|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What type of interest did the Romans have towards philosophy, according to Grant?
(a) Slight intrigue.
(b) Deep intrigue.
(d) Deep and thoughtful.
2. According to Cicero, what is suggested about losing one's happiness?
(a) That it is separate from us.
(b) That it would then be imperfect.
(c) That it would then be valued more.
(d) That it would be easy to regain.
3. Who does Cicero compare Dionysius to?
(a) Petrach and Archimedes.
(b) Dante and Plato.
(c) Plato and Archimedes.
(d) Plato and Plutarch.
4. What is concluded about the achievement of moral goodness, in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) It is indifferent to happiness.
(b) It is unessecary.
(c) It is the only way to achieve happiness.
(d) It is necessary.
5. According to the introduction, what was Cicero considered to be?
(a) A philospher.
(b) A radical.
(c) A saint.
(d) An individualist who believed in human rights.
6. What did an ancient ethical view believe was necessary for happiness?
(a) Being positive.
(b) Being true to oneself.
7. According to Cicero in "On Duties," what do men need?
8. According to Cicero, what can one NOT be without being intelligent?
9. What are the third and fourth principles concerned with, in "On Duties"?
10. According to the introduction, who did Cicero criticize?
(c) The church.
(d) Romans that were too "hellenized."
11. According to Cicero, what will inspire hatred in a ruler's subjects?
(a) One without virtue.
(b) One without promise.
(c) One that is unforgiving.
(d) One that's selfish.
12. What did Cicero believe the result would be if happiness was only achieved by certain goods?
(a) That happiness could only be perfected by possessing imperishable goods.
(b) That unhappiness did not exist.
(c) That happiness was unnecessary.
(d) That happiness was permanent.
13. Which medieval thinker admired Cicero, according to Grant?
14. According to Cicero, how was the Stoics view counter-intuitive?
(a) It contradicts Cicero's opinions.
(b) It denounces material importance.
(c) It denounces relationship importance.
(d) This view suggests one can be happy with no external or bodily goods.
15. Who favored Cicero?
(a) Roman orators.
(b) Lactantius and many Christian fathers.
(c) Greek orators.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Cicero believe humans cannot find peace without?
2. How does Cicero perceive philosophy under tyranny rule?
3. What does Cicero address in his work, "On Duties"?
4. According to the introduction, how did Pope Gregory I respond to Cicero's work?
5. How many miles was the setting of "Discussions at Tusculum" from Cicero's home?
This section contains 440 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)