Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Gould determine about the difference between eukaryotic fauna and the Burgess fauna?
(a) The difference is vast.
(b) The difference is microscopic.
(c) The difference is minimalist.
(d) The difference is close.

2. What did Whittington later note that he labored under?
(a) The two Ps: primitive and precursor.
(b) The two Bs: barren and barinal.
(c) The two Ds: decimation and destruction.
(d) The two Ps: polyanimate and precursor.

3. What does the Precambrian Era contain?
(a) Physical, non-linear time and the advent of multi-cellular life.
(b) Rational, linear logic and the advent of single-celled life.
(c) Spatial, non-biological time and the decimation of single-celled life.
(d) Geological, non-biological time and the advent of single-celled life.

4. What was Opabinia's frontal nozzle not?
(a) A proboscis.
(b) Part of its head.
(c) A second mouth.
(d) A carapace.

5. How many years did Whittington spend on his 1979 monograph?
(a) One year.
(b) Five and a half years.
(c) Six months.
(d) Four and a half years.

6. What cost comes with accepting Gould's picture of human evolution?
(a) Psychological cost.
(b) Monetary cost.
(c) Compensatory cost.
(d) Physical cost.

7. How many levels are there in the taxonomy of life?
(a) Several.
(b) Few.
(c) None.
(d) Hundreds.

8. How many general stages of fauna are between the two faunas both eukaryotic and of the Burgess Shale?
(a) Five.
(b) Two.
(c) Four.
(d) Three.

9. Which genus was Whittington focused on classifying in Chapter Three?
(a) Hartoll.
(b) Minillera.
(c) Marrella.
(d) Splendens.

10. Why did Whittington dissect Opabinia?
(a) To look at its heart.
(b) To find its liver.
(c) To uncover its bodily appendages.
(d) To uncover its organs.

11. What was Whittington armed with that helped him review the claim that Opabinia was an arthropod?
(a) New tossils.
(b) New techniques.
(c) Old instructional manuals.
(d) New fossils.

12. What is so strange about Opabinia that paleontologists found it unbelievable?
(a) The structure.
(b) The function.
(c) The diagnosis.
(d) The proboscis.

13. What kind of development were the Burgess animals first interpreted to have?
(a) Regressing development.
(b) Unchanging development.
(c) Gradual, progressive development.
(d) Quick, rash development.

14. Who discovered Harry Whittington's analysis of fauna decades later?
(a) Des Collins.
(b) Rutherford.
(c) Walcott.
(d) Sebastian.

15. How did Whittington approach Yohoia?
(a) Less conservatively.
(b) Very liberally.
(c) More conservatively.
(d) Moderately liberally.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Whittington use to dissect the carapace of Opabinia?

2. What could Whittington not classify Marella with?

3. The Burgess fauna follow the beginning of what era?

4. How many new arthropod designs does The Burgess Shale contain?

5. When was the famed "death of the dinosaurs?"

(see the answer keys)

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