|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Cicero perceive philosophy under tyranny rule?
(a) It is complicated.
(b) It is a luxury.
(c) It is a necessity.
(d) It is overlooked.
2. How does the book of "On Duties" begin?
(a) With a summary of facts.
(b) With a quote.
(c) With the argument that being morally good provides knowledge to our duties.
(d) With a description of its setting.
3. According to Cicero, in "On Duties," which of the following will NOT inspire a good ruler's subjects?
(a) Respect of high office.
4. According to Cicero, what will breed resentment in a ruler's subjects?
(d) Unjust behavior.
5. What must the ruler maintain, according to Cicero?
(a) Equality before law.
(d) Balance between powers.
6. In what period did Cicero gain great fame?
(a) The Renaissance.
(b) The Dark Ages.
(c) Just after his death.
(d) 200 years after his death.
7. What does Cicero emphasize in the third and fourth principles in "On Duties"?
(a) Dictators need a balance in their ruling.
(b) Love does not always prevail.
(c) Taxes are inevitable.
(d) Expediency and rightness are connected.
8. What are the series of arguments about in "On Duties"?
(a) They are against tyranny.
(b) They are against liberty.
(c) They are against confomrity.
(d) They are against religion.
9. Where is the setting of "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) Cicero's friends house.
(b) Cicero's apartment.
(c) Cicero's country villa.
(d) By a river.
10. In "On Duties," how many feelings does Cicero say a good ruler should inspire in his subjects?
11. Which medieval thinker admired Cicero, according to Grant?
12. Where did Cicero retire during the transition of power in the Roman republic, according to Grant's introduction?
(b) His castle.
(c) The Mediterranean.
(d) The country.
13. According to the Stoics, what was the faculty that was unique to humans?
14. What prevented a person from being happy, according to Cicero?
(a) Not having friends.
(b) Not having a house.
(c) Not being morally good.
(d) Not having money.
15. According to the introduction, what type of writing style did Cicero sometimes write in?
Short Answer Questions
1. What or whom does Michael Grant, the author of the introduction, introduce?
2. What are the contents of the book "On Duties" applicable to?
3. According to the introduction, what was Cicero considered to be?
4. When did Cicero's reputation decline, according to the introduction?
5. How many virtues does Cicero argue moral goodness is comprised of?
This section contains 415 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)