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Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Gould represent the original interpretation as?
(a) "The ladder and the cone."
(b) "The chair and the ladder."
(c) "The cone and the rod."
(d) "The step and the bowl."
2. What did the "death of the dinosaurs" boundary make possible?
(a) The development of large tortoises and sharks.
(b) The development of large mammals like humans.
(c) The development of smaller mammals.
(d) The development of rodents.
3. What does Gould determine about the difference between eukaryotic fauna and the Burgess fauna?
(a) The difference is minimalist.
(b) The difference is microscopic.
(c) The difference is close.
(d) The difference is vast.
4. How was Walcott's taxonomy significantly updated?
(a) Including new manera and genera.
(b) Including new genera and phyla.
(c) Including new phyla and manera.
(d) Including new marrella and phyla.
5. How many of these designs survived the first great extinction?
Short Answer Questions
1. Which creatures are representative of these four classes that survived the first great extinction?
2. What did Marella have that no trilobite shared?
3. What kinds of versions does the story of the Burgess Shale's discovery have?
4. How many general stages of fauna are between the two faunas both eukaryotic and of the Burgess Shale?
5. What kind of paradigm does Gould believe has not been communicated to the public?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did people think Opabinia was and what did Whittington choose to believe about this idea?
2. What did Stephen Jay Gould desire to use the Burgess Shale for?
3. How is the Marrella splendens described in relation to the other Burgess Shale fossils?
4. How does Gould begin Chapter 2: A Background for the Burgess Shale?
5. What is the boundary between the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras famous?
6. Name four levels of the taxonomy of life.
7. Why did Whittington approach Yohoia less conservatively?
8. What sorts of new procedures did Whittington's team use?
9. What did Leif Størmer's "Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology" describe?
10. Why could the acceptance of the new interpretation create within humans a psychological shock?
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