The Last Days of Socrates Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Socrates and his partner realize, via their debate with their friends, about the nature of truth?

2. How was Socrates executed?

3. What was the other possibility that Socrates contemplated regarding the afterlife?

4. What is the reason, according to Socrates, for "mislogic"?

5. Who is Phaedo?

Short Essay Questions

1. What belief do Socrates' friends discuss in the "Phaedo" that was taught in formal philosophical education, but was not culturally popular?

2. What was the Pythagorean school of thought?

3. What is the intended audience for Book 5?

4. What conclusion do Socrates and Crito reach regarding the laws of the land?

5. How does Crito attempt to persuade Socrates?

6. What is the "transmigration of souls"?

7. What is the setting of the Phaedo?

8. What realization does Socrates have as a result of his and Phaedo's debate with Simmias and Cebes?

9. What does Socrates say about misanthropy and "mislogic"?

10. What is the philosophical subject of Book 4?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Plato referred to himself in the dialogues, but only in passing, as one of Socrates' many friends. Why do you think this is so? Do you think that Socrates considered Plato to be "special" amongst his students and friends? Why or why not? Do you think Plato's representation of himself in the dialogues is an accurate representation of his true relationship with Socrates, as he perceived it? Why or why not? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.

Essay Topic 2

When accused of blasphemy, Socrates insists that he was questioning the interpretation of the answer given to Chearephon by the Oracle of Delphi. What question did Chearephon ask? What answer was given to him by the Oracle? Why did Socrates find this response so difficult to believe? Do you think he was being truthful with his story about thinking the interpretation was incorrect? Why or why not? If not, what was his real reason for questioning the gods? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.

Essay Topic 3

Who is Meletus? Why did he choose to prosecute Socrates? What evidence did his use as a basis for his prosecution? Why did he seek the death penalty for Socrates? Was he acting on behalf of the Athenian government? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.

(see the answer keys)

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