• Machiavelli lost his post at the chancellery of Florence when the Medici family returned to power.
• He presents his book, THE PRINCE, to Lorenzo de Medici in the hope of securing a place in the new government.
• Machiavelli plays up his knowledge of history and his lifetime of government service as his credentials for writing the book.
• Machiavelli mentions that there are two types of government in his time--the dominion and the republic.
• New dominions, he says, can be broken down into two other types depending upon whether the people have been accustomed to being ruled by a prince.
• Machiavelli will only deal with dominions, since he has written extensively on republics before.
• He mentions that hereditary dominions are easiest to keep because the people are familiar with the government.
• All the prince needs to do is continue the same forms his family has used...
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