|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Memes are messages that are independent of what other element?
(a) Of contradicting information.
(b) Of outside influence.
(c) Of new messages.
(d) Of the people who propagate them.
2. What is the advantage of using quantum particles in the place of bits?
(a) A quantum computer that can have many states at once.
(b) A quantum computer could process data much faster.
(c) A quantum computer would be more efficient.
(d) A quantum computer could store more information.
3. What does Gleick compare the "Library of Babel" to?
(a) The Internet.
(b) Quantum consciousness.
(c) Search engines.
(d) The M-Theory.
4. What is the relationship between humans and memes?
(a) They operate independently.
(b) They are a co-dependent function.
(c) Memes are the masters and men are the slaves.
(d) Memes are the slaves to man.
5. What is the modern meaning of "entropy"? "Entropy was not a kind of energy or an amount of energy," Gleick writes (p. 271). It was instead an abstract measurement of the unavailability of energy.
(a) An abstract measurement of the unavailability of energy.
(b) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of cold.
(c) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of capacity.
(d) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of heat.
6. Shannon used the term entropy to have what meaning in reference to a message?
7. What happened to the library that once held all known information?
(a) It was destroyed when Sparta burned.
(b) It was abandoned at Oxford when it was felt that there was too much information to store.
(c) It was buried during an eruption of Etna.
(d) It was burned when Alexandria was conquered.
8. What results when a closed system's temperature evens out?
(a) The system fails.
(b) More work can be accomplished.
(c) No work could be done.
(d) There is no change.
9. The existence of what entity as a basic element of genetics had been theorized before the mechanics of genetic reproduction was fully understood?
(a) A gene.
(d) The Genome.
10. How do scientists categorize catchphrases like "Survival of the fittest" and "Read my lips"?
(a) As bytes.
(b) As memories.
(c) As bits.
(d) As memes.
11. Why wasn't Shannon able to teach his computer to play a game?
(a) He thought he would be seen as non-serious.
(b) He found it wasn't possible.
(c) His boss nixed the idea.
(d) It would take to long to teach the machine the game.
12. What is an algorithm?
(a) A set of instructions for arriving at a certain result.
(b) A complex calculation.
(c) A mathematical theory.
(d) An algebraic formula.
13. What comment did IBM researcher Charles Bennet make about the amount of information in a message?
(a) Is not a good measurement of its meaningfulness.
(b) Is not a good measure of its ability for computation.
(c) Is not a good measurement of its importance.
(d) Is not a good measurement of its capacity.
14. According to Psychologist George Miller, what type of process takes place in the mind relative to the information it receives?
(a) The ranking of important to less important information.
(b) The rejection of too much information.
(c) The selection of relevant information.
(d) The simplification of information.
15. What does the size of the algorithm indicate about the number?
(a) Its computable nature.
(b) Its simplicity.
(c) Its capacity for computation.
(d) Its complexity.
Short Answer Questions
1. What time of memory is most limited?
2. DNA is made up of of how many different nucleotides?
3. The connection of information with entropy and the physical realm proved to have applications in what type of physics?
4. What process can measure the limits of the human mind?
5. Why is the randomness of numbers difficult to define?
This section contains 612 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)