|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What happened from 1971 through 1978 that changed everything?
(a) Years of scientific debate.
(b) Two months of pondering.
(c) Sporadic leaps in clarity.
2. What did the dissenter believe should happen to Aysehaia?
(a) It should spread to the lower classes.
(b) It should be retained in a known class.
(c) It should not exist.
(d) It should jump two classes.
3. What are Derek Briggs and Simon Conway Morris described as?
4. What did Naraoia lead Whittington to do?
(a) Combine two classes to create Trilobitoidea.
(b) Dismiss the entire class Trilobitoidea as artificial.
(c) Dismiss Naraoia as a fluke.
(d) Begin a new class called Trilobitoidea.
5. Which are the names of three rare arthropods in the Shale?
(a) Molaria, Actaeus, Sartrocercus.
(b) Acteria, Malaraia, Bulgara.
(c) Molaria, Sartrocercus, Asheais.
(d) Sartrocercus, Asheais, Actaeus.
6. What did Whittington restrain Morris from doing?
(a) From overreaching.
(b) From spinning out of control.
(c) From underreaching.
(d) From holding on to hard to his lessons.
7. Where did Collins find another dig site?
(a) In Alaska.
(b) Five miles north of the original quarry.
(c) Five miles south of the original quarry.
(d) On the other side of the mountains.
8. What did 1971 through 1978 bring for Whittington?
(a) No changes.
(b) Revolutionary changes and a new shift in perspective.
(c) Ten more new fossils.
(d) Devastating news that his research was no longer financed.
9. What did Gould say the next generation must do with the Burgess Shale?
(a) Work on it with new techniques and forms of paradigms.
(b) Work on it with old techniques and forms of analysis.
(c) Fix it with revised techniques and forms of analysis.
(d) Work on it with new techniques and forms of analysis.
10. What did Morris publish while still in graduate school?
(a) 7 articles.
(b) 5 papers on new phyla.
(c) 6 monographs.
(d) 4 papers.
11. What does the 'grab bag' provided by the Burgess Shale consist of?
(a) Appendages and anatomical forms.
(b) Cartilage and fossils.
(c) Corpuscles and carapaces.
(d) Appendages and tissues.
12. What do bats superficially resemble?
13. How does Gould say diversity could possibly have expanded?
(b) Exponentially less.
(d) Evenly or even logarithmically.
14. What does the second stage of contingency describe?
(a) The origins of life.
(b) The developmental path of eukaryotic organisms.
(c) The progression of prokaryotes.
(d) How mammals survived.
15. What type of relationship does Gould say Oxford advisers have with their students?
(a) Little to no relationship.
(b) A strong relationship.
(c) A mature relationship.
(d) A premature relationship.
Short Answer Questions
1. What new view did Whittington now understand?
2. What stage of contingency does the book focus on most?
3. What kind of picture do scientists have of multi-cellular animal life because of the Burgess Shale?
4. What must evolutionary biologists specify concerning similarities and differences?
5. What did Act 3 explain?
This section contains 499 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)