|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The argument of _______________ is the basis for believing that measuring the intelligence of an individual allows a measure of worth or value to be attached.
2. Black anatomical structure was often compared to that of a __________.
3. Ranking is used to determine that various disadvantaged groups are ______________.
4. Socrates says that class is ____________.
5. Who believes blacks are inferior but that intelligence should not be tied to the right for freedom?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did Broca feel women should be denied the benefits of education?
2. What does Gould have to say about science in relation to the facts it collects?
3. What does Gunnar Myrdal have to say about the situation of ranking people in society?
4. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
5. What are the two views that resulted in the study of racial inferiority?
6. What were some of the additional factors Gratiolet studied in order to determine the effect of brain size?
7. What are the two groups Gould identifies within the idea of ranking blacks and other races?
8. In the opening of this book, Gould quotes Socrates as saying all people should be educated and that they will belong to whom in order for society to remain stable?
9. Describe and define the idea of biological determinism.
10. Define the idea of monogenism.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Alfred Binet is prominently studied within "The Mismeasure of Man." His work helped to define the study of human intelligence and paved the way for many more studies in that arena.
Part 1: What was the background of Alfred Binet?
Part 2: What was Binet commissioned to do and how did he set about achieving this goal?
Part 3: What was Binet's major claim to fame in relation to the ranking of human intelligence?
Essay Topic 2
One of the popular craniometry scientists was Robert Bennett Bean. This Virginian physician again tried to find the differences between whites and blacks in order to prove the disparity of intelligence.
Part 1: What did Bean gather data on for his research study?
Part 2: What was Bean claiming as the results of his research? What were the differences between the two races?
Part 3: What were 2 of the 4 arguments Gould had again Bean's research?
Essay Topic 3
The concept of inferiority seems to be one early scientists were very eager to identify. In doing so, it seems, they could help society become stronger and more powerful.
Part 1: What seems to be the definition of inferiority as measured by the scientists in the studies Gould has shed light on?
Part 2: Why does inferiority need to be identified in any society? What are the benefits to this labeling?
Part 3: What are the negative effects of creating a group of people who are considered by scientists to be inferior to others?
This section contains 721 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)