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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What metaphor does Tarrant use to describe the different mentalities in the Phaedo?
(a) A child and his father.
(b) Two siblings in a rival relationship.
(c) A slave and his master.
(d) A student and his teacher.
2. Who lost control of his emotions at Socrates' execution?
3. What were Socrates and his partner debating about at the end of Book 5, Chapter 2?
(a) The nature of the human soul.
4. What is misanthropy?
(a) Hatred of women.
(b) Hatred of people.
(c) Lack of social skills.
(d) Committing a social blunder.
5. What does "transmigration of souls" mean?
(a) Displaced souls that roam the earth.
(b) Some aspects of an individual exist before, during, and after their lifetime.
(c) The communications from the dead that are received by the living.
(d) The journey across the River Styx.
Short Answer Questions
1. In what area of thought did the Pythagorean school excel?
2. According to Crito and Socrates, is it just to harm another person if it is purely in retaliation?
3. What did Crito want Socrates to do?
4. Why did Socrates ask Crito to be cautious?
5. Why did Socrates plead with Crito to listen to his reasoning?
Short Essay Questions
1. What were the ancient Greeks' beliefs regarding the afterlife?
2. What does Socrates say about misanthropy and "mislogic"?
3. What is the intended audience for Book 5?
4. What realization does Socrates have as a result of his and Phaedo's debate with Simmias and Cebes?
5. What does Tarrant use as an example to illustrate the differences in mentality, in this section, regarding death and suicide?
6. What is "Idealism" in philosophy?
7. What evidence led Plato and the Pythagoreans to the theory of an eternal soul?
8. What does Crito want Socrates to do?
9. What do Socrates and Crito say about experts?
10. What conclusion do Socrates and Crito reach regarding the laws of the land?
This section contains 820 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)