Nicomachean Ethics Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Aristotle states that the good of one person is also, to a different degree, the good of what according to I.2?

2. With what is the virtue of generosity concerned, according to Aristotle?

3. From Aristotle's perspective, against the yardstick of what do men generally compare their actions?

4. Who is the source of action, according to Aristotle, of one who acts from spiritedness?

5. Aristotle states that one suffers injustice willingly in what situation?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Aristotle say that the things deliberated about are not ends?

2. What is Aristotle's distinction between the sort of injustice that is unlawful and the sort of injustice that is inequitable?

3. In what way does Aristotle state that it is impossible for one to do injustice to himself?

4. What is the tripartite distinction in the soul that Aristotle makes in Chapter 13 of the first book?

5. In what way does Aristotle claim gentleness (or mildness) is related to the virtues concerned with honor and magnanimity?

6. What is the significance of the quasi-virtues mentioned by Aristotle in the last part of II.7?

7. From what difficulty, according to Aristotle, does the dispute concerning the nature of happiness, as the end of all actions, arise?

8. What characterizes Aristotle's distinction between "willing" and "choice"?

9. Explain what is meant by Aristotle in saying that youth should not be involved in the study or practice of politics.

10. What is the relationship that Aristotle cites as existing between opposites in coming to know what is or is not the right way for a thing to be, such as health?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Compose an analytical essay which presents a clear thesis on some aspect of justice as Aristotle discusses it in Book V of the Nicomachean Ethics. Be sure to answer the following:

-What is justice?

-Why is justice a virtue?

-What is unique about justice as a virtue?

Essay Topic 2

What good is understanding a particular virtue if the concept of virtue itself is not understood? Compose an analytical essay which examines the very roots of virtuosity itself, starting with the relationship between particular virtues and Aristotle's conception of it as a mean condition between two extremes. To what does virtue relate? How is that to which virtue is related suspect to extremes of excess and deficiency? What is the essence of virtue itself? What are some particular examples by which this essence is demonstrated?

Essay Topic 3

Amidst virtues that seem more magnificent, oftentimes Aristotle's considerations of the virtue of good humor--sometimes called ready wit--are glossed over. Analyze this virtue in a thoughtful essay, examining the importance of humor to an individual and to society. What constitutes the virtue of good humor? What are the vices in opposition to it? Why are these vices detrimental to individuals and society as a whole? Why is good humor important to society? How does humor aid man in seeking his ethically-proper end?

(see the answer keys)

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