Why Geography Matters: Three Challenges Facing America Test | Final Test - Easy

Harm de Blij
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did H.J. Mackinder argue in what de Blij calls the "most often cited article in geography"?
(a) That the next superpower would be the United States.
(b) That the next superpower would be a Eurasian land-based country.
(c) That the next superpower would be from east Asia.
(d) That the next superpower would have nuclear weapons.

2. Why should Americans take a special interest in Africa?
(a) Because an African country may someday become a superpower.
(b) Because the African-American population has ancestral links to Africa.
(c) Because the United States needs immigrants from Africa.
(d) Because African countries need American foreign aid.

3. Which of the following was the only other country to recognize Chechnya as independent in 1999?
(a) The United States.
(b) Saudi Arabia.
(c) Afghanistan.
(d) Turkey.

4. Why was Turkey's application to the European Union viewed as controversial?
(a) Because Turkey is geographically more a part of Asia than Europe.
(b) Because Turkey is an Islamic country.
(c) Because Turkey has a poor human rights record and a militarized government.
(d) Because Turkey is culturally very different from European countries.

5. How does the Chechen independence movement affect Groznyy?
(a) Much of Groznyy's population emigrates to Russia.
(b) Groznyy is bombed into a shell of a city.
(c) Groznyy is devastated by fighting.
(d) Groznyy's unemployment rate skyrockets.

6. What country did Afghan refugees flee to when the Soviet Union withdrew from Afghanistan?
(a) Turkmenistan.
(b) Pakistan.
(c) Kazakhstan.
(d) Tajikistan.

7. What other country supported the mujahideen in Afghanistan?
(a) Bangladesh.
(b) Saudi Arabia.
(c) China.
(d) India.

8. Why is Russia's population declining?
(a) Famine.
(b) Social dislocation.
(c) War.
(d) Epidemic diseases.

9. Why do the Chechens feel particularly strong about pursuing their independence?
(a) Stalin forced all the Chechens to travel to Siberia during World War II.
(b) Chechens were inspired by the independence gained by neighboring countries.
(c) Russia's government is too corrupt for most Chechens.
(d) Natural resources in Chechnya could more easily be developed after independence.

10. What organization binds the United States and Europe together?
(a) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
(b) The European Economic Community.
(c) The European Community.
(d) The North American Free Trade Agreement.

11. What does de Blij think may eventually happen to the European Union?
(a) It may become a superpower that challenges U.S. dominance.
(b) It will become a hub for terrorism and will become a troubled region.
(c) It may collapse into disorder and economic chaos.
(d) It will become overwhelmed by foreign debt and domestic taxes.

12. How does Europe's population compare with the population of the United States?
(a) Europe is about four times more populous than the United States.
(b) Europe has half the population of the United States.
(c) Europe has twice the population of the United States.
(d) Europe has about the same size population as the United States.

13. What happened in Russia in the year 2000 that de Blij says was previously unimaginable?
(a) An unusually long summer growing season.
(b) An invasion by one of its former satellite countries.
(c) A democratic transition of power.
(d) The development of a transportation infrastructure.

14. How have Chinese nationalists reacted to American foreign policy decisions?
(a) With terrorism.
(b) With approval.
(c) With economic warfare.
(d) With anti-Americanism.

15. According to de Blij, what is geographically contentious about Europe?
(a) Its cultural rivalries.
(b) Its shared currency.
(c) Its eastern border.
(d) Its offshore mineral rights.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who was King Leopold II?

2. How does de Blij think that the U.S. should react to terrorist attacks on airplanes?

3. What is the name for the area in which the cities of Ramadi, Tikrit, Baghdad, and Fallujah lie?

4. How did the slave trade between 1700 and 1810 affect Africa?

5. What does de Blij think is the greatest risk to stability in Africa?

(see the answer keys)

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