|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who did Goddard classify was having a mental age below 3?
2. "s" was considered the product of _________ by both Spearman and Burt.
3. No matter how strong a correlation is, it says nothing about _________.
4. Binet also noticed differences between the figures collected by himself and by his student, ___________.
5. Gould thought that Eysenck's arguments were the result of __________ correlations.
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Gould feel about Eysenck's arguments for black inferiority?
2. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
3. Who was Sir Cyril Burt?
4. What does the factor analysis variable 'g' stand for?
5. Where did Alfred Binet first begin his study of human intelligence?
6. What was Havelock Ellis' major claim in his study of the measurement of bodies in order to determine value?
7. What did Binet's study of intelligence begin to rely on as opposed to medical measures of intelligence?
8. What did Binet do in order to fulfill the obligations of his commission in 1904?
9. What did Louis Bolk have to say about whites and blacks?
10. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
For many people, the idea of a scientific study is instantly perceived as being valid and useful to those who read it and understand it. But Gould seems to be attacking the scientific process, or at least, his book might be perceived in that manner.
Part 1: Why does Gould decide to attack the science behind the studies of ranking individuals according to intelligence?
Part 2: In what ways is science affected by those who utilize it for studying certain subjects? Better said, how do the researchers themselves affect the outcomes of their experiments?
Part 3: Do you think a scientific study can ever be completely free of bias? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 2
Havelock Ellis claimed that one group of people was superior to another, while Louis Bolk noticed differences among genders, depending on where they lived. These two scientists has revolutionary ideas for their time period.
Part 1: What group did Havelock Ellis feel was superior to others?
Part 2: What differences among genders, based on living situation, did Louis Bolk find?
Part 3: What were Bolk's feelings about the superiority of the white race? What did he have to say about whites as a race as a whole?
Essay Topic 3
In the end, Gould seems to come to the conclusion that humans don't necessarily adapt because of biology and biological changes. There are other reasons for adaptation.
Part 1: What is one way humans can adapt, which is not biological in nature?
Part 2: What is the main flaw of the previous studies Gould has mentioned in the book?
Part 3: How do you feel about Gould's ideas? Do they make sense to you? Why or why not?
This section contains 646 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)