|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Louis Pierre Gratiolet wanted to prove that __________ brains were bigger than __________ brains.
2. What kinds of weaknesses is Gould looking to find in the arguments of other scientists presented in this book?
3. Who feels that blacks are inferior and therefore deserve the status of a slave?
4. Did a desire for ______ lead to the questions and data to support a predetermined conclusion?
5. Broca's numbers were based on his ______________, according to Gould.
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Ellis find happened to men who were living in urban areas?
2. Who was Sir Cyril Burt?
3. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
4. If given the races of Indian, Black, and White, how would these be ranked, according to the early craniometry methods?
5. What were Broca's numbers based upon, according to Gould's examination of his studies?
6. What did Gould find to be the main problem with Paul Broca's work?
7. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
8. What is the special designation that craniometry holds in relation to the study of ranking and intelligence?
9. Who was Serres, in relation to the polygenism movement? What did he study and find to be true?
10. Where does the human uniqueness come from, according to Gould?
Essay Topic 1
One of the popular craniometry scientists was Robert Bennett Bean. This Virginian physician again tried to find the differences between whites and blacks in order to prove the disparity of intelligence.
Part 1: What did Bean gather data on for his research study?
Part 2: What was Bean claiming as the results of his research? What were the differences between the two races?
Part 3: What were 2 of the 4 arguments Gould had again Bean's research?
Essay Topic 2
The idea that criminal behavior is hereditary is another idea that springs up during the introduction of evolution. The notion that criminal tendencies could spring up in the genes and then in the behaviors was widely accepted.
Part 1: Who was the main researcher of this idea of criminal behavior based on hereditary patterns?
Part 2: What were the weaknesses of this researcher's studies?
Part 3: What was the theory of atavism and what did it mean to society?
Essay Topic 3
Havelock Ellis claimed that one group of people was superior to another, while Louis Bolk noticed differences among genders, depending on where they lived. These two scientists has revolutionary ideas for their time period.
Part 1: What group did Havelock Ellis feel was superior to others?
Part 2: What differences among genders, based on living situation, did Louis Bolk find?
Part 3: What were Bolk's feelings about the superiority of the white race? What did he have to say about whites as a race as a whole?
This section contains 2,122 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)