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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who does Cicero compare Dionysius to?
(a) Dante and Plato.
(b) Plato and Archimedes.
(c) Plato and Plutarch.
(d) Petrach and Archimedes.
2. What is essential between two nations, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
(a) Equal power.
3. How does Cicero perceive philosophy under tyranny rule?
(a) It is overlooked.
(b) It is a luxury.
(c) It is complicated.
(d) It is a necessity.
4. According to the introduction, what protestant thinkers was Cicero popular among?
(a) Luther and Melancthon.
(d) Pope Gregory.
5. According to Cicero, how was the Stoics view counter-intuitive?
(a) It denounces material importance.
(b) It denounces relationship importance.
(c) This view suggests one can be happy with no external or bodily goods.
(d) It contradicts Cicero's opinions.
6. What are external 'bads' considered to be, according to Cicero?
(a) Necessary to happiness.
7. Which medieval thinker admired Cicero, according to Grant?
8. According to the introduction, what was Cicero considered to be?
(a) An individualist who believed in human rights.
(b) A radical.
(c) A saint.
(d) A philospher.
9. When did Cicero do his writing, according to the introduction?
(a) Between the 60s and early 50s B.C.
(b) Between the late 60s-40s B.C.
(c) Between the 60s and early 50s A.D.
(d) During the 60s B.C.
10. What did Cicero believe the Roman republic should behave like?
(a) "Elusive and free."
(b) "Strong and indestructive."
(c) "Lucid and demanding."
(d) "Heroes of old."
11. Who was Cicero worried about, according to the introduction?
(a) His own health.
(b) His mother's health.
(c) The Roman republic.
(d) The Greek republic.
12. According to Cicero, how does he view tyrannies?
13. In "Discussions at Tusculum," what do the Stoics argue is necessary to be happy?
(a) To be morally good.
(b) To be rich.
(c) To be old.
(d) To be young.
14. What type of governmental system does Cicero prefer?
(a) Where men elect their ruler.
(b) Where the ruler gives to his community.
(c) Where no one is taxed.
(d) Where the ruler is morally good.
15. What prevented a person from being happy, according to Cicero?
(a) Not having friends.
(b) Not being morally good.
(c) Not having a house.
(d) Not having money.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to the introduction, what is Cicero NOT?
2. Which of the following are not needed to obtain moral goodness, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
3. Who is the discussion between, in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
4. What are the third and fourth principles concerned with, in "On Duties"?
5. What did Cicero believe was the most divine thing in humans?
This section contains 422 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)