|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Cicero address in his work, "On Duties"?
(a) Political life.
2. According to "On Duties," how do people find theft by the state?
3. What does the book reproduced in "On Duties" concern itself with?
(a) Theory of happiness.
(b) Theory of friendship.
(c) Theory of civic virtue.
(d) Theory of civic dispute.
4. What did an ancient ethical view believe was necessary for happiness?
(a) Being true to oneself.
(b) Being positive.
5. What did Cicero believe the result would be if happiness was only achieved by certain goods?
(a) That happiness could only be perfected by possessing imperishable goods.
(b) That happiness was permanent.
(c) That unhappiness did not exist.
(d) That happiness was unnecessary.
6. What does Grant state Cicero was excellent at doing?
(a) Popularizing ideas.
(b) Challenging ideas.
(c) Manifesting ideas.
(d) Deepening ideas.
7. According to "Discussions at Tusculum," why are evil people always miserable?
(a) They are selfish.
(b) They do not have friends.
(c) They are not morally good.
(d) They do not have good lives.
8. According to the introduction, what did Cicero take refuge in after a divorce, fights with friends, and his daughter's death?
(d) Observing nature.
9. According to Cicero, what is suggested about losing one's happiness?
(a) That it would then be imperfect.
(b) That it is separate from us.
(c) That it would then be valued more.
(d) That it would be easy to regain.
10. According to Cicero, in "On Duties," what does he feel is more effective in inspiring confidence?
11. What did Cicero resist being identified with, according to Grant?
(b) Any one school of philosphy.
(c) Anyone religion.
(d) Any woman.
12. What does much of Cicero's writing contain, according to Grant?
(a) Roman philosphy.
(b) Greek philosophy.
(c) Challenges to the public.
13. What did Cicero believe was the most divine thing in humans?
14. Who was Cicero worried about, according to the introduction?
(a) His own health.
(b) The Roman republic.
(c) His mother's health.
(d) The Greek republic.
15. What are external goods always at risk of, according to Cicero?
(a) "Violent commotions."
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Cicero believe the Roman republic should behave like?
2. According to Cicero in "On Duties," what do men need?
3. Where is the setting of "Discussions at Tusculum"?
4. According to Cicero, in "On Duties," which of the following will NOT inspire a good ruler's subjects?
5. According to the introduction, what type of writing style did Cicero sometimes write in?
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