The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is a fundamental problem in quantum mechanics?
(a) Quantum mechanics is not a proven science.
(b) It is difficult to observe the quantum particle.
(c) Particles are unstable at the quantum level.
(d) Observing a particle interferes with its behavior.

2. A psychologist named George Miller noticed that people seem to be able to easily remember up to how many items at a time?
(a) Five.
(b) Seven.
(c) Ten.
(d) Twelve.

3. At an exclusive meeting in New York City, Shannon commented that the English language had what characteristic?
(a) A unique dynamism.
(b) A special intonation.
(c) A specific entropy.
(d) A recognizable rhythm.

4. What is the advantage of using quantum particles in the place of bits?
(a) A quantum computer that can have many states at once.
(b) A quantum computer could process data much faster.
(c) A quantum computer could store more information.
(d) A quantum computer would be more efficient.

5. What happened to the library that once held all known information?
(a) It was buried during an eruption of Etna.
(b) It was destroyed when Sparta burned.
(c) It was abandoned at Oxford when it was felt that there was too much information to store.
(d) It was burned when Alexandria was conquered.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why is the randomness of numbers difficult to define?

2. According to Psychologist George Miller, what type of process takes place in the mind relative to the information it receives?

3. What did Chaitin determine about most numbers?

4. How do scientists categorize catchphrases like "Survival of the fittest" and "Read my lips"?

5. What results when a closed system's temperature evens out?

Short Essay Questions

1. What was John von Neumann's theory on energy cost and how did Rolf Landauer disprove that concept?

2. What has research shown about entangled particles and the transference of information?

3. When was the term "cybernetics" coined and what meaning was attached to it?

4. What was Erwin Schrodinger's theory about "genes"?

5. What was Claude Shannon referring to by the term "entropy" and what was its importance?

6. How did Erwin Schrodinger used the concept of "entropy"?

7. What was found to be the make-up of DNA and what did these properties allow?

8. What estimates did Seth Lloyd, a quantum engineer at MIT, make about the power of the universe?

9. What is the relationship between man and his memes?

10. What are examples of memes?

(see the answer keys)

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