Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _____________________________||Period: ___________________________|
This quiz consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which race was ranked last in the eyes of the practitioners of racial ranking?
2. It is logical to assume that mentality and ____________ are located in the brain.
3. Paul Broca was a professor of surgery in what city?
4. Who was a 19th century anatomist who believed in the theory of polygenism?
5. Who were like white adolescents?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was Havelock Ellis' major claim in his study of the measurement of bodies in order to determine value?
2. Where does the human uniqueness come from, according to Gould?
3. What does Gould want to define ranking as?
4. Who was Serres, in relation to the polygenism movement? What did he study and find to be true?
5. Define the idea of recapitulation.
6. What does Gould say is invaluable about his book in regards to debunking theory?
7. Finding the errors and pointing them out is just a part of what, according to Gould?
8. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
9. How does Gould describe himself as a scientist?
10. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
Biological determinism is the concept upon which the ranking systems in this book are based. By taking into consideration biology, it is thought that scientists can begin to form systems of ranking.
Part 1: What is the definition of biological determinism?
Part 2: What are some examples of research the relies on biological determinism?
Part 3: Does biological determinism seem to be a logical place to begin a system of ranking people according to value? Why or why not?
The concept of inferiority seems to be one early scientists were very eager to identify. In doing so, it seems, they could help society become stronger and more powerful.
Part 1: What seems to be the definition of inferiority as measured by the scientists in the studies Gould has shed light on?
Part 2: Why does inferiority need to be identified in any society? What are the benefits to this labeling?
Part 3: What are the negative effects of creating a group of people who are considered by scientists to be inferior to others?
The idea of testing children in schools is one that is a normal part of life today, but it can have many issues in its effectiveness and in its logic. Binet understood this, and yet still seems to have created more problems in terms of studying intelligence in children.
Part 1: What are some of the problems that stemmed from Binet's test, related to the idea that intelligence is inevitable?
Part 2: What are some ways that heredity is confused within and between groups in relation to Binet's test?
Part 3: Many American psychologists did not follow Binet's rules for using his tests. What belief did this lead to?
This section contains 681 words
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