|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. David Hume was a believer in the superiority of the _______ and polygeny.
2. When did craniometry first appear in the study of intelligence?
3. The main question becomes, can ________ change the status of the inferior group?
4. The individual's social and economic status is determined by biology so any attempt to make changes has to be _________.
5. Where did Francis Galton have a display in 1884?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
2. What is Socrates' idea as to how classes and categories will be formed in relation to people in a society?
3. Why did Broca feel women should be denied the benefits of education?
4. Who was Francis Galton and what did he do for the scientific study of intelligence measurement?
5. What were some of the additional factors Gratiolet studied in order to determine the effect of brain size?
6. What is the special designation that craniometry holds in relation to the study of ranking and intelligence?
7. What does Gould have to say about science in relation to the facts it collects?
8. What does Gunnar Myrdal have to say about the situation of ranking people in society?
9. If given the races of Indian, Black, and White, how would these be ranked, according to the early craniometry methods?
10. What were the results of Bean's work, as he found the differences between the races and the genders?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Havelock Ellis claimed that one group of people was superior to another, while Louis Bolk noticed differences among genders, depending on where they lived. These two scientists has revolutionary ideas for their time period.
Part 1: What group did Havelock Ellis feel was superior to others?
Part 2: What differences among genders, based on living situation, did Louis Bolk find?
Part 3: What were Bolk's feelings about the superiority of the white race? What did he have to say about whites as a race as a whole?
Essay Topic 2
David Hume and Louis Agassiz worked on the idea of polygenism as it related to the superiority of the white race. Agassiz especially wanted to prove that blacks were inferior to whites, though his studies were problematic.
Part 1: What was the main idea behind Agassiz's work?
Part 2: What were the problems with Agassiz's study and its results?
Part 3: What were Agassiz's own experiences with blacks like? What was his reaction to those he did finally meet?
Essay Topic 3
The idea of testing children in schools is one that is a normal part of life today, but it can have many issues in its effectiveness and in its logic. Binet understood this, and yet still seems to have created more problems in terms of studying intelligence in children.
Part 1: What are some of the problems that stemmed from Binet's test, related to the idea that intelligence is inevitable?
Part 2: What are some ways that heredity is confused within and between groups in relation to Binet's test?
Part 3: Many American psychologists did not follow Binet's rules for using his tests. What belief did this lead to?
This section contains 759 words
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