|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did an ancient ethical view believe was necessary for happiness?
(a) Being positive.
(c) Being true to oneself.
2. What is concluded about the achievement of moral goodness, in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) It is the only way to achieve happiness.
(b) It is necessary.
(c) It is unessecary.
(d) It is indifferent to happiness.
3. In "On Duties," how many feelings does Cicero say a good ruler should inspire in his subjects?
4. What are the third and fourth principles concerned with, in "On Duties"?
5. According to Cicero, what will breed resentment in a ruler's subjects?
(c) Unjust behavior.
6. According to the introduction, how did the younger Seneca receive Cicero?
(a) He noted him once in one of his essays.
(b) He slammed him.
(c) He read him only to challenge his work.
(d) He praised him, but found his writings shallow.
7. What prevented a person from being happy, according to Cicero?
(a) Not being morally good.
(b) Not having friends.
(c) Not having money.
(d) Not having a house.
8. According to the introduction, what type of writing style did Cicero sometimes write in?
9. Who favored Cicero?
(a) Lactantius and many Christian fathers.
(b) Roman orators.
(c) Greek orators.
10. According to Cicero in "On Duties," what do men need?
11. According to Cicero, what is suggested about losing one's happiness?
(a) That it would be easy to regain.
(b) That it would then be valued more.
(c) That it is separate from us.
(d) That it would then be imperfect.
12. What did Cicero believe applied to every human, according to Grant?
(a) The golden rule.
(b) Ability to forgive.
(c) The natural law.
(d) The ration to love others.
13. Who is the discussion between, in "Discussions at Tusculum"?
(a) Cicero and a friend.
(b) Cicero and Caesar.
(c) Cicero and Dante.
(d) Cicero and his dad.
14. What dictatorships does Cicero oppose in "On Duties"?
15. What did Cicero believe the Roman republic should behave like?
(a) "Lucid and demanding."
(b) "Strong and indestructive."
(c) "Heroes of old."
(d) "Elusive and free."
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Stoics still think was preferable even if it did not add to happiness?
2. In what period did Cicero gain great fame?
3. What is "Discussions at Tusculum" about?
4. What type of interest did the Romans have towards philosophy, according to Grant?
5. In "On Duties," how will rulers win goodwill?
This section contains 437 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)