Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When did Whittington publish a monograph on Yohoia?
(a) 1977.
(b) 1987.
(c) 1978.
(d) 1974.

2. What did Walcott do for science by collecting and cataloging tens of thousands of new species?
(a) Betrayed science's aims.
(b) Betrayed his own principles.
(c) Completely revamped scientific studies.
(d) Greatly served the aims and goals of science.

3. What is the most common organism among the Burgess Shale fossils?
(a) Marrella splendens.
(b) Signi marella.
(c) Sanctocaris.
(d) Titilla splendens.

4. What types did Whittingdon use to classify the new species?
(a) Arthropod types.
(b) Cilial types.
(c) Regenerative types.
(d) Mollusk types.

5. When was the famed "death of the dinosaurs?"
(a) 20 million years ago.
(b) 100 thousand million years ago.
(c) 65 million years ago.
(d) 10 million years ago.

6. What compose eras?
(a) Advents and Periods.
(b) Times and Seasons.
(c) Epochs and Ages.
(d) Periods.

7. What did Whittington do after assigning his students to work on some of the other genera?
(a) Begins his monograph on Opabinia.
(b) Ends work on Yohoia.
(c) Begins work on Yohoia.
(d) Finishes his monograph on Wiwaxia.

8. What does Gould determine about the difference between eukaryotic fauna and the Burgess fauna?
(a) The difference is minimalist.
(b) The difference is vast.
(c) The difference is microscopic.
(d) The difference is close.

9. Who was America's "greatest paleontologist and scientific administrator"?
(a) Dr. Doolittle.
(b) Charlie VanGuarden.
(c) Charles Walmont.
(d) Charles Doolittle Walcott.

10. How was Walcott's taxonomy significantly updated?
(a) Including new phyla and manera.
(b) Including new marrella and phyla.
(c) Including new genera and phyla.
(d) Including new manera and genera.

11. What are the evidences for Opabinia that are considered undeniable?
(a) The shape of its gut and the segments of its trunk.
(b) The shape of its trunk and the segments of its gut.
(c) The segments of its gut and the shape of its trunk.
(d) The shape of its carapace and the segments of its trunk.

12. How many of these designs survived the first great extinction?
(a) Three.
(b) Twenty.
(c) Ninety-eight.
(d) Four.

13. What did Whittington conclude about Yohoia in 1975?
(a) Yohoia is a known arthropod.
(b) Yohoia is an unknown trilobite.
(c) Yohoia does not fit anywhere.
(d) Yohoia is in multiple systems.

14. How did the Burgess Shale's mysteries become apparent?
(a) A shift in mindset.
(b) An explanation of theory.
(c) A discovery of a chemical.
(d) A discovery of a fossil.

15. What did Marella have that no trilobite shared?
(a) Two backs.
(b) Large incisors.
(c) Twenty ligaments.
(d) Appendages.

Short Answer Questions

1. After publishing his first monograph, which two graduate students did Whittington employ?

2. What is the Burgess Shale composed of?

3. What does the evolution of life contain, according to Gould's explanations and illustrations?

4. When did Whittington publish his first monograph?

5. In Gould's perspective, what historical understanding does the Burgess shale offer humanity?

(see the answer keys)

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