his friend asking Cicero a question.
2. In "On Duties," what will wise rulers win from their subjects?
3. What must men have to resolve conflict, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
4. According to Cicero, what will inspire hatred in a ruler's subjects?
(a) One that's selfish.
(b) One without virtue.
(c) One without promise.
(d) One that is unforgiving.
5. What did Stoics still think was preferable even if it did not add to happiness?
(c) External achievement.
6. What prevented a person from being happy, according to Cicero?
(a) Not having friends.
(b) Not being morally good.
(c) Not having a house.
(d) Not having money.
7. What does Cicero address in his work, "On Duties"?
(b) Political life.
8. What must the ruler maintain, according to Cicero?
(b) Balance between powers.
(d) Equality before law.
9. What does Grant state Cicero was excellent at doing?
(a) Popularizing ideas.
(b) Deepening ideas.
(c) Manifesting ideas.
(d) Challenging ideas.
10. What does happiness necessarily require, according to Cicero?
11. What group believed happiness is the enjoyment of pleasure and the avoidance of pain?
12. According to Cicero, in "On Duties," what does he feel is more effective in inspiring confidence?
13. What were the followers of Aristotle called?
(b) Aristotle's followers.
14. Who did Cicero influence, according to Grant?
(a) The modern philosphers.
(b) The Renaissance art.
(c) The Italian church.
(d) The children of the time.
15. According to the introduction, what was Cicero considered to be?
(a) An individualist who believed in human rights.
(b) A radical.
(c) A philospher.
(d) A saint.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to the introduction, how did Pope Gregory I respond to Cicero's work?
2. According to the introduction, what protestant thinkers was Cicero popular among?
3. What did Cicero believe humans cannot find peace without?
4. How many virtues does Cicero argue moral goodness is comprised of?
5. Where did Cicero retire during the transition of power in the Roman republic, according to Grant's introduction?
This section contains 392 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)