|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. "Entropy" was first used by what individual to describe the unavailability of energy?
(a) Rudolph Clausius.
(b) Albert Einstein.
(c) Galileo Galilei.
(d) Isaac Newton.
2. According to Psychologist George Miller, what type of process takes place in the mind relative to the information it receives?
(a) The selection of relevant information.
(b) The simplification of information.
(c) The rejection of too much information.
(d) The ranking of important to less important information.
3. Memes are messages that are independent of what other element?
(a) Of new messages.
(b) Of outside influence.
(c) Of the people who propagate them.
(d) Of contradicting information.
4. How does Wikipedia differ from the Encyclopedia Britannica?
(a) It is collaborative and descriptive but not authoritative.
(b) It contains questionable material.
(c) It is collaborative and descriptive but not up to date.
(d) It is not reliable.
5. Recognizing a famous painting like the Mona Lisa is attributed to what factor?
(c) The meme.
6. What happened to the library that once held all known information?
(a) It was abandoned at Oxford when it was felt that there was too much information to store.
(b) It was burned when Alexandria was conquered.
(c) It was destroyed when Sparta burned.
(d) It was buried during an eruption of Etna.
7. What is the most probable state for an arrangement of molecules in a system?
(a) In an organized line.
(b) In an arc.
(c) Constantly and randomly movement.
(d) In a jumble.
8. Why is the belief in God an enduring one?
(a) The belief is inherited.
(b) Belief of God has been with mankind since the beginning.
(c) Beliefs are the only concepts that are passed on.
(d) The memes retain beliefs.
9. Schrodinger and others theorized that genes had what role in life?
(a) They are a kind of code for identifying an organism.
(b) They are a kind of code for constructing an organism.
(c) They are a kind of marker for cell multification.
(d) They are a kind of code for constructing an human cells.
10. How are memes replicated?
(a) Through cloning.
(b) Through imitation.
(c) In response to disease.
(d) Through the maturation process.
11. What game did Shannon plan to teach his computer to play?
(d) Gin rummy.
12. The existence of what entity as a basic element of genetics had been theorized before the mechanics of genetic reproduction was fully understood?
(b) The Genome.
(c) A gene.
13. What does the word "entropy" describe in relationship to thermodynamics?
(a) The temperature of a system.
(b) The efficiency of a system.
(c) The functionality of a system.
(d) The availability of energy in a system.
14. Erwin Schrodinger used the concept of entropy to describe what group?
(b) Plant life.
(d) Living organisms.
15. How does Gleick see the universe?
(a) As a giant computer.
(b) As an infinite stream of knowledge.
(c) As a cloud of quantum particles.
(d) As a colossal Internet.
Short Answer Questions
1. What process can measure the limits of the human mind?
2. Why are people able to recall the name of a tune?
3. What library once helped writing from all over the known world?
4. What is an algorithm?
5. How do scientists categorize catchphrases like "Survival of the fittest" and "Read my lips"?
This section contains 570 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)