|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who did Goddard classify was having a mental age below 3?
2. Havelock found that _________ males were more effeminate.
3. Binet spend a lot of time measuring skulls to see the correlation between size and intelligence, like Broca claimed, but his findings did not correlate with the __________ designation of smart and dumb.
4. What group of students/people, as discovered by their intelligence level in response to Binet's test, was most dangerous and trainable?
5. Cesare Lombroso thought that ____________ behavior is hereditary.
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Binet's study of intelligence begin to rely on as opposed to medical measures of intelligence?
2. What did Binet find when he went to various schools to test out Broca's theory of head measurement?
3. What were the problems of Burt's studies?
4. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
5. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
6. Define the idea of correlation.
7. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
8. What were the three rules Binet set up to help prevent the misuse of his test?
9. Define the idea of recapitulation.
10. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The idea of evolution was one the impacted the study of intelligence and intelligence testing greatly in the nineteenth century. At the same time, this theory also became a way to support scientific studies, even when the designs were incorrect or flawed.
Part 1: Define the theory of evolution and name its creator.
Part 2: How does evolution impact the studies related to biological determinism?
Part 3: What are two scientific theories that resulted from the introduction of evolution to the discuss of intelligence?
Essay Topic 2
The concept of inferiority seems to be one early scientists were very eager to identify. In doing so, it seems, they could help society become stronger and more powerful.
Part 1: What seems to be the definition of inferiority as measured by the scientists in the studies Gould has shed light on?
Part 2: Why does inferiority need to be identified in any society? What are the benefits to this labeling?
Part 3: What are the negative effects of creating a group of people who are considered by scientists to be inferior to others?
Essay Topic 3
Biological determinism is the concept upon which the ranking systems in this book are based. By taking into consideration biology, it is thought that scientists can begin to form systems of ranking.
Part 1: What is the definition of biological determinism?
Part 2: What are some examples of research the relies on biological determinism?
Part 3: Does biological determinism seem to be a logical place to begin a system of ranking people according to value? Why or why not?
This section contains 706 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)