|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What results when a closed system's temperature evens out?
(a) No work could be done.
(b) More work can be accomplished.
(c) The system fails.
(d) There is no change.
2. Who is Seth Lloyd?
(a) A theoretical physicist at MIT.
(b) A quantum engineer at MIT.
(c) A physics professor at Harvard.
(d) A astrophysicist at Stanford.
3. When were computers first unveiled?
(a) Just before the Korean War.
(b) After World War II.
(c) At the end of the Eisenhower administration.
(d) Pre-World War II.
4. DNA is made up of of how many different nucleotides?
5. Why is modern society in information overload?
(a) Electronic information is easier to store than physical information.
(b) The expectation today is that all information should be preserved.
(c) Storing data on computers makes history writing easier.
(d) Companies and people fear litigation.
6. The universe has performed how many "operations"?
(a) 10 to the 120th power "operations."
(b) 10 to the 100th power "operations."
(c) An infinite number of "operations."
(d) Over ten trillion "operations."
7. What is the modern meaning of "entropy"? "Entropy was not a kind of energy or an amount of energy," Gleick writes (p. 271). It was instead an abstract measurement of the unavailability of energy.
(a) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of cold.
(b) An abstract measurement of the unavailability of energy.
(c) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of heat.
(d) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of capacity.
8. What does Gleick compare the "Library of Babel" to?
(a) The Internet.
(b) The M-Theory.
(c) Quantum consciousness.
(d) Search engines.
9. What comment did IBM researcher Charles Bennet make about the amount of information in a message?
(a) Is not a good measurement of its capacity.
(b) Is not a good measurement of its importance.
(c) Is not a good measurement of its meaningfulness.
(d) Is not a good measure of its ability for computation.
10. Entropy is the physical equivalent of what state?
11. Schrodinger and others theorized that genes had what role in life?
(a) They are a kind of marker for cell multification.
(b) They are a kind of code for constructing an human cells.
(c) They are a kind of code for constructing an organism.
(d) They are a kind of code for identifying an organism.
12. How does Gleick see the universe?
(a) As a colossal Internet.
(b) As a cloud of quantum particles.
(c) As a giant computer.
(d) As an infinite stream of knowledge.
13. How can memes be altered?
(a) After a serious illness.
(b) Through mutation.
(c) Through manipulation.
(d) Through mutation and manipulation.
14. What library once helped writing from all over the known world?
(a) The famous library of the Roman Empire.
(b) The famous library at Alexandria.
(c) The famous library in Sparta.
(d) The famous library at Oxford.
15. What did Chaitin propose using to express a computable number into another form?
(a) By using complex calculations.
(b) By using advanced calculus.
(c) By using the Turing machine.
(d) By using algebra,
Short Answer Questions
1. Charles Bennet went on to design what method for passing information?
2. What does the word "cybernetics" mean?
3. What does the author compare the famous library to?
4. Why do scientists view quantum particles in terms of probability?
5. How did Landauer disprove von Neumann's theory on the energy cost of information?
This section contains 616 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)