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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does the book reproduced in "On Duties" concern itself with?
(a) Theory of friendship.
(b) Theory of civic virtue.
(c) Theory of civic dispute.
(d) Theory of happiness.
2. What are external goods merely considered to be by Cicero?
(c) Necessary to happiness.
3. According to Cicero, what will inspire hatred in a ruler's subjects?
(a) One that's selfish.
(b) One without promise.
(c) One that is unforgiving.
(d) One without virtue.
4. Who does Cicero compare Dionysius to?
(a) Petrach and Archimedes.
(b) Plato and Archimedes.
(c) Plato and Plutarch.
(d) Dante and Plato.
5. According to Cicero, how was the Stoics view counter-intuitive?
(a) It denounces relationship importance.
(b) This view suggests one can be happy with no external or bodily goods.
(c) It contradicts Cicero's opinions.
(d) It denounces material importance.
6. What are external goods always at risk of, according to Cicero?
(d) "Violent commotions."
7. Who was Cicero worried about, according to the introduction?
(a) His mother's health.
(b) His own health.
(c) The Roman republic.
(d) The Greek republic.
8. According to the introduction, how did the younger Seneca receive Cicero?
(a) He slammed him.
(b) He praised him, but found his writings shallow.
(c) He noted him once in one of his essays.
(d) He read him only to challenge his work.
9. What are the contents of the book "On Duties" applicable to?
(b) Present day crisis.
10. What are external 'bads' considered to be, according to Cicero?
(b) Necessary to happiness.
11. Who does Grant say took over power in the Roman Republic during Cicero's writing?
12. What did Cicero believe the result would be if happiness was only achieved by certain goods?
(a) That unhappiness did not exist.
(b) That happiness was permanent.
(c) That happiness could only be perfected by possessing imperishable goods.
(d) That happiness was unnecessary.
13. Where is the setting of "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) Cicero's apartment.
(b) By a river.
(c) Cicero's friends house.
(d) Cicero's country villa.
14. What must the ruler maintain, according to Cicero?
(a) Balance between powers.
(c) Equality before law.
15. What type of governmental system does Cicero prefer?
(a) Where the ruler is morally good.
(b) Where men elect their ruler.
(c) Where no one is taxed.
(d) Where the ruler gives to his community.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Grant, what did Cicero believe every human had to make them equal?
2. According to the introduction, what is Cicero NOT?
3. What dictatorships does Cicero oppose in "On Duties"?
4. Which medieval thinker admired Cicero, according to Grant?
5. Who was Dionysius?
This section contains 429 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)