|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. E.D. Cope based his theory in #92 on the idea that the ____________ brought on earlier maturation.
2. How many reasons did Burt feel could be used for discounting the effects of environment?
3. "______________ proved an irresistible criterion for any scientist who wanted to rank human groups as higher or lower."
4. It was discovered that there was no general _________ of intelligence as Spearman once thought.
5. Intelligence, according to Goddard, came from ________ and nothing else.
Short Essay Questions
1. What was Havelock Ellis' major claim in his study of the measurement of bodies in order to determine value?
2. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
3. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
4. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
5. What did Binet find when he went to various schools to test out Broca's theory of head measurement?
6. What was Binet's major worry about the work he was doing with intelligence testing?
7. Where did Alfred Binet first begin his study of human intelligence?
8. What did Binet do in order to fulfill the obligations of his commission in 1904?
9. What did Binet's study of intelligence begin to rely on as opposed to medical measures of intelligence?
10. Who was Sir Cyril Burt?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Monogenism and polygenism began the discussion that evolved into the idea of one kind of person being better than another kind of person. But that's where many of the troubles, Gould feels, also began.
Part 1: Define the idea of mongenism.
Part 2: Define the idea of polygenism.
Part 3: Which of these two ideas seems to be the most realistic? Why? Support your answer with information from the book.
Essay Topic 2
The idea of testing children in schools is one that is a normal part of life today, but it can have many issues in its effectiveness and in its logic. Binet understood this, and yet still seems to have created more problems in terms of studying intelligence in children.
Part 1: What are some of the problems that stemmed from Binet's test, related to the idea that intelligence is inevitable?
Part 2: What are some ways that heredity is confused within and between groups in relation to Binet's test?
Part 3: Many American psychologists did not follow Binet's rules for using his tests. What belief did this lead to?
Essay Topic 3
In the end, Gould seems to come to the conclusion that humans don't necessarily adapt because of biology and biological changes. There are other reasons for adaptation.
Part 1: What is one way humans can adapt, which is not biological in nature?
Part 2: What is the main flaw of the previous studies Gould has mentioned in the book?
Part 3: How do you feel about Gould's ideas? Do they make sense to you? Why or why not?
This section contains 654 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)