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Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Gould's perspective, what historical understanding does the Burgess shale offer humanity?
(a) The idea of "plague."
(b) The idea of "contingency."
(c) The idea of "symbiosis."
(d) The idea of "necrogenesis."
2. According to Gould, what kind of insight does the Burgess Shale offer into the nature of life and the evolution of life forms?
(a) Normal insight.
(b) Unique insight.
(c) Weird insight.
(d) Distasteful insight.
3. What did Whittington later note that he labored under?
(a) The two Ps: polyanimate and precursor.
(b) The two Ps: primitive and precursor.
(c) The two Bs: barren and barinal.
(d) The two Ds: decimation and destruction.
4. What did Walcott do for science by collecting and cataloging tens of thousands of new species?
(a) Betrayed his own principles.
(b) Greatly served the aims and goals of science.
(c) Completely revamped scientific studies.
(d) Betrayed science's aims.
5. After publishing his first monograph, which two graduate students did Whittington employ?
(a) Simon Conway Morris and Derek Briggs.
(b) Barry Moser and Simeon Martin.
(c) Jeremy Morris and Derek Briggs.
(d) Briggs Morris and Simon Conway.
Short Answer Questions
1. When did Whittington publish a monograph on Yohoia?
2. What does the Precambrian Era contain?
3. What comprises the first 4 billion years of Earth's history?
4. What cost comes with accepting Gould's picture of human evolution?
5. Who discovered Harry Whittington's analysis of fauna decades later?
Short Essay Questions
1. What dominant paradigm about the Burgess fossils was Whittington pressured to conform to?
2. Why do paleontologists find Opabinia unbelievable and fascinating?
3. How does Gould begin Chapter 2: A Background for the Burgess Shale?
4. What is the first chapter of "Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History" about?
5. What is the definition of decimation in the relation to the evolution of life?
6. What did people think Opabinia was and what did Whittington choose to believe about this idea?
7. What was the difference between Simon Conway Morris and Whittington in the way that they worked?
8. What did Leif Størmer's "Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology" describe?
9. Why did Whittington approach Yohoia less conservatively?
10. Why are the Burgess Shale's arthropod designs odd?
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