Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How can scientists describe the structure of evolutionary inference?

2. When did many species of hominid exist?

3. How did Gould come to understand the Burgess Shale?

4. What happened after Whittington published his monograph on Naraoia?

5. What do Oxford advisers not spend much of their time on, according to Gould?

Short Essay Questions

1. What did Leanchoilica look like?

2. What does Gould argue about the classification of the Canadaspis?

3. What did Whittington originally think Naraoia was?

4. How did Aysehaia contribute to the Burgess Drama?

5. What two major discoveries did Derek Briggs make?

6. What is uniquely special about the discovery of Sanctacaris?

7. Why did the Burgess Shale drama become a denouement by 1978?

8. Why does Gould deplore the prevention of Des Collins excavation of Walcot's quarry?

9. Why wasn't the discovery of the Burgess Shale and its consequent new shift in perspective a gradual change?

10. How did Naraoia contribute to the Burgess Drama?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Chapter 3 examines the levels of the taxonomy of life. Describe four of these levels with examples from each and then explain the system of classification that Whittington used for the Burgess Shale animals. Answer why it is important for paleontologists to classify specimens. Support your argument with at least two logical examples.

Essay Topic 2

In Chapter 1, Gould expresses the opinion that accepting his interpretation of the Burgess Shale has a psychological cost for humanity. Explain why Gould believes this and disagree or agree with his statement. Cite at least three reasons that support your argument.

Essay Topic 3

Gould examines how Whittington gave upon the Trilobitoidea class. In your own words, summarize why Whittington threw out the Trilobitoidea class. Support your summary with two examples taken from any of the chapters in the book.

(see the answer keys)

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