|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What new word did Claude Shannon, a mathematical researcher at Bell Labs, introduce in the in-house journal called "A Mathematical Theory of Communication"?
2. How did people save money in sending telegraph messages?
3. Why were there so many message errors with the early telegraph?
4. How were telegraph messages priced?
5. Gleick presents his intention to trace the growth of both the concept of information and information itself by identifying what key elements?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who invented the telegraph and what is its fundamental functionality?
2. What was the purpose of Cawdrey's wordbook, "A Table Alphabeticall?"
3. What innovation was made in the 17th century by Scot mathematician John Napier?
4. What was the purpose behind the creation of the Oxford English Dictionary?
5. In modern times, what innovation has had the most impact on language?
6. What technological breakthrough resulted from Claude Shannon's theories and work?
7. Who first at the concept of "bandwith" and in what context was it first conceived?
8. What are the two "wordbooks" that Gleick refers to in this chapter?
9. What advanced form of communication was beginning to emerge in the 1840s?
10. What culture developed the earliest known method of writing language with the use of pictures to represent things?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What is the relationship between genes and DNA? What are the properties of DAN and where is it found in an organism?
Essay Topic 2
What advanced machine did Charles Babbage envision that would be superior to his difference engine? What was Babbage's relationship with Ada Lovelace? Why was she reluctant to be public about her skills in mathematics? How did Babbage encourage her?
Essay Topic 3
What kind of "telegraph" was invented by two French brothers and how did it function. What was the downside of this invention? Why was human error a factor in this process?
This section contains 692 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)