|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does the book of "On Duties" begin?
(a) With a quote.
(b) With a description of its setting.
(c) With the argument that being morally good provides knowledge to our duties.
(d) With a summary of facts.
2. What did Cicero believe strongly about the virtues of philosophy?
(a) They were valid and rational.
(b) They gave comfort to the fearful.
(c) They were insightful.
(d) They took away the "load of empty troubles."
3. What did Cicero argue is the cure for misfortune?
4. How does Cicero describe what philosophy's method does in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) Freedom from one's pain and suffering.
(b) Challenging to its thinker.
(c) A release.
(d) Intense and though provoking.
5. What is the purpose of the book "On Duties"?
(a) To challenge its readers.
(b) So statesmen can come to know their duties.
(c) So people will reassess their lives.
(d) To inspire its readers.
6. What are neutral things considered to be, according to Cicero?
(d) Necessary to happiness.
7. According to "Discussions at Tusculum," what did all Greek schools of philosophy agree on?
(a) That good lives require friends.
(b) That good lives require posessions.
(c) That good lives require being morally good.
(d) That good lives cannot exist.
8. What or whom does Michael Grant, the author of the introduction, introduce?
(b) Roman philosophy.
(c) Greek philosophy.
(d) Marcus Tullius Cicero.
9. What are external goods merely considered to be by Cicero?
(a) Necessary to happiness.
10. Which of the following are not needed to obtain moral goodness, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
11. What did Cicero believe the Roman republic should behave like?
(a) "Strong and indestructive."
(b) "Lucid and demanding."
(c) "Elusive and free."
(d) "Heroes of old."
12. What are external 'bads' considered to be, according to Cicero?
(c) Necessary to happiness.
13. Who favored Cicero?
(a) Lactantius and many Christian fathers.
(c) Greek orators.
(d) Roman orators.
14. What are the contents of the book "On Duties" applicable to?
(b) Present day crisis.
15. What did Cicero believe was the most divine thing in humans?
Short Answer Questions
1. According to "On Duties," how do people find theft by the state?
2. In "On Duties," how many feelings does Cicero say a good ruler should inspire in his subjects?
3. What must men have to resolve conflict, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
4. What did Stoics still think was preferable even if it did not add to happiness?
5. What does the book reproduced in "On Duties" concern itself with?
This section contains 425 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)