History of the Peloponnesian War Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How do the Athenians respond to the Mytilene rebellion?
(a) They invade Lesbos and are driven back.
(b) They put up a blockade against Lesbos and continue the hit and run attacks on Peloponnesia.
(c) They meet the Sparta army on Lesbos and fight to a stalemate.
(d) They negotiate a new treaty with Mytilene giving many consessions.

2. What happens during the winter of 423 BC on the part of Sparta?
(a) Many of the spartan soldiers freeze to death in the mountains.
(b) The Helots mount a successful counterattack on Sparta.
(c) Brasidas gets ill and dies.
(d) Brasidas mounts an unsuccessful attempt to recapture Potidaea.

3. Why do the Spartans fear the Helots?
(a) The Helots outnumber the Spartans.
(b) The Helots have treaties with the Athenians.
(c) The Helots are adept at warfare.
(d) The Helots control most of the money.

4. What action is Athens taking in Sicily and Italy?
(a) Athenian troops capture a few small cities in Sicily and Locris in Italy.
(b) Athens is raising additional armies.
(c) Athens is building new triremes to attack from the West.
(d) Athens is establishing diplomatic relations in Sicily and italy.

5. Why is Book One considered difficult to read?
(a) There is some evidence that someone other than Thucydides wrote this section.
(b) It is organized along thematic lines rather than being chronological.
(c) It has many obscure references that cannot be corroberated.
(d) Book One assumes that the reader will know information not available to modern readers.

6. After the prominent Spartan general, Pausanias, briefly becomes politically powerful, what causes his defeat?
(a) His bad advisors
(b) His arrogance
(c) His lack of troops
(d) His ill health

7. What is the general title given to the first twenty-three paragraphs of Book One?
(a) The Preamble
(b) The Apology
(c) The Introduction
(d) The Archaelogy

8. Where are Spartan ground forces marooned after the battle for Pylos?
(a) On Lesbos
(b) On the island of Sphacteria
(c) In Crete
(d) In Sicily

9. What natural phenomenon affects the war at the same time as a failed peace envoy to Sparta?
(a) A tsunami causes widespread destruction in the Peloponnesian isthmus.
(b) The plague appears in Lesbos, then Athens, and then Potidaea.
(c) An earthquake brings down much of Athens' walls.
(d) Cyclones sweep across the eastern side of Greece.

10. What happens to the Spartan offer of peace?
(a) Cleon wants to spy on Spartan strength first.
(b) The Athenians think the offer is a trap.
(c) The Athenians do not like all the specifications of the peace.
(d) Under the persuasion of Cleon, the Athenians reject Sparta's offer of peace.

11. In the same year as the Plataea defeat, what is happening in Corcyra?
(a) They hold new elections.
(b) The economy is growing from sales of weapons.
(c) There is a revolt.
(d) They are disbanding their army.

12. What does the Spartan declaration of war against the Helots allow?
(a) The legal means to take away the Helots' weaponry.
(b) It is only an exercise in legal maneurving.
(c) The confiscation of Helot children.
(d) The killing of Helots by Spartan citizens without legal implication.

13. At the time of the Athenian fortification of Pylos, what is happening in Corcyra?
(a) Famine is causing widespread starvation.
(b) Corcyra is rebuilding its defenses.
(c) Persia is negotiating with Corcyra.
(d) There is an earthquake in Corcyra.

14. Between Corinth and Corcyra, which side does Athens eventually decide to support?
(a) Corcyra
(b) Corinth
(c) Neither side
(d) Both sides

15. What conflict in the region occurs outside of Athens' political control?
(a) Cyprus begins to emerge as a military force.
(b) Corinth and Corcyra form a military alliance.
(c) In 435 BC, Corinth and Corcyra engage in military hostilities; both enjoy some successes but Corcyra appears to gain the advantage.
(d) Persia and Egypt sign treaties of cooperation.

Short Answer Questions

1. During the winter of 427 BC, what returns to Athens?

2. Who is the notable politician who is successful in diverting the attention of Sparta from the Athenians?

3. What are the most far reaching of the participants in the Peloponnesian War?

4. Who prevents the Athenian army from marching out to meet the Spartans?

5. How successful is Sparta's land and sea attack on Pylos?

(see the answer keys)

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