Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _____________________________||Period: ___________________________|
This quiz consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The answer to #48 said that humans were distinguished from _________ by the human's ability to improve himself.
2. Each person is assigned a single ________ that determines his ranking on the scale.
3. Gould wants to reexamine the existing __________ for craniometry and intelligence testing.
4. Who feels that blacks are inferior and therefore deserve the status of a slave?
5. What was the most famous work of the man in #59?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
2. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
3. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
4. Was factor analysis the right technique to use in intelligence testing?
5. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
6. Who are two of the famous figures from history who are noted as believing in the inferiority of the blacks?
7. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
8. What were the three facts upon which H.J. Eysenck based his theory of the inferiority of blacks?
9. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
10. What are the two views that resulted in the study of racial inferiority?
Biological determinism is the concept upon which the ranking systems in this book are based. By taking into consideration biology, it is thought that scientists can begin to form systems of ranking.
Part 1: What is the definition of biological determinism?
Part 2: What are some examples of research the relies on biological determinism?
Part 3: Does biological determinism seem to be a logical place to begin a system of ranking people according to value? Why or why not?
Recapitulation is an idea that seems to allow for the ranking of people from high to low. This idea is one of the many that sprang up in the nineteenth century, and Gould is quick to point out the main issues.
Part 1: How is recapitulation defined?
Part 2: What did this theory provide that other scientific theories did not?
Part 3: How were adults and children used in the scientific theory of recapitulation?
The condemnation of other races seems to be the target of many of the intelligence studies and their study parameters. Studies seem to have been created just to point out the inferiority of these races.
Part 1: Which races are singled out in this book as being less than intelligent?
Part 2: What are the reasons given for these races being less than intelligent? What is the 'proof' the scientists have to offer?
Part 3: Do you think it's possible for one race to be inferior to another? Why or why not?
This section contains 670 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)