The Prophets Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Heschel describe as not a goal, but a challenge, a commitment, a state of tension?
(a) Ecstasy.
(b) Pathos.
(c) Prophetic ethos.
(d) Prophetic sympathy.

2. To what does Heschel compare the descriptions of prophecy?
(a) Poetry.
(b) Religious literature.
(c) Religious fervor.
(d) Grace and holiness.

3. According to some scholars, the goal should not be pathos but what?
(a) Wisdom.
(b) Apathy.
(c) Knowledge.
(d) Understanding.

4. What is the origin of pathos?
(a) Islamic.
(b) Greek.
(c) Hebrew.
(d) Egyptian.

5. What does Heschel believe drives a person's desire for ecstasy?
(a) Desire to pray more deeply.
(b) Desire to be connected to gods.
(c) Desire to leave the every day world.
(d) Desire to be different.

Short Answer Questions

1. Heschel points out that having a friendship with God doesn't mean what?

2. To what does Heschel compare the words of the prophet?

3. The nature of man's response to divine reality corresponds to what?

4. Who declared ecstasy to be a definitive mark of a prophet?

5. If ecstasy were a requirement for a prophet, which prophets of the Old Testament would not have been classified as prophets?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Heschel explain the beliefs that the prophets were frauds?

2. How does Heschel describe God?

3. Why does Heschel call indifference evil?

4. Describe one theory of the state of mind of the prophets at the time they were receiving the words of God.

5. What is ecstasy?

6. What was Spinoza's idea about the prophets and does Heschel agree?

7. Do all scholars agree with Philo's view of ecstasy and the prophets?

8. How does Heschel describe the concerns of the prophets?

9. Describe one theory that Heschel discusses regarding prophets and their revelations from God.

10. Who was Marcion?

(see the answer keys)

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