|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What can the amount of information in a message be expressed in?
(a) By the computation that produces it.
(b) By the bits it contains.
(c) By the algorithm that produces it.
(d) By its integral number.
2. Chaotic looking numbers may have simplistic algorithms but why are many difficult to determine?
(a) The number is too difficult to compress through computation.
(b) The number is too complex.
(c) It is impossible to work back from the number to find them.
(d) Because they are not computable.
3. What is a fundamental problem in quantum mechanics?
(a) Observing a particle interferes with its behavior.
(b) It is difficult to observe the quantum particle.
(c) Quantum mechanics is not a proven science.
(d) Particles are unstable at the quantum level.
4. What did Chaitin mean by a "computable" number?
(a) A number that could be expressed in a simpler form.
(b) A number that could be expressed in its square root value.
(c) A number that is not a variable.
(d) A number that can be calculated.
5. What about DNA allows it to split and replicate?
(a) Its strength.
(b) Its size.
(c) Its shape.
(d) Its innate energy.
Short Answer Questions
1. The connection of information with entropy and the physical realm proved to have applications in what type of physics?
2. What does the word "entropy" describe in relationship to thermodynamics?
3. "Entropy" was first used by what individual to describe the unavailability of energy?
4. What game did Shannon plan to teach his computer to play?
5. How did Landauer disprove von Neumann's theory on the energy cost of information?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was mathematician Gregory Chatin's concept on entropy?
2. The connection of information with entropy and the physical realm was important to what physics discipline?
3. What are examples of memes?
4. What was Erwin Schrodinger's theory about "genes"?
5. What was the "Library of Babel" that was described in a story by Jorge Luis Borges?
6. Norbert Weiner based his theory on what system of the human body?
7. What is the normal state of molecules in a system? Describe that arrangement.
8. When was the term "cybernetics" coined and what meaning was attached to it?
9. What was the original meaning of the term "entropy"?
10. What has research shown about entangled particles and the transference of information?
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