Nicomachean Ethics Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. With which of the following is politics imminently concerned, as described by Aristotle in I.3?

2. With what is temperance principally concerned in the mind of Aristotle?

3. According to Aristotle, the highest good must be something that is what?

4. What sort of men, in Aristotle's observations, are most confident in the various situations of war?

5. What characterizes the mean condition between the two extremes discussed in IV.7?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why is doing injustice worse than suffering injustice, from Aristotle's perspective?

2. What are the conditions Aristotle gives for properly calling someone happy in Book I, Chapter 9, and why does he give these?

3. What is the distinction Aristotle makes between magnificence and generosity?

4. What is the distinction between the mean in the thing itself and the mean in relation to a man as Aristotle explains it?

5. What is the relationship that Aristotle cites as existing between opposites in coming to know what is or is not the right way for a thing to be, such as health?

6. From what difficulty, according to Aristotle, does the dispute concerning the nature of happiness, as the end of all actions, arise?

7. How does Aristotle characterize those who are rash?

8. According to Aristotle, in what way is justice reciprocal, and why?

9. The magnanimous man is concerned with what things and in what manner, according to Aristotle?

10. What does Aristotle mean by saying that a virtue is an active condition or state of the soul?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Of the moral virtues, none stands in higher regard than that of one's greatness of soul. Analyze Aristotle's presentation of the great-souled man in a careful and thorough essay, considering both what greatness of soul is in itself and its relationship to all of the other virtues. How does it relate to temperance, courage, generosity, and any of the other moral virtues? How is it related to the intellectual virtues? What are some specific examples of a great-souled man? How does a great-souled man react in specific situations? What makes such a person exemplary for others?

Essay Topic 2

In Book X of the Ethics, Aristotle discusses at some length the relationship between pleasure and true happiness. Compose an essay which discusses the nature of this relationship, explicating how the two are intertwined with one another. What is true pleasure? What is true happiness? In what sort of activities do true pleasure and true happiness consist? How is Aristotle's opinion different from those who preceded him? Is Aristotle's opinion superior? If so why, and if not, why not?

Essay Topic 3

Compose an analytical essay which presents a clear thesis on some aspect of justice as Aristotle discusses it in Book V of the Nicomachean Ethics. Be sure to answer the following:

-What is justice?

-Why is justice a virtue?

-What is unique about justice as a virtue?

(see the answer keys)

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