|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The German psychologist W. Stern argued that mental age should be ____________ by chronological age.
2. Cesare Lombroso thought that ____________ behavior is hereditary.
3. "s" was considered the product of _________ by both Spearman and Burt.
4. One problem that resulted from Binet's test was this idea: If intelligence was ____________, it was inevitable.
5. Burt seemed to have increased his sample of patients from fewer then 20 to more than ________ in a number of publications. This irregularity began the undoing of his work's findings.
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
2. How were Burt's papers and data related to his studies destroyed?
3. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
4. Where did Alfred Binet first begin his study of human intelligence?
5. What does the factor analysis variable 'g' stand for?
6. Define the idea of correlation.
7. What did Ellis find happened to men who were living in urban areas?
8. Who was Sir Cyril Burt?
9. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
10. What was Binet's major worry about the work he was doing with intelligence testing?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Alfred Binet is prominently studied within "The Mismeasure of Man." His work helped to define the study of human intelligence and paved the way for many more studies in that arena.
Part 1: What was the background of Alfred Binet?
Part 2: What was Binet commissioned to do and how did he set about achieving this goal?
Part 3: What was Binet's major claim to fame in relation to the ranking of human intelligence?
Essay Topic 2
Samuel George Morton was a collector of skulls, which lead to his own studies in the ranking of individuals. But Gould is not so sure Morton is as careful with his research as many once thought.
Part 1: What did Morton do with the skulls he had collected and measured?
Part 2: What was Morton's conclusion based on his measurements of the skills?
Part 3: What was the problem Gould found with Morton's work, "Crania Americana"?
Part 4: What are the four conclusions Gould draws about Morton's work?
Essay Topic 3
Recapitulation is an idea that seems to allow for the ranking of people from high to low. This idea is one of the many that sprang up in the nineteenth century, and Gould is quick to point out the main issues.
Part 1: How is recapitulation defined?
Part 2: What did this theory provide that other scientific theories did not?
Part 3: How were adults and children used in the scientific theory of recapitulation?
This section contains 615 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)