|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The answer to #48 said that humans were distinguished from _________ by the human's ability to improve himself.
2. Each person is assigned a single ________ that determines his ranking on the scale.
3. Gould wants to reexamine the existing __________ for craniometry and intelligence testing.
4. Who feels that blacks are inferior and therefore deserve the status of a slave?
5. What was the most famous work of the man in #59?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
2. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
3. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
4. Was factor analysis the right technique to use in intelligence testing?
5. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
6. Who are two of the famous figures from history who are noted as believing in the inferiority of the blacks?
7. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
8. What were the three facts upon which H.J. Eysenck based his theory of the inferiority of blacks?
9. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
10. What are the two views that resulted in the study of racial inferiority?
Essay Topic 1
The idea of ranking people is the primary focus of this book. When we can rank people, we can classify them as more or less valuable to society, it seems.
Part 1: What are some of the other benefits of ranking people in this world?
Part 2: What are the disadvantages of ranking people in society?
Part 3: How are some ways we rank people already? Are there already systems of ranking present in this world? What are they? How do they work? Are they effective?
Essay Topic 2
Samuel George Morton was a collector of skulls, which lead to his own studies in the ranking of individuals. But Gould is not so sure Morton is as careful with his research as many once thought.
Part 1: What did Morton do with the skulls he had collected and measured?
Part 2: What was Morton's conclusion based on his measurements of the skills?
Part 3: What was the problem Gould found with Morton's work, "Crania Americana"?
Part 4: What are the four conclusions Gould draws about Morton's work?
Essay Topic 3
H.H. Goddard is a fascinating researcher in the field of intelligence measurement and heredity. His claim to fame is that he brought the Binet scale to America, but seems to have ignored the rules that went along with it.
Part 1: What are some of the categories Goddard used in order to rank individuals according to their intelligence?
Part 2: What are the similarities and the differences between these categories?
Part 3: What were the two errors Goddard encountered as he tried to develop a unilinear scale to measure intelligence?
This section contains 2,157 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)