|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Cesare Lombroso thought that ____________ behavior is hereditary.
2. E.D. Cope based his theory in #92 on the idea that the ____________ brought on earlier maturation.
3. The German psychologist W. Stern argued that mental age should be ____________ by chronological age.
4. "[T]he child represents a ____________ adult ancestor."
5. Binet believed that not all intelligence was ___________.
Short Essay Questions
1. What were the problems of Burt's studies?
2. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
3. What were the three rules Binet set up to help prevent the misuse of his test?
4. What does the factor analysis variable 'g' stand for?
5. What did Binet find when he went to various schools to test out Broca's theory of head measurement?
6. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
7. What did Binet do in order to fulfill the obligations of his commission in 1904?
8. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
9. Who was Sir Cyril Burt?
10. How were Burt's papers and data related to his studies destroyed?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In the end, Gould seems to come to the conclusion that humans don't necessarily adapt because of biology and biological changes. There are other reasons for adaptation.
Part 1: What is one way humans can adapt, which is not biological in nature?
Part 2: What is the main flaw of the previous studies Gould has mentioned in the book?
Part 3: How do you feel about Gould's ideas? Do they make sense to you? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 2
Samuel George Morton was a collector of skulls, which lead to his own studies in the ranking of individuals. But Gould is not so sure Morton is as careful with his research as many once thought.
Part 1: What did Morton do with the skulls he had collected and measured?
Part 2: What was Morton's conclusion based on his measurements of the skills?
Part 3: What was the problem Gould found with Morton's work, "Crania Americana"?
Part 4: What are the four conclusions Gould draws about Morton's work?
Essay Topic 3
The idea of testing children in schools is one that is a normal part of life today, but it can have many issues in its effectiveness and in its logic. Binet understood this, and yet still seems to have created more problems in terms of studying intelligence in children.
Part 1: What are some of the problems that stemmed from Binet's test, related to the idea that intelligence is inevitable?
Part 2: What are some ways that heredity is confused within and between groups in relation to Binet's test?
Part 3: Many American psychologists did not follow Binet's rules for using his tests. What belief did this lead to?
This section contains 677 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)