Nicomachean Ethics Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. From what does being in bad shape come to be evident, according to Aristotle?

2. Which of the following aptly describes virtues and vices in a manner consistent with Aristotle's description?

3. Concerning generosity, Aristotle says what concerning not taking something offered and giving something away?

4. What does Aristotle claim is the most frightening thing in III.6?

5. What two things does Aristotle define as contraries in II.8?

Short Essay Questions

1. What characterizes Aristotle's distinction between "willing" and "choice"?

2. How does Aristotle characterize those who are rash?

3. What does it mean to say, as Aristotle explains it, that nothing can be habituated to be other than it is by nature?

4. What does Aristotle mean by saying that every art, inquiry, action, and choice aims at some good?

5. What is the relationship that Aristotle cites as existing between opposites in coming to know what is or is not the right way for a thing to be, such as health?

6. What is the relationship that Aristotle claims exists between the virtues of courage and temperance?

7. The magnanimous man is concerned with what things and in what manner, according to Aristotle?

8. Why does Aristotle say that the things deliberated about are not ends?

9. What is the tripartite distinction in the soul that Aristotle makes in Chapter 13 of the first book?

10. What is the relationship of virtues to extremes of excess and deficiency in the philosophy of Aristotle?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Of the five intellectual virtues, wisdom receives almost as much attention as practical judgment, but is simultaneously put somewhat out of the reach of human beings. In an analytical essay, examine the nature of wisdom as a virtue: its ends and objects, its purpose, and its position as an excellence or perfection as an intellectual virtue. How is it distinct from the other intellectual virtues? Why is it difficult, or perhaps even impossible, for human beings to attain? Answering this question will take some consideration of the whole of the Ethics.

Essay Topic 2

Oftentimes, a true friend is considered to be, in a certain sense, a second self. Compose an essay which considers this claim in the context of Aristotle's examination of friendship. What would it mean for someone to be a second self? How is true friendship related to others? How is friendship related to the self? In what sort of acts does one treat another as though a second self? What characterizes these acts?

Essay Topic 3

As that which rightly governs man's being, it can be reasonably stated that practical judgment is the most important of all virtues. Compose an essay which analyzes the virtue of practical judgment. In what does it consist? Why is it a virtue? What other virtues are entailed in its being possessed? How is it superior to other virtues? What is its end?

(see the answer keys)

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