|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who temporarily won the debate in Book 5, Chapter 2?
2. What were Socrates and his partner debating about at the end of Book 5, Chapter 2?
3. Approximately how many people were present at Socrates' execution?
4. How did Phaedo describe Socrates' execution?
5. What did Crito want Socrates to do?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is the setting of Book 4?
2. What do Socrates and Crito say about experts?
3. What were the ancient Greeks' beliefs regarding the afterlife?
4. What is written in Book 5, Chapter 1, about risking the loss of one's life?
5. How does Crito attempt to persuade Socrates?
6. Why is Socrates' execution delayed?
7. What is the "transmigration of souls"?
8. What belief do Socrates' friends discuss in the "Phaedo" that was taught in formal philosophical education, but was not culturally popular?
9. What is the intended audience for Book 5?
10. What evidence led Plato and the Pythagoreans to the theory of an eternal soul?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Who is Meletus? Why did he choose to prosecute Socrates? What evidence did his use as a basis for his prosecution? Why did he seek the death penalty for Socrates? Was he acting on behalf of the Athenian government? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
Essay Topic 2
Socrates refuted the idea that he was wise and claimed that the only way in which he might be exceptionally wise is in acknowledging the extent of his own ignorance and uncovering that of others. Do you agree that this is a very specific type of wisdom? Do you agree that this is the only type of wisdom that Socrates possessed? Why or why not? Do you think he was sincere in his assessment of his own ignorance? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
Essay Topic 3
One of the reasons for Socrates' conviction was his "daemon". What was it? How did it affect Socrates? Why was it such an important part of his trial and conviction? What would happen if such evidence was presented at a modern-day trial? Do you think Socrates believed that he had a "daemon"? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
This section contains 755 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)