|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What defined modern politicians as "persons who have little, if any regard for the welfare of the republic unless immediately connected with . . . their own private pursuits"?
2. How much were the first congressmen and senators paid per day of service?
3. The "Rules of Civility and Decent Behavior in Company and Conversation" was a key document for which man?
4. Who believed that each individual was responsible for his or her eternal salvation or damnation?
5. What form of address came into general use in the late 18th century?
Short Essay Questions
1. According to John Toland, what is the difference between a man who is free and one who is dependent?
2. What does this quote mean? "Idolatry to Monarchs, and servility to Aristocratic Pride was never so totally eradicated from so many in so short a time."
3. How did the opinion of a traditional gentleman's assumption of leisure change towards the end of the 18th century?
4. Why did American office holders from 1776 on urge their republican governments to not only pay salaries but to keep raising them?
5. How was liberalism measured during the Enlightenment?
6. Why was it impossible for Christianity to be the one means of unifying America at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries?
7. What was the reason for the American 'economic miracle' of the 19th century?
8. What influence did George Washington exert at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787?
9. What was hoped to replace fear and favor in enlightened colonial American society? How would the replacement be manifested?
10. By the end of the 18th century, what was the source of the American aristocracy's downfall?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare and contrast the life and leisure of the aristocracy to the life and labor of the common people in colonial America before the revolution.
Essay Topic 2
The monarchy's social cement of family, force, patronage, and dependence had made it powerful. After the revolution, what new social adhesive in colonial America replaced the monarchy? How was this replacement accomplished?
Essay Topic 3
Thomas Hutchinson, a colonial magistrate and the royal governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony during the Boston Tea Party, was one of the most learned and refined men in all of North America. By the early 1770s he was thoroughly hated by the colonists. Explain his colonial history until just before the Revolution and enumerate the reasons he was so hated and his reactions to those who hated him.
This section contains 1,024 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)