|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which groups plunder Italy in the fifth century?
2. Who was Charles Kingsley?
3. What happens to Augustine when, after reading the works of Saul of Tarsus, he realized that Plato's views on truth were wrong?
4. After Rome is conquered, which Italian city temporarily became the capital?
5. What is the name of the barbarian who besieges Rome?
Short Essay Questions
1. Because the Irish understand that life is fleeting, what do they pursue instead of holding onto people or things?
2. What careers did Patricius' father and grandfather hold?
3. In the Irish epic Tain Bo Cuailnge, what was the subject of Queen Medb's and King Ailil's debate?
4. If these White Martyrs had not existed, what major advances in civilization would not have occurred?
5. What do Celtic warriors wear into battle?
6. What are the Irish doing during the time the barbarians are conquering Europe?
7. As the Roman Empire continues to decline, what is the concept of "what is being done" replaced by?
8. According to the author of How the Irish Saved Civilization, in what type of relationship are the Irish faithful and loyal? In what type of relationship are they not necessarily?
9. What analogy is used to explain the concept of the Roman legions being overrun by barbarians?
10. What natural desire did Augustine freely indulge in his youth, then become very conservative about later in life?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Explain and demonstrate the characteristics of the "uniquely de-Romanized Christianity" that Patrick brought to Ireland, comparing and contrasting it to the Roman Christianity espoused by Augustine of Hippo that eventually came into conflict with Irish Christianity when Augustine of Canterbury was stationed in England. Use the text to support your arguments.
Essay Topic 2
Using examples from the text, compare and contrast Plato's and Paul's views on the nature of the soul/the fight between flesh and spirit that so captured a young Augustine and eventually led to his conversion to Christianity.
Essay Topic 3
Beginning in the sixteenth century, Ireland came under the rule of newly Protestant England, and Irish Catholics came under discrimination and persecution that led to centuries of civil war that ended only in the early 21st century. Explain, using the text to support your statements, the various forms of oppression that the Irish Catholics endured, and tie it in to the statement made in the Introduction that Protestant Anglo-Saxons have controlled what is said about a Celtic, Catholic past and overlooked Ireland's contribution in a crucial period.
This section contains 604 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)