The Radicalism of the American Revolution Test | Final Test - Hard

Gordon S. Wood
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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Where was the first county fair held?

2. In the 1790s, who labeled gentry as men of idleness, extravagance, and dissipation?

3. In the late 18th century, what replaced whipping and execution as penal codes?

4. When did Americans begin to call for the boycotting of British goods?

5. Who said, "the attracting force of universal love" existed in all people?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does this quote mean? "Idolatry to Monarchs, and servility to Aristocratic Pride was never so totally eradicated from so many in so short a time."

2. How did the opinion of a traditional gentleman's assumption of leisure change towards the end of the 18th century?

3. According to John Toland, what is the difference between a man who is free and one who is dependent?

4. What social conditions which normally precipitate a revolution were absent during the American Revolution?

5. Why was it impossible for Christianity to be the one means of unifying America at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries?

6. What did the American westward movement of the early 19th century do to traditional forms of social organization?

7. Towards the end of the 18th century and beginning of the 19th century, what was the result of Americans believing that every man was his own moral agent who was his own master in all respects and could dispose himself as he wished?

8. After the signing of the Declaration of Independence, why did the revolutionary leaders almost immediately begin to doubt that their hope of a utopian America would be realized?

9. Why have historians criticized John Hancock?

10. By the end of the 18th century, what was the source of the American aristocracy's downfall?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In the final years of his life, Thomas Jefferson was in despair over the direction America was taking. What did he hate about the changing nation? What did he see as regression rather than progress? What future did he foresee?

Essay Topic 2

How did the American Revolution change the American people? Specifically, what is the difference between a person who is subject to a monarch and one who is a citizen in a republican nation?

Essay Topic 3

The revolutionaries' desire had been to remove all private interests from government, but by the 1790s private interest so pervaded Congress and statehouses that Americans found it almost impossible to conceive of disinterested officials. Using Timothy Ford's example of dealings in South Carolina, explain how special interests replaced the original republican goals of keeping private interests out of the government.

(see the answer keys)

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