The Radicalism of the American Revolution Test | Final Test - Medium

Gordon S. Wood
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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What became a surrogate religion for colonial Americans suspicious of traditional Christianity?
(a) The Quaker religion.
(b) Agnosticism.
(c) Freemasonry.
(d) Civic organizations.

2. What did conservatives say caused the degeneration of standards that were tainting America?
(a) The Constitution.
(b) Democracy.
(c) The Federalists.
(d) The French Revolution.

3. In the late 18th century, what replaced whipping and execution as penal codes?
(a) Rehabilitation.
(b) Imprisonment.
(c) Restitution.
(d) Deportation.

4. Who said that the mind could be cultivated like a garden?
(a) Thomas Paine.
(b) John Adams.
(c) Thomas Jefferson.
(d) Lord Chesterfield.

5. Who said about Americans that their "universal roar is Commerce"?
(a) Oliver Evans.
(b) William Crafts.
(c) Philip Freneau.
(d) Samuel Mitchill.

Short Answer Questions

1. Whose Massachusetts family had done missionary work among the Indians?

2. What did Leverett Saltonstall call "the great bond of civil society"?

3. Who strove to undermine the gentry's distinctiveness and privileges by emphasizing their similarity to common people?

4. Who believed that each individual was responsible for his or her eternal salvation or damnation?

5. Who said that after the revolution people were changed form subjects to citizens?

Short Essay Questions

1. How did the numerous bankruptcies and financial collapses of the 1790s contribute to the democratization of America?

2. How did early Americans' views of the government change after the Revolution?

3. How did the opinion of a traditional gentleman's assumption of leisure change towards the end of the 18th century?

4. What does this quote mean? "Idolatry to Monarchs, and servility to Aristocratic Pride was never so totally eradicated from so many in so short a time."

5. What did the American westward movement of the early 19th century do to traditional forms of social organization?

6. According to John Toland, what is the difference between a man who is free and one who is dependent?

7. What influence did George Washington exert at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787?

8. On what precept was freemasonry organized?

9. In colonial America, how did the meaning of the word civility change in the last half of the 18th century?

10. Why were the American gentry alarmed at the desire of the common people to share in the conduct of the government?

(see the answer keys)

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