Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Gould focus on to bring the Burgess Shale into clear view?
(a) Des Collin's insight.
(b) Opabinia's dissection.
(c) Technical perfection
(d) Whittington's insight.

2. What does Gould strain to emphasize for his audience?
(a) The separation of single cell life was mitigated progress.
(b) The evolution of marine life was unmitigated progress.
(c) The evolution of multi-cellular life was not unmitigated progress
(d) The dissipation of marine life was progress.

3. In what year did Leif Størmer describe the Burgess Shale arthropods in a treatise?
(a) 1959.
(b) 1960.
(c) 1987.
(d) 1989.

4. When did Whittington begin studying Opabinia?
(a) 1890.
(b) 1980.
(c) 1975.
(d) 1978.

5. Which genus was Whittington focused on classifying in Chapter Three?
(a) Marrella.
(b) Splendens.
(c) Hartoll.
(d) Minillera.

6. How many specimens of Opabinia are in the Burgess Shale?
(a) Six.
(b) Ten.
(c) Four.
(d) Eight.

7. What types did Whittingdon use to classify the new species?
(a) Arthropod types.
(b) Mollusk types.
(c) Regenerative types.
(d) Cilial types.

8. Which progressive conception collapses because scientists do not fully understand the mechanisms of change?
(a) Progressive Development.
(b) Historical Limitation.
(c) Theopathsis.
(d) Evolution.

9. What kinds of versions does the story of the Burgess Shale's discovery have?
(a) A newer, less accurate version and an older, more accurate version.
(b) An old, less accurate version and a newer, more accurate version.
(c) A old, more accurate version and a newer, less accurate version.
(d) Two of more or less the same version.

10. How many of these designs survived the first great extinction?
(a) Twenty.
(b) Three.
(c) Four.
(d) Ninety-eight.

11. Who newly interpreted the Burgess animals in 1971?
(a) Professor Harry Whittington of Cambridge and his colleagues.
(b) Dr. Whittington of Yale and her husband.
(c) Professor Matt Stephens and his wife.
(d) Dr. John Whit and his colleagues.

12. What does the Burgess Shale represent that occurred 570 million years ago?
(a) The "Anthropological Explosion."
(b) The "Prezoaic Explosion."
(c) The "Precambrian Explosion."
(d) The "Cambrian Explosion."

13. What was Opabinia's frontal nozzle not?
(a) A carapace.
(b) A second mouth.
(c) A proboscis.
(d) Part of its head.

14. What is the Burgess Shale?
(a) The Canadian Rockies.
(b) The largest collection of fossils ever discovered.
(c) The smallest collection of fossils ever discovered.
(d) A territory of British Columbia.

15. What kind of lessons does Stephen Jay Gould draw from how the Burgess Shale was first interpreted?
(a) Religious and traditional lessons.
(b) Methodological and philosophical lessons.
(c) Medieval and historical lessons.
(d) Conservative and biological lessons.

Short Answer Questions

1. How many general stages of fauna are between the two faunas both eukaryotic and of the Burgess Shale?

2. What association does Gould make with progress and evolution?

3. What does the Precambrian Era contain?

4. What make up periods?

5. What did Whittington use to dissect the carapace of Opabinia?

(see the answer keys)

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