|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. The individual's social and economic status is determined by biology so any attempt to make changes has to be _________.
2. David Hume was a believer in the superiority of the _______ and polygeny.
3. Broca's numbers were based on his ______________, according to Gould.
4. On what did Bean gather information?
5. Paul Broca was a professor of surgery in what city?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe and define the idea of biological determinism.
2. What is Socrates' idea as to how classes and categories will be formed in relation to people in a society?
3. What are some of the arguments that have been used to justify the rankings of people in society?
4. What does Gould want to define ranking as?
5. How is biological determinism used in regards to the measurement of intelligence of people in society?
6. Who was Serres, in relation to the polygenism movement? What did he study and find to be true?
7. What were Broca's numbers based upon, according to Gould's examination of his studies?
8. What are the two views that resulted in the study of racial inferiority?
9. What did Blumenbach believe the anatomical structure differences between blacks and whites were the result of?
10. If given the races of Indian, Black, and White, how would these be ranked, according to the early craniometry methods?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
The idea that criminal behavior is hereditary is another idea that springs up during the introduction of evolution. The notion that criminal tendencies could spring up in the genes and then in the behaviors was widely accepted.
Part 1: Who was the main researcher of this idea of criminal behavior based on hereditary patterns?
Part 2: What were the weaknesses of this researcher's studies?
Part 3: What was the theory of atavism and what did it mean to society?
Essay Topic 2
What's interesting is the Binet seems to be the one scientist who is concerned about how his findings would be used in everyday life and for everyday people.
Part 1: What was Binet worried about in regards to the tests he administered?
Part 2: What were the three rules Binet devised in order to ensure his test would not be misused?
Part 3: What did Binet suggest young children with learning issues might need?
Essay Topic 3
Another researcher of brain size was Paul Broca. This professor of surgery used numbers which Gould is unsure were legitimate in order to show, one again, the inferiority of blacks.
Part 1: What does Gould think Broca did before doing his research that affected the results?
Part 2: What were Broca's numbers and results based on?
Part 3: In what way were Broca's studies biased?
This section contains 644 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)