Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Leif Størmer spread the Burgess arthropods among the groups in the arthropod phylum?
(a) Minutely.
(b) Hardly.
(c) Widely.
(d) Narrowly.

2. What kind of paradigm does Gould believe has not been communicated to the public?
(a) A controversial conservative paradigm.
(b) A provoking platonic paradigm.
(c) A new research paradigm.
(d) A leftover historical paradigm.

3. What does Gould's new interpretation emphasize about human evolution?
(a) It has a single order.
(b) It has no single order.
(c) It has two orders.
(d) It has five orders.

4. What compose eras?
(a) Times and Seasons.
(b) Periods.
(c) Epochs and Ages.
(d) Advents and Periods.

5. What kinds of versions does the story of the Burgess Shale's discovery have?
(a) A old, more accurate version and a newer, less accurate version.
(b) An old, less accurate version and a newer, more accurate version.
(c) A newer, less accurate version and an older, more accurate version.
(d) Two of more or less the same version.

6. When does the old story have Walcott miraculously stumble upon the Burgess Shale?
(a) After his son stumbled upon it.
(b) Before his son fell onto the Shale.
(c) After his pistol whipped the dust.
(d) After his wife's horse tripped and fell onto it.

7. What did Walcott do for science by collecting and cataloging tens of thousands of new species?
(a) Greatly served the aims and goals of science.
(b) Betrayed his own principles.
(c) Completely revamped scientific studies.
(d) Betrayed science's aims.

8. How did the Burgess Shale's mysteries become apparent?
(a) An explanation of theory.
(b) A discovery of a chemical.
(c) A discovery of a fossil.
(d) A shift in mindset.

9. How does Walcott group the Burgess arthropods among the arthropod phylum?
(a) Hardly.
(b) Widely.
(c) Minutely.
(d) Narrowly.

10. What is so strange about Opabinia that paleontologists found it unbelievable?
(a) The structure.
(b) The function.
(c) The diagnosis.
(d) The proboscis.

11. What did Gould describe as characteristic of arthropods?
(a) Bodily appendages.
(b) Odd segmented trunk.
(c) Noodly proboscis.
(d) Hard, body shell.

12. What type of evidence concerning Opabinia is considered to be decisive?
(a) Its structure.
(b) Its classification.
(c) Its guts.
(d) Its distinctiveness.

13. What kind of drama does Gould wish to recount that led to rejecting Walcott's interpretation?
(a) Spiritual.
(b) Intellectual.
(c) Emotional.
(d) Physical.

14. What did Whittington conclude about Yohoia in 1975?
(a) Yohoia is in multiple systems.
(b) Yohoia is a known arthropod.
(c) Yohoia is an unknown trilobite.
(d) Yohoia does not fit anywhere.

15. What does Gould determine about the difference between eukaryotic fauna and the Burgess fauna?
(a) The difference is microscopic.
(b) The difference is minimalist.
(c) The difference is close.
(d) The difference is vast.

Short Answer Questions

1. What types did Whittingdon use to classify the new species?

2. In what year did Leif Størmer describe the Burgess Shale arthropods in a treatise?

3. What does Gould focus on to bring the Burgess Shale into clear view?

4. What are Marrella and Yohoia?

5. What does the Precambrian Era contain?

(see the answer keys)

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