Maria Montessori: Her Life and Work Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

E. M. Standing
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is an natural and important factor to children's learning according to Standing in "Work, Sensorial, Normalcy"?
(a) Repetition.
(b) Internal thinking.
(c) Receiving answers from adults.
(d) External thinking.

2. According to Montessori, which of the following is not an indication of the transition form the first to the second stage of childhood?
(a) Voice drops.
(b) Milk teeth fall out.
(c) Increased confidence.
(d) Boys become thinner.

3. How does Standing state a Montessori teacher should attend to the children?
(a) Be a lecturer.
(b) Very hands on.
(c) Be a minimalist.
(d) Offer help only to disabled children.

4. In "Exploration, Development," what does Standing suggest is absent in a Montessori school?
(a) Tests.
(b) Coercion.
(c) Direction.
(d) Textbooks.

5. According to Montessori, what is the child developing during the first epoch of his life?
(a) Individuality.
(b) Physical strength.
(c) Spirit.
(d) Mental strength.

6. What is the only organization designed to represent and promote the principles of the Montessori method?
(a) Teachers for Montessori.
(b) Association Montessori Internationale.
(c) Teachers for America.
(d) The National Organized Teaching Association.

7. According to Standing, why is joy a surprise to some in terms of this emotion being tied to learning and the Montessori classroom?
(a) It is a healthy condition.
(b) Joy is not linked to achievement.
(c) It occurs in traditional classrooms as well.
(d) All children feel joy.

8. According to Montessori, what effects does the herd instinct have in boys?
(a) Learn more.
(b) Fight other groups.
(c) Become mentally stronger.
(d) Wean them from maternal domination.

9. What element of a child's current activities did Montessori reduce and supplement with more structured activities?
(a) Reading time.
(b) Time outside.
(c) Nap time.
(d) Free play.

10. What did Montessori call the 1900s?
(a) The Century of the Child.
(b) The Century for the Teacher.
(c) The Educational Revolution.
(d) The Time for Change.

11. What type of principles does the Montessori method focus?
(a) Those that are effective in adults.
(b) Those that occur naturally in children.
(c) Reading.
(d) Mathematics.

12. What does Standing state occurs naturally in children during the learning process?
(a) Incorrect answers.
(b) Satisfaction.
(c) Repetition.
(d) Frustration.

13. In "Development," what was unique about what children are able to do in a Montessori classroom in terms of their mistakes?
(a) They can correct them.
(b) They are punished for them.
(c) They are made fun of because of them.
(d) Nothing is done.

14. In addition to the qualities unique in children, what else does the Montessori method focus on?
(a) Changes as children age.
(b) Competition among children.
(c) Ability to read.
(d) Relationships with parents.

15. Where did Montessori find work after completing her schooling?
(a) Insane asylum.
(b) Hospital.
(c) University.
(d) Factory.

Short Answer Questions

1. As discussed in "Introductory Materials, Preparations & Discovery" based on Montessori's discovery, what was she initially able to do?

2. According to Montessori, when does a child begin to consciously participate in the growth and development of his mind?

3. For learning in the Montessori classroom to be successful, what is presented to the children?

4. Who, according to Montessori, offers profound insight into the truths of human nature?

5. As Montessori began working for underprivileged children, she had two assistants and how many children?

(see the answer keys)

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