|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Did a desire for ______ lead to the questions and data to support a predetermined conclusion?
2. Who feels that blacks are inferior and therefore deserve the status of a slave?
3. The craniometry argument is the first __________ argument that has been offered.
4. When did craniometry first appear in the study of intelligence?
5. If inferiority is cultural, then it can be changed by __________ factors
Short Essay Questions
1. Define the idea of polygenism.
2. In the opening of this book, Gould quotes Socrates as saying all people should be educated and that they will belong to whom in order for society to remain stable?
3. What did David Hume believe about white men?
4. What were some of the additional factors Gratiolet studied in order to determine the effect of brain size?
5. What were Broca's numbers based upon, according to Gould's examination of his studies?
6. Who are two of the famous figures from history who are noted as believing in the inferiority of the blacks?
7. Who was Serres, in relation to the polygenism movement? What did he study and find to be true?
8. What are 2 of the four points Gould keeps in mind as he examines the studies of the researchers in this book?
9. Why did Broca feel women should be denied the benefits of education?
10. What are some of the arguments that have been used to justify the rankings of people in society?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
David Hume and Louis Agassiz worked on the idea of polygenism as it related to the superiority of the white race. Agassiz especially wanted to prove that blacks were inferior to whites, though his studies were problematic.
Part 1: What was the main idea behind Agassiz's work?
Part 2: What were the problems with Agassiz's study and its results?
Part 3: What were Agassiz's own experiences with blacks like? What was his reaction to those he did finally meet?
Essay Topic 2
The condemnation of other races seems to be the target of many of the intelligence studies and their study parameters. Studies seem to have been created just to point out the inferiority of these races.
Part 1: Which races are singled out in this book as being less than intelligent?
Part 2: What are the reasons given for these races being less than intelligent? What is the 'proof' the scientists have to offer?
Part 3: Do you think it's possible for one race to be inferior to another? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
What's interesting is the Binet seems to be the one scientist who is concerned about how his findings would be used in everyday life and for everyday people.
Part 1: What was Binet worried about in regards to the tests he administered?
Part 2: What were the three rules Binet devised in order to ensure his test would not be misused?
Part 3: What did Binet suggest young children with learning issues might need?
This section contains 738 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)