|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Seth Lloyd, a quantum engineer at MIT, base his estimates on the universe on?
(a) The speed of light and the age of the universe.
(b) The age of the universe.
(c) The volume and capacity of the universe.
(d) The speed of light.
2. What library once helped writing from all over the known world?
(a) The famous library of the Roman Empire.
(b) The famous library at Oxford.
(c) The famous library in Sparta.
(d) The famous library at Alexandria.
3. What did Shannon bring to one of his meetings?
(a) A computer scientist.
(b) A computer.
(c) A newly developed programming language.
(d) A robot.
4. Why are people able to recall the name of a tune?
(a) They associate music with certain events.
(b) Recollection of tunes is stored in memes.
(c) It makes them remember good times.
(d) People love music.
5. Memes are messages that are independent of what other element?
(a) Of the people who propagate them.
(b) Of contradicting information.
(c) Of outside influence.
(d) Of new messages.
6. When were computers first unveiled?
(a) At the end of the Eisenhower administration.
(b) Just before the Korean War.
(c) Pre-World War II.
(d) After World War II.
7. What is the most probable state for an arrangement of molecules in a system?
(a) In an organized line.
(b) Constantly and randomly movement.
(c) In a jumble.
(d) In an arc.
8. The connection of information with entropy and the physical realm proved to have applications in what type of physics?
(b) Quantum physics.
(c) Nuclear physics.
(d) Theoretical physics.
9. What are memes?
(a) Repressive genes.
(b) Chromosomal genes.
(c) Bits of information.
(d) Self-cloning genes.
10. What do early experiments show about entangled particles which are particles that are mysteriously linked to one another even over long distances?
(a) They can be used to send information.
(b) They are useless in the transference of information.
(c) They can send only limited information.
(d) The information they send is not reliable.
11. Charles Bennet went on to design what method for passing information?
(a) Passing information by qubits.
(b) Passing information by bytes.
(c) Passing information by electrical networking.
(d) Passing information by circuit relays.
12. Where does the Internet store memes?
(a) In databases.
(b) In the network.
(c) In search engines.
(d) In clouds.
13. At an exclusive meeting in New York City, Shannon commented that the English language had what characteristic?
(a) A recognizable rhythm.
(b) A special intonation.
(c) A unique dynamism.
(d) A specific entropy.
14. What did the study of thermodynamics not state about the movement of energy?
(a) That it traveled in random directions with no pattern.
(b) That it traveled in one direction.
(c) That it traveled in many directions.
(d) That it was dynamic.
15. What is the modern meaning of "entropy"? "Entropy was not a kind of energy or an amount of energy," Gleick writes (p. 271). It was instead an abstract measurement of the unavailability of energy.
(a) An abstract measurement of the unavailability of energy.
(b) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of capacity.
(c) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of cold.
(d) an abstract measurement of the unavailability of heat.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was Rolf Landauer's opinion of John von Neumann's theory on the energy cost of information?
2. What about DNA allows it to split and replicate?
3. Recognizing a famous painting like the Mona Lisa is attributed to what factor?
4. DNA is made up of of how many different nucleotides?
5. A psychologist named George Miller noticed that people seem to be able to easily remember up to how many items at a time?
This section contains 582 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)