|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What association does Gould make with progress and evolution?
2. How was Walcott's taxonomy significantly updated?
3. When was the boundary between the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras?
4. Where was Opabinia quoted to belong?
5. In Gould's perspective, what historical understanding does the Burgess shale offer humanity?
Short Essay Questions
1. How is the Marrella splendens described in relation to the other Burgess Shale fossils?
2. What is the boundary between the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras famous?
3. What evidence favors Opabinia's uniqueness?
4. What dominant paradigm about the Burgess fossils was Whittington pressured to conform to?
5. Why do paleontologists find Opabinia unbelievable and fascinating?
6. What did Leif Størmer's "Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology" describe?
7. How did Walcott's taxonomy have to be significantly updated?
8. What is the definition of decimation in the relation to the evolution of life?
9. What was the difference between Simon Conway Morris and Whittington in the way that they worked?
10. What did Stephen Jay Gould desire to use the Burgess Shale for?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Gould examines how Whittington gave upon the Trilobitoidea class. In your own words, summarize why Whittington threw out the Trilobitoidea class. Support your summary with two examples taken from any of the chapters in the book.
Essay Topic 2
Gould promotes the idea that evolution cannot hold up under intensive examination. First, examine evolution as a theory. Second, examine it as a theory in the context of the Burgess Shale. Support your agreement or disagreement with at least two logical reasons with solid examples. Can the conception of evolution hold up under intensive examination? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
Gould argues that Canadaspis' classification as a crustacean is crucial. Summarize Gould's argument and then, using at least three examples from the book, argue for or against Gould's position.
This section contains 600 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)