|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who had a mental age between 3 and 7?
2. "Mental testing becomes a theory for enhancing ___________ through proper education."
3. When Burt's sample increased, his correlation between pairs for IQ _________.
4. Eysenck thought that those with ______ rapidly developing skills (as mentioned in #100) also had lower IQ scores.
5. Spearman also found there is a _______ substrate for intelligence except that this can be affected by outside factors.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Samuel George Morton was a collector of skulls, which lead to his own studies in the ranking of individuals. But Gould is not so sure Morton is as careful with his research as many once thought.
Part 1: What did Morton do with the skulls he had collected and measured?
Part 2: What was Morton's conclusion based on his measurements of the skills?
Part 3: What was the problem Gould found with Morton's work, "Crania Americana"?
Part 4: What are the four conclusions Gould draws about Morton's work?
Essay Topic 2
Recapitulation is an idea that seems to allow for the ranking of people from high to low. This idea is one of the many that sprang up in the nineteenth century, and Gould is quick to point out the main issues.
Part 1: How is recapitulation defined?
Part 2: What did this theory provide that other scientific theories did not?
Part 3: How were adults and children used in the scientific theory of recapitulation?
Essay Topic 3
The idea of testing children in schools is one that is a normal part of life today, but it can have many issues in its effectiveness and in its logic. Binet understood this, and yet still seems to have created more problems in terms of studying intelligence in children.
Part 1: What are some of the problems that stemmed from Binet's test, related to the idea that intelligence is inevitable?
Part 2: What are some ways that heredity is confused within and between groups in relation to Binet's test?
Part 3: Many American psychologists did not follow Binet's rules for using his tests. What belief did this lead to?
This section contains 1,811 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)