|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was Lombroso's theory known as?
2. The principal components approach allowed Burt to identify _________ factors.
3. H.H. Goddard was the first to do what with Binet's test?
4. The answer to #93 caused a slowdown in ____________, leading to inferiority.
5. "[T]he child represents a ____________ adult ancestor."
Short Essay Questions
1. Where did Alfred Binet first begin his study of human intelligence?
2. What did Gould feel about Eysenck's arguments for black inferiority?
3. What did Binet do in order to fulfill the obligations of his commission in 1904?
4. What did Louis Bolk have to say about whites and blacks?
5. What did Binet's study of intelligence begin to rely on as opposed to medical measures of intelligence?
6. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
7. Define the idea of recapitulation.
8. What was Havelock Ellis' major claim in his study of the measurement of bodies in order to determine value?
9. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
10. What was Binet's major worry about the work he was doing with intelligence testing?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The concept of inferiority seems to be one early scientists were very eager to identify. In doing so, it seems, they could help society become stronger and more powerful.
Part 1: What seems to be the definition of inferiority as measured by the scientists in the studies Gould has shed light on?
Part 2: Why does inferiority need to be identified in any society? What are the benefits to this labeling?
Part 3: What are the negative effects of creating a group of people who are considered by scientists to be inferior to others?
Essay Topic 2
The idea of ranking people is the primary focus of this book. When we can rank people, we can classify them as more or less valuable to society, it seems.
Part 1: What are some of the other benefits of ranking people in this world?
Part 2: What are the disadvantages of ranking people in society?
Part 3: How are some ways we rank people already? Are there already systems of ranking present in this world? What are they? How do they work? Are they effective?
Essay Topic 3
Another researcher of brain size was Paul Broca. This professor of surgery used numbers which Gould is unsure were legitimate in order to show, one again, the inferiority of blacks.
Part 1: What does Gould think Broca did before doing his research that affected the results?
Part 2: What were Broca's numbers and results based on?
Part 3: In what way were Broca's studies biased?
This section contains 672 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)