|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What are external goods always at risk of, according to Cicero?
(c) "Violent commotions."
2. What does Cicero emphasize in the third and fourth principles in "On Duties"?
(a) Expediency and rightness are connected.
(b) Taxes are inevitable.
(c) Love does not always prevail.
(d) Dictators need a balance in their ruling.
3. How many virtues does Cicero argue moral goodness is comprised of?
4. What did Cicero believe applied to every human, according to Grant?
(a) Ability to forgive.
(b) The natural law.
(c) The ration to love others.
(d) The golden rule.
5. What was the result of Cicero's desire to capture others thought in his writing's?
(a) He was unthoughtful.
(b) He was unoriginal.
(c) He was thoughtless.
(d) He was too thoughful.
6. According to Cicero, what will breed resentment in a ruler's subjects?
(d) Unjust behavior.
7. In what period did Cicero gain great fame?
(a) The Dark Ages.
(b) Just after his death.
(c) 200 years after his death.
(d) The Renaissance.
8. According to the introduction, how did Pope Gregory I respond to Cicero's work?
(a) He banned his work for centuries.
(b) He gave him high praise.
(c) He refused to ackowledge his writings.
(d) He burned them.
9. Who favored Cicero?
(a) Roman orators.
(b) Greek orators.
(c) Lactantius and many Christian fathers.
10. What did Cicero believe strongly about the virtues of philosophy?
(a) They took away the "load of empty troubles."
(b) They were valid and rational.
(c) They gave comfort to the fearful.
(d) They were insightful.
11. What or whom does Michael Grant, the author of the introduction, introduce?
(a) Roman philosophy.
(b) Greek philosophy.
(d) Marcus Tullius Cicero.
12. How many principles does Cicero list that govern the performances of our obligations?
13. What must men have to resolve conflict, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
14. In "On Duties," how will rulers win goodwill?
(a) With power and compassion.
(b) With self restraint and self denial.
(c) With wealth.
(d) With truthfulness.
15. When did Cicero do his writing, according to the introduction?
(a) Between the 60s and early 50s B.C.
(b) Between the 60s and early 50s A.D.
(c) During the 60s B.C.
(d) Between the late 60s-40s B.C.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did an ancient ethical view believe was necessary for happiness?
2. Who was Dionysius?
3. According to the introduction, what protestant thinkers was Cicero popular among?
4. Who was Cicero worried about, according to the introduction?
5. What are external goods merely considered to be by Cicero?
This section contains 430 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)