|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is the purpose of the book "On Duties"?
(a) To inspire its readers.
(b) So people will reassess their lives.
(c) So statesmen can come to know their duties.
(d) To challenge its readers.
2. What does much of Cicero's writing contain, according to Grant?
(a) Roman philosphy.
(b) Challenges to the public.
(c) Greek philosophy.
3. What did Cicero believe humans cannot find peace without?
(a) Thoughts and rations.
(b) Falling in love.
(c) Serving mankind.
(d) Fighting for your thoughts.
4. According to Grant, what did Cicero believe every human had to make them equal?
(b) A common ancestry.
(c) A common bond.
(d) A spark of divinity.
5. Who favored Cicero?
(a) Lactantius and many Christian fathers.
(b) Greek orators.
(c) Roman orators.
6. According to the introduction, how did the younger Seneca receive Cicero?
(a) He slammed him.
(b) He praised him, but found his writings shallow.
(c) He read him only to challenge his work.
(d) He noted him once in one of his essays.
7. What did Cicero believe the result would be if happiness was only achieved by certain goods?
(a) That happiness was permanent.
(b) That happiness could only be perfected by possessing imperishable goods.
(c) That unhappiness did not exist.
(d) That happiness was unnecessary.
8. Which of the following are not needed to obtain moral goodness, according to Cicero in "On Duties"?
9. When did Cicero's reputation decline, according to the introduction?
(a) It never declined.
(b) The 18th century.
(c) The 17th century.
(d) The 19th century.
10. According to the Stoics, what was the faculty that was unique to humans?
11. In "On Duties," what will wise rulers win from their subjects?
12. What prevented a person from being happy, according to Cicero?
(a) Not having a house.
(b) Not having friends.
(c) Not having money.
(d) Not being morally good.
13. Who did Cicero influence, according to Grant?
(a) The Renaissance art.
(b) The Italian church.
(c) The modern philosphers.
(d) The children of the time.
14. According to Cicero, in "On Duties," which of the following will NOT inspire a good ruler's subjects?
(a) Respect of high office.
15. What are the third and fourth principles concerned with, in "On Duties"?
Short Answer Questions
1. What happens once virtue is acquired, according to Cicero?
2. According to Cicero, what will inspire hatred in a ruler's subjects?
3. According to "Discussions at Tusculum," why are evil people always miserable?
4. According to Cicero, how was the Stoics view counter-intuitive?
5. How does the argument in "Discussions at Tusculum" begin?
This section contains 499 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)