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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Whittington first think about Naraoia?
2. What does the second stage of contingency describe?
3. What is Canadaspis?
4. When did many species of hominid exist?
5. What did Whittington restrain Morris from doing?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe Wiwaxia.
2. Why did classifying Naraoia pose a problem for Whittington?
3. What does Gould argue about the classification of the Canadaspis?
4. What does Gould note about the Burgess work and the Whittington, Briggs and Simon team?
5. Why wasn't the discovery of the Burgess Shale and its consequent new shift in perspective a gradual change?
6. What does Morris find that is so shocking?
7. How did Aysehaia contribute to the Burgess Drama?
8. What did Collins do when faced with the prevention of Des Collins excavation of Walcott's quarry?
9. What is uniquely special about the discovery of Sanctacaris?
10. How does Gould describe the relationship between Oxford advisors and their students?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Gould promotes the idea that evolution cannot hold up under intensive examination. First, examine evolution as a theory. Second, examine it as a theory in the context of the Burgess Shale. Support your agreement or disagreement with at least two logical reasons with solid examples. Can the conception of evolution hold up under intensive examination? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 2
In Chapter 1, Gould examines Walcott's inaccurate interpretation of the ladder and cone convention. Using this example, and others found in Chapter 1 or 2, agree or disagree with the following question: does Gould or Walcott present a more convincing argument concerning the ladder and cone interpretation? Present your paper with an arguable thesis that uses three solid examples from the book.
Essay Topic 3
Chapter 2 focuses on the myth of the laboratory and of field work. What does Gould have to say about the myths behind these work stations? Discuss three examples that explain how Gould presents these working stations as mythic. Also, determine the similarities and differences between laboratory and field work.
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