|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many reasons did Burt feel could be used for discounting the effects of environment?
2. What was the nationality of H. J. Eysenck?
3. The principal components approach allowed Burt to identify _________ factors.
4. Intelligence, according to Goddard, came from ________ and nothing else.
5. Gould felt that Eysenck's arguments are not based on ___________ facts.
Short Essay Questions
1. What were the three rules Binet set up to help prevent the misuse of his test?
2. What were the three facts upon which H.J. Eysenck based his theory of the inferiority of blacks?
3. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
4. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
5. How were Burt's papers and data related to his studies destroyed?
6. What was Havelock Ellis' major claim in his study of the measurement of bodies in order to determine value?
7. What did Louis Bolk have to say about whites and blacks?
8. What did Binet find when he went to various schools to test out Broca's theory of head measurement?
9. What was Binet's major worry about the work he was doing with intelligence testing?
10. Define the idea of recapitulation.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
H.H. Goddard is a fascinating researcher in the field of intelligence measurement and heredity. His claim to fame is that he brought the Binet scale to America, but seems to have ignored the rules that went along with it.
Part 1: What are some of the categories Goddard used in order to rank individuals according to their intelligence?
Part 2: What are the similarities and the differences between these categories?
Part 3: What were the two errors Goddard encountered as he tried to develop a unilinear scale to measure intelligence?
Essay Topic 2
The idea that criminal behavior is hereditary is another idea that springs up during the introduction of evolution. The notion that criminal tendencies could spring up in the genes and then in the behaviors was widely accepted.
Part 1: Who was the main researcher of this idea of criminal behavior based on hereditary patterns?
Part 2: What were the weaknesses of this researcher's studies?
Part 3: What was the theory of atavism and what did it mean to society?
Essay Topic 3
The idea of evolution was one the impacted the study of intelligence and intelligence testing greatly in the nineteenth century. At the same time, this theory also became a way to support scientific studies, even when the designs were incorrect or flawed.
Part 1: Define the theory of evolution and name its creator.
Part 2: How does evolution impact the studies related to biological determinism?
Part 3: What are two scientific theories that resulted from the introduction of evolution to the discuss of intelligence?
This section contains 725 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)