Nicomachean Ethics Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In X.1, Aristotle says that people educate the young by what two means?
(a) Pleasure and pain.
(b) Philosophy ad rhetoric.
(c) Truth and justice.
(d) Friendship and love.

2. Whom does Aristotle cite as saying that those who claim that favor-doers are more loving than favor-receivers say so from a debased point of view?
(a) Pythagoras.
(b) Homer.
(c) Epicharmus.
(d) Socrates.

3. Who, in the view of Aristotle, is incapable of having the sort of friendship described in IX.4?
(a) A base person.
(b) A superior person.
(c) A noble person.
(d) A lustful person.

4. Which of the powers of the soul that Aristotle claims is used to disclose truth is directed at the sources of truth?
(a) Intellect.
(b) Knowledge.
(c) Practical judgment.
(d) Wisdom.

5. Which of the following is NOT one of the things that must be avoided, having to do with one's character, according to Aristotle's claims in the beginning of VII.1?
(a) Pride.
(b) Incontinence.
(c) Vice.
(d) Animality.

Short Answer Questions

1. What principally occupies the topic of discussion in X.6?

2. What is a fitting word for the capacity that Aristotle describes as allowing people to easily achieve one's goal or object?

3. Of what two elements does Aristotle determine that wisdom is composed?

4. Aristotle states that food is more pleasant than gold to what?

5. Aristotle compares the relationship between spiritedness and reason to the relationship between what?

Short Essay Questions

1. Explain the three sorts of friendship described in Book VIII.

2. According to Aristotle, why ought a good person be a lover of himself and a bad person not?

3. Through the possession of what virtue, according to Aristotle, is man said to have possession of all the intellectual virtues, at least to some degree, and why?

4. For Aristotle, in what way is a neutral or idle state detrimental to many individuals' moral character?

5. What would it mean, for Aristotle, to describe a sort of friendship as being a hybrid?

6. Why does Aristotle end his discussion of ethics by beginning a discussion of politics?

7. Explain the distinction of Aristotle between having goodwill and having friendship that Aristotle points to in IX.5.

8. Explain the relationship Aristotle makes note of between affirming and denying in thinking and pursuing, and avoiding in desiring.

9. Why is it said by Aristotle that the lesser types of friendship are called friendship only insofar as they resemble the highest?

10. What is the significance of Aristotle saying that the active conditions of the soul that are the intellectual virtues produce something, not as medicine produces health, but as health produces health?

(see the answer keys)

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