|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Shannon call the units of information that he was able to measure in a message?
2. Who wrote the work known as the Principia Mathematica?
(a) Galileo and Copernicus.
(b) Aristotle and Epecruis.
(c) Edwin Hubble and Isaac Newton.
(d) Bertrand Russell and Alfred North Whitehead.
3. Who first thought of constructing a machine that could calculate logarithms?
(b) Charles Babbage.
(c) John Napier.
(d) Issac Newton.
4. How many years ago was the first language established?
(a) Between 4,500 and 8,000 years ago.
(b) 100,000 years ago.
(c) 50,000 years ago.
(d) Between 10,000 and 15,000 years ago.
5. What did MIT scholar Vannevar Bush create?
(a) The CAT scan.
(b) The Differential Analyzer.
(c) The difference engine.
(d) The telegram.
6. What did a young mathematician named Kurt Gödel conclude about conflicting statements?
(a) There were some statements that could neither be proved or disproved.
(b) There frequency represented only a .001 percent possibility of occurring.
(c) That the Principia Mathematica was flawed and began his own work.
(d) That Russell had made an error in basic structure of the Principia Mathematica.
7. Shannon showed that it was theoretically possible to overcome any amount of signal noise by what action?
(a) By changing locations.
(b) By creating the first anti-virus element.
(c) By limiting data.
(d) By sending corrective bits of information.
8. What language do the drums of what is now Zaire mimic?
9. Prior to the electric telegraph, an invention by the same name was created by Claude Chappe and his brothers during what conflict?
(a) The Spanish-American War.
(b) The Russian Revolution.
(c) The French Revolution.
(d) World War I.
10. A new interest in what pursuit arose following the rise of the telegraph?
(b) Computer Science.
(c) The telephone.
11. What was the goal of James Murray when he wrote the first Oxford English Dictionary in 1879?
(a) To catalog the entire English language.
(b) To limit the work to only proper English.
(c) To alphabetize all words.
(d) To provide the pronunciation of all words.
12. Gleick presents his intention to trace the growth of both the concept of information and information itself by identifying what key elements?
(a) Origin and reliability of sources.
(b) The people and thinking that contributed to it.
(c) Nation and type of governance.
(d) Society and culture.
13. The invention of what technology would make Shannon's theory of a computing machine practical?
14. By 1930, what had replaced the telegraph as the most advanced means of communication?
(a) Ship to shore communicators.
(b) The telephone.
(c) The two-way radio.
(d) The computer.
15. Shannon proposed a solution for overcoming extra noise in his communication model that mimicked what early communicators?
(a) Telegraph operators.
(b) African drummers.
(c) The French telegraph inventors.
(d) Early telephone developers.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was Claude Shannon fascinated with?
2. Who was the sixth editor of the Oxford English Dictionary?
3. In what manner was "A Table Alphabeticall" arranged?
4. Before "A Table Alphabeticall", how were most catalogs and word lists arranged?
5. Claude Shannon and Alan Turing were working on separate cryptography project and shared what astounding possibility?
This section contains 530 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)