The Last Days of Socrates Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Socrates and his friends, what happens to a soul after it spends some time in the Underworld?
(a) It reemerges as a new mortal.
(b) It is assimilated by the life force of the cosmos.
(c) It forgets its previous life.
(d) It ascends to Heaven.

2. What was the relationship, according to Crito and Socrates, between just actions and natural ones?
(a) An action may be natural, but unjust.
(b) Just actions are always natural.
(c) An action may be just, but not natural.
(d) Natural actions are always just.

3. What did Crito say about how he would be affected, personally, by Socrates' death?
(a) He would be moved to seek vengeance against those who caused it.
(b) He said that his reputation would suffer if he did not attempt to help Socrates.
(c) He wouldn't be personally affected, but knew several people who would be.
(d) He would be devastated and wasn't sure he could go on living, himself.

4. Who lost control of his emotions at Socrates' execution?
(a) Phaedo.
(b) Appollonius.
(c) Crito.
(d) Echecrates.

5. What prompted Socrates to try this new activity in prison?
(a) The request of a friend.
(b) Boredom.
(c) A dream.
(d) A desire for his work to be preserved.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who was Phaedo telling the story of Socrates' execution to?

2. What does the term "philosopher" mean?

3. Who is Crito?

4. What happens to energy, according to the Pythagoreans?

5. What did Crito want Socrates to do?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Crito want Socrates to do?

2. Who is present at Socrates' execution?

3. What do Socrates' friends say about suicide, and the preservation of life, in the "Phaedo"?

4. What does Socrates say about misanthropy and "mislogic"?

5. What was the Pythagorean school of thought?

6. What is the "transmigration of souls"?

7. What were the ancient Greeks' beliefs regarding the afterlife?

8. What is "Idealism" in philosophy?

9. What belief do Socrates' friends discuss in the "Phaedo" that was taught in formal philosophical education, but was not culturally popular?

10. What evidence led Plato and the Pythagoreans to the theory of an eternal soul?

(see the answer keys)

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