|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Members of the inferior group were always compared with ________ children.
2. Havelock Ellis was a scientist who claimed the superiority of __________ during this period.
3. The principal components approach allowed Burt to identify _________ factors.
4. Spearman also found there is a _______ substrate for intelligence except that this can be affected by outside factors.
5. "[T]he child represents a ____________ adult ancestor."
Short Essay Questions
1. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
2. What did Binet do in order to fulfill the obligations of his commission in 1904?
3. What was Binet's major worry about the work he was doing with intelligence testing?
4. What did Louis Bolk have to say about whites and blacks?
5. What were the problems of Burt's studies?
6. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
7. Define the idea of correlation.
8. What did Binet find when he went to various schools to test out Broca's theory of head measurement?
9. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
10. What did Binet's study of intelligence begin to rely on as opposed to medical measures of intelligence?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Monogenism and polygenism began the discussion that evolved into the idea of one kind of person being better than another kind of person. But that's where many of the troubles, Gould feels, also began.
Part 1: Define the idea of mongenism.
Part 2: Define the idea of polygenism.
Part 3: Which of these two ideas seems to be the most realistic? Why? Support your answer with information from the book.
Essay Topic 2
The concept of inferiority seems to be one early scientists were very eager to identify. In doing so, it seems, they could help society become stronger and more powerful.
Part 1: What seems to be the definition of inferiority as measured by the scientists in the studies Gould has shed light on?
Part 2: Why does inferiority need to be identified in any society? What are the benefits to this labeling?
Part 3: What are the negative effects of creating a group of people who are considered by scientists to be inferior to others?
Essay Topic 3
David Hume and Louis Agassiz worked on the idea of polygenism as it related to the superiority of the white race. Agassiz especially wanted to prove that blacks were inferior to whites, though his studies were problematic.
Part 1: What was the main idea behind Agassiz's work?
Part 2: What were the problems with Agassiz's study and its results?
Part 3: What were Agassiz's own experiences with blacks like? What was his reaction to those he did finally meet?
This section contains 651 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)