|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What is one geographical change that affects islands and continents?
2. What other field of science can natural selection be compared to?
3. What animal does Darwin use as an example of an intermediate form of a full-land and full-flying animal?
4. What is the struggle for existence caused by?
5. What do naturalists connect with species that have two or three variations?
Short Essay Questions
1. How do Naturalists define a species and a variety?
2. What must be examined in order for Darwin's theory to be considered plausible?
3. Why is natural selection much broader than domestic selection by humans?
4. Regarding Darwin's example of the pigeon in Chapter 1, why is the pigeon easily determined to be descended from a single species?
5. Why are the laws of inheritance still not understood?
6. How does the growth of a population work?
7. Why would natural selection be considered counter-intuitive?
8. How does Darwin propose a theory that goes against long-held popular belief?
9. Why is the eye used as an example of an organ too complex to be explained by natural selection?
10. Why is a flying mammal such as a bat difficult to explain through natural selection?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Darwin uses inductive reasoning throughout his work. What is inductive reasoning? Why is this so important to the study of natural selection? Is inductive reasoning scientific? Explain your answer.
Essay Topic 2
Darwin discusses the struggle for existence in terms of pray and predators. How does this theory play into species with no predators? Are there truly any species with no predators? Explain your answer.
Essay Topic 3
Darwin uses the scientific method. How does he study nature and species using this method, and what is the significance of this method?
This section contains 748 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)