Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How did Naraoia help the Burgess Drama?
(a) By helping save it.
(b) By helping destroy it.
(c) By helping complete it.
(d) By helping summon it.

2. What did Anomalocaris appear to represent?
(a) Another new species.
(b) Another new taxonomy.
(c) Another new phylum.
(d) Another new kingdom.

3. What did Whittington next begin work on?
(a) Marella.
(b) Naraoia.
(c) Yohoia.
(d) Wiwaxia.

4. What does Act 4 do?
(a) Keep things conservative.
(b) Skip to the fifth act.
(c) Speed things up.
(d) Slow things down.

5. What did Whittington's revisions of the new paradigm become?
(a) A research paradigm.
(b) A religious paradigm.
(c) A cultural paradigm.
(d) A statistical paradigm.

6. What stage of contingency does the book focus on most?
(a) The fifth stage.
(b) The sixth stage.
(c) The first stage.
(d) The fourth stage.

7. What must evolutionary biologists specify concerning similarities and differences?
(a) Six types.
(b) Invertebrate types.
(c) Types and sub-types.
(d) Vertebrate types.

8. How does Gould say diversity could possibly have expanded?
(a) Geometrically.
(b) Evenly or even logarithmically.
(c) Narrowly.
(d) Exponentially less.

9. What did the dissenter believe should happen to Aysehaia?
(a) It should be retained in a known class.
(b) It should not exist.
(c) It should spread to the lower classes.
(d) It should jump two classes.

10. What did 1971 through 1978 bring for Whittington?
(a) No changes.
(b) Revolutionary changes and a new shift in perspective.
(c) Ten more new fossils.
(d) Devastating news that his research was no longer financed.

11. What years did Whittington work on Naraoia and Aysheaia?
(a) 1978-1979.
(b) 1976-1977.
(c) 1980-1981.
(d) 1977-1978.

12. How can Odaraia be described?
(a) The largest bivalve arthropod in the shale.
(b) The smallest trivalve arthropod in the shale.
(c) The largest vertebrate in the shale.
(d) The largest trivalve arthropod in the shale.

13. How can scientists describe the structure of evolutionary inference?
(a) Fairly intuitive.
(b) Quite simple.
(c) Quite complex.
(d) Fairly easy.

14. Which class did Whittington's dissenter say Aysehaia should be in?
(a) Ekydidophora.
(b) Amaraphora.
(c) Marinophora.
(d) Onychophora.

15. What new view did Whittington now understand?
(a) Many Burgess fossils fit within one known taxonomy.
(b) Many Burgess fossils cannot be placed in any known taxonomy.
(c) No Burgess fossils fit within any known taxonomy.
(d) Few Burgess fossils cannot be placed in any known taxonomy.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does the second stage of contingency describe?

2. What example helped round out the Burgess revision?

3. Why did Whittington's next classification pose a problem?

4. What is the classification of animal species specifically warned to not be made on alone?

5. What does the 'grab bag' provided by the Burgess Shale consist of?

(see the answer keys)

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