Why Geography Matters: Three Challenges Facing America Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Harm de Blij
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When were the boundaries of nation-states in Africa drawn?
(a) When Europe colonized Africa.
(b) When African countries became independent.
(c) When developed countries began sending foreign aid to Africa.
(d) When World War II ended.

2. What two inventions have done the most to increase life expectancy?
(a) The stethoscope and the hypodermic needle.
(b) Effective soap and the flushing toilet.
(c) Electricity and electric lights.
(d) The electrocardiogram and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine.

3. When did the world's population begin to rise dramatically?
(a) After World War II.
(b) After the Industrial Revolution.
(c) After the French Revolution.
(d) After the Civil War.

4. Why is geography different from other disciplines, according to de Blij?
(a) It covers science and technology.
(b) It is always in the news.
(c) It makes unexpected links between topics.
(d) It is constantly changing.

5. What war does de Blij say could have been better handled if U.S. leaders had had a better grasp of geography?
(a) World War I.
(b) The Korean War.
(c) World War II.
(d) The Vietnam War.

6. How do scientists measure the movement of North America each year?
(a) In inches.
(b) In feet.
(c) In yards.
(d) In miles.

7. What does de Blij say that the Snowball Earth theory explains?
(a) It explains the extinction of the dinosaurs.
(b) It explains Earth's first deep freeze.
(c) It explains how Earth's oceans formed.
(d) It explains why glaciers form during Ice Ages.

8. What other university departments does de Blij feel should be resurrected, along with geography departments?
(a) History departments.
(b) Sociology departments.
(c) Interdisciplinary studies departments.
(d) Departments of regional studies.

9. What was Earth like during its first 800 million years?
(a) Earth was covered in ice.
(b) Earth was very hot.
(c) Earth had a temperate climate.
(d) Earth had warm and cool regions.

10. What did European countries fail to consider when they colonized Africa?
(a) The needs of the indigenous people.
(b) The distance from Europe.
(c) The size of the continent.
(d) The urban populations.

11. How will Earth's population in the year 2015 compare with Earth's population in "the year without a summer"?
(a) Earth will have about the same number of people in 2015 as it did then.
(b) Earth had seven times more people that year than it does now.
(c) Earth will have seven times more people than it did then.
(d) Earth will have double the number of people in 2015 than it did then.

12. When does de Blij say that geography began to decline in the United States?
(a) When Americans became less willing to travel after 9/11.
(b) When professional educators decided to combine history, government, and geography into social studies.
(c) When people began to watch television instead of reading books for entertainment.
(d) When political boundaries began to change so fast that it was hard to keep maps up-to-date.

13. How long ago did the glaciers from the last Ice Age begin to recede?
(a) The glaciers began to recede 2 billion years ago.
(b) The glaciers began to recede 100 years ago.
(c) The glaciers began to recede 18,000 years ago.
(d) The glaciers began to recede 10 million years ago.

14. Why does de Blij feel that Americans have an obligation to be well informed?
(a) Because it is important to be a good citizen.
(b) Because Americans have economic ties to many other countries.
(c) Because part of being well educated is understanding geography.
(d) Because the decisions made by Americans affect the entire planet.

15. Why did the volcano explosion in Sumatra affect Earth's climate?
(a) It sent millions of tons of ash and debris into the atmosphere.
(b) It heated Earth's atmosphere.
(c) It shifted one of the plates in Earth's crust.
(d) It caused a tsunami.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which of the following is one of the characteristics of a nation-state?

2. When did the nation-state emerge in Europe?

3. What did Gilbert Grosvenor , the grandson of the National Geographic Society's 1950 president, do to improve geographic literacy in the United States?

4. What population problem is facing European countries?

5. What problem resulted from the drawing of political boundaries in Africa by European powers?

(see the answer keys)

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