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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Machiavelli define auxiliary forces?
(a) Those borrowed from other principalities to wage war.
(b) Extra manpower that may be called to active duty during a war.
(c) Women mercenaries who fight along side of men.
(d) The best insurance a prince has for his safety.
2. How can honesty in other people cause the prince to lose respect?
(a) When the prince never believes anything he hears.
(b) When the honesty is really only half truths.
(c) When their honesty is not recognized for what it is.
(d) When people are not afraid of offending the prince by what they say.
3. What does the wise prince do to maintain the loyalty of the people?
(a) Plays with the people and leaves the government up to someone else.
(b) Exasperates the nobles and therefore pleases the people.
(c) Does both popular and unpopular actions always in a fair manner.
(d) Perfroms the popular acts himself and delegates unpopular actions to someone else.
4. What Biblical example does Machiavelli use to show that someone else's arms are useless?
(a) Samson and Delilah.
(b) Egypt and Syria.
(c) Caleb and Joshua.
(d) David and Goliath.
5. How does Machiavelli classify auxiliary troops?
(a) As the best possible choice for a prince to make.
(b) As the worst possible choice for a prince to make.
(c) As cheaper than hiring independent mercenaries.
(d) As extremely reliable during a crisis.
6. What does Machiavelli mean when he says "impetuousness is better than calculation"?
(a) Calculation enables one to do innovative things.
(b) Young men are too cautious to be successful.
(c) Fortune admits more readily to boldness than to calculation.
(d) Old men are usually more daring and agressive in their actions.
7. What is more effective than honesty in a prince?
(d) Good looks.
8. What in Machiavelli's opinion is the problem with a prince being too liberal with his subjects?
(a) People will not take him seriously when he has a problem.
(b) Everyone will always fear him because he might take away his liberality.
(c) Eventually his liberality will lead to burdensome taxation.
(d) He will not have time to enjoy his own life.
9. What Roman Emperor does Machiavelli cite as an example of being both a lion and a fox?
(a) Julius Caesar.
(b) Marc Anthony.
(c) Septimius Severus.
(d) Antonius Severus.
10. What can a new prince be assured of?
(a) That no one expects him to do anything unusual.
(b) That he will be watched closely.
(c) That he will automatically have the loyalty of his subjects.
(d) That there will be a time of stability in the early days.
11. Why should a prince keep down factions in his princedom?
(a) The prince must decide which faction is stronger and play up to them.
(b) Factions keep him tied up as a judge all the time.
(c) The weaker faction will side with an outside enemy, and the stronger will not be able to hold out.
(d) People enjoy the debates and work production slows down.
12. What does Machiavelli see as an insurmountable chasm?
(a) The difference between the very rich and the very poor.
(b) Idealism and Christian philosophy of living.
(c) The understanding of the people versus the understanding of the prince.
(d) The reality of the way we live versus the ideas of how we ought to live.
13. What did Heiro of Syracuse do when he realized his mercenary troops were worthless?
(a) He put them on the front lines to be killed.
(b) He hired more mercenaries.
(c) He had them cut to pieces.
(d) He refused to pay them.
14. What does Machiavelli say is the only art expected of a prince?
(a) The art of war.
(b) The art of fine living.
(c) The art of diplomacy.
(d) The art of collecting.
15. What, according to Machiavelli, is better than actually having all the good qualities of leadership?
(a) Keeping all promises.
(b) Never forgetting anything said in the past.
(c) Really understanding the problems of the people.
(d) Having the appearance of being religious.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Machiavelli say are the two main reasons for a prince to lose his dominion?
2. Why does Machiavelli insist that a prince recalled by the people after being conquered offers him no security?
3. When does Machiavelli say a prince should be thinking most about military strategy?
4. In terms of receiving advice, what is the main thing a prince must remember and do to preserve power.
5. Why is a reputation for cruelty necessary for a prince?
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