|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Socrates and his partner realize, via their debate with their friends, about the nature of truth?
2. How did Phaedo describe Socrates' execution?
3. Each theory about the afterlife that is presented by Socrates' friends represents a different conception of what?
4. Who is the intended audience for the Phaedo?
5. Who lost control of his emotions at Socrates' execution?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is "Idealism" in philosophy?
2. How does Crito attempt to persuade Socrates?
3. What evidence led Plato and the Pythagoreans to the theory of an eternal soul?
4. What do Socrates' friends say about suicide, and the preservation of life, in the "Phaedo"?
5. What is the intended audience for Book 5?
6. What conclusion do Socrates and Crito reach regarding the laws of the land?
7. What belief do Socrates' friends discuss in the "Phaedo" that was taught in formal philosophical education, but was not culturally popular?
8. What is said, in Book 4, about Socrates' dream?
9. What is the "transmigration of souls"?
10. Who is present at Socrates' execution?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Tarrant agrees with the conviction passed down by the Athenian authorities. Do you agree that Socrates was guilty? Why or why not? How do you feel about the fact that he was convicted with only 60 of 500 votes? Did he deserve the death penalty? Why or why not? What do you think would happen to Socrates if he lived today? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
Essay Topic 2
Discuss the various theories presented regarding the topic of justice. What is it? How is it achieved? How does one tell what is just? What are the necessary conditions for one to be able to do what is just? Do you agree that Socrates did what was just when he accepted his punishment? Why or why not? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
Essay Topic 3
Socrates spent a lot of time with his friends, but very little with his family, even on the day of his execution. Why do you think this was so? How much did Socrates have to talk about with his friends, versus with his family? Do you think it was right for him to spend so little time with them? Is it understandable/excusable? Why or why not? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
This section contains 863 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)