|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What dictatorships does Cicero oppose in "On Duties"?
2. What group believed happiness is the enjoyment of pleasure and the avoidance of pain?
3. When did Cicero's reputation decline, according to the introduction?
(a) It never declined.
(b) The 18th century.
(c) The 19th century.
(d) The 17th century.
4. According to the introduction, what did Cicero take refuge in after a divorce, fights with friends, and his daughter's death?
(b) Observing nature.
5. What are the series of arguments about in "On Duties"?
(a) They are against liberty.
(b) They are against religion.
(c) They are against confomrity.
(d) They are against tyranny.
6. What did Cicero believe humans cannot find peace without?
(a) Falling in love.
(b) Serving mankind.
(c) Thoughts and rations.
(d) Fighting for your thoughts.
7. What did Cicero believe strongly about the virtues of philosophy?
(a) They took away the "load of empty troubles."
(b) They were valid and rational.
(c) They were insightful.
(d) They gave comfort to the fearful.
8. According to "Discussions at Tusculum," what did all Greek schools of philosophy agree on?
(a) That good lives require being morally good.
(b) That good lives cannot exist.
(c) That good lives require friends.
(d) That good lives require posessions.
9. What did Cicero resist being identified with, according to Grant?
(a) Anyone religion.
(b) Any one school of philosphy.
(d) Any woman.
10. What happens once virtue is acquired, according to Cicero?
(a) It makes a person good, thus making him happy.
(b) It is permanent.
(c) It can not be lost except by free choice.
(d) It is temporary.
11. According to Cicero, in "On Duties," what does he feel is more effective in inspiring confidence?
12. What does Cicero emphasize in the third and fourth principles in "On Duties"?
(a) Dictators need a balance in their ruling.
(b) Expediency and rightness are connected.
(c) Love does not always prevail.
(d) Taxes are inevitable.
13. In "On Duties," what will wise rulers win from their subjects?
14. How many miles was the setting of "Discussions at Tusculum" from Cicero's home?
(a) 16 miles.
(b) 13 miles.
(c) 100 miles.
(d) 15 miles.
15. What group was Cicero's classical background popular among?
Short Answer Questions
1. According to "On Duties," how do people find theft by the state?
2. Which medieval thinker admired Cicero, according to Grant?
3. What did Cicero believe the Roman republic should behave like?
4. What are the third and fourth principles concerned with, in "On Duties"?
5. What were the followers of Aristotle called?
This section contains 419 words
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