Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did Walcott do for science by collecting and cataloging tens of thousands of new species?
(a) Betrayed his own principles.
(b) Greatly served the aims and goals of science.
(c) Completely revamped scientific studies.
(d) Betrayed science's aims.

2. In what year did Leif Størmer describe the Burgess Shale arthropods in a treatise?
(a) 1959.
(b) 1987.
(c) 1989.
(d) 1960.

3. What does Gould strain to emphasize for his audience?
(a) The evolution of multi-cellular life was not unmitigated progress
(b) The separation of single cell life was mitigated progress.
(c) The dissipation of marine life was progress.
(d) The evolution of marine life was unmitigated progress.

4. What types did Whittingdon use to classify the new species?
(a) Arthropod types.
(b) Regenerative types.
(c) Cilial types.
(d) Mollusk types.

5. What does the Burgess Shale represent that occurred 570 million years ago?
(a) The "Prezoaic Explosion."
(b) The "Precambrian Explosion."
(c) The "Anthropological Explosion."
(d) The "Cambrian Explosion."

6. What does Gould focus on to bring the Burgess Shale into clear view?
(a) Technical perfection
(b) Whittington's insight.
(c) Des Collin's insight.
(d) Opabinia's dissection.

7. How many of these designs survived the first great extinction?
(a) Three.
(b) Ninety-eight.
(c) Four.
(d) Twenty.

8. What did Whittington shockingly find after the dissection of Opabinia?
(a) Another complete, yet smaller Opabinia.
(b) Two hearts.
(c) A baby Opabinia.
(d) Nothing underneath the carapace at all.

9. The Burgess fauna follow the beginning of what era?
(a) Mesozoic Era.
(b) Pezozoic Era.
(c) Maleozoic Era.
(d) Paleozoic Era.

10. What type of evidence concerning Opabinia is considered to be decisive?
(a) Its distinctiveness.
(b) Its guts.
(c) Its structure.
(d) Its classification.

11. Who proposes to use the Burgess Shale to illustrate the nature of history?
(a) Marie Janine Gold.
(b) Mary J. Gold.
(c) Steven Kay Gold.
(d) Stephen Jay Gould.

12. After publishing his first monograph, which two graduate students did Whittington employ?
(a) Briggs Morris and Simon Conway.
(b) Barry Moser and Simeon Martin.
(c) Simon Conway Morris and Derek Briggs.
(d) Jeremy Morris and Derek Briggs.

13. How much of all marine life died during the greatest extinction in history?
(a) 89%.
(b) 96%.
(c) 47%
(d) 5%.

14. What is the Burgess Shale composed of?
(a) Invertebrates.
(b) Amoebas.
(c) Vertebrates.
(d) Viruses.

15. What are the evidences for Opabinia that are considered undeniable?
(a) The shape of its trunk and the segments of its gut.
(b) The shape of its carapace and the segments of its trunk.
(c) The shape of its gut and the segments of its trunk.
(d) The segments of its gut and the shape of its trunk.

Short Answer Questions

1. How many new arthropod designs does The Burgess Shale contain?

2. What did Whittington conclude about Yohoia in 1975?

3. What is so strange about Opabinia that paleontologists found it unbelievable?

4. What do the levels range from in the taxonomy of life?

5. What kind of appendages did Yohoia have?

(see the answer keys)

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