Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who newly interpreted the Burgess animals in 1971?

2. In Gould's perspective, what historical understanding does the Burgess shale offer humanity?

3. What does Gould strain to emphasize for his audience?

4. How much of all marine life died during the greatest extinction in history?

5. What compose eras?

Short Essay Questions

1. How is the "Cambrian explosion" defined?

2. Why do paleontologists find Opabinia unbelievable and fascinating?

3. What is the first chapter of "Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History" about?

4. What did Leif Størmer decide to do in contrast to Walcott?

5. What dominant paradigm about the Burgess fossils was Whittington pressured to conform to?

6. Why could the acceptance of the new interpretation create within humans a psychological shock?

7. What did using these new methods allow Whittington's team to do?

8. How did Whittington try to uncover the bodily appendages of Opabinia?

9. What sorts of new procedures did Whittington's team use?

10. Why is the Burgess Shale acknowledged as the most significant collection of fossils yet discovered?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In Chapter 2, the relationship between Burgess fauna and eukaryotic fauna is examined. of the sequential artist and the reader is examined. Examine the different stages of fauna. Answer the following question: What does this relationship express about evolution in general and about the Burgess Shale in particular? Use one of your own supporting ideas to back up your statement, and at least two examples from the book.

Essay Topic 2

Throughout Chapter 3 and Act 1, Gould delves into discussions of dominant paradigms. Cite three dominant paradigms, from any time period, that were associated with the Burgess Shale. Explain how these paradigms were discovered to be true or false. Explain you arguments with solid reasoning.

Essay Topic 3

Act 1 discusses the differences between Leif Størmer's explanation of the Burgess arthropods in his Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology and Walcott's narrow groupings of arthropod phylums. Compile at least three examples provided by Gould's book that examine their similarities and differences.

(see the answer keys)

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