Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The answer to #48 said that humans were distinguished from _________ by the human's ability to improve himself.
2. Each person is assigned a single ________ that determines his ranking on the scale.
3. Gould wants to reexamine the existing __________ for craniometry and intelligence testing.
4. Who feels that blacks are inferior and therefore deserve the status of a slave?
5. What was the most famous work of the man in #59?
Short Essay Questions
1. What did E.D. Cope believe affected the value of a person and the determination of their inferiority?
2. What was Binet commissions to do in 1904?
3. What do correlations not imply in regards to the studies in which they are used?
4. Was factor analysis the right technique to use in intelligence testing?
5. Binet was also trying to create a test that distinguished between what?
6. Who are two of the famous figures from history who are noted as believing in the inferiority of the blacks?
7. What does Gould logically assume to be true in relation to the contents of the brain?
8. What were the three facts upon which H.J. Eysenck based his theory of the inferiority of blacks?
9. What did Burt try to claim he had developed, though it was later shown to be a false claim?
10. What are the two views that resulted in the study of racial inferiority?
Essay Topic 1
Another researcher of brain size was Paul Broca. This professor of surgery used numbers which Gould is unsure were legitimate in order to show, one again, the inferiority of blacks.
Part 1: What does Gould think Broca did before doing his research that affected the results?
Part 2: What were Broca's numbers and results based on?
Part 3: In what way were Broca's studies biased?
Essay Topic 2
For many people, the idea of a scientific study is instantly perceived as being valid and useful to those who read it and understand it. But Gould seems to be attacking the scientific process, or at least, his book might be perceived in that manner.
Part 1: Why does Gould decide to attack the science behind the studies of ranking individuals according to intelligence?
Part 2: In what ways is science affected by those who utilize it for studying certain subjects? Better said, how do the researchers themselves affect the outcomes of their experiments?
Part 3: Do you think a scientific study can ever be completely free of bias? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
In the end, Gould seems to come to the conclusion that humans don't necessarily adapt because of biology and biological changes. There are other reasons for adaptation.
Part 1: What is one way humans can adapt, which is not biological in nature?
Part 2: What is the main flaw of the previous studies Gould has mentioned in the book?
Part 3: How do you feel about Gould's ideas? Do they make sense to you? Why or why not?
This section contains 687 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)