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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Cicero believe the result would be if happiness was only achieved by certain goods?
(a) That happiness was permanent.
(b) That happiness was unnecessary.
(c) That unhappiness did not exist.
(d) That happiness could only be perfected by possessing imperishable goods.
2. Who is the discussion between, in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) Cicero and Dante.
(b) Cicero and his dad.
(c) Cicero and a friend.
(d) Cicero and Caesar.
3. What did Stoics still think was preferable even if it did not add to happiness?
(b) External achievement.
4. Which medieval thinker admired Cicero, according to Grant?
5. What are the series of arguments about in "On Duties"?
(a) They are against tyranny.
(b) They are against liberty.
(c) They are against confomrity.
(d) They are against religion.
6. According to Cicero, how does he view tyrannies?
7. In "On Duties," how many feelings does Cicero say a good ruler should inspire in his subjects?
8. What does the Greek philosophy believe about the good life, according to "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) The good life is a happy life.
(b) The good life means to have friends.
(c) The good life is a rich life.
(d) The good life is expensive.
9. According to Cicero, what can one NOT be without being intelligent?
10. According to the introduction, what did Cicero take refuge in after a divorce, fights with friends, and his daughter's death?
(a) Observing nature.
11. In "On Duties," how will rulers win goodwill?
(a) With truthfulness.
(b) With self restraint and self denial.
(c) With wealth.
(d) With power and compassion.
12. How many miles was the setting of "Discussions at Tusculum" from Cicero's home?
(a) 16 miles.
(b) 15 miles.
(c) 13 miles.
(d) 100 miles.
13. What dictatorships does Cicero oppose in "On Duties"?
14. According to the introduction, what was Cicero considered to be?
(a) A saint.
(b) An individualist who believed in human rights.
(c) A philospher.
(d) A radical.
15. Who does Cicero compare Dionysius to?
(a) Plato and Archimedes.
(b) Petrach and Archimedes.
(c) Dante and Plato.
(d) Plato and Plutarch.
Short Answer Questions
1. What group believed happiness is the enjoyment of pleasure and the avoidance of pain?
2. What is essential between two nations, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
3. According to the Stoics, what was the faculty that was unique to humans?
4. When did Cicero do his writing, according to the introduction?
5. What must men have to resolve conflict, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
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