Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The answer to #48 said that humans were distinguished from _________ by the human's ability to improve himself.
2. Each person is assigned a single ________ that determines his ranking on the scale.
3. Gould wants to reexamine the existing __________ for craniometry and intelligence testing.
4. Who feels that blacks are inferior and therefore deserve the status of a slave?
5. What was the most famous work of the man in #59?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
2. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
3. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
4. Was factor analysis the right technique to use in intelligence testing?
5. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
6. Who are two of the famous figures from history who are noted as believing in the inferiority of the blacks?
7. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
8. What were the three facts upon which H.J. Eysenck based his theory of the inferiority of blacks?
9. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
10. What are the two views that resulted in the study of racial inferiority?
Essay Topic 1
One of the popular craniometry scientists was Robert Bennett Bean. This Virginian physician again tried to find the differences between whites and blacks in order to prove the disparity of intelligence.
Part 1: What did Bean gather data on for his research study?
Part 2: What was Bean claiming as the results of his research? What were the differences between the two races?
Part 3: What were 2 of the 4 arguments Gould had again Bean's research?
Essay Topic 2
Samuel George Morton was a collector of skulls, which lead to his own studies in the ranking of individuals. But Gould is not so sure Morton is as careful with his research as many once thought.
Part 1: What did Morton do with the skulls he had collected and measured?
Part 2: What was Morton's conclusion based on his measurements of the skills?
Part 3: What was the problem Gould found with Morton's work, "Crania Americana"?
Part 4: What are the four conclusions Gould draws about Morton's work?
Essay Topic 3
The condemnation of other races seems to be the target of many of the intelligence studies and their study parameters. Studies seem to have been created just to point out the inferiority of these races.
Part 1: Which races are singled out in this book as being less than intelligent?
Part 2: What are the reasons given for these races being less than intelligent? What is the 'proof' the scientists have to offer?
Part 3: Do you think it's possible for one race to be inferior to another? Why or why not?
This section contains 685 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)