|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The main question becomes, can ________ change the status of the inferior group?
2. Flaws in the experimental design, according to Gould, do not lead to _________ in the numbers.
3. Socrates' friend does not believe his ideas, saying that it is a lie and that ________ generations won't believe it, but ________ generations might.
4. Where was Robert Bennett Bean a physician?
5. Experts claimed it was no good to __________ blacks.
Short Essay Questions
1. What did Robert Bennett Bean study as an investigator into craniometry?
2. In the opening of this book, Gould quotes Socrates as saying all people should be educated and that they will belong to whom in order for society to remain stable?
3. Why did Broca feel women should be denied the benefits of education?
4. What does Gunnar Myrdal have to say about the situation of ranking people in society?
5. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
6. What did David Hume believe about white men?
7. Who was Francis Galton and what did he do for the scientific study of intelligence measurement?
8. What is the special designation that craniometry holds in relation to the study of ranking and intelligence?
9. What were the results of Bean's work, as he found the differences between the races and the genders?
10. If given the races of Indian, Black, and White, how would these be ranked, according to the early craniometry methods?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Recapitulation is an idea that seems to allow for the ranking of people from high to low. This idea is one of the many that sprang up in the nineteenth century, and Gould is quick to point out the main issues.
Part 1: How is recapitulation defined?
Part 2: What did this theory provide that other scientific theories did not?
Part 3: How were adults and children used in the scientific theory of recapitulation?
Essay Topic 2
Samuel George Morton was a collector of skulls, which lead to his own studies in the ranking of individuals. But Gould is not so sure Morton is as careful with his research as many once thought.
Part 1: What did Morton do with the skulls he had collected and measured?
Part 2: What was Morton's conclusion based on his measurements of the skills?
Part 3: What was the problem Gould found with Morton's work, "Crania Americana"?
Part 4: What are the four conclusions Gould draws about Morton's work?
Essay Topic 3
Monogenism and polygenism began the discussion that evolved into the idea of one kind of person being better than another kind of person. But that's where many of the troubles, Gould feels, also began.
Part 1: Define the idea of mongenism.
Part 2: Define the idea of polygenism.
Part 3: Which of these two ideas seems to be the most realistic? Why? Support your answer with information from the book.
This section contains 694 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)