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Name: _________________________ | Period: ___________________ |

This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 8.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. The Rayleigh–Jeans law agrees with experimental results at large wavelengths but strongly disagrees at short wavelengths. What is this inconsistency known as?**
**(a)** The Pythagorean Theorem. **(b)** The Golden Ratio. **(c)** The ultraviolet catastrophe. **(d)** A black hole.

**2. What region in the Middle East is widely considered to be the cradle of civilization?**
**(a)** The Twin Towers. **(b)** The Mayan Region. **(c)** The Fertile Crescent. **(d)** The Nile Region.

**3. What work by Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Khwarizmi presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations in Arabic?**
**(a)** Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing. **(b)** A book of Annals. **(c)** The Death of the Prophet. **(d)** An Index of Arabic Books.

**4. What is the study of geometric properties that are invariant under projective transformations?**
**(a)** Projective geometry. **(b)** General relativity. **(c)** Projective algebra. **(d)** Classical relativity.

**5. How is zero represented in Roman numerals?**
**(a)** I. **(b)** C. **(c)** It is not represented. **(d)** X.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** According to the author in Chapter 5, “Infinite Zeros and Infidel Mathematicians,” Jean le Rond d'Alembert had satisfied the mathematician's need for what?

**2.** The House of Wisdom was based in Baghdad during what centuries?

**3.** What refers to the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics?

**4.** The word “Renaissance” derives from what meaning?

**5.** The operation of finding the area under a curve is now called what, according to the author in Chapter 5, “Infinite Zeros and Infidel Mathematicians”?

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