|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did Crito come to visit Socrates?
2. According to Tarrant, what is one modern debate which is similar in nature to the issues in the "Phaedo"?
3. What was Socrates doing when Crito arrived?
4. Who lost control of his emotions at Socrates' execution?
5. What happens to energy, according to the Pythagoreans?
Short Essay Questions
1. What belief do Socrates' friends discuss in the "Phaedo" that was taught in formal philosophical education, but was not culturally popular?
2. What is the setting of the Phaedo?
3. What is written in Book 5, Chapter 1, about risking the loss of one's life?
4. What were the ancient Greeks' beliefs regarding the afterlife?
5. What conclusion do Socrates and Crito reach regarding the laws of the land?
6. What does Tarrant use as an example to illustrate the differences in mentality, in this section, regarding death and suicide?
7. What do Socrates' friends say about suicide, and the preservation of life, in the "Phaedo"?
8. What is the philosophical subject of Book 4?
9. What is the "transmigration of souls"?
10. What evidence led Plato and the Pythagoreans to the theory of an eternal soul?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Compare the various scholars who contributed to "The Last Days of Socrates." What are their areas of expertise? Which portions of the text do they comment on, and why? How do they relate to the text of the dialogues? What do they challenge, or choose to explain? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
Essay Topic 2
Socrates denies the accusation that he tries to teach; he claims that he is only an ignorant man who is inquisitive in an effort to gain knowledge. How sincere do you think his profession of ignorance is? Do you think he really believes it? Or is it simply an effort to circumvent the pride of learned men and get them to talk to him, even though he is challenging their beliefs? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
Essay Topic 3
Discuss the various theories presented regarding the topic of justice. What is it? How is it achieved? How does one tell what is just? What are the necessary conditions for one to be able to do what is just? Do you agree that Socrates did what was just when he accepted his punishment? Why or why not? Be sure to cite specific examples from the text to support your thesis.
This section contains 830 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)