|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. When does the old story have Walcott miraculously stumble upon the Burgess Shale?
2. What kind of development were the Burgess animals first interpreted to have?
3. What is one of the first tasks of the paleontologist after producing a clear specimen?
4. Who discovered Harry Whittington's analysis of fauna decades later?
5. What did Marella have that no trilobite shared?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did Whittington approach Yohoia less conservatively?
2. What was the difference between Simon Conway Morris and Whittington in the way that they worked?
3. What are Marrella and Yohoia in terms of evolution?
4. What is the boundary between the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras famous?
5. What did Whittington find Opabinia to actually be?
6. How did Walcott's taxonomy have to be significantly updated?
7. Why are the Burgess Shale's arthropod designs odd?
8. Name four levels of the taxonomy of life.
9. What evidence favors Opabinia's uniqueness?
10. What is the definition of decimation in the relation to the evolution of life?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Act 1 discusses the differences between Leif Størmer's explanation of the Burgess arthropods in his Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology and Walcott's narrow groupings of arthropod phylums. Compile at least three examples provided by Gould's book that examine their similarities and differences.
Essay Topic 2
Chapter 2 focuses on the myth of the laboratory and of field work. What does Gould have to say about the myths behind these work stations? Discuss three examples that explain how Gould presents these working stations as mythic. Also, determine the similarities and differences between laboratory and field work.
Essay Topic 3
Since a team controls research data, it's important that each member function in unison. Answer the following question: Is the diversity of Whittington's team a strength or a weakness? Discuss three ways in which their diversity is a strength or a weakness. Use material from the entire book to support your examples.
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