Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What are Derek Briggs and Simon Conway Morris described as?

2. What does Opabinia need?

3. What is Canadaspis?

4. How many general Burgess revisions did we acquire?

5. Which class did Whittington's dissenter say Aysehaia should be in?

Short Essay Questions

1. What new species does the fourth act concentrate on?

2. What must the next generation do with the Burgess Shale?

3. What did Sanctacaris look like?

4. How did Naraoia contribute to the Burgess Drama?

5. What did Leanchoilica look like?

6. What two major discoveries did Derek Briggs make?

7. What other monographs were published in 1981 concerning the Burgess Shale and by who?

8. What sort of series does Chapter 4: Walcott's Vision and the Nature of History transition to and why?

9. Why does Gould deplore the prevention of Des Collins excavation of Walcot's quarry?

10. What is uniquely special about the discovery of Sanctacaris?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In Act 2, Gould discusses Whittington's shocking discovery after dissecting Opabinia's carapace. First, explain what the discovery was. Second, explain the discovery's significance for scientific research as a whole, and for the Burgess Shale in particular.

Essay Topic 2

How is the Burgess Shale a significant discovery for fossils and for the history of human development? Explain the author's reasoning using two examples from the book. Support your case with solid logic and either defend or oppose Gould's position.

Essay Topic 3

Chapter 2 focuses on the myth of the laboratory and of field work. What does Gould have to say about the myths behind these work stations? Discuss three examples that explain how Gould presents these working stations as mythic. Also, determine the similarities and differences between laboratory and field work.

(see the answer keys)

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