|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Louis Pierre Gratiolet wanted to prove that __________ brains were bigger than __________ brains.
2. Socrates says that class is ____________.
3. Where did Francis Galton have a display in 1884?
4. Paul Broca was a professor of surgery in what city?
5. Who were like white adolescents?
Short Essay Questions
1. What were some of the additional factors Gratiolet studied in order to determine the effect of brain size?
2. What does Gould want to study in relation to the science related to the arguments for biological determinism?
3. What does Gunnar Myrdal have to say about the situation of ranking people in society?
4. What is the special designation that craniometry holds in relation to the study of ranking and intelligence?
5. Define the idea of polygenism.
6. What did David Hume believe about white men?
7. Define the idea of monogenism.
8. What did Blumenbach believe the anatomical structure differences between blacks and whites were the result of?
9. Who was Serres, in relation to the polygenism movement? What did he study and find to be true?
10. What are the two views that resulted in the study of racial inferiority?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In the end, Gould seems to come to the conclusion that humans don't necessarily adapt because of biology and biological changes. There are other reasons for adaptation.
Part 1: What is one way humans can adapt, which is not biological in nature?
Part 2: What is the main flaw of the previous studies Gould has mentioned in the book?
Part 3: How do you feel about Gould's ideas? Do they make sense to you? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 2
Samuel George Morton was a collector of skulls, which lead to his own studies in the ranking of individuals. But Gould is not so sure Morton is as careful with his research as many once thought.
Part 1: What did Morton do with the skulls he had collected and measured?
Part 2: What was Morton's conclusion based on his measurements of the skills?
Part 3: What was the problem Gould found with Morton's work, "Crania Americana"?
Part 4: What are the four conclusions Gould draws about Morton's work?
Essay Topic 3
The condemnation of other races seems to be the target of many of the intelligence studies and their study parameters. Studies seem to have been created just to point out the inferiority of these races.
Part 1: Which races are singled out in this book as being less than intelligent?
Part 2: What are the reasons given for these races being less than intelligent? What is the 'proof' the scientists have to offer?
Part 3: Do you think it's possible for one race to be inferior to another? Why or why not?
This section contains 690 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)