|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Binet believed that not all intelligence was ___________.
2. Who had a mental age between 3 and 7?
3. Unlike Binet, Goddard used __________ to label and to categorize.
4. Eysenck thought that those with ______ rapidly developing skills (as mentioned in #100) also had lower IQ scores.
5. The general intellectual knowledge of the child was calculated by subtracting the ________ age from his true chronological age.
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Binet find when he went to various schools to test out Broca's theory of head measurement?
2. Define the idea of recapitulation.
3. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
4. What was Havelock Ellis' major claim in his study of the measurement of bodies in order to determine value?
5. What were the three facts upon which H.J. Eysenck based his theory of the inferiority of blacks?
6. Define the idea of correlation.
7. Who was Sir Cyril Burt?
8. What does the factor analysis variable 'g' stand for?
9. What did Ellis find happened to men who were living in urban areas?
10. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The concept of inferiority seems to be one early scientists were very eager to identify. In doing so, it seems, they could help society become stronger and more powerful.
Part 1: What seems to be the definition of inferiority as measured by the scientists in the studies Gould has shed light on?
Part 2: Why does inferiority need to be identified in any society? What are the benefits to this labeling?
Part 3: What are the negative effects of creating a group of people who are considered by scientists to be inferior to others?
Essay Topic 2
For many people, the idea of a scientific study is instantly perceived as being valid and useful to those who read it and understand it. But Gould seems to be attacking the scientific process, or at least, his book might be perceived in that manner.
Part 1: Why does Gould decide to attack the science behind the studies of ranking individuals according to intelligence?
Part 2: In what ways is science affected by those who utilize it for studying certain subjects? Better said, how do the researchers themselves affect the outcomes of their experiments?
Part 3: Do you think a scientific study can ever be completely free of bias? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
In the end, Gould seems to come to the conclusion that humans don't necessarily adapt because of biology and biological changes. There are other reasons for adaptation.
Part 1: What is one way humans can adapt, which is not biological in nature?
Part 2: What is the main flaw of the previous studies Gould has mentioned in the book?
Part 3: How do you feel about Gould's ideas? Do they make sense to you? Why or why not?
This section contains 670 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)