|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did Landauer disprove von Neumann's theory on the energy cost of information?
(a) Through extensive experiments.
(b) Flipping a bit from one state to another did not change entropy..
(c) He was supported by others who agreed with him.
(d) There was no lost of vitality.
2. The connection of information with entropy and the physical realm proved to have applications in what type of physics?
(b) Quantum physics.
(c) Theoretical physics.
(d) Nuclear physics.
3. How much information does the universe hold?
(a) Around 10 to the 90th power bits.
(b) An infinite amount of information.
(c) Around 20 to the 100th power bits.
(d) Approximately 15 trillion bits.
4. Norbert Weiner developed a theory that had implications for the understanding of what system of the human body which might be thought of as a system of switches and signals.
(a) The nervous system.
(b) The circulatory system.
(c) The artillery system.
(d) The respiratory system.
5. A psychologist named George Miller noticed that people seem to be able to easily remember up to how many items at a time?
6. Erwin Schrodinger used the concept of entropy to describe what group?
(a) Plant life.
(d) Living organisms.
7. Entropy is the physical equivalent of what state?
8. What did Chaitin propose using to express a computable number into another form?
(a) By using complex calculations.
(b) By using algebra,
(c) By using advanced calculus.
(d) By using the Turing machine.
9. What do early experiments show about entangled particles which are particles that are mysteriously linked to one another even over long distances?
(a) They can send only limited information.
(b) The information they send is not reliable.
(c) They can be used to send information.
(d) They are useless in the transference of information.
10. Schrodinger and others theorized that genes had what role in life?
(a) They are a kind of code for constructing an human cells.
(b) They are a kind of code for constructing an organism.
(c) They are a kind of marker for cell multification.
(d) They are a kind of code for identifying an organism.
11. What is the normal state of quantum particles?
(a) They exist in an unknown state.
(b) They exist in a subdued state.
(c) The exist in an electrically charged state.
(d) They exist in a cloud of probable states all at once.
12. What process can measure the limits of the human mind?
(a) Knowledge management.
(b) Information technology.
(c) Psychoanalytical evaluation.
(d) Information theory.
13. Where does the Internet store memes?
(a) In databases.
(b) In the network.
(c) In clouds.
(d) In search engines.
14. How do scientists categorize catchphrases like "Survival of the fittest" and "Read my lips"?
(a) As bytes.
(b) As bits.
(c) As memes.
(d) As memories.
15. What did the study of thermodynamics not state about the movement of energy?
(a) That it traveled in random directions with no pattern.
(b) That it traveled in many directions.
(c) That it was dynamic.
(d) That it traveled in one direction.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was one of the innovative concepts that Dawkins proposed in "The Selfish Gene"?
2. What game did Shannon plan to teach his computer to play?
3. What does the word "cybernetics" mean?
4. What is the premise of the story by Jorge Luis Borges entitled, "Library of Babel"?
5. What does Gleick compare the "Library of Babel" to?
This section contains 593 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)