1. What does Aristotle mean by saying that every art, inquiry, action, and choice aims at some good?
To say that every art, inquiry, action, and choice aims at some good is to say that man, in all his ways of interacting with the world, is attempting to achieve some end that is in itself a good thing, whether that end be the improvement of himself (such as in physical fitness) or the improvement of something external to himself (such as beautifying a friend's property), or some combination of the two.
2. Explain what is meant by Aristotle in saying that youth should not be involved in the study or practice of politics.
Aristotle, in saying that youth should not be involved in the study or practice of politics, states that only those who are well and liberally educated about a great many things in life are qualified to be involved in the political life; for the political life concerns all of the various actions in life, and until one is well-acquainted with them, he may not be a good judge of them.
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