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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In his discussion of the qualities of a good leader, how does Machiavelli depart from the accepted rules?
(a) He accepts the Christian ideals of his time.
(b) He says a prince must always do the will of the people.
(c) He does not accept the idea that a prince must be good in all matters.
(d) He thinks that if the prince is always good, the people will imitate him.
2. What does Machiavelli mean when he says "impetuousness is better than calculation"?
(a) Young men are too cautious to be successful.
(b) Old men are usually more daring and agressive in their actions.
(c) Fortune admits more readily to boldness than to calculation.
(d) Calculation enables one to do innovative things.
3. How does Machiavelli justify his position that a prince is not duty bound to keep his word?
(a) He says men are basically self-centered and will not keep their word, so the prince is not obligated to do so.
(b) He says it is the only way to keep the people satisfied that he knows what he is doing.
(c) He says that people always believe everything a prince says, so he can say what he pleases.
(d) He says that a prince should always change his mind about everything until he gets all the facts.
4. What is the one thing a man cannot fight against according to Machiavelli?
(a) Man's own nature.
(b) Overwhelming bad fortune.
(d) The weather.
5. How will a prince often be judged by others?
(a) By the family he marries into.
(b) By the size of his palace.
(c) By the behavior of his ministers.
(d) By the number of sons he has.
6. Why does Machiavelli say that auxiliary forces are more dangerous than mercenaries?
(a) Mercenaries can all speak the language of the princedom.
(b) Auxiliary forces are not considered deserters if they run from war.
(c) Auxiliary forces may be recalled if their home dominion is attacked.
(d) Auxilaries need less time and opportunity to move against the ruler that employed them.
7. What dichotomy does Machiavelli present regarding goodness and vices in a prince?
(a) His goodness may lead to his downfall whereas his vices may sometimes keep him safe.
(b) People see goodness as weakness and vices as strengths.
(c) Goodness will preserve his princedom while vices will bring his downfall.
(d) Vices can be balanced out by the amount of fear they generate.
8. Machiavelli's political thought is influenced greatly by the ideas of what?
(a) The writings of Aristotle.
(b) The strength of the Medici.
(c) The Bible.
(d) The Italian Rennaissance.
9. Why should a prince declare himself as for or against two warring factions?
(a) He will always know which side will win.
(b) He will be able to deal with the loser.
(c) He should not be seen as waivering.
(d) He should look like he is wiser than other princes.
10. Why does Machiavelli say that the sultans of Turkey and Egypt had to listen more to the military than to the people?
(a) Their countries were controlled by the military.
(b) The people did not understand the threats of invasion.
(c) All the men were drafted into the military.
(d) The best people were in their militaries.
11. What does Machiavelli warn the prince against?
(b) Other people's opinions of him.
12. How much of man's fate does Machiavelli ascribe to God and Fortune?
(b) Almost all.
(c) None at all.
(d) A little less than half.
13. Who does Machiavelli cite as an example of generosity that ended badly?
(a) Marc Anthony.
(b) Alexander the Great.
(d) Julius Caesar.
14. What is the advantage of taking sides when both warring factions are weaker than the prince?
(a) He could become a prisoner if he does not.
(b) He can take over both principalities after the war is over.
(c) He will get money from the side he chooses.
(d) He eliminates one and gains the obligation of the other.
15. What does Machiavelli say are the two main reasons for a prince to lose his dominion?
(a) Relying on himself and not listening to sound advice.
(b) Relying on past experience and not planning for the unexpected.
(c) Relying on the church and neglecting to read history.
(d) Relying entirely on fate or making the wrong provisions for expected misfortune.
Short Answer Questions
1. What can a new prince be assured of?
2. Who can successfully gain the reputation for generosity but not ruin himself in the process?
3. What does Machiavelli say is the only art expected of a prince?
4. What Biblical example does Machiavelli use to show that someone else's arms are useless?
5. What is the first test of a new prince as a judge?
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