|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. To what are Marx's theories leading him?
(a) More abstract economic problems in society.
(b) In a more conservative direction.
(c) In a more radical direction.
(d) Less abstract economic problems in society.
2. How did this group of people at this point in human history begin the creation of social classes?
(a) These "special" people gradually became the ruling or upper class.
(b) The smarter of the people began leading and instructing the others.
(c) Those who had made discoveries were put in charge of the other people.
(d) They organized themselves according to interests and family groups.
3. How did philosophy start?
(a) As a study of the birth of man.
(b) Out of interest in making discoveries about our world.
(c) Out of fear of the unknown.
(d) As a criticism of supernatural or religious beliefs.
4. From what does this type of value come?
(a) Taking something else of value out of the commodity.
(b) Putting something else of value into the commodity.
(c) Putting someone else of value into the commodity.
(d) Putting knowledgeable people of value into the commodity.
5. The capitalist figures in the price of production, hidden costs, and his own profit when deciding the value of a product. What keeps the capitalist's profits growing?
(a) The efficiency at which he works.
(b) The increase in interest in the product.
(c) The worker's labor power.
(d) The desire for the product.
6. Marx and Engels used dialectics. What are dialectics?
(a) Explanations for one's beliefs.
(b) Argument that brings out the flaws in another's reasoning.
(c) Different versions of the same language.
(d) The language of philosophers.
7. The law of supply and demand often determines what?
(a) The amount of work required.
(b) The amount of supplies needed.
(c) The number of laborers needed.
(d) The price of a product.
8. Rius examines the roots of Marxism. At what does he begin by looking?
(b) Early man.
(c) The Book of Genesis.
(d) The Middle Ages.
9. Giambattista Vico produced some _____________________ during this time, although he is not as well-known.
(a) Important ideas.
(b) Interesting ideas.
(c) Forgotten ideas.
(d) Useless ideas.
10. What does not offer proof for those things that it proposes?
11. The Communist Manifesto was a call for all workers to do what?
(a) Listen to Marx.
(b) Consider Communism.
(c) Unite against capitalism.
(d) Form unions.
12. What did Pythagoras argue?
(a) The earth is round.
(b) The earth was not at the center of the universe.
(c) The earth is the center of the universe.
(d) Formulas can be used in mathematics to discover new answers.
13. Capitalism will need to be replaced by what?
(b) A form of government that will protect and value the worker.
(d) A dictatorship.
14. The term from number 116 comes from Greek where it means what?
(a) Led by females.
(b) Placed beyond physics.
15. Aristotle argued that social conflict occurred because of what reason?
(b) Economic and social inequality.
(c) Varying levels of intelligence.
(d) Differing beliefs among people.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why are workers exploited in a capitalist state?
2. With this philosophy of seeing everything as mechanical, things are immutable or _____________________.
3. A group of the intellectuals thought the means of production needed to be destroyed and that individuals should do what?
4. What is Rius' simple definition of capitalism?
5. What seeks scientific proof for what it examines, including religion?
This section contains 594 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)