|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How many years ago was the first language established?
(a) 50,000 years ago.
(b) Between 4,500 and 8,000 years ago.
(c) Between 10,000 and 15,000 years ago.
(d) 100,000 years ago.
2. In his graduate paper, to what did Claude Shannon apply the binary logic of George Boole?
(a) To an advanced telegraph.
(b) To circuit grid.
(c) To a logarithm table.
(d) To a system of relays.
3. Where was knowledge stored prior to the written word?
(a) By legend.
(b) In tribal strongholds.
(c) In the mind.
(d) Word of wise men.
4. What was Claude Shannon fascinated with?
5. in what year did John Carrington, an English missionary, publish "The Talking Drums of Africa"?
6. What were the benefits of the early logarithm tables?
(a) Provided solutions.
(b) Eliminated calculations.
(c) Cut down on errors and allowed for quicker calculations.
(d) Made work easier.
7. Shannon proposed a solution for overcoming extra noise in his communication model that mimicked what early communicators?
(a) The French telegraph inventors.
(b) Early telephone developers.
(c) Telegraph operators.
(d) African drummers.
8. What was difficult for people to accept about telegraph communications?
(a) Why a physical message wasn't necessary.
(b) That people could understand the tapping sounds.
(c) That it wasn't a fraud.
(d) That electricity was essential in sending the messages.
9. What caused the errors that were contained in the tables of logarithms that had to be calculated themselves?
(b) Printing errors.
(c) Under-educated workers.
(d) Calculations and printing errors.
10. How was "A Table Alphabeticall" intended to help people?
(a) To better understand the use of words.
(b) The learn the alphabet.
(c) To learn the history of language.
(d) To understand the alphabets of the world.
11. By 1930, what had replaced the telegraph as the most advanced means of communication?
(a) The computer.
(b) The two-way radio.
(c) Ship to shore communicators.
(d) The telephone.
12. Why were there so many message errors with the early telegraph?
(a) Political unrest.
(b) Poor weather conditions.
(c) Untrained workers.
(d) Passing the messages between too many operators.
13. What was changing language at the time the first English dictionary was developed?
(a) International trade.
(b) Travel and conquest.
(c) Increased population.
(d) Advanced education.
14. How did Bertrand Russell address conflicting results produced by the Principia Mathematica? the problem of these recursive paradoxes by simply making them against the rules of his formal system.
(a) Russell altered the Principia Mathematica to adjust for conflicting results.
(b) He ignored them since they were infrequent.
(c) He made them against the rules.
(d) He implemented exceptions into the system.
15. Why did businessmen immediately take to the telegraph?
(a) Orders no longer had to be hand written.
(b) Businesses did not have to hire as many workers.
(c) Orders and market information could be transmitted quickly over long distances.
(d) Businessmen could save money on travel expenses.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did a young mathematician named Kurt Gödel conclude about conflicting statements?
2. What was Shannon able to theoretically compute by measuring a message in bits? By measuring information in bits, he could theoretically compute the maximum amount of information that could be transmitted through a given channel.
3. What did Alan Turing reduce human thought to?
4. Before "A Table Alphabeticall", how were most catalogs and word lists arranged?
5. Who devised a way to multiply and divide numbers by adding or subtracting their logarithms?
This section contains 607 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)