The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who wrote the work known as the Principia Mathematica?
(a) Bertrand Russell and Alfred North Whitehead.
(b) Aristotle and Epecruis.
(c) Galileo and Copernicus.
(d) Edwin Hubble and Isaac Newton.

2. How did sub-Saharan African tribes communicate over long distances?
(a) By messenger.
(b) By drums.
(c) By smoke signals.
(d) By witchcraft.

3. How many years ago was the first language established?
(a) Between 10,000 and 15,000 years ago.
(b) 50,000 years ago.
(c) 100,000 years ago.
(d) Between 4,500 and 8,000 years ago.

4. While working on plans for this "analytical engine," Babbage struck an acquaintance with what individual?
(a) Lord Byron.
(b) Ada Lovelace.
(c) Isaac Newton.
(d) John Simpson.

5. What was the intent of the Principia Mathematica?
(a) To prove or disprove quantum consciousness.
(b) To disprove the theory of relativity.
(c) To confirm the theory of gravity.
(d) To prove or disprove any statement.

6. What was the goal of James Murray when he wrote the first Oxford English Dictionary in 1879?
(a) To provide the pronunciation of all words.
(b) To alphabetize all words.
(c) To catalog the entire English language.
(d) To limit the work to only proper English.

7. How did the drummers of Africa differentiate between similar words?
(a) The main drummer was assisted by another drummer.
(b) The drummer had to let those receiving the message figure out the right words.
(c) The drummer added short descriptive phrases.
(d) The drummer added special emphasis.

8. What were the benefits of the early logarithm tables?
(a) Cut down on errors and allowed for quicker calculations.
(b) Provided solutions.
(c) Made work easier.
(d) Eliminated calculations.

9. How did the telegraph advance weather forecasting?
(a) Weather reports could be sent all over the world.
(b) Lightning in the air could be detected by the operation of the telegraph.
(c) Weather disruptions could be detected when sending messages.
(d) Larger patterns of weather could be learned.

10. What is a bit?
(a) The size of a datum.
(b) The average size of piece of information.
(c) The smallest amount of useful information.
(d) A micron of information.

11. How was the telephone superior to the telegraph?
(a) Ease of use, no need for encoding of the message, and its availability.
(b) Anyone could use a phone.
(c) It was the preferred means of communications by government.
(d) It was less expensive.

12. What culture grouped characters in categories such as tools, weapons, plants, animals, and buildings?
(a) The Italians.
(b) The Egyptians.
(c) The Chinese.
(d) The Inca Culture.

13. Eliminating noise in Shannon's model meant looking at language in terms of what factor?
(a) Possibility.
(b) Randomness.
(c) Frequency.
(d) Probability.

14. What word book by James Murray was first published in 1879?
(a) A Table Alphabeticall.
(b) Oxford English Dictionary.
(c) The First Language.
(d) The Birth of Writing.

15. How were telegraph messages priced?
(a) By the number of words.
(b) By the volume of messages.
(c) By the language the message was sent in.
(d) By the destination of the message.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did people save money in sending telegraph messages?

2. What was Shannon able to theoretically compute by measuring a message in bits? By measuring information in bits, he could theoretically compute the maximum amount of information that could be transmitted through a given channel.

3. By 1930, what had replaced the telegraph as the most advanced means of communication?

4. There was no "looking up" of information prior to what invention?

5. What new word did Claude Shannon, a mathematical researcher at Bell Labs, introduce in the in-house journal called "A Mathematical Theory of Communication"?

(see the answer keys)

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