|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Machiavelli say that the great military leaders of history were so successful?
(a) By imitating the great men before them.
(b) By relying on hired soldiers from other countries.
(c) By studying the arts.
(d) By finding new ways to avoid war.
2. What can a new prince be assured of?
(a) That there will be a time of stability in the early days.
(b) That he will be watched closely.
(c) That he will automatically have the loyalty of his subjects.
(d) That no one expects him to do anything unusual.
3. How much of man's fate does Machiavelli ascribe to God and Fortune?
(a) Almost all.
(b) A little less than half.
(c) None at all.
4. Why does Machiavelli say that auxiliary forces are more dangerous than mercenaries?
(a) Auxilaries need less time and opportunity to move against the ruler that employed them.
(b) Auxiliary forces are not considered deserters if they run from war.
(c) Mercenaries can all speak the language of the princedom.
(d) Auxiliary forces may be recalled if their home dominion is attacked.
5. How does Machiavelli justify his position that a prince is not duty bound to keep his word?
(a) He says it is the only way to keep the people satisfied that he knows what he is doing.
(b) He says that people always believe everything a prince says, so he can say what he pleases.
(c) He says that a prince should always change his mind about everything until he gets all the facts.
(d) He says men are basically self-centered and will not keep their word, so the prince is not obligated to do so.
6. In terms of receiving advice, what is the main thing a prince must remember and do to preserve power.
(a) Listen to the right people but make up his own mind.
(b) Be ready to execute those who offer bad advice.
(c) Only pretend to listen to advice.
(d) Listen to everyone because someone will have the best idea.
7. What does Machiavelli say are the two main reasons for a prince to lose his dominion?
(a) Relying entirely on fate or making the wrong provisions for expected misfortune.
(b) Relying on the church and neglecting to read history.
(c) Relying on himself and not listening to sound advice.
(d) Relying on past experience and not planning for the unexpected.
8. What does Machiavelli suggest will be the reaction of the people if he is greedy and seizes property and women?
(a) They will support him.
(b) They will hate him.
(c) They will think he is a just ruler.
(d) They will become like him.
9. What is the best type of mind Machiavelli says is needed for a strong prince?
(a) One that takes only a short time to make a decision
(b) One that can think for himself.
(c) One that can understand what other men think.
(d) One that has no opinions whatsoever.
10. How is a prince ultimately judged?
(a) By the mob.
(b) By his wealth and grandeur.
(c) By his results.
(d) By his years as a prince.
11. What did Heiro of Syracuse do when he realized his mercenary troops were worthless?
(a) He put them on the front lines to be killed.
(b) He hired more mercenaries.
(c) He refused to pay them.
(d) He had them cut to pieces.
12. Those who were viewed with suspicion at the beginning of a princedom usually become the most loyal subjects. Why?
(a) The prince was a poor judge of character in the beginning.
(b) They work hard to gain the approval of the prince.
(c) They never did anything to cause distrust in the first place.
(d) The prince will use them for unpopular tasks.
13. Who can successfully gain the reputation for generosity but not ruin himself in the process?
(a) A prince who goes to war to create jobs for his subjects.
(b) A prince who gives away someone else's money.
(c) A prince who has unlimited resources.
(d) A prince who only gives when he can expect a generous return.
14. How does Machiavelli classify auxiliary troops?
(a) As cheaper than hiring independent mercenaries.
(b) As the best possible choice for a prince to make.
(c) As the worst possible choice for a prince to make.
(d) As extremely reliable during a crisis.
15. Why does Machiavelli insist that a prince recalled by the people after being conquered offers him no security?
(a) It is only a last ditch effort at establishing the dominion.
(b) It is probably only a stop-gap moment.
(c) It is noble and, therefore, weak.
(d) It does not depend upon the prince himself for success.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does the wise prince do to maintain the loyalty of the people?
2. What Roman Emperor does Machiavelli cite as an example of being both a lion and a fox?
3. What does Machiavelli say the new prince can least afford?
4. How does Machiavelli define auxiliary forces?
5. Ferdinand of Spain became strong by waging war. What did he use to do that and get the people behind him?
This section contains 898 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)