|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The answer to #48 said that humans were distinguished from _________ by the human's ability to improve himself.
2. Each person is assigned a single ________ that determines his ranking on the scale.
3. Gould wants to reexamine the existing __________ for craniometry and intelligence testing.
4. Who feels that blacks are inferior and therefore deserve the status of a slave?
5. What was the most famous work of the man in #59?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
2. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
3. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
4. Was factor analysis the right technique to use in intelligence testing?
5. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
6. Who are two of the famous figures from history who are noted as believing in the inferiority of the blacks?
7. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
8. What were the three facts upon which H.J. Eysenck based his theory of the inferiority of blacks?
9. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
10. What are the two views that resulted in the study of racial inferiority?
Essay Topic 1
One of the popular craniometry scientists was Robert Bennett Bean. This Virginian physician again tried to find the differences between whites and blacks in order to prove the disparity of intelligence.
Part 1: What did Bean gather data on for his research study?
Part 2: What was Bean claiming as the results of his research? What were the differences between the two races?
Part 3: What were 2 of the 4 arguments Gould had again Bean's research?
Essay Topic 2
Recapitulation is an idea that seems to allow for the ranking of people from high to low. This idea is one of the many that sprang up in the nineteenth century, and Gould is quick to point out the main issues.
Part 1: How is recapitulation defined?
Part 2: What did this theory provide that other scientific theories did not?
Part 3: How were adults and children used in the scientific theory of recapitulation?
Essay Topic 3
H.H. Goddard is a fascinating researcher in the field of intelligence measurement and heredity. His claim to fame is that he brought the Binet scale to America, but seems to have ignored the rules that went along with it.
Part 1: What are some of the categories Goddard used in order to rank individuals according to their intelligence?
Part 2: What are the similarities and the differences between these categories?
Part 3: What were the two errors Goddard encountered as he tried to develop a unilinear scale to measure intelligence?
This section contains 2,157 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)