|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which view was based on the story of Adam and Eve?
2. Motor functions are performed at the _________ of the brain.
3. Louis from #55 believed that there were different centers of _________.
4. Craniometry is used for the _______ status of the people ranked at the bottom of the hierarchy.
5. The craniometry argument is the first __________ argument that has been offered.
Short Essay Questions
1. What were some of the additional factors Gratiolet studied in order to determine the effect of brain size?
2. What were Broca's numbers based upon, according to Gould's examination of his studies?
3. What did David Hume believe about white men?
4. What did Gould find to be the main problem with Paul Broca's work?
5. Why did Broca feel women should be denied the benefits of education?
6. What does Gould want to define ranking as?
7. Describe and define the idea of biological determinism.
8. Who was Serres, in relation to the polygenism movement? What did he study and find to be true?
9. What is the special designation that craniometry holds in relation to the study of ranking and intelligence?
10. Define the idea of monogenism.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
David Hume and Louis Agassiz worked on the idea of polygenism as it related to the superiority of the white race. Agassiz especially wanted to prove that blacks were inferior to whites, though his studies were problematic.
Part 1: What was the main idea behind Agassiz's work?
Part 2: What were the problems with Agassiz's study and its results?
Part 3: What were Agassiz's own experiences with blacks like? What was his reaction to those he did finally meet?
Essay Topic 2
H.H. Goddard is a fascinating researcher in the field of intelligence measurement and heredity. His claim to fame is that he brought the Binet scale to America, but seems to have ignored the rules that went along with it.
Part 1: What are some of the categories Goddard used in order to rank individuals according to their intelligence?
Part 2: What are the similarities and the differences between these categories?
Part 3: What were the two errors Goddard encountered as he tried to develop a unilinear scale to measure intelligence?
Essay Topic 3
What's interesting is the Binet seems to be the one scientist who is concerned about how his findings would be used in everyday life and for everyday people.
Part 1: What was Binet worried about in regards to the tests he administered?
Part 2: What were the three rules Binet devised in order to ensure his test would not be misused?
Part 3: What did Binet suggest young children with learning issues might need?
This section contains 662 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)