Final Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who had a mental age between 3 and 7?
2. What was Lombroso's theory known as?
3. Bolk felt what race was not only the most progressive, but also the most retarded?
4. The German psychologist W. Stern argued that mental age should be ____________ by chronological age.
5. Burt seemed to have increased his sample of patients from fewer then 20 to more than ________ in a number of publications. This irregularity began the undoing of his work's findings.
Essay Topic 1
Alfred Binet is prominently studied within "The Mismeasure of Man." His work helped to define the study of human intelligence and paved the way for many more studies in that arena.
Part 1: What was the background of Alfred Binet?
Part 2: What was Binet commissioned to do and how did he set about achieving this goal?
Part 3: What was Binet's major claim to fame in relation to the ranking of human intelligence?
Essay Topic 2
Samuel George Morton was a collector of skulls, which lead to his own studies in the ranking of individuals. But Gould is not so sure Morton is as careful with his research as many once thought.
Part 1: What did Morton do with the skulls he had collected and measured?
Part 2: What was Morton's conclusion based on his measurements of the skills?
Part 3: What was the problem Gould found with Morton's work, "Crania Americana"?
Part 4: What are the four conclusions Gould draws about Morton's work?
Essay Topic 3
For many people, the idea of a scientific study is instantly perceived as being valid and useful to those who read it and understand it. But Gould seems to be attacking the scientific process, or at least, his book might be perceived in that manner.
Part 1: Why does Gould decide to attack the science behind the studies of ranking individuals according to intelligence?
Part 2: In what ways is science affected by those who utilize it for studying certain subjects? Better said, how do the researchers themselves affect the outcomes of their experiments?
Part 3: Do you think a scientific study can ever be completely free of bias? Why or why not?
This section contains 364 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)