|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What prevented a person from being happy, according to Cicero?
(a) Not being morally good.
(b) Not having friends.
(c) Not having money.
(d) Not having a house.
2. How many virtues does Cicero argue moral goodness is comprised of?
3. How many miles was the setting of "Discussions at Tusculum" from Cicero's home?
(a) 13 miles.
(b) 100 miles.
(c) 15 miles.
(d) 16 miles.
4. Why is statesmanship destroyed, according to "On Duties"?
(a) Because no one desires it anymore.
(b) It isn't destroyed.
(c) Because the opportunities of statesmanship are destroyed.
(d) Caesar eliminates its possibility to continue.
5. According to the introduction, how did Pope Gregory I respond to Cicero's work?
(a) He banned his work for centuries.
(b) He refused to ackowledge his writings.
(c) He gave him high praise.
(d) He burned them.
6. According to Cicero, what is suggested about losing one's happiness?
(a) That it is separate from us.
(b) That it would be easy to regain.
(c) That it would then be imperfect.
(d) That it would then be valued more.
7. According to Cicero, what can one NOT be without being intelligent?
8. What did Cicero believe applied to every human, according to Grant?
(a) The ration to love others.
(b) The golden rule.
(c) The natural law.
(d) Ability to forgive.
9. What did Cicero believe was the most divine thing in humans?
10. What does Grant state Cicero was excellent at doing?
(a) Challenging ideas.
(b) Deepening ideas.
(c) Manifesting ideas.
(d) Popularizing ideas.
11. Who did Cicero influence, according to Grant?
(a) The children of the time.
(b) The modern philosphers.
(c) The Italian church.
(d) The Renaissance art.
12. What group believed happiness is the enjoyment of pleasure and the avoidance of pain?
13. Which of the following are not needed to obtain moral goodness, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
14. What did Stoics still think was preferable even if it did not add to happiness?
(b) External achievement.
15. According to Cicero, in "On Duties," what does he feel is more effective in inspiring confidence?
Short Answer Questions
1. In "Discussions at Tusculum," what do the Stoics argue is necessary to be happy?
2. What did Cicero resist being identified with, according to Grant?
3. What must men have to resolve conflict, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
4. In what period did Cicero gain great fame?
5. What happens once virtue is acquired, according to Cicero?
This section contains 441 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)