|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was Lombroso's theory known as?
2. The answer to #93 caused a slowdown in ____________, leading to inferiority.
3. What technique did Burt say he developed, although it was really Charles Spearman who created this technique?
4. Binet also noticed differences between the figures collected by himself and by his student, ___________.
5. What was the nationality of H. J. Eysenck?
Short Essay Questions
1. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
2. Define the idea of correlation.
3. What did Binet's study of intelligence begin to rely on as opposed to medical measures of intelligence?
4. What were the three facts upon which H.J. Eysenck based his theory of the inferiority of blacks?
5. What did Binet do in order to fulfill the obligations of his commission in 1904?
6. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
7. Where did Alfred Binet first begin his study of human intelligence?
8. What was Binet's major worry about the work he was doing with intelligence testing?
9. What was Havelock Ellis' major claim in his study of the measurement of bodies in order to determine value?
10. What did Louis Bolk have to say about whites and blacks?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Monogenism and polygenism began the discussion that evolved into the idea of one kind of person being better than another kind of person. But that's where many of the troubles, Gould feels, also began.
Part 1: Define the idea of mongenism.
Part 2: Define the idea of polygenism.
Part 3: Which of these two ideas seems to be the most realistic? Why? Support your answer with information from the book.
Essay Topic 2
The idea of evolution was one the impacted the study of intelligence and intelligence testing greatly in the nineteenth century. At the same time, this theory also became a way to support scientific studies, even when the designs were incorrect or flawed.
Part 1: Define the theory of evolution and name its creator.
Part 2: How does evolution impact the studies related to biological determinism?
Part 3: What are two scientific theories that resulted from the introduction of evolution to the discuss of intelligence?
Essay Topic 3
For many people, the idea of a scientific study is instantly perceived as being valid and useful to those who read it and understand it. But Gould seems to be attacking the scientific process, or at least, his book might be perceived in that manner.
Part 1: Why does Gould decide to attack the science behind the studies of ranking individuals according to intelligence?
Part 2: In what ways is science affected by those who utilize it for studying certain subjects? Better said, how do the researchers themselves affect the outcomes of their experiments?
Part 3: Do you think a scientific study can ever be completely free of bias? Why or why not?
This section contains 697 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)